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Leica D-LUX 7 vs D-LUX Typ 109

The Leica D-LUX 7 and the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) are two enthusiast cameras that were announced, respectively, in November 2018 and September 2014. Both the D-LUX 7 and the D-LUX Typ 109 are fixed lens compact cameras that are equipped with a Four Thirds sensor. The D-LUX 7 has a resolution of 16.8 megapixels, whereas the D-LUX Typ 109 provides 12.7 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Leica D-LUX 7
versus
Leica D-LUX Typ 109
Leica D-LUX 7   Leica D-LUX Typ 109
Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
24-75mm f/1.7-2.8 24-75mm f/1.7-2.8
16.8 MP, Four Thirds Sensor 12.7 MP, Four Thirds Sensor
4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 200-25,600 ISO 200-12,500 (100 - 25,600)
Electronic viewfinder (2764k dots) Electronic viewfinder (2764k dots)
3.0 LCD, 1240k dots 3.0 LCD, 921k dots
Fixed touchscreen Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
11 shutter flaps per second 11 shutter flaps per second
300 shots per battery charge300 shots per battery charge
115 x 66 x 65 mm, 392 g 118 x 66 x 55 mm, 405 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Leica D-LUX 7 and the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109)? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Leica D-LUX 7 and the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The D-LUX Typ 109 can be obtained in two different colors (black, grey), while the D-LUX 7 is only available in silver.

Size Leica D-LUX 7 vs Leica D-LUX Typ 109
Compare D-LUX 7 versus D-LUX Typ 109 top
Comparison D-LUX 7 or D-LUX Typ 109 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 is somewhat larger (3 percent) than the Leica D-LUX 7. Moreover, the D-LUX Typ 109 is slightly heavier (3 percent) than the D-LUX 7. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the D-LUX 7 nor the D-LUX Typ 109 are weather-sealed.

The power pack in the D-LUX 7 can be charged via the USB port, so that it is not always necessary to take the battery charger along when travelling.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 7 115 mm 66 mm 65 mm 392 g 300 n Nov 2018 1,195 i
2.
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 109 118 mm 66 mm 55 mm 405 g 300 n Sep 2014 1,195i
3.
 
Canon G16 109 mm 76 mm 40 mm 356 g 360 n Aug 2013 549 i
4.
 
Fujifilm X100F 127 mm 75 mm 52 mm 469 g 390 n Jan 2017 1,299i
5.
 
Fujifilm X100T 127 mm 74 mm 52 mm 440 g 330 n Sep 2014 1,299i
6.
 
Fujifilm X100S 127 mm 74 mm 54 mm 445 g 330 n Jan 2013 1,299i
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 5 136 mm 97 mm 131 mm 812 g 350 n Jul 2019 1,249 i
8.
 
Leica C-LUX 113 mm 67 mm 46 mm 340 g 370 n Jun 2018 1,049 i
9.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114 137 mm 99 mm 131 mm 830 g 360 n Sep 2014 1,349i
10.
 
Leica X Typ 113 133 mm 73 mm 78 mm 486 g 350 n Sep 2014 2,295i
11.
 
Panasonic LX100 II 115 mm 66 mm 65 mm 392 g 300 n Aug 2018 999 i
12.
 
Panasonic TZ90 112 mm 67 mm 41 mm 322 g 380 n Apr 2017 449i
13.
 
Sony RX100 VI 102 mm 58 mm 43 mm 301 g 240 n Jun 2018 1,199i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The two cameras under review were launched at the same price and fall into the same market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature a Four Thirds sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 2.0. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the medium-sized sensor cameras that aim to strike a balance between image quality and portability. Both cameras feature a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 4:3. Both cameras have the particularity of featuring a switch that allows to toggle between multiple aspect ratios, while maintaining the same field of view and full image resolution.

Leica D-LUX 7 and Leica D-LUX Typ 109 sensor measures

While the two cameras under review share the same sensor size, the D-LUX 7 offers a higher resolution of 16.8 megapixels, compared with 12.7 MP of the D-LUX Typ 109. This megapixels advantage translates into a 15 percent gain in linear resolution. On the other hand, these sensor specs imply that the D-LUX 7 has a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 3.66μm versus 4.21μm for the D-LUX Typ 109). In this context, it should be noted, however, that the D-LUX 7 is much more recent (by 4 years and 2 months) than the D-LUX Typ 109, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that compensate for the smaller pixel size. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the D-LUX 7 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Leica D-LUX 7 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the D-LUX 7 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 23.7 x 17.8 inches or 60.1 x 45.1 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 18.9 x 14.2 inches or 48.1 x 36.1 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 15.8 x 11.8 inches or 40.1 x 30.1 cm. The corresponding values for the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 are 20.6 x 15.4 inches or 52.2 x 39.2 cm for good quality, 16.4 x 12.4 inches or 41.8 x 31.4 cm for very good quality, and 13.7 x 10.3 inches or 34.8 x 26.1 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Leica D-LUX 7 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 25600, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) are ISO 200 to ISO 12500, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-25600.

D-LUX 7 versus D-LUX Typ 109 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 7 Four Thirds 16.8 4736 35524K/30p........
2.
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Four Thirds 12.7 4112 30884K/30p........
3.
 
Canon G16 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/60p21.011.723054
4.
 
Fujifilm X100F APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
5.
 
Fujifilm X100T APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........
6.
 
Fujifilm X100S APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 5 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
8.
 
Leica C-LUX 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
9.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
10.
 
Leica X Typ 113 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p........
11.
 
Panasonic LX100 II Four Thirds 16.8 4736 35524K/30p........
12.
 
Panasonic TZ90 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p19.110.610636
13.
 
Sony RX100 VI 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, and both provide the same movie specifications (4K/30p).

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The D-LUX 7 and the D-LUX Typ 109 are similar in the sense that both feature an electronic viewfinder, which is helpful when framing images in bright sunlight. Moreover, their viewfinders offer an identical resolution of 2764k dots. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Leica D-LUX 7, the Leica D-LUX Typ 109, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 72764 n3.0 / 1240 fixed Y 1/4000s 11.0 n Y
2.
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 1092764 n3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 n Y
3.
 
Canon G16optical n3.0 / 922 fixed n 1/4000s 2.2 Y Y
4.
 
Fujifilm X100F2360 n3.0 / 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 8.0 Y n
5.
 
Fujifilm X100T2360 n3.0 / 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
6.
 
Fujifilm X100S2360 n2.8 / 460 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 52360 n3.0 / 1240 swivel Y 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
8.
 
Leica C-LUX2330 n3.0 / 1240 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
9.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 1142359 n3.0 / 921 swivel n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
10.
 
Leica X Typ 113optional n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
11.
 
Panasonic LX100 II2764 n3.0 / 1240 fixed Y 1/4000s 11.0 n Y
12.
 
Panasonic TZ901166 n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
13.
 
Sony RX100 VI2359 n3.0 / 1229 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y

One differentiating feature between the two cameras concerns the touch sensitivity of the rear screen. The D-LUX 7 has a touchscreen, while the D-LUX Typ 109 has a conventional panel. Touch control can be particularly helpful, for example, for setting the focus point.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, both cameras under consideration feature an electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Leica D-LUX 7 and the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Both the D-LUX 7 and the D-LUX Typ 109 have zoom lenses built in. Both optics have identical focal length range and aperture specifications (10.9-34mm f/1.7-2.8). Both cameras offer the same maximum aperture.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the D-LUX 7 and the D-LUX Typ 109 write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Leica D-LUX 7 and Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 7Ystereo / mono--micro2.0Y-Y
2.
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 109Ystereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
3.
 
Canon G16Ystereo / mono--mini2.0Y--
4.
 
Fujifilm X100FYstereo / monoY-micro2.0Y--
5.
 
Fujifilm X100TYstereo / monoY-micro2.0Y--
6.
 
Fujifilm X100SYstereo / mono--micro2.0---
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 5Ystereo / mono--micro2.0Y-Y
8.
 
Leica C-LUX-stereo / mono--micro2.0Y--
9.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114Ystereo / monoY-micro2.0YY-
10.
 
Leica X Typ 113Ystereo / mono--mini2.0---
11.
 
Panasonic LX100 IIYstereo / mono--micro2.0Y-Y
12.
 
Panasonic TZ90-stereo / mono--micro2.0Y--
13.
 
Sony RX100 VI-stereo / mono--micro2.0YYY

The D-LUX 7 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Leica. In contrast, the D-LUX Typ 109 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the D-LUX Typ 109 was succeeded by the Leica D-LUX 7. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Leica website.

Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is there a clear favorite between the Leica D-LUX 7 and the Leica D-LUX Typ 109? Which camera is better? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.


Reasons to prefer the Leica D-LUX 7:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (16.8 vs 12.7MP) with a 15% higher linear resolution.
  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1240k vs 921k dots).
  • Fewer buttons to press: Is equipped with a touch-sensitive rear screen to facilitate handling.
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • More modern: Reflects 4 years and 2 months of technical progress since the D-LUX Typ 109 launch.


Arguments in favor of the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109):

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in September 2014).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the D-LUX 7 is the clear winner of the match-up (7 : 3 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D-LUX 7 07:03 D-LUX Typ 109

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Leica D-LUX 7 and the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Travel-Zoom Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D-LUX 7 or the D-LUX Typ 109 perform in practice. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 7..........4.5/5 Nov 2018 1,195 i
2.
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 109........4.5/54.5/5 Sep 2014 1,195i
3.
 
Canon G164/5+....4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2013 549 i
4.
 
Fujifilm X100F5/5+3.9/583/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2017 1,299i
5.
 
Fujifilm X100T5/5+..81/1004.5/55/5 Sep 2014 1,299i
6.
 
Fujifilm X100S5/5+ +..81/1004.5/55/5 Jan 2013 1,299i
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 5........4/54/5 Jul 2019 1,249 i
8.
 
Leica C-LUX........4.5/54/5 Jun 2018 1,049 i
9.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114..........5/5 Sep 2014 1,349i
10.
 
Leica X Typ 1133.5/5......3.5/54/5 Sep 2014 2,295i
11.
 
Panasonic LX100 II4.5/5+4.2/582/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2018 999 i
12.
 
Panasonic TZ90..+ +....4/54/5 Apr 2017 449i
13.
 
Sony RX100 VI4.5/5+ +..83/1004/54.5/5 Jun 2018 1,199i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Leica D-LUX 7:
Check Amazon price
Leica D-LUX Typ 109:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make your choice using the following search menu. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Leica D-LUX 7 vs Leica D-LUX Typ 109

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Leica D-LUX 7 Leica D-LUX Typ 109
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens 24-75mm f/1.7-2.8 24-75mm f/1.7-2.8
    Launch Date November 2018 September 2014
    Launch Price USD 1,195 USD 1,195
    Sensor Specs Leica D-LUX 7 Leica D-LUX Typ 109
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format Four Thirds Sensor Four Thirds Sensor
    Sensor Size 17.3 x 13.0 mm 17.3 x 13.0 mm
    Sensor Area 224.9 mm2 224.9 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 21.6 mm 21.6 mm
    Crop Factor 2.0x 2.0x
    Sensor Resolution 16.8 Megapixels 12.7 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4736 x 3552 pixels 4112 x 3088 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.66 μm 4.21 μm
    Pixel Density 7.48 MP/cm2 5.65 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 200 - 25,600 ISO 200 - 12,500 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 25,600 ISO
    Screen Specs Leica D-LUX 7 Leica D-LUX Typ 109
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.70x 0.70x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2764k dots 2764k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 1240k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen no Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Leica D-LUX 7 Leica D-LUX Typ 109
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 11 shutter flaps/s 11 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/16000sup to 1/16000s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Leica D-LUX 7 Leica D-LUX Typ 109
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port micro HDMI micro HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in no Bluetooth
    Body Specs Leica D-LUX 7 Leica D-LUX Typ 109
    Battery Type BP-DC15 BP-DC15
    Battery Life (CIPA)300 shots per charge300 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging no USB charging
    Body Dimensions 115 x 66 x 65 mm
    (4.5 x 2.6 x 2.6 in)
    118 x 66 x 55 mm
    (4.6 x 2.6 x 2.2 in)
    Camera Weight 392 g (13.8 oz) 405 g (14.3 oz)

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