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Nikon D1 vs Panasonic GX8

The Nikon D1 and the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX8 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in June 1999 and July 2015. The D1 is a DSLR, while the GX8 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. The cameras are based on an APS-C (D1) and a Four Thirds (GX8) sensor. The Nikon has a resolution of 2.6 megapixels, whereas the Panasonic provides 20.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Nikon D1
versus
Panasonic GX8
Nikon D1   Panasonic GX8
Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
Nikon F mount lenses Micro Four Thirds lenses
2.6 MP, APS-C Sensor 20.2 MP, Four Thirds Sensor
no Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 200-1,600 (200 - 6,400) ISO 200-25,600
Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots)
2.0 LCD, 120k dots 3.0 LCD, 1040k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Swivel touchscreen
1.5 shutter flaps per second 10 shutter flaps per second
Lens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
Weathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
157 x 153 x 85 mm, 1100 g 133 x 78 x 63 mm, 487 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Nikon D1 and the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX8? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Nikon D1 and the Panasonic GX8 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The GX8 can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the D1 is only available in black.

Size Nikon D1 vs Panasonic GX8
Compare D1 versus GX8 top
Comparison D1 or GX8 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Panasonic GX8 is considerably smaller (57 percent) than the Nikon D1. Moreover, the GX8 is substantially lighter (56 percent) than the D1. In this context, it is worth noting that both cameras are splash and dust-proof and can, hence, be used in inclement weather conditions or harsh environments.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. A larger imaging sensor will tend to go along with bigger and heavier lenses, although exceptions exist. You can compare the optics available for the two cameras in the Nikon Lens Catalog (D1) and the Micro Four Thirds Lens Catalog (GX8). Mirrorless cameras, such as the GX8, have moreover the advantage that they can use many lenses from other systems via adapters, as they have a relatively short flange to focal plane distance.

As can be seen in the images above, the D1 has a battery grip built in. This facilitates image-taking in portrait orientation and gives it additional battery power.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon D1 157 mm 153 mm 85 mm 1100 g .. Y Jun 1999 5,499 i
2.
 
Panasonic GX8 133 mm 78 mm 63 mm 487 g 330 Y Jul 2015 1,199 i
3.
 
Nikon D4 160 mm 157 mm 91 mm 1340 g 2600 Y Jan 2012 5,999 i
4.
 
Nikon D300S 147 mm 115 mm 81 mm 938 g 950 Y Jul 2009 1,799 i
5.
 
Nikon D3 160 mm 157 mm 88 mm 1300 g 4300 Y Aug 2007 4,999 i
6.
 
Nikon D300 147 mm 114 mm 74 mm 925 g 1000 Y Aug 2007 1,799 i
7.
 
Nikon D2Xs 158 mm 150 mm 86 mm 1252 g 3800 Y Jun 2006 4,699 i
8.
 
Nikon D200 147 mm 113 mm 74 mm 920 g 400 Y Nov 2005 1,699 i
9.
 
Nikon D2X 158 mm 150 mm 86 mm 1252 g 3800 Y Sep 2004 4,999 i
10.
 
Nikon D2H 158 mm 150 mm 86 mm 1070 g 2900 Y Jul 2003 3,499 i
11.
 
Nikon D1H 157 mm 153 mm 85 mm 1100 g 1200 Y Feb 2001 4,499 i
12.
 
Nikon D1X 157 mm 153 mm 85 mm 1100 g 1200 Y Feb 2001 5,999 i
13.
 
Olympus E-M5 II 124 mm 85 mm 45 mm 469 g 310 Y Feb 2015 1,099 i
14.
 
Olympus E-M1 130 mm 94 mm 63 mm 497 g 350 Y Sep 2013 1,399 i
15.
 
Panasonic G95 130 mm 94 mm 77 mm 536 g 290 Y Apr 2019 999 i
16.
 
Panasonic GX9 124 mm 72 mm 47 mm 407 g 260 n Feb 2018 849 i
17.
 
Panasonic GX7 123 mm 71 mm 55 mm 402 g 350 n Aug 2013 999 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The GX8 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 78 percent) than the D1, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Nikon D1 features an APS-C sensor and the Panasonic GX8 a Four Thirds sensor. The sensor area in the GX8 is 39 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 2.0. The sensor in the D1 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the GX8 offers a 4:3 aspect.

Nikon D1 and Panasonic GX8 sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the GX8 offers a higher resolution of 20.2 megapixels, compared with 2.6 MP of the D1. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 3.34μm versus 11.93μm for the D1). However, it should be noted that the GX8 is much more recent (by 16 years and 1 month) than the D1, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently.

The resolution advantage of the Panasonic GX8 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the GX8 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 25.9 x 19.4 inches or 65.8 x 49.4 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 20.7 x 15.6 inches or 52.7 x 39.5 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 17.3 x 13 inches or 43.9 x 32.9 cm. The corresponding values for the Nikon D1 are 10 x 6.6 inches or 25.4 x 16.7 cm for good quality, 8 x 5.2 inches or 20.3 x 13.3 cm for very good quality, and 6.7 x 4.4 inches or 16.9 x 11.1 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Nikon D1 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 1600, which can be extended to ISO 200-6400. The corresponding ISO settings for the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX8 are ISO 200 to ISO 25600, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-25600.

D1 versus GX8 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Nikon D1 APS-C 2.6 2000 1312none...... ..
2.
 
Panasonic GX8 Four Thirds 20.2 5184 38884K/30p23.512.6806 75
3.
 
Nikon D4 Full Frame 16.2 4928 32801080/30p24.713.12965 89
4.
 
Nikon D300S APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.512.2787 70
5.
 
Nikon D3 Full Frame 12.1 4256 2832none23.512.22290 81
6.
 
Nikon D300 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848none22.112.0679 67
7.
 
Nikon D2Xs APS-C 12.2 4288 2848none22.210.9489 59
8.
 
Nikon D200 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.311.5583 64
9.
 
Nikon D2X APS-C 12.2 4288 2848none22.110.9476 59
10.
 
Nikon D2H APS-C 4.0 2464 1632none18.910.0352 40
11.
 
Nikon D1H APS-C 2.6 2000 1312none...... ..
12.
 
Nikon D1X APS-C 5.9 3008 1960none...... ..
13.
 
Olympus E-M5 II Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60p23.012.5842 73
14.
 
Olympus E-M1 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/30p23.012.7757 73
15.
 
Panasonic G95 Four Thirds 20.2 5184 38884K/30p...... ..
16.
 
Panasonic GX9 Four Thirds 20.2 5184 38884K/30p...... ..
17.
 
Panasonic GX7 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60p22.612.2718 70

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. The GX8 indeed provides for movie recording, while the D1 does not. The highest resolution format that the GX8 can use is 4K/30p.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the GX8 has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), while the D1 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinder in the GX8 offers a wider field of view (100%) than the one in the D1 (96%), so that a larger proportion of the captured image is visible in the finder. In addition, the viewfinder of the GX8 has a higher magnification (0.77x vs 0.53x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Nikon D1 and Panasonic GX8 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Nikon D1optical Y 2.0 120 fixed n 1/16000s 1.5 n n
2.
 
Panasonic GX82360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
3.
 
Nikon D4optical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/8000s 11.0 n n
4.
 
Nikon D300Soptical Y 3.0 920 fixed n 1/8000s 7.0 Y n
5.
 
Nikon D3optical Y 3.0 922 fixed n 1/8000s 11.0 n n
6.
 
Nikon D300optical Y 3.0 922 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
7.
 
Nikon D2Xsoptical Y 2.5 230 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 n n
8.
 
Nikon D200optical Y 2.5 230 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 Y n
9.
 
Nikon D2Xoptical Y 2.5 235 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 n n
10.
 
Nikon D2Hoptical Y 2.5 211 fixed n 1/8000s 8.0 n n
11.
 
Nikon D1Hoptical Y 2.0 120 fixed n 1/16000s 5.0 n n
12.
 
Nikon D1Xoptical Y 2.0 120 fixed n 1/16000s 3.0 n n
13.
 
Olympus E-M5 II2360 n 3.0 1037 swivel Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
14.
 
Olympus E-M12360 n 3.0 1037 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
15.
 
Panasonic G952360 n 3.0 1240 swivel Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y Y
16.
 
Panasonic GX92760 n 3.0 1240 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y Y
17.
 
Panasonic GX72760 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/8000s 5.0 Y Y

One feature that is present on the D1, but is missing on the GX8 is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

The GX8 has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies. In contrast, the D1 does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the GX8 is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Panasonic GX8 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The D1 writes its imaging data to Compact Flash cards, while the GX8 uses SDXC cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Nikon D1 and Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX8 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Nikon D1Y-----FW---
2.
 
Panasonic GX8YstereomonoY-micro2.0YY-
3.
 
Nikon D4YmonomonoYYmicro2.0---
4.
 
Nikon D300SYstereomonoY-mini2.0---
5.
 
Nikon D3Y----mini2.0---
6.
 
Nikon D300Y----mini2.0---
7.
 
Nikon D2XsY-----2.0---
8.
 
Nikon D200Y-----2.0---
9.
 
Nikon D2XY-----2.0---
10.
 
Nikon D2HY-----2.0---
11.
 
Nikon D1HY-----FW---
12.
 
Nikon D1XY-----FW---
13.
 
Olympus E-M5 IIYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
14.
 
Olympus E-M1YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
15.
 
Panasonic G95YstereomonoYYmicro2.0Y-Y
16.
 
Panasonic GX9Ystereomono--micro2.0Y-Y
17.
 
Panasonic GX7Ystereomono--mini2.0YY-

It is notable that the GX8 offers wifi support, which can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location. In contrast, the D1 does not provide wifi capability.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Nikon D1 (unlike the GX8) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

Both the D1 and the GX8 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The D1 was replaced by the Nikon D1X, while the GX8 was followed by the Panasonic GX9. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Nikon and Panasonic websites.

Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Which of the two cameras – the Nikon D1 or the Panasonic GX8 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Advantages of the Nikon D1:

  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Easier setting verification: Features an LCD display on top to control shooting parameters.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/16000s vs 1/8000s) to freeze action.
  • More portrait friendly: Features an integrated vertical grip for easier portrait shooting.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in June 1999).

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Reasons to prefer the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX8:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (20.2 vs 2.6MP), which boosts linear resolution by 171%.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can capture not only stills but also 4K/30p video.
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • More complete view: Has a viewfinder with a larger field of view (100% vs 96%).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.77x vs 0.53x).
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1040k vs 120k dots).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • Fewer buttons to press: Has a touchscreen to facilitate handling and shooting adjustments.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 1.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • More compact: Is smaller (133x78mm vs 157x153mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 613g or 56 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can use many non-native lenses via adapters.
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (78 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Reflects 16 years and 1 month of technical progress since the D1 launch.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the GX8 is the clear winner of the contest (21 : 6 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D1 06:21 GX8

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Nikon D1 and the Panasonic GX8 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D1 or the GX8 perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon D1....+ +.... Jun 1999 5,499 i
2.
 
Panasonic GX85/5+82/1004.5/54.5/5 Jul 2015 1,199 i
3.
 
Nikon D4......4.5/54.5/5 Jan 2012 5,999 i
4.
 
Nikon D300S5/5+ +82/1004/54.5/5 Jul 2009 1,799 i
5.
 
Nikon D3....+ +5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 4,999 i
6.
 
Nikon D300..+ ++ +5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,799 i
7.
 
Nikon D2Xs.......... Jun 2006 4,699 i
8.
 
Nikon D200..+ ++ +o.. Nov 2005 1,699 i
9.
 
Nikon D2X....+ +.... Sep 2004 4,999 i
10.
 
Nikon D2H....+ +.... Jul 2003 3,499 i
11.
 
Nikon D1H....+ +.... Feb 2001 4,499 i
12.
 
Nikon D1X....+ +.... Feb 2001 5,999 i
13.
 
Olympus E-M5 II5/5+ +81/1005/55/5 Feb 2015 1,099 i
14.
 
Olympus E-M15/5+ +84/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2013 1,399 i
15.
 
Panasonic G954.5/5+83/1004.5/54.5/5 Apr 2019 999 i
16.
 
Panasonic GX94/5+84/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2018 849 i
17.
 
Panasonic GX74/5+79/1005/55/5 Aug 2013 999 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Nikon D1:
Check Ebay offers
Panasonic GX8:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just use the search menu below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Nikon D1 vs Panasonic GX8

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Nikon D1 Panasonic GX8
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Nikon F mount lenses Micro Four Thirds lenses
    Launch Date June 1999 July 2015
    Launch Price USD 5,499 USD 1,199
    Sensor Specs Nikon D1 Panasonic GX8
    Sensor Technology CCD CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Four Thirds Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.7 x 15.6 mm 17.3 x 13.0 mm
    Sensor Area 369.72 mm2 224.9 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.4 mm 21.6 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 2.0x
    Sensor Resolution 2.6 Megapixels 20.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 2000 x 1312 pixels 5184 x 3888 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 11.93 μm 3.34 μm
    Pixel Density 0.71 MP/cm2 8.96 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability no Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 200 - 1,600 ISO 200 - 25,600 ISO
    ISO Boost 200 - 6,400 ISO 100 - 25,600 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 75
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 23.5
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 12.6
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 806
    Screen Specs Nikon D1 Panasonic GX8
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 96% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.53x 0.77x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel no Top Display
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 2.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 120k dots 1040k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Swivel screen
    Touch Input no Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Nikon D1 Panasonic GX8
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/16000s 1/8000s
    Continuous Shooting 1.5 shutter flaps/s 10 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterno E-Shutterup to 1/16000s
    Time-Lapse Photographyno IntervalometerIntervalometer built-in
    Image StabilizationLens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium CF cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Nikon D1 Panasonic GX8
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket no PC Sync
    USB Connector Firewire USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Wifi Support no Wifi Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Body Specs Nikon D1 Panasonic GX8
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
    Battery Type EN-4 DMW-BLC12
    Body Dimensions 157 x 153 x 85 mm
    (6.2 x 6.0 x 3.3 in)
    133 x 78 x 63 mm
    (5.2 x 3.1 x 2.5 in)
    Camera Weight 1100 g (38.8 oz) 487 g (17.2 oz)

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