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Panasonic GM5 vs Sony RX100 VII

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in September 2014 and July 2019. The GM5 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the RX100 VII is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on a Four Thirds (GM5) and an one-inch (RX100 VII) sensor. The Panasonic has a resolution of 15.8 megapixels, whereas the Sony provides 20 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Panasonic GM5 VS Sony RX100 VII
Panasonic GM5 Sony RX100 VII
Mirrorless system camera Fixed lens compact camera
Micro Four Thirds lenses 24-200mm f/2.8-4.5
15.8 MP, Four Thirds Sensor 20 MP, 1" Sensor
1080/60p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 200-25600 ISO 125-12800 (80-25600)
Electronic viewfinder (1166k dots) Electronic viewfinder (2359k dots)
3.0" LCD, 921k dots 3.0" LCD, 921k dots
Fixed touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
5.8 shutter flaps per second 90 shutter flaps per second
220 shots per battery charge260 shots per battery charge
99 x 60 x 36 mm, 211 g 102 x 58 x 43 mm, 302 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Panasonic GM5 and the Sony RX100 VII. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The GM5 can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the RX100 VII is only available in black.

Size Panasonic GM5 vs Sony RX100 VII
Compare GM5 versus RX100 VII top
Comparison GM5 or RX100 VII rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Panasonic GM5 and the Sony RX100 VII are of equal size. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the GM5 nor the RX100 VII are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the RX100 VII has a lens built in, whereas the GM5 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the GM5 and their specifications in the Micro Four Thirds Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the GM5 gets 220 shots out of its DMW-BLH7 battery, while the RX100 VII can take 260 images on a single charge of its NP-BX1 power pack. The power pack in the RX100 VII can be charged via the USB port, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, just use the right or left arrows in the table to switch to the respective camera. Alternatively, you can also navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from the full list of cameras there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Panasonic GM5» 3.9 in 2.4 in 1.4 in 7.4 oz 220 n Sep 2014 749iPanasonic GM5
 
Sony RX100 VII« 4.0 in 2.3 in 1.7 in 10.7 oz 260 n Jul 2019 1,199 iSony RX100 VII
 
Leica C-LUX« » 4.4 in 2.6 in 1.8 in 12.0 oz 370 n Jun 2018 1,049 iLeica C-LUX
 
Panasonic GX85« » 4.8 in 2.8 in 1.7 in 15.0 oz 290 n Apr 2016 799 iPanasonic GX85
 
Panasonic G7« » 4.9 in 3.4 in 3.0 in 14.5 oz 350 n May 2015 649iPanasonic G7
 
Panasonic GH4« » 5.2 in 3.7 in 3.3 in 19.8 oz 500 Y Feb 2014 1,499iPanasonic GH4
 
Panasonic LX100« » 4.5 in 2.6 in 2.2 in 13.9 oz 300 n Sep 2014 899 iPanasonic LX100
 
Panasonic G6« » 4.8 in 3.3 in 2.8 in 13.8 oz 340 n Apr 2013 599iPanasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1« » 3.9 in 2.2 in 1.2 in 7.2 oz 230 n Oct 2013 749iPanasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1« » 4.6 in 2.7 in 1.5 in 11.2 oz 320 n Nov 2011 699iPanasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH2« » 4.9 in 3.5 in 3.0 in 15.6 oz 330 n Sep 2010 899iPanasonic GH2
 
Ricoh GR II« » 4.6 in 2.5 in 1.4 in 8.9 oz 320 n Jun 2015 699 iRicoh GR II
 
Ricoh GR« » 4.6 in 2.4 in 1.4 in 8.6 oz 290 n Apr 2013 799iRicoh GR
 
Sony ZV-1« » 4.1 in 2.4 in 1.7 in 10.4 oz 260 n May 2020 799 iSony ZV-1
 
Sony RX100 VI« » 4.0 in 2.3 in 1.7 in 10.6 oz 240 n Jun 2018 1,199iSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V« » 4.0 in 2.3 in 1.6 in 10.5 oz 220 n Oct 2016 999 iSony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV« » 4.0 in 2.3 in 1.6 in 10.5 oz 280 n Jun 2015 999iSony RX100 IV
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Panasonic GM5 features a Four Thirds sensor and the Sony RX100 VII an one-inch sensor. The sensor area in the RX100 VII is 48 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 2.0 and 2.7. The sensor in the GM5 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the RX100 VII offers a 3:2 aspect.

Panasonic GM5 and Sony RX100 VII sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the RX100 VII offers a higher resolution of 20 megapixels, compared with 15.8 MP of the GM5. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 2.41μm versus 3.77μm for the GM5). However, it should be noted that the RX100 VII is much more recent (by 4 years and 10 months) than the GM5, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently.

The resolution advantage of the Sony RX100 VII implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the RX100 VII for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 27.4 x 18.2 inch or 69.5 x 46.3 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 21.9 x 14.6 inch or 55.6 x 37.1 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 18.2 x 12.2 inch or 46.3 x 30.9 cm. The corresponding values for the Panasonic GM5 are 23 x 17.2 inch or 58.3 x 43.8 cm for good quality, 18.4 x 13.8 inch or 46.7 x 35 cm for very good quality, and 15.3 x 11.5 inch or 38.9 x 29.2 cm for excellent quality prints.

The RX100 VII has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 25600, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII are ISO 125 to ISO 12800, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 80-25600.

GM5 versus RX100 VII MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The Overall DXO ratings for the two cameras under consideration are close, suggesting that they provide similar imaging performance. The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Panasonic GM5 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60p22.111.772166Panasonic GM5
 
Sony RX100 VII 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p21.812.441863Sony RX100 VII
 
Leica C-LUX 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........Leica C-LUX
 
Panasonic GX85 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34484K/30p22.912.666271Panasonic GX85
 
Panasonic G7 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34484K/30p........Panasonic G7
 
Panasonic GH4 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34564K/30p23.212.879174Panasonic GH4
 
Panasonic LX100 Four Thirds 12.7 4112 30884K/30p22.312.555367Panasonic LX100
 
Panasonic G6 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60p21.311.563961Panasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60i22.311.766066Panasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60p20.810.670355Panasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH2 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60i21.211.365560Panasonic GH2
 
Ricoh GR II APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p23.613.7107880Ricoh GR II
 
Ricoh GR APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p23.613.597278Ricoh GR
 
Sony ZV-1 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........Sony ZV-1
 
Sony RX100 VI 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........Sony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p22.812.458670Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p22.812.659170Sony RX100 IV

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the RX100 VII provides a better video resolution than the GM5. It can shoot movie footage at 4K/30p, while the Panasonic is limited to 1080/60p.

 

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The two cameras under review are similar with respect to both having an electronic viewfinder. However, the one in the RX100 VII offers a substantially higher resolution than the one in the GM5 (2359k vs 1166k dots). The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Panasonic GM5 and Sony RX100 VII in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Panasonic GM51166 n 3.0 921 fixed Y 1/500s 5.8 n n Panasonic GM5
 
Sony RX100 VII2359 n 3.0 921 tilting Y 1/2000s 90.0 Y Y Sony RX100 VII
 
Leica C-LUX2330 n 3.0 1240 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y Leica C-LUX
 
Panasonic GX852765 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 8.0 Y Y Panasonic GX85
 
Panasonic G72360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 7.0 Y n Panasonic G7
 
Panasonic GH42359 n 3.0 1036 swivel Y 1/8000s 12.0 Y n Panasonic GH4
 
Panasonic LX1002764 n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 n Y Panasonic LX100
 
Panasonic G61440 n 3.0 1036 swivel Y 1/4000s 7.0 Y n Panasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1none n 3.0 1036 fixed Y 1/500s 5.0 Y n Panasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1optional n 3.0 460 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.2 Y n Panasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH21534 n 3.0 460 swivel n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Panasonic GH2
 
Ricoh GR IIoptional n 3.0 1230 fixed n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n Ricoh GR II
 
Ricoh GRoptional n 3.0 1230 fixed n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n Ricoh GR
 
Sony ZV-1none n 3.0 922 swivel Y 1/2000s 24.0 n Y Sony ZV-1
 
Sony RX100 VI2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y Sony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV2359 n 3.0 1228 tilting n 1/2000s 16.0 Y Y Sony RX100 IV

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The RX100 VII has one, while the GM5 does not. While the built-in flash of the RX100 VII is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The RX100 VII has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies. In contrast, the GM5 does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, both cameras under consideration feature an electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Panasonic GM5 and the Sony RX100 VII both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The GM5 writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the RX100 VII uses SDXC or Memory Stick PRO Duo cards. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5 and Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Panasonic GM5Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--Panasonic GM5
 
Sony RX100 VII-stereomonoY-micro2.0YYYSony RX100 VII
 
Leica C-LUX-stereomono--micro2.0Y--Leica C-LUX
 
Panasonic GX85Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--Panasonic GX85
 
Panasonic G7YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Panasonic G7
 
Panasonic GH4YstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-Panasonic GH4
 
Panasonic LX100Ystereomono--micro2.0YY-Panasonic LX100
 
Panasonic G6YstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-Panasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1-stereomono--micro2.0Y--Panasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1Ystereomono--mini2.0---Panasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH2YstereomonoY-mini2.0---Panasonic GH2
 
Ricoh GR IIYstereomono--micro2.0YY-Ricoh GR II
 
Ricoh GRYmonomono--micro2.0---Ricoh GR
 
Sony ZV-1YstereomonoY-micro2.0YYYSony ZV-1
 
Sony RX100 VI-stereomono--micro2.0YYYSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Sony RX100 IV

It is notable that the GM5 has a hotshoe, while the RX100 VII does not. This socket makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun.

The RX100 VII is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Sony. In contrast, the GM5 has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). There has not been a direct replacement model for the GM5 from Panasonic. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Panasonic and Sony websites.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Panasonic GM5 and the Sony RX100 VII? Which camera is better? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Reasons to prefer the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5:

  • Better low-light sensitivity: Requires less light for good images (0.8 stops ISO advantage).
  • More flexible: Accepts interchangeable lenses, so that lens characteristics can be altered.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in September 2014).

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Advantages of the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (20 vs 15.8MP), which boosts linear resolution by 15%.
  • More dynamic range: Captures a broader range of light and dark details (0.7 EV of extra DR).
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (4K/30p vs 1080/60p).
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • More detailed viewfinder: Has higher resolution electronic viewfinder (2359k vs 1166k dots).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.59x vs 0.46x).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/2000s vs 1/500s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (90 vs 5.8 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Ready to shoot: Has an integrated lens, whereas the GM5 necessitates an extra lens.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (260 versus 220) out of a single battery charge.
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • Easier fill-in: Has a small integrated flash to brighten shadows of backlit subjects.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • More modern: Reflects 4 years and 10 months of technical progress since the GM5 launch.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the RX100 VII is the clear winner of the contest (18 : 4 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

GM5 04:18 RX100 VII

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Panasonic GM5 and the Sony RX100 VII place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera and Best Travel-Zoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the GM5 or the RX100 VII perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Panasonic GM5+77/1005/55/54.5/5 Sep 2014 749iPanasonic GM5
 
Sony RX100 VII....4/5..5/5 Jul 2019 1,199 iSony RX100 VII
 
Leica C-LUX....4.5/5..4/5 Jun 2018 1,049 iLeica C-LUX
 
Panasonic GX85+ +82/1005/54.5/55/5 Apr 2016 799 iPanasonic GX85
 
Panasonic G7+ +80/1005/54.5/54.5/5 May 2015 649iPanasonic G7
 
Panasonic GH4+ +85/1005/55/55/5 Feb 2014 1,499iPanasonic GH4
 
Panasonic LX100+ +85/1005/54/55/5 Sep 2014 899 iPanasonic LX100
 
Panasonic G6+ +..5/5..4.5/5 Apr 2013 599iPanasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1+78/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 749iPanasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1+77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Nov 2011 699iPanasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH2+ +79/1004.5/54.5/55/5 Sep 2010 899iPanasonic GH2
 
Ricoh GR II....4.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 699 iRicoh GR II
 
Ricoh GR..79/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Apr 2013 799iRicoh GR
 
Sony ZV-1.......... May 2020 799 iSony ZV-1
 
Sony RX100 VI+ +83/1004/5..4.5/5 Jun 2018 1,199iSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V+ +83/1004/55/54.5/5 Oct 2016 999 iSony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV+ +85/1004/54.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 999iSony RX100 IV
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Panasonic GM5:
Check Ebay offers
Sony RX100 VII:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just use the search menu below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Panasonic GM5 vs Sony RX100 VII

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Panasonic GM5 Sony RX100 VII
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Micro Four Thirds lenses 24-200mm f/2.8-4.5
    Launch Date September 2014 July 2019
    Launch Price USD 749 USD 1199
    Sensor Specs Panasonic GM5 Sony RX100 VII
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format Four Thirds Sensor 1" Sensor
    Sensor Size 17.3 x 13.0 mm 13.2 x 8.8 mm
    Sensor Area 224.9 mm2 116.16 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 21.6 mm 15.9 mm
    Crop Factor 2.0x 2.7x
    Sensor Resolution 15.8 Megapixels 20 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4592 x 3448 pixels 5472 x 3648 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.77 μm 2.41 μm
    Pixel Density 7.04 MP/cm2 17.18 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/60p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 200-25600 ISO 125-12800 ISO
    ISO Boost 100-25600 ISO 80-25600 ISO
    Image Processor Venus BIONZ X
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 66 63
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.1 21.8
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.7 12.4
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 721 418
    Screen Specs Panasonic GM5 Sony RX100 VII
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.46x 0.59x
    Viewfinder Resolution 1166k dots 2359k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0 inch 3.0 inch
    LCD Resolution 921k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Panasonic GM5 Sony RX100 VII
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/500/s 1/2000/s
    Continuous Shooting 5.8 shutter flaps/s 90 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/16000sup to 1/32000s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards MS or SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Panasonic GM5 Sony RX100 VII
    External Flash Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port micro HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Bluetooth Support no Bluetooth Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Panasonic GM5 Sony RX100 VII
    Battery Type DMW-BLH7 NP-BX1
    Battery Life (CIPA)220 shots per charge260 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging no USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 99 x 60 x 36 mm
    (3.9 x 2.4 x 1.4 in)
    102 x 58 x 43 mm
    (4.0 x 2.3 x 1.7 in)
    Camera Weight 211 g (7.4 oz) 302 g (10.7 oz)

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