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The Best Mirrorless Cameras

Mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras (MILC) have gained substantial market share in recent years. In contrast to DSLR, these digital cameras do not have a mirror in the light path between the lens and the sensor. Instead, they capture the image with their sensor and project it onto an electronic viewfinder or the rear screen.

MILC
MILC vs DSLR[fotovue.com]

There is a wide and growing choice of mirrorless cameras on the market. It is not easy to decide which one is best. Indeed, what does it really mean to look for the best mirrorless? The camera that offers the best imaging experience? The one with the highest sensor resolution? The one that is most portable? The MILC that does not break the bank? The answers to these questions come down to personal preference, but hopefully the listings below will prove to be useful for your camera decision process.

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The highest rated MILC

Top Elo
Camera with highest Elo: Sony A7R V

The Camera Elo represents a comprehensive rating that takes the body, sensor and feature characteristics of digital cameras into account. It is based on the outcomes of thousands of pair-wise comparisons undertaken via the CAM-parator app.

The Sony A7R V is currently the top-ranked MILC with a Camera Elo of 3266, followed in second place by the Fujifilm GFX 100 II with a rating of 3256. The table below lists the 20 highest ranked mirrorless cameras in descending order of their Elo. It also reports the cameras' DXO Mark sensor quality score, which can be taken as indicators of pure image quality. For both the Camera Elo and the DXO score, higher values represent better performance.

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The Cameras with the Highest Elo
    Camera
Model
Lens
Mount
Camera
Elo
DXO
Score
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Video
Format
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price
Street
Price
1.
 
Sony A7R VSony E 3266100 Full Frame 60.28k/24p Oct 2022 EUR 4 499 amazon.com
2.
 
Fujifilm GFX 100 IIFujifilm G 3256101 Medium Format 101.88K/30p Sep 2023 EUR 7 999 amazon.com
3.
 
Sony A9 IIISony E 325096 Full Frame 24.04K/120p Nov 2023 EUR 6 999 amazon.com
4.
 
Canon R5 Mark IICanon RF 321997 Full Frame 44.88k/60p Jul 2024 EUR 4 799 amazon.com
5.
 
Nikon Z6 IIINikon Z 320897 Full Frame 24.36K/60p Jun 2024 EUR 2 999 amazon.com
6.
 
Nikon Z8Nikon Z 319198 Full Frame 45.48K/30p May 2023 EUR 4 599 amazon.com
7.
 
Nikon Z9Nikon Z 319198 Full Frame 45.48K/30p Oct 2021 EUR 5 999 amazon.com
8.
 
Fujifilm X-H2Fujifilm X 318886 APS-C 39.88k/30p Sep 2022 EUR 2 249 amazon.com
9.
 
Fujifilm GFX 100S IIFujifilm G 3184101 Medium Format 101.84K/30p May 2024 EUR 5 499 amazon.com
10.
 
Canon R1Canon RF 317497 Full Frame 24.06K/60p Jul 2024 EUR 7 499 amazon.com
11.
 
Sony A7R IVASony E 314499 Full Frame 60.24K/30p Apr 2021 EUR 3 999 amazon.com
12.
 
Nikon ZfNikon Z 312796 Full Frame 24.34K/60p Sep 2023 EUR 2 499 amazon.com
13.
 
Canon R3Canon RF 312496 Full Frame 24.06K/60p Sep 2021 EUR 5 999 amazon.com
14.
 
Sony A1Sony E 312198 Full Frame 49.88k/30p Jan 2021 EUR 7 299 amazon.com
15.
 
Canon R5 CCanon RF 309896 Full Frame 44.88k/60p Jan 2022 EUR 4 999 amazon.com
16.
 
Sony A7R IIIASony E 3093100 Full Frame 42.24K/30p Apr 2021 EUR 3 499 amazon.com
17.
 
Fujifilm X-H2SFujifilm X 309286 APS-C 26.06.2k/30p May 2022 EUR 2 749 amazon.com
18.
 
Canon R5Canon RF 309195 Full Frame 44.88K/30p Jul 2020 EUR 4 499 amazon.com
19.
 
Panasonic S5 IIL Mount 308496 Full Frame 24.06K/30p Jan 2023 EUR 2 199 amazon.com
20.
 
Fujifilm X-T5Fujifilm X 306586 APS-C 39.86.2k/30p Nov 2022 EUR 1 999 amazon.com
Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

You can access more detail on the listed cameras by clicking on the camera's name. Alternatively, you can compare two cameras using the search boxes below. Just enter two model names into the input fields and you will promptly be taken to a respective comparison.

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    The highest resolution MILC

    Perhaps your primary aim is to capture images with great detail, for example in landscape photography, or to have the ability to crop images heavily in post processing while still maintaining good image quality. In this case, the best MILC might be the one with the highest sensor resolution. The following table lists the 20 mirrorless cameras with the highest megapixel count. Again, clicking on the camera's name will reveal further detail.

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    The Cameras with the Highest Resolution
        Camera
    Model
    Lens
    Mount
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Sensor
    Class
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    Launch
    Price
    Street
    Price
    1.
     
    Hasselblad X2D 100CHasselblad XCD 102.1 3033101 Medium Format- Sep 2022 EUR 8 699 amazon.com
    2.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 100 IIFujifilm G 101.8 3256101 Medium Format8K/30p Sep 2023 EUR 7 999 amazon.com
    3.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 100S IIFujifilm G 101.8 3184101 Medium Format4K/30p May 2024 EUR 5 499 amazon.com
    4.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 100SFujifilm G 101.8 3014100 Medium Format4K/30p Jan 2021 EUR 5 999 amazon.com
    5.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 100Fujifilm G 101.8 285999 Medium Format4K/30p May 2019 EUR 10 999ebay.com
    6.
     
    Leica SL3L Mount 60.3 305297 Full Frame8K/30p Mar 2024 EUR 6 799 amazon.com
    7.
     
    Sony A7R VSony E 60.2 3266100 Full Frame8k/24p Oct 2022 EUR 4 499 amazon.com
    8.
     
    Sony A7R IVASony E 60.2 314499 Full Frame4K/30p Apr 2021 EUR 3 999 amazon.com
    9.
     
    Sony A7C RSony E 60.2 295796 Full Frame4K/60p Aug 2023 EUR 3 699 amazon.com
    10.
     
    Sony A7R IVSony E 60.2 294199 Full Frame4K/30p Jul 2019 EUR 3 999ebay.com
    11.
     
    Sigma fp LL Mount 60.2 282396 Full Frame4K/30p Mar 2021 EUR 2 299 amazon.com
    12.
     
    Hasselblad X1D IIHasselblad XCD 51.3 281099 Medium Format1080/25p Jun 2019 EUR 5 999ebay.com
    13.
     
    Hasselblad X1DHasselblad XCD 51.3 2271102 Medium Format1080/25p Jun 2016 EUR 9 399ebay.com
    14.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 50S IIFujifilm G 51.1 2983100 Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2021 EUR 3 999 amazon.com
    15.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 50RFujifilm G 51.1 268698 Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2018 EUR 4 499ebay.com
    16.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 50SFujifilm G 51.1 249096 Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2016 EUR 6 499ebay.com
    17.
     
    Sony A1Sony E 49.8 312198 Full Frame8k/30p Jan 2021 EUR 7 299 amazon.com
    18.
     
    Leica SL2L Mount 46.7 295695 Full Frame4K/60p Nov 2019 EUR 5 999 amazon.com
    19.
     
    Panasonic S1RL Mount 46.7 2909100 Full Frame4K/60p Feb 2019 EUR 3 699 amazon.com
    20.
     
    Nikon Z9Nikon Z 45.4 319198 Full Frame8K/30p Oct 2021 EUR 5 999 amazon.com
    Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

    The most portable MILC

    In contrast to DSLR, mirrorless cameras do not have a mirror assembly and pentaprism, so that they tend to be more compact. They are, thus, easier to carry around. If portability is important to you, the following ranking will likely be of interest. It lists the 20 lightest MILC that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their weight.

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    The Lightest Models
        Camera
    Model
    Lens
    Mount
    Camera
    Weight
    Camera
    Size
    Camera
    Elo
    Sensor
    Class
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Launch
    Launch
    Price
    Street
    Price
    1.
     
    Nikon 1 J5Nikon CX 231 g 98 x 60 x 32 g 2089 1-inch 20.7 Apr 2015 EUR 449ebay.com
    2.
     
    Panasonic GF7Micro FT 266 g 107 x 65 x 33 g 1902 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2015 EUR 499ebay.com
    3.
     
    Panasonic GX800Micro FT 269 g 107 x 65 x 33 g 2118 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2017 EUR 549ebay.com
    4.
     
    YI M1Micro FT 281 g 114 x 64 x 34 g 2184 Four Thirds 20.2 Sep 2016 EUR 349ebay.com
    5.
     
    Samsung NX500Samsung NX 287 g 120 x 64 x 43 g 2299 APS-C 28.0 Feb 2015 EUR 749ebay.com
    6.
     
    Canon M200Canon EF-M 299 g 108 x 67 x 35 g 2397 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2019 EUR 539ebay.com
    7.
     
    Canon M10Canon EF-M 301 g 108 x 67 x 35 g 2008 APS-C 17.9 Oct 2015 EUR 499ebay.com
    8.
     
    Canon M100Canon EF-M 302 g 108 x 67 x 35 g 2328 APS-C 24.0 Aug 2017 EUR 479ebay.com
    9.
     
    Fujifilm X-A7Fujifilm X 320 g 119 x 68 x 41 g 2722 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2019 EUR 549ebay.com
    10.
     
    Fujifilm X-A10Fujifilm X 331 g 117 x 67 x 40 g 2219 APS-C 16.0 Dec 2016 EUR 449ebay.com
    11.
     
    Olympus E-P7Micro FT 337 g 118 x 69 x 38 g 2528 Four Thirds 20.2 Jun 2021 EUR 799 amazon.com
    12.
     
    Fujifilm X-E3Fujifilm X 337 g 121 x 74 x 43 g 2429 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2017 EUR 899ebay.com
    13.
     
    Fujifilm X-A3Fujifilm X 339 g 117 x 67 x 40 g 2262 APS-C 24.0 Aug 2016 EUR 449ebay.com
    14.
     
    Sony ZV-E10Sony E 343 g 115 x 64 x 45 g 2760 APS-C 24.0 Jul 2021 EUR 749 amazon.com
    15.
     
    Fujifilm X-E2SFujifilm X 350 g 129 x 75 x 37 g 2131 APS-C 16.0 Jan 2016 EUR 699ebay.com
    16.
     
    Fujifilm X-A2Fujifilm X 350 g 117 x 67 x 40 g 1910 APS-C 16.0 Jan 2015 EUR 499ebay.com
    17.
     
    Panasonic G110Micro FT 352 g 116 x 83 x 54 g 2643 Four Thirds 20.2 Jun 2020 EUR 649 amazon.com
    18.
     
    Canon R100Canon RF 356 g 116 x 86 x 69 g 2518 APS-C 24.0 May 2023 EUR 579 amazon.com
    19.
     
    Olympus E-PL8Micro FT 357 g 115 x 67 x 38 g 2138 Four Thirds 15.9 Sep 2016 EUR 549ebay.com
    20.
     
    Fujifilm X-A5Fujifilm X 361 g 117 x 68 x 40 g 2514 APS-C 24.0 Jan 2018 EUR 449ebay.com

    The most affordable MILC

    A mirrorless camera is only as good as the lens that is placed in front of its sensor. Thus, the best MILC is one that leaves room enough in the budget to purchase a high quality lens to go with it. The following table displays the 20 least expensive mirrorless cameras that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their launch prices (camera only). The latter provide a good idea on the market position of the cameras, but it is often worthwhile to check the current pricing, as all except the most recent models might be available at discounts or as great deals on the pre-owned market.

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    The Least Expensive Models
        Camera
    Model
    Lens
    Mount
    Launch
    Price
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Sensor
    Class
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    Street
    Price
    1.
     
    YI M1Micro FT EUR 349 218473 Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Sep 2016ebay.com
    2.
     
    Fujifilm X-A5Fujifilm X EUR 449 251482 APS-C 24.04K/15p Jan 2018ebay.com
    3.
     
    Fujifilm X-A3Fujifilm X EUR 449 226281 APS-C 24.01080/60p Aug 2016ebay.com
    4.
     
    Fujifilm X-A10Fujifilm X EUR 449 221981 APS-C 16.01080/30p Dec 2016ebay.com
    5.
     
    Nikon 1 J5Nikon CX EUR 449 208965 1-inch 20.74K/15p Apr 2015ebay.com
    6.
     
    Fujifilm X-A2Fujifilm X EUR 499 191079 APS-C 16.01080/30p Jan 2015ebay.com
    7.
     
    Canon R100Canon RF EUR 579 251884 APS-C 24.04k/24p May 2023 amazon.com
    8.
     
    Fujifilm X-A7Fujifilm X EUR 549 272284 APS-C 24.04K/30p Sep 2019ebay.com
    9.
     
    Canon M100Canon EF-M EUR 479 232878 APS-C 24.01080/60p Aug 2017ebay.com
    10.
     
    Canon M10Canon EF-M EUR 499 200865 APS-C 17.91080/30p Oct 2015ebay.com
    11.
     
    Panasonic GF7Micro FT EUR 499 190270 Four Thirds 15.81080/60p Jan 2015ebay.com
    12.
     
    Canon M200Canon EF-M EUR 539 239782 APS-C 24.04k/25p Sep 2019ebay.com
    13.
     
    Olympus E-PL8Micro FT EUR 549 213873 Four Thirds 15.91080/30p Sep 2016ebay.com
    14.
     
    Panasonic GX800Micro FT EUR 549 211873 Four Thirds 15.84K/30p Jan 2017ebay.com
    15.
     
    Canon M50 Mark IICanon EF-M EUR 599 266883 APS-C 24.04K/24p Oct 2020ebay.com
    16.
     
    Fujifilm X-T100Fujifilm X EUR 599 253683 APS-C 24.04K/15p May 2018ebay.com
    17.
     
    Olympus E-PL10Micro FT EUR 599 251276 Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Oct 2019ebay.com
    18.
     
    Olympus E-PL9Micro FT EUR 599 237674 Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Feb 2018ebay.com
    19.
     
    Panasonic G110Micro FT EUR 649 264376 Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Jun 2020 amazon.com
    20.
     
    Olympus E-M10 IIIMicro FT EUR 649 233374 Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Aug 2017ebay.com
    Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

    Further Reading

    Additional information on the calculation of the Camera Elo can be found on a respective Elo methodology page. Moreover, there are other rankings of cameras by category that might be of interest:

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