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The Best Mirrorless Cameras

Mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras (MILC) have gained substantial market share in recent years. In contrast to DSLR, these digital cameras do not have a mirror in the light path between the lens and the sensor. Instead, they capture the image with their sensor and project it onto an electronic viewfinder or the rear screen.

MILC
MILC vs DSLR[fotovue.com]

There is a wide and growing choice of mirrorless cameras on the market. It is not easy to decide which one is best. Indeed, what does it really mean to look for the best mirrorless? The camera that offers the best imaging experience? The one with the highest sensor resolution? The one that is most portable? The MILC that does not break the bank? The answers to these questions come down to personal preference, but hopefully the listings below will prove to be useful for your camera decision process.

The highest rated MILC

Top Elo
Camera with highest Elo: Nikon Z9

The Camera Elo represents a comprehensive rating that takes the body, sensor and feature characteristics of digital cameras into account. It is based on the outcomes of thousands of pair-wise comparisons undertaken via the CAM-parator app.

The Nikon Z9 is currently the top-ranked MILC with a Camera Elo of 3217, followed in second place by the Canon R5 with a rating of 3202. The table below lists the 20 highest ranked mirrorless cameras in descending order of their Elo. It also reports the cameras' DXO Mark sensor quality score, which can be taken as indicators of pure image quality. For both the Camera Elo and the DXO score, higher values represent better performance.

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The Cameras with the Highest Elo
    Camera
Model
Lens
Mount
Camera
Elo
DXO
Score
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Video
Format
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon Z9Nikon Z 321798 Full Frame 45.48K/30p Oct 2021 5,499 amazon.com
2.
 
Canon R5Canon RF 320295 Full Frame 44.88K/30p Jul 2020 3,899 amazon.com
3.
 
Sony A1Sony E 318898 Full Frame 49.88k/30p Jan 2021 6,499 amazon.com
4.
 
Canon R3Canon RF 318696 Full Frame 24.06K/60p Sep 2021 5,999 amazon.com
5.
 
Sony A7 IVSony E 318497 Full Frame 32.74K/60p Oct 2021 2,499 amazon.com
6.
 
Fujifilm X-H2SFujifilm X 316086 APS-C 26.06.2k/30p May 2022 2,499 amazon.com
7.
 
Canon R5 CCanon RF 315996 Full Frame 44.88k/60p Jan 2022 4,499 amazon.com
8.
 
Nikon Z6 IINikon Z 313494 Full Frame 24.34K/60p Oct 2020 1,999 amazon.com
9.
 
Nikon Z7 IINikon Z 3128100 Full Frame 45.44K/60p Oct 2020 2,999 amazon.com
10.
 
Leica SL2-SL Mount 310095 Full Frame 24.04K/60p Dec 2020 4,895 amazon.com
11.
 
Panasonic S1HL Mount 309494 Full Frame 24.06K/30p May 2019 3,999 amazon.com
12.
 
Sony A7R IVSony E 308999 Full Frame 60.24K/30p Jul 2019 3,499 amazon.com
13.
 
Fujifilm GFX 100SFujifilm G 3087100 Medium Format 101.84K/30p Jan 2021 5,999 amazon.com
14.
 
Fujifilm GFX 50S IIFujifilm G 3072100 Medium Format 51.11080/30p Sep 2021 3,999 amazon.com
15.
 
Leica SL2L Mount 306295 Full Frame 46.74K/60p Nov 2019 5,999 amazon.com
16.
 
OM System OM-1Micro FT 305777 Four Thirds 20.24K/60p Feb 2022 2,199 amazon.com
17.
 
Sony A7S IIISony E 304886 Full Frame 12.04K/120p Jul 2020 3,499 amazon.com
18.
 
Panasonic S1RL Mount 3031100 Full Frame 46.74K/60p Feb 2019 3,699 amazon.com
19.
 
Panasonic S5L Mount 302594 Full Frame 24.04K/60p Sep 2020 1,999 amazon.com
20.
 
Sony A7CSony E 302595 Full Frame 24.04K/30p Sep 2020 1,799 amazon.com
Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

You can access more detail on the listed cameras by clicking on the camera's name. Alternatively, you can compare two cameras using the search boxes below. Just enter two model names into the input fields and you will promptly be taken to a respective comparison.

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    The highest resolution MILC

    Perhaps your primary aim is to capture images with great detail, for example in landscape photography, or to have the ability to crop images heavily in post processing while still maintaining good image quality. In this case, the best MILC might be the one with the highest sensor resolution. The following table lists the 20 mirrorless cameras with the highest megapixel count. Again, clicking on the camera's name will reveal further detail.

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    The Cameras with the Highest Resolution
        Camera
    Model
    Lens
    Mount
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Sensor
    Class
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    Launch
    Price (USD)
    Street
    Price
    1.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 100SFujifilm G 101.8 3087100 Medium Format4K/30p Jan 2021 5,999 amazon.com
    2.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 100Fujifilm G 101.8 298199 Medium Format4K/30p May 2019 9,999 amazon.com
    3.
     
    Sony A7R IVSony E 60.2 308999 Full Frame4K/30p Jul 2019 3,499 amazon.com
    4.
     
    Sigma fp LL Mount 60.2 289696 Full Frame4K/30p Mar 2021 2,499 amazon.com
    5.
     
    Hasselblad X1D IIHasselblad XCD 51.3 298599 Medium Format- Jun 2019 5,750 amazon.com
    6.
     
    Hasselblad X1DHasselblad XCD 51.3 2336102 Medium Format1080/25p Jun 2016 8,995ebay.com
    7.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 50S IIFujifilm G 51.1 3072100 Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2021 3,999 amazon.com
    8.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 50RFujifilm G 51.1 281698 Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2018 4,499 amazon.com
    9.
     
    Fujifilm GFX 50SFujifilm G 51.1 262596 Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2016 6,499ebay.com
    10.
     
    Sony A1Sony E 49.8 318898 Full Frame8k/30p Jan 2021 6,499 amazon.com
    11.
     
    Leica SL2L Mount 46.7 306295 Full Frame4K/60p Nov 2019 5,999 amazon.com
    12.
     
    Panasonic S1RL Mount 46.7 3031100 Full Frame4K/60p Feb 2019 3,699 amazon.com
    13.
     
    Nikon Z9Nikon Z 45.4 321798 Full Frame8K/30p Oct 2021 5,499 amazon.com
    14.
     
    Nikon Z7 IINikon Z 45.4 3128100 Full Frame4K/60p Oct 2020 2,999 amazon.com
    15.
     
    Nikon Z7Nikon Z 45.4 288599 Full Frame4K/30p Aug 2018 3,399ebay.com
    16.
     
    Canon R5Canon RF 44.8 320295 Full Frame8K/30p Jul 2020 3,899 amazon.com
    17.
     
    Canon R5 CCanon RF 44.8 315996 Full Frame8k/60p Jan 2022 4,499 amazon.com
    18.
     
    Sony A7R IIISony E 42.2 2936100 Full Frame4K/30p Oct 2017 3,199ebay.com
    19.
     
    Sony A7R IISony E 42.2 238698 Full Frame4K/30p Jun 2015 3,199ebay.com
    20.
     
    Sony A7RSony E 36.2 218795 Full Frame1080/60p Oct 2013 2,299ebay.com
    Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

    The most portable MILC

    In contrast to DSLR, mirrorless cameras do not have a mirror assembly and pentaprism, so that they tend to be more compact. They are, thus, easier to carry around. If portability is important to you, the following ranking will likely be of interest. It lists the 20 lightest MILC that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their weight.

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    The Lightest Models
        Camera
    Model
    Lens
    Mount
    Camera
    Weight
    Camera
    Size
    Camera
    Elo
    Sensor
    Class
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Launch
    Launch
    Price (USD)
    Street
    Price
    1.
     
    Nikon 1 J5Nikon CX 231 g 98 x 60 x 32 g 2158 1-inch 20.7 Apr 2015 399ebay.com
    2.
     
    Panasonic GF7Micro FT 266 g 107 x 65 x 33 g 1988 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2015 499ebay.com
    3.
     
    Panasonic GX800Micro FT 269 g 107 x 65 x 33 g 2198 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2017 549 amazon.com
    4.
     
    YI M1Micro FT 281 g 114 x 64 x 34 g 2261 Four Thirds 20.2 Sep 2016 349ebay.com
    5.
     
    Samsung NX500Samsung NX 287 g 120 x 64 x 43 g 2393 APS-C 28.0 Feb 2015 799ebay.com
    6.
     
    Canon M200Canon EF-M 299 g 108 x 67 x 35 g 2466 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2019 549 amazon.com
    7.
     
    Canon M10Canon EF-M 301 g 108 x 67 x 35 g 2078 APS-C 17.9 Oct 2015 499ebay.com
    8.
     
    Canon M100Canon EF-M 302 g 108 x 67 x 35 g 2397 APS-C 24.0 Aug 2017 499ebay.com
    9.
     
    Fujifilm X-A7Fujifilm X 320 g 119 x 68 x 41 g 2858 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2019 499 amazon.com
    10.
     
    Fujifilm X-A10Fujifilm X 331 g 117 x 67 x 40 g 2299 APS-C 16.0 Dec 2016 399ebay.com
    11.
     
    Olympus E-P7Micro FT 337 g 118 x 69 x 38 g 2574 Four Thirds 20.2 Jun 2021 799 amazon.com
    12.
     
    Fujifilm X-E3Fujifilm X 337 g 121 x 74 x 43 g 2551 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2017 899ebay.com
    13.
     
    Fujifilm X-A3Fujifilm X 339 g 117 x 67 x 40 g 2352 APS-C 24.0 Aug 2016 399ebay.com
    14.
     
    Sony ZV-E10Sony E 343 g 115 x 64 x 45 g 2858 APS-C 24.0 Jul 2021 699 amazon.com
    15.
     
    Fujifilm X-E2SFujifilm X 350 g 129 x 75 x 37 g 2214 APS-C 16.0 Jan 2016 699ebay.com
    16.
     
    Fujifilm X-A2Fujifilm X 350 g 117 x 67 x 40 g 1978 APS-C 16.0 Jan 2015 399ebay.com
    17.
     
    Panasonic G110Micro FT 352 g 116 x 83 x 54 g 2701 Four Thirds 20.2 Jun 2020 649 amazon.com
    18.
     
    Olympus E-PL8Micro FT 357 g 115 x 67 x 38 g 2242 Four Thirds 15.9 Sep 2016 549ebay.com
    19.
     
    Fujifilm X-A5Fujifilm X 361 g 117 x 68 x 40 g 2637 APS-C 24.0 Jan 2018 399ebay.com
    20.
     
    Fujifilm X-E4Fujifilm X 364 g 121 x 73 x 33 g 2746 APS-C 26.0 Jan 2021 849 amazon.com

    The most affordable MILC

    A mirrorless camera is only as good as the lens that is placed in front of its sensor. Thus, the best MILC is one that leaves room enough in the budget to purchase a high quality lens to go with it. The following table displays the 20 least expensive mirrorless cameras that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their launch prices (camera only). The latter provide a good idea on the market position of the cameras, but it is often worthwhile to check the current pricing, as all except the most recent models might be available at discounts or as great deals on the pre-owned market.

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    The Least Expensive Models
        Camera
    Model
    Lens
    Mount
    Launch
    Price (USD)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Sensor
    Class
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    Street
    Price
    1.
     
    YI M1Micro FT 349 226173 Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Sep 2016ebay.com
    2.
     
    Fujifilm X-A5Fujifilm X 399 263782 APS-C 24.04K/15p Jan 2018ebay.com
    3.
     
    Fujifilm X-A3Fujifilm X 399 235281 APS-C 24.01080/60p Aug 2016ebay.com
    4.
     
    Fujifilm X-A10Fujifilm X 399 229981 APS-C 16.01080/30p Dec 2016ebay.com
    5.
     
    Nikon 1 J5Nikon CX 399 215865 1-inch 20.74K/15p Apr 2015ebay.com
    6.
     
    Fujifilm X-A2Fujifilm X 399 197879 APS-C 16.01080/30p Jan 2015ebay.com
    7.
     
    Fujifilm X-A7Fujifilm X 499 285884 APS-C 24.04K/30p Sep 2019 amazon.com
    8.
     
    Canon M100Canon EF-M 499 239778 APS-C 24.01080/60p Aug 2017ebay.com
    9.
     
    Canon M10Canon EF-M 499 207865 APS-C 17.91080/30p Oct 2015ebay.com
    10.
     
    Panasonic GF7Micro FT 499 198870 Four Thirds 15.81080/60p Jan 2015ebay.com
    11.
     
    Canon M200Canon EF-M 549 246682 APS-C 24.04k/25p Sep 2019 amazon.com
    12.
     
    Olympus E-PL8Micro FT 549 224273 Four Thirds 15.91080/30p Sep 2016ebay.com
    13.
     
    Panasonic GX800Micro FT 549 219873 Four Thirds 15.84K/30p Jan 2017 amazon.com
    14.
     
    Canon M50 Mark IICanon EF-M 599 274983 APS-C 24.04K/24p Oct 2020 amazon.com
    15.
     
    Fujifilm X-T100Fujifilm X 599 265783 APS-C 24.04K/15p May 2018ebay.com
    16.
     
    Olympus E-PL10Micro FT 599 255776 Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Oct 2019 amazon.com
    17.
     
    Olympus E-PL9Micro FT 599 247474 Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Feb 2018ebay.com
    18.
     
    Panasonic G110Micro FT 649 270176 Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Jun 2020 amazon.com
    19.
     
    Olympus E-M10 IIIMicro FT 649 242474 Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Aug 2017ebay.com
    20.
     
    Panasonic G7Micro FT 649 223071 Four Thirds 15.84K/30p May 2015ebay.com
    Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

    Further Reading

    Additional information on the calculation of the Camera Elo can be found on a respective Elo methodology page. Moreover, there are other rankings of cameras by category that might be of interest:

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