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Leica V-LUX 5 vs Pentax 645Z

The Leica V-LUX 5 and the Pentax 645Z are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in July 2019 and April 2014. The V-LUX 5 is a fixed lens compact, while the 645Z is a DSLR. The cameras are based on an one-inch (V-LUX 5) and a medium format (645Z) sensor. The Leica has a resolution of 20 megapixels, whereas the Pentax provides 51.1 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Leica V-LUX 5 versus Pentax 645Z
Leica V-LUX 5 Pentax 645Z
Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
25-400mm f/2.8-4.0 Pentax 645 mount lenses
20 MP, 1" Sensor 51.1 MP, Medium Format Sensor
4K/30p Video 1080/60i Video
ISO 125-12,800 (80 - 25,600) ISO 100-204,800
Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots) Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 1240k dots 3.2 LCD, 1037k dots
Swivel touchscreen Tilting screen (not touch-sensitive)
12 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
not weather sealedWeathersealed body
350 shots per battery charge650 shots per battery charge
136 x 97 x 131 mm, 812 g 156 x 117 x 123 mm, 1550 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Leica V-LUX 5 and the Pentax 645Z? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Leica V-LUX 5 and the Pentax 645Z. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Leica V-LUX 5 vs Pentax 645Z
Compare V-LUX 5 versus 645Z top
Comparison V-LUX 5 or 645Z rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Pentax 645Z is notably larger (38 percent) than the Leica V-LUX 5. It is noteworthy in this context that the 645Z is splash and dust-proof, while the V-LUX 5 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the V-LUX 5 has a lens built in, whereas the 645Z is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup.

Concerning battery life, the V-LUX 5 gets 350 shots out of its BP-DC12 battery, while the 645Z can take 650 images on a single charge of its D-LI90 power pack. The power pack in the V-LUX 5 can be charged via the USB port, so that it is not always necessary to take the battery charger along when travelling.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, you can move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica V-LUX 5 136 mm 97 mm 131 mm 812 g 350 n Jul 2019 1,249 i
2.
 
Pentax 645Z 156 mm 117 mm 123 mm 1550 g 650 Y Apr 2014 8,499 i
3.
 
Canon G5 X Mark II 111 mm 61 mm 46 mm 340 g 230 n Jul 2019 899 i
4.
 
Canon 5DS 152 mm 116 mm 76 mm 930 g 700 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i
5.
 
Canon 5DS R 152 mm 116 mm 76 mm 930 g 700 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i
6.
 
Hasselblad X1D 150 mm 98 mm 71 mm 725 g .. Y Jun 2016 8,995i
7.
 
Leica D-LUX 7 115 mm 66 mm 65 mm 392 g 300 n Nov 2018 1,195 i
8.
 
Leica C-LUX 113 mm 67 mm 46 mm 340 g 370 n Jun 2018 1,049 i
9.
 
Leica SL 147 mm 104 mm 39 mm 847 g 400 Y Oct 2015 7,450i
10.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114 137 mm 99 mm 131 mm 830 g 360 n Sep 2014 1,349i
11.
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II 136 mm 97 mm 131 mm 810 g 350 n Feb 2019 899 i
12.
 
Panasonic FZ2500 138 mm 102 mm 135 mm 915 g 350 n Sep 2016 1,199 i
13.
 
Panasonic FZ1000 137 mm 99 mm 131 mm 831 g 360 n Jun 2014 899i
14.
 
Pentax 645D 156 mm 117 mm 119 mm 1480 g 800 Y Mar 2010 9,995i
15.
 
Sony RX100 VII 102 mm 58 mm 43 mm 302 g 260 n Jul 2019 1,199 i
16.
 
Sony RX100 VI 102 mm 58 mm 43 mm 301 g 240 n Jun 2018 1,199i
17.
 
Sony RX10 II 129 mm 88 mm 102 mm 813 g 400 Y Jun 2015 1,299i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The V-LUX 5 was launched at a lower price than the 645Z, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Leica V-LUX 5 features an one-inch sensor and the Pentax 645Z a medium format sensor. The sensor area in the 645Z is 1139 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 2.7 and 0.79. The sensor in the V-LUX 5 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the 645Z offers a 4:3 aspect.

Leica V-LUX 5 and Pentax 645Z sensor measures

With 51.1MP, the 645Z offers a higher resolution than the V-LUX 5 (20MP), but the 645Z nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.30μm versus 2.41μm for the V-LUX 5) due to its larger sensor. However, the V-LUX 5 is a much more recent model (by 5 years and 2 months) than the 645Z, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the 645Z has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Pentax 645Z implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the 645Z for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 41.3 x 31 inches or 104.9 x 78.6 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 33 x 24.8 inches or 83.9 x 62.9 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 27.5 x 20.6 inches or 69.9 x 52.4 cm. The corresponding values for the Leica V-LUX 5 are 27.4 x 18.2 inches or 69.5 x 46.3 cm for good quality, 21.9 x 14.6 inches or 55.6 x 37.1 cm for very good quality, and 18.2 x 12.2 inches or 46.3 x 30.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Leica V-LUX 5 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 125 to ISO 12800, which can be extended to ISO 80-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Pentax 645Z are ISO 100 to ISO 204800 (no boost).

V-LUX 5 versus 645Z MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Leica V-LUX 5 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
2.
 
Pentax 645Z Medium Format 51.1 8256 61921080/60i26.014.74505101
3.
 
Canon G5 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
4.
 
Canon 5DS Full Frame 50.3 8688 57921080/30p24.712.4238187
5.
 
Canon 5DS R Full Frame 50.3 8688 57921080/30p24.612.4230886
6.
 
Hasselblad X1D Medium Format 51.3 8272 62001080/25p26.214.84489102
7.
 
Leica D-LUX 7 Four Thirds 16.8 4736 35524K/30p........
8.
 
Leica C-LUX 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
9.
 
Leica SL Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.013.4182188
10.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
11.
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
12.
 
Panasonic FZ2500 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
13.
 
Panasonic FZ1000 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p22.111.751764
14.
 
Pentax 645D Medium Format 39.5 7264 5440none24.612.6126282
15.
 
Sony RX100 VII 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p21.812.441863
16.
 
Sony RX100 VI 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........
17.
 
Sony RX10 II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p23.012.653170

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the V-LUX 5 provides a higher video resolution than the 645Z. It can shoot video footage at 4K/30p, while the Pentax is limited to 1080/60i.

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the V-LUX 5 has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), while the 645Z has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinder in the V-LUX 5 offers a wider field of view (100%) than the one in the 645Z (98%), so that a larger proportion of the captured image is visible in the finder. On the other hand, the viewfinder of the 645Z has a higher magnification (0.78x vs 0.70x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Leica V-LUX 5, the Pentax 645Z, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Leica V-LUX 52360 n 3.0 1240 swivel Y 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
2.
 
Pentax 645Zoptical Y 3.2 1037 tilting n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
3.
 
Canon G5 X Mark II2360 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 30 Y Y
4.
 
Canon 5DSoptical Y 3.2 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 n n
5.
 
Canon 5DS Roptical Y 3.2 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 n n
6.
 
Hasselblad X1D2360 n 3.0 920 fixed Y 1/2000s 2.3 n n
7.
 
Leica D-LUX 72764 n 3.0 1240 fixed Y 1/4000s 11.0 n Y
8.
 
Leica C-LUX2330 n 3.0 1240 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
9.
 
Leica SL4400 Y 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/8000s 11.0 n n
10.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 1142359 n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
11.
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II2360 n 3.0 1240 swivel Y 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
12.
 
Panasonic FZ25002360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
13.
 
Panasonic FZ10002359 n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
14.
 
Pentax 645Doptical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 1.1 n n
15.
 
Sony RX100 VII2359 n 3.0 921 tilting Y 1/2000s 90.0 Y Y
16.
 
Sony RX100 VI2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y
17.
 
Sony RX10 II2359 Y 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/3200s 14.0 Y Y

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The V-LUX 5 has one, while the 645Z does not. While the built-in flash of the V-LUX 5 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The V-LUX 5 has an articulated LCD that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in snapping selfies. In contrast, the 645Z does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the V-LUX 5 is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Leica V-LUX 5 and the Pentax 645Z both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the V-LUX 5 and the 645Z write their files to SDXC cards. The 645Z features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the V-LUX 5 only has one slot. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Leica V-LUX 5 and Pentax 645Z and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Leica V-LUX 5Ystereomono--micro2.0Y-Y
2.
 
Pentax 645ZYstereomonoY-mini3.0---
3.
 
Canon G5 X Mark II-stereomono--micro3.1Y-Y
4.
 
Canon 5DSYmonomonoY-mini3.0---
5.
 
Canon 5DS RYmonomonoY-mini3.0---
6.
 
Hasselblad X1DYstereomonoYYmini3.0Y--
7.
 
Leica D-LUX 7Ystereomono--micro2.0Y-Y
8.
 
Leica C-LUX-stereomono--micro2.0Y--
9.
 
Leica SLYstereomonoYYfull3.0Y--
10.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114YstereomonoY-micro2.0YY-
11.
 
Panasonic FZ1000 IIYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y-Y
12.
 
Panasonic FZ2500YstereomonoYYmicro2.0Y--
13.
 
Panasonic FZ1000YstereomonoY-micro2.0YY-
14.
 
Pentax 645DYstereo----2.0---
15.
 
Sony RX100 VII-stereomonoY-micro2.0YYY
16.
 
Sony RX100 VI-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
17.
 
Sony RX10 IIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-

It is notable that the V-LUX 5 offers wifi support, while the 645Z does not. Wifi can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Pentax 645Z (unlike the V-LUX 5) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

Both the V-LUX 5 and the 645Z are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The 645Z replaced the earlier Pentax 645D, while the V-LUX 5 followed on from the Leica V-LUX Typ 114. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Leica and Pentax websites.

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Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is the Leica V-LUX 5 better than the Pentax 645Z or vice versa? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Reasons to prefer the Leica V-LUX 5:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (4K/30p vs 1080/60i).
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • More complete view: Has a viewfinder with a larger field of view (100% vs 98%).
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1240k vs 1037k dots).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • Fewer buttons to press: Is equipped with a touch-sensitive rear screen to facilitate handling.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with a built-in lens, while the 645Z requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (136x97mm vs 156x117mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter even though it comes with a built-in lens (unlike the 645Z).
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale price.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More modern: Reflects 5 years and 2 months of technical progress since the 645Z launch.

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Arguments in favor of the Pentax 645Z:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (51.1 vs 20MP), which boosts linear resolution by 57%.
  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.78x vs 0.70x).
  • Easier setting verification: Features a control panel on top to check shooting parameters.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More flexible: Makes it possible to change lenses and thus to use specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (650 versus 350) out of a single battery charge.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.0 vs 2.0).
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in April 2014).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the V-LUX 5 is the clear winner of the match-up (21 : 14 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

V-LUX 5 21:14 645Z

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Leica V-LUX 5 and the Pentax 645Z place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Superzoom Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the V-LUX 5 or the 645Z. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica V-LUX 5......4/54/5 Jul 2019 1,249 i
2.
 
Pentax 645Z5/5....4.5/55/5 Apr 2014 8,499 i
3.
 
Canon G5 X Mark II4/5+82/100..4/5 Jul 2019 899 i
4.
 
Canon 5DS..+83/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 3,699 i
5.
 
Canon 5DS R5/5+83/1005/54.5/5 Feb 2015 3,699 i
6.
 
Hasselblad X1D..o81/100..4/5 Jun 2016 8,995i
7.
 
Leica D-LUX 7........4.5/5 Nov 2018 1,195 i
8.
 
Leica C-LUX......4.5/54/5 Jun 2018 1,049 i
9.
 
Leica SL4/5..84/1004.5/54/5 Oct 2015 7,450i
10.
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114........5/5 Sep 2014 1,349i
11.
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II....83/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2019 899 i
12.
 
Panasonic FZ2500..+82/1004.5/55/5 Sep 2016 1,199 i
13.
 
Panasonic FZ10004/5+ +82/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2014 899i
14.
 
Pentax 645D5/5........ Mar 2010 9,995i
15.
 
Sony RX100 VII4.5/5....4/55/5 Jul 2019 1,199 i
16.
 
Sony RX100 VI4.5/5+ +83/1004/54.5/5 Jun 2018 1,199i
17.
 
Sony RX10 II5/5+ +82/1004.5/54/5 Jun 2015 1,299i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Leica V-LUX 5:
Check Amazon price
Pentax 645Z:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Leica V-LUX 5 vs Pentax 645Z

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Leica V-LUX 5 Pentax 645Z
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens 25-400mm f/2.8-4.0 Pentax 645 mount lenses
    Launch Date July 2019 April 2014
    Launch Price USD 1,249 USD 8,499
    Sensor Specs Leica V-LUX 5 Pentax 645Z
    Sensor Technology BSI-CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format 1" Sensor Medium Format Sensor
    Sensor Size 13.2 x 8.8 mm 43.8 x 32.8 mm
    Sensor Area 116.16 mm2 1436.64 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 15.9 mm 54.7 mm
    Crop Factor 2.7x 0.79x
    Sensor Resolution 20 Megapixels 51.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5472 x 3648 pixels 8256 x 6192 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 2.41 μm 5.30 μm
    Pixel Density 17.18 MP/cm2 3.56 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 1080/60i Video
    ISO Setting 125 - 12,800 ISO 100 - 204,800 ISO
    ISO Boost 80 - 25,600 ISO no Enhancement
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 101
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 26.0
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 14.7
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 4505
    Screen Specs Leica V-LUX 5 Pentax 645Z
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 98%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.70x 0.78x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    Top-Level Screen no Top Display Control Panel
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.2inch
    LCD Resolution 1240k dots 1037k dots
    LCD Attachment Swivel screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen no Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Leica V-LUX 5 Pentax 645Z
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 12 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/16000sno E-Shutter
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Dual card slots
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Leica V-LUX 5 Pentax 645Z
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash no PC Sync PC Sync socket
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 3.0
    HDMI Port micro HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in no Wifi
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in no Bluetooth
    Body Specs Leica V-LUX 5 Pentax 645Z
    Environmental Sealingnot weather sealedWeathersealed body
    Battery Type BP-DC12 D-LI90
    Battery Life (CIPA)350 shots per charge650 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging no USB charging
    Body Dimensions 136 x 97 x 131 mm
    (5.4 x 3.8 x 5.2 in)
    156 x 117 x 123 mm
    (6.1 x 4.6 x 4.8 in)
    Camera Weight 812 g (28.6 oz) 1550 g (54.7 oz)

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