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Leica X-U Typ 113 vs Nikon D5100

The Leica X-U (Typ 113) and the Nikon D5100 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in January 2016 and April 2011. The X-U Typ 113 is a fixed lens compact, while the D5100 is a DSLR. Both cameras are equipped with an APS-C sensor. Both cameras offer a resolution of 16.1 megapixels.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Leica X-U Typ 113
versus
Nikon D5100
Leica X-U Typ 113   Nikon D5100
Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
35mm f/1.7 Nikon F mount lenses
16.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 16.1 MP, APS-C Sensor
1080/30p Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 100-12,500 ISO 100-6,400 (100 - 25,600)
Viewfinder optional Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 920k dots 3.0 LCD, 921k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Swivel screen (not touch-sensitive)
5 shutter flaps per second 4 shutter flaps per second
Waterproof body (nom)not weather sealed
450 shots per battery charge660 shots per battery charge
140 x 79 x 88 mm, 635 g 128 x 97 x 79 mm, 560 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Leica X-U (Typ 113) and the Nikon D5100? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Leica X-U Typ 113 and the Nikon D5100 is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Leica X-U Typ 113 vs Nikon D5100
Compare X-U Typ 113 versus D5100 top
Comparison X-U Typ 113 or D5100 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D5100 is notably larger (12 percent) than the Leica X-U Typ 113. It is worth mentioning in this context that the X-U Typ 113 is splash and dust resistant, while the D5100 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing. More than that, the X-U Typ 113 is water-proof up to 3m and can, thus, be used for underwater photography.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the X-U Typ 113 has a lens built in, whereas the D5100 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D5100 and their specifications in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the X-U Typ 113 gets 450 shots out of its BP-DC8 battery, while the D5100 can take 660 images on a single charge of its EN-EL14 power pack.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113 140 mm 79 mm 88 mm 635 g 450 Y Jan 2016 2,950i
2.
 
Nikon D5100 128 mm 97 mm 79 mm 560 g 660 n Apr 2011 749i
3.
 
Canon G3 X 123 mm 77 mm 105 mm 733 g 300 Y Jun 2015 999 i
4.
 
Leica Q2 130 mm 80 mm 92 mm 718 g 370 Y Mar 2019 4,995 i
5.
 
Leica M Typ 262 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Nov 2015 5,195i
6.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 130 mm 80 mm 93 mm 640 g 300 n Jun 2015 4,249i
7.
 
Leica X Vario 133 mm 73 mm 95 mm 680 g 450 n Jun 2013 2,850i
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2 124 mm 80 mm 95 mm 520 g 410 n Sep 2010 849i
9.
 
Nikon W300 112 mm 66 mm 29 mm 231 g 280 Y May 2017 389 i
10.
 
Nikon D5600 124 mm 97 mm 70 mm 465 g 970 n Nov 2016 699 i
11.
 
Nikon Df 144 mm 110 mm 67 mm 760 g 1400 Y Nov 2013 2,749i
12.
 
Nikon D5300 125 mm 98 mm 76 mm 480 g 600 n Oct 2013 799i
13.
 
Nikon D5200 129 mm 98 mm 78 mm 555 g 500 n Nov 2012 749i
14.
 
Nikon D3100 124 mm 96 mm 75 mm 505 g 550 n Aug 2010 599i
15.
 
Nikon D5000 127 mm 104 mm 80 mm 590 g 510 n Apr 2009 749i
16.
 
Panasonic FZ82 130 mm 94 mm 119 mm 616 g 330 n Jan 2017 399 i
17.
 
Panasonic FZ330 132 mm 92 mm 117 mm 691 g 380 Y Jul 2015 599 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 1.5. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the medium-sized sensor cameras that aim to strike a balance between image quality and portability. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with CMOS (Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors.

Leica X-U Typ 113 and Nikon D5100 sensor measures

The two cameras under review do not only share the same sensor size, but also offer an identical resolution of 16.1 megapixels. This similarity in sensor specs implies that both the X-U Typ 113 and the D5100 have the same pixel density, as well as the same pixel size. It should, however, be noted that the X-U Typ 113 is much more recent (by 4 years and 9 months) than the D5100, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time.

The Leica X-U (Typ 113) has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 12500. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D5100 are ISO 100 to ISO 6400, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-25600.

X-U Typ 113 versus D5100 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p23.813.0161480
2.
 
Nikon D5100 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p23.513.6118380
3.
 
Canon G3 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.412.352163
4.
 
Leica Q2 Full Frame 46.7 8368 55844K/30p26.413.5249196
5.
 
Leica M Typ 262 Full Frame 23.7 5952 3976none24.813.7247890
6.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.312.7222185
7.
 
Leica X Vario APS-C 16.1 4928 32721080/30p23.412.7132078
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2 1/2.3 14.0 4320 32401080/60i19.410.732139
9.
 
Nikon W300 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34564K/30p20.512.093850
10.
 
Nikon D5600 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.114.0130684
11.
 
Nikon Df Full Frame 16.2 4928 3280none24.613.1327989
12.
 
Nikon D5300 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.013.9133883
13.
 
Nikon D5200 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60i24.213.9128484
14.
 
Nikon D3100 APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.391967
15.
 
Nikon D5000 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.586872
16.
 
Panasonic FZ82 1/2.3 18.0 4896 36724K/30p20.511.990049
17.
 
Panasonic FZ330 1/2.3 12.0 4000 30004K/30p19.311.09738
Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, and both provide the same movie specifications (1080/30p).

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the D5100 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the X-U Typ 113 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the X-U Typ 113 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the Visoflex (Typ 020). The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Leica X-U Typ 113 and Nikon D5100 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113optional n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
2.
 
Nikon D5100optical n3.0 / 921 swivel n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon G3 Xoptional n3.2 / 1620 tilting Y 1/2000s 5.9 Y Y
4.
 
Leica Q23680 n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 20.0 n Y
5.
 
Leica M Typ 262optical n3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
6.
 
Leica Q Typ 1163680 n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 n Y
7.
 
Leica X Variooptional n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2202 n3.0 / 460 swivel n 1/2000s 11.0 Y Y
9.
 
Nikon W300none n3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 7.0 Y Y
10.
 
Nikon D5600optical n3.2 / 1037 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
11.
 
Nikon Dfoptical Y3.2 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 n n
12.
 
Nikon D5300optical n3.2 / 1037 swivel n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
13.
 
Nikon D5200optical n3.0 / 921 swivel n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
14.
 
Nikon D3100optical n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
15.
 
Nikon D5000optical n2.7 / 230 full-flex n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
16.
 
Panasonic FZ821166 n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
17.
 
Panasonic FZ3301440 n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
The D5100 has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies. In contrast, the X-U Typ 113 does not have a selfie-screen.

The Nikon D5100 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the X-U Typ 113 and the D5100 write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Leica X-U (Typ 113) and Nikon D5100 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113Ystereo / mono---2.0---
2.
 
Nikon D5100Ymono / monoY-mini2.0---
3.
 
Canon G3 XYstereo / monoYYmini2.0YY-
4.
 
Leica Q2Ystereo / mono----Y-Y
5.
 
Leica M Typ 262Y- / ----2.0---
6.
 
Leica Q Typ 116Ystereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
7.
 
Leica X VarioYstereo / mono--mini2.0---
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2Ystereo / mono--mini2.0---
9.
 
Nikon W300-stereo / mono--micro2.0Y-Y
10.
 
Nikon D5600Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0YYY
11.
 
Nikon DfY- / ---mini2.0---
12.
 
Nikon D5300Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0Y--
13.
 
Nikon D5200Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0---
14.
 
Nikon D3100Ymono / mono--mini2.0---
15.
 
Nikon D5000Ymono / mono--mini2.0---
16.
 
Panasonic FZ82Ystereo / mono--micro2.0Y--
17.
 
Panasonic FZ330Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0Y--

It is notable that the D5100 has a microphone port, which can help to improve the quality of audio recordings by attaching an external microphone. The X-U Typ 113 does not feature such a mic input.

Both the X-U Typ 113 and the D5100 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The D5100 was replaced by the Nikon D5200, while the X-U Typ 113 does not have a direct successor. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Leica and Nikon websites.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Leica X-U Typ 113 and the Nikon D5100? Which camera is better? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Arguments in favor of the Leica X-U (Typ 113):

  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5 vs 4 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with a built-in lens, while the D5100 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (140x79mm vs 128x97mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Better sealing: Is weather sealed to enable shooting in dusty or wet environments.
  • Water-proof: Is rugged and sealed and can thus be used for underwater photography (up to 3m).
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale price.
  • More modern: Reflects 4 years and 9 months of technical progress since the D5100 launch.

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Advantages of the Nikon D5100:

  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More flexible LCD: Has a swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • More flexible: Makes it possible to change lenses and thus to use specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (660 versus 450) out of a single battery charge.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in April 2011).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the D5100 emerges as the winner of the match-up (9 : 7 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

X-U Typ 113 07:09 D5100

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Leica X-U Typ 113 and the Nikon D5100 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Prime Lens Compact Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the X-U Typ 113 or the D5100. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica X-U Typ 1133.5/5........3.5/5 Jan 2016 2,950i
2.
 
Nikon D51005/5+ +..76/1004.5/54.5/5 Apr 2011 749i
3.
 
Canon G3 X3.5/5+....4.5/54/5 Jun 2015 999 i
4.
 
Leica Q2......84/1004.5/54/5 Mar 2019 4,995 i
5.
 
Leica M Typ 262............ Nov 2015 5,195i
6.
 
Leica Q Typ 1165/5....80/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 4,249i
7.
 
Leica X Vario3/5......4/54/5 Jun 2013 2,850i
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2............ Sep 2010 849i
9.
 
Nikon W300..+....4/54/5 May 2017 389 i
10.
 
Nikon D56004/5..4/579/1004.5/54/5 Nov 2016 699 i
11.
 
Nikon Df4/5....81/1004/54/5 Nov 2013 2,749i
12.
 
Nikon D53004/5+ +..79/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 799i
13.
 
Nikon D52004/5+ +..79/1004.5/54.5/5 Nov 2012 749i
14.
 
Nikon D31005/5+ +..72/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599i
15.
 
Nikon D5000..+ +..75/1004/54.5/5 Apr 2009 749i
16.
 
Panasonic FZ82..+ +....4.5/54.5/5 Jan 2017 399 i
17.
 
Panasonic FZ330..+ +....4.5/54.5/5 Jul 2015 599 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Leica X-U Typ 113:
Check Ebay offers
Nikon D5100:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Leica X-U Typ 113 vs Nikon D5100

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Leica X-U Typ 113 Nikon D5100
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens 35mm f/1.7 Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date January 2016 April 2011
    Launch Price USD 2,950 USD 749
    Sensor Specs Leica X-U Typ 113 Nikon D5100
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.6 x 15.7 mm 23.6 x 15.7 mm
    Sensor Area 370.52 mm2 370.52 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.3 mm 28.3 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 16.1 Megapixels 16.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4928 x 3264 pixels 4928 x 3264 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 4.80 μm 4.80 μm
    Pixel Density 4.34 MP/cm2 4.34 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/30p Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 12,500 ISO 100 - 6,400 ISO
    ISO Boost no Enhancement 100 - 25,600 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 80
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 23.5
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 13.6
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 1183
    Screen Specs Leica X-U Typ 113 Nikon D5100
    Viewfinder Type Viewfinder optional Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.51x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 920k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Swivel screen
    Shooting Specs Leica X-U Typ 113 Nikon D5100
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 5 shutter flaps/s 4 shutter flaps/s
    Time-Lapse Photographyno IntervalometerIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Leica X-U Typ 113 Nikon D5100
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Leica X-U Typ 113 Nikon D5100
    Environmental SealingWaterproof body (3m)not weather sealed
    Battery Type BP-DC8 EN-EL14
    Battery Life (CIPA)450 shots per charge660 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 140 x 79 x 88 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 3.5 in)
    128 x 97 x 79 mm
    (5.0 x 3.8 x 3.1 in)
    Camera Weight 635 g (22.4 oz) 560 g (19.8 oz)

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