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Overview of Canon DSLR Cameras

Canon has been the market leader for digital single lens reflex cameras since these new imaging tools became widely available in the early 2000s. It was the only manufacturer that offered three different sensor sizes – full-frame, APS-H, and APS-C – in its lineup (until dropping the 1D/APS-H line in 2012). Canon differentiates its popular APS-C cameras across regions by altering the model names. For example, a camera with the Rebel designation in the Americas will carry a numerical name (xxxD or xxxxD) in Europe. Every Canon DSLR will give the photographer access to the comprehensive EF lens catalog, with the caveat that APS-C lenses can not be mounted on a full-frame camera (see also Canon's website for detailed information on current gear).

5D Mark IV
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV with 4/24-105mm

Over time, Canon has developed and maintained several lines of cameras that differ across feature sets and target users:

  • 1Ds-line - Professional, integrated battery grip, full frame sensor;
  • 1D-line - Professional, integrated battery grip, APS-H sensor;
  • 5D-line - Professional, full frame sensor;
  • 6D-line - Enthusiast-oriented, full frame sensor;
  • 7D-line - Professional, APS-C sensor;
  • xxD-line - Enthusiast-oriented, APS-C sensor;
  • xxxD/Rebel-i-line - Mid-level, APS-C sensor;
  • xxxxD/Rebel-line - Value-oriented, APS-C sensor;

The following tables list the different models in each line with some of their key characteristics. In order to see further specifications, just click on the camera name. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator app to compare two cameras side-by-side.

1Ds-line

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Canon 1Ds-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Canon 1Ds 11.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 Y Sep 2002 8,999i
2.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark II 16.6noneoptical fixed 4.0 Y Sep 2004 7,999i
3.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark III 21.0noneoptical fixed 5.0 Y Aug 2007 7,999i
4.
 
Canon 1D X 17.91080/30poptical fixed 14.0 Y Oct 2011 6,799i
5.
 
Canon 1D C 17.94K/24poptical fixed 14.0 Y Apr 2012 14,999i
6.
 
Canon 1D X Mark II 20.04K/60poptical fixed 16.0 Y Feb 2016 5,999i
7.
 
Canon 1D X Mark III 20.04K/60poptical fixed 20.0 Y Jan 2020 6,499 i

1D-line

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Canon 1D-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Canon 1D 4.1noneoptical fixed 8.0 Y Sep 2001 6,499i
2.
 
Canon 1D Mark II 8.2noneoptical fixed 8.3 Y Jan 2004 4,499i
3.
 
Canon 1D Mark II N 8.2noneoptical fixed 8.5 Y Aug 2005 3,999i
4.
 
Canon 1D Mark III 10.1noneoptical fixed 10.0 Y Feb 2007 4,499i
5.
 
Canon 1D Mark IV 16.01080/30poptical fixed 10.0 Y Oct 2009 4,999i

5D-line

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Canon 5D-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Canon 5D 12.7noneoptical fixed 3.0 Y Aug 2005 3,299i
2.
 
Canon 5D Mark II 21.01080/30poptical fixed 3.9 Y Sep 2008 3,499i
3.
 
Canon 5D Mark III 22.11080/30poptical fixed 6.0 Y Mar 2012 3,499i
4.
 
Canon 5DS 50.31080/30poptical fixed 5.0 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i
5.
 
Canon 5DS R 50.31080/30poptical fixed 5.0 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i
6.
 
Canon 5D Mark IV 30.14K/30poptical fixed 7.0 Y Aug 2016 3,499 i

6D-line

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Canon 6D-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Canon 6D 20.01080/30poptical fixed 4.5 Y Sep 2012 2,099i
2.
 
Canon 6D Mark II 26.01080/60poptical swivel 6.5 Y Jun 2017 1,999 i

7D-line

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Canon 7D-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Canon 7D 17.91080/30poptical fixed 8.0 Y Sep 2009 1,699i
2.
 
Canon 7D II 20.01080/60poptical fixed 10.0 Y Sep 2014 1,799 i

xxD-line

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Canon xxD-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Canon D30 3.1noneoptical fixed 3.0 n May 2000 2,999i
2.
 
Canon D60 6.3noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2002 2,999i
3.
 
Canon 10D 6.3noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2003 1,999i
4.
 
Canon 20D 8.2noneoptical fixed 5.0 n Aug 2004 1,499i
5.
 
Canon 30D 8.2noneoptical fixed 5.0 n Feb 2006 1,399i
6.
 
Canon 40D 10.1noneoptical fixed 6.5 n Aug 2007 1,299i
7.
 
Canon 50D 15.1noneoptical fixed 6.3 Y Aug 2008 1,299i
8.
 
Canon 60D 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.3 Y Aug 2010 1,399i
9.
 
Canon 70D 20.01080/30poptical swivel 7.0 Y Jul 2013 1,199i
10.
 
Canon 80D 24.01080/60poptical swivel 7.0 Y Feb 2016 1,199i
11.
 
Canon 77D 24.01080/60poptical swivel 6.0 n Feb 2017 899 i
12.
 
Canon 90D 32.34K/30poptical swivel 11.0 Y Aug 2019 1,199 i

xxxD/Rebel-i-line

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Canon xxxD/Rebel-i-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Canon Rebel 6.3noneoptical fixed 2.5 n Aug 2003 899i
2.
 
Canon XT 8.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2005 899i
3.
 
Canon XTi 10.1noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Aug 2006 799i
4.
 
Canon XSi 12.2noneoptical fixed 3.5 n Jan 2008 799i
5.
 
Canon T1i 15.11080/20poptical fixed 3.4 n Mar 2009 799i
6.
 
Canon T2i 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.7 n Feb 2010 699i
7.
 
Canon T3i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 3.7 n Feb 2011 599i
8.
 
Canon T4i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Jun 2012 849i
9.
 
Canon SL1 17.91080/30poptical fixed 4.9 n Mar 2013 549i
10.
 
Canon T5i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Mar 2013 649i
11.
 
Canon T6i 24.01080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Feb 2015 749i
12.
 
Canon T6s 24.01080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Feb 2015 649i
13.
 
Canon T7i 24.01080/60poptical swivel 6.0 n Feb 2017 749i
14.
 
Canon SL2 24.01080/60poptical swivel 5.0 n Jun 2017 549i
15.
 
Canon SL3 24.04K/25poptical swivel 5.0 n Apr 2019 599 i
16.
 
Canon T8i 24.04K/24poptical swivel 7.5 n Feb 2020 749 i

xxxxD/Rebel-line

scroll hint
Canon xxxxD/Rebel-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Canon XS 10.1noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Jun 2008 449i
2.
 
Canon T3 12.2720/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2011 449i
3.
 
Canon T5 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2014 449i
4.
 
Canon T6 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Mar 2016 449i
5.
 
Canon T100 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2018 399 i
6.
 
Canon T7 24.01080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2018 449 i

Further Reading

You can explore a compendium of all Canon DSLR lenses on a separate page. Also, if you would like to directly compare two cameras, just enter your choice of models in the search boxes below and you will be taken to a side-by-side analysis of their relative size and features.

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