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Canon M5 vs XTi

The Canon EOS M5 and the Canon EOS Rebel XTi (labelled Canon 400D in some countries) are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in September 2016 and August 2006. The M5 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the XTi is a DSLR. Both cameras are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The M5 has a resolution of 24 megapixels, whereas the XTi provides 10.1 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon M5
versus
Canon XTi
Canon M5 Canon XTi
Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
Canon EF-M mount lenses Canon EF mount lenses
24 MP, APS-C Sensor 10.1 MP, APS-C Sensor
1080/60p Video no Video
ISO 100-25,600 ISO 100-1,600
Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots) Optical viewfinder
3.2 LCD, 1620k dots 2.5 LCD, 230k dots
Tilting touchscreen Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
9 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
295 shots per battery charge370 shots per battery charge
116 x 89 x 61 mm, 427 g 127 x 84 x 65 mm, 556 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS M5 and the Canon EOS Rebel XTi? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon M5 and the Canon XTi. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon M5 vs Canon XTi
Compare M5 versus XTi top
Comparison M5 or XTi rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Canon XTi is somewhat larger (3 percent) than the Canon M5. Moreover, the XTi is markedly heavier (30 percent) than the M5. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the M5 nor the XTi are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

Concerning battery life, the M5 gets 295 shots out of its LP-E17 battery, while the XTi can take 370 images on a single charge of its NB-2LH power pack.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon M5 116 mm 89 mm 61 mm 427 g 295 n Sep 2016 979 i
2.
 
Canon XTi 127 mm 84 mm 65 mm 556 g 370 n Aug 2006 799 i
3.
 
Canon M50 116 mm 88 mm 59 mm 390 g 235 n Feb 2018 779 i
4.
 
Canon 77D 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 540 g 600 n Feb 2017 899 i
5.
 
Canon M6 112 mm 68 mm 45 mm 390 g 295 n Feb 2017 779 i
6.
 
Canon M100 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 302 g 295 n Aug 2017 499 i
7.
 
Canon SL2 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549 i
8.
 
Canon M3 111 mm 68 mm 44 mm 366 g 250 n Feb 2015 679 i
9.
 
Canon M10 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 301 g 255 n Oct 2015 499 i
10.
 
Canon T6i 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 555 g 440 n Feb 2015 749 i
11.
 
Canon T6s 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 565 g 440 n Feb 2015 649 i
12.
 
Canon XSi 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 524 g 500 n Jan 2008 799 i
13.
 
Canon XT 127 mm 94 mm 64 mm 540 g 400 n Feb 2005 899 i
14.
 
Canon Rebel 142 mm 99 mm 72 mm 649 g 400 n Aug 2003 899 i
15.
 
Nikon D5500 124 mm 97 mm 70 mm 420 g 820 n Jan 2015 899 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The XTi was launched at a somewhat lower price (by 18 percent) than the M5, which makes it more attractive for photographers on a tight budget. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the XTi is 1 percent smaller. They nevertheless have the same format factor of 1.6. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

In terms of chip-set technology, the M5 uses a more advanced image processing engine (DIGIC 7) than the XTi (DIGIC II), with benefits for noise reduction, color accuracy, and processing speed.

Canon M5 and Canon XTi sensor measures

With 24MP, the M5 offers a higher resolution than the XTi (10.1MP), but the M5 has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 3.72μm versus 5.71μm for the XTi). However, the M5 is a much more recent model (by 10 years) than the XTi, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels.

The resolution advantage of the Canon M5 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the M5 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 30 x 20 inches or 76.2 x 50.8 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 24 x 16 inches or 61 x 40.6 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 20 x 13.3 inches or 50.8 x 33.9 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon XTi are 19.4 x 13 inches or 49.4 x 32.9 cm for good quality, 15.6 x 10.4 inches or 39.5 x 26.3 cm for very good quality, and 13 x 8.6 inches or 32.9 x 21.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The M5 has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Canon EOS M5 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Canon EOS Rebel XTi are ISO 100 to ISO 1600 (no boost).

M5 versus XTi MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). Of the two cameras under review, the M5 provides substantially higher image quality than the XTi, with an overall score that is 15 points higher. This advantage is based on 1.3 bits higher color depth, 1.4 EV in additional dynamic range, and 0.9 stops in additional low light sensitivity. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon M5 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.412.41262 77
2.
 
Canon XTi APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.0664 62
3.
 
Canon M50 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/24p...... ..
4.
 
Canon 77D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.3971 78
5.
 
Canon M6 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p...... ..
6.
 
Canon M100 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.512.91272 78
7.
 
Canon SL2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.41041 79
8.
 
Canon M3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.811.81169 72
9.
 
Canon M10 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.211.4753 65
10.
 
Canon T6i APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.712.0919 71
11.
 
Canon T6s APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.0915 70
12.
 
Canon XSi APS-C 12.2 4272 2848none21.910.8692 61
13.
 
Canon XT APS-C 8.0 3456 2304none21.810.8637 60
14.
 
Canon Rebel APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.010.8544 55
15.
 
Nikon D5500 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.114.01438 84

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. The M5 indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the XTi does not. The highest resolution format that the M5 can use is 1080/60p.

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the M5 has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), while the XTi has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon M5, the Canon XTi, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon M52360 n 3.2 1620 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y n
2.
 
Canon XTioptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon M502360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 10.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon 77Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon M6optional n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon M100none n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 6.1 Y n
7.
 
Canon SL2optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon M3optional n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.2 Y n
9.
 
Canon M10none n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.6 Y n
10.
 
Canon T6ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
11.
 
Canon T6soptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
12.
 
Canon XSioptical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n
13.
 
Canon XToptical n 1.8 115 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
14.
 
Canon Rebeloptical n 1.8 118 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n
15.
 
Nikon D5500optical n 3.2 1037 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n

One differentiating feature between the two cameras concerns the touch sensitivity of the rear screen. The M5 has a touchscreen, while the XTi has a conventional panel. Touch control can be particularly helpful, for example, for setting the focus point.

The M5 has an articulated LCD that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in snapping selfies. In contrast, the XTi does not have a selfie-screen.

The M5 writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the XTi uses Compact Flash cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS M5 and Canon EOS Rebel XTi and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon M5YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
2.
 
Canon XTiY-----2.0---
3.
 
Canon M50YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y-Y
4.
 
Canon 77DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
5.
 
Canon M6YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
6.
 
Canon M100-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
7.
 
Canon SL2YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
8.
 
Canon M3YstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon M10-stereomono--mini2.0YY-
10.
 
Canon T6iYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
11.
 
Canon T6sYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
12.
 
Canon XSiY----mini2.0---
13.
 
Canon XTY-----2.0---
14.
 
Canon RebelY-----1.1---
15.
 
Nikon D5500YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y--

It is notable that the M5 offers wifi support, while the XTi does not. Wifi can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location.

The M5 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Canon. In contrast, the XTi has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the XTi was succeeded by the Canon Xsi. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon website.

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Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is the Canon M5 better than the Canon XTi or vice versa? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.


Arguments in favor of the Canon EOS M5:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (24 vs 10.1MP) with a 54% higher linear resolution.
  • Better image quality: Scores substantially higher (15 points) in the DXO overall assessment.
  • Richer colors: Generates images with noticeably better colors (1.3 bits more color depth).
  • More dynamic range: Captures a larger spectrum of light and dark details (1.4 EV of extra DR).
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Requires less light for good images (0.9 stops ISO advantage).
  • Better jpgs: Has a more modern image processing engine (DIGIC 7 vs DIGIC II).
  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 1080/60p movies.
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1620k vs 230k dots).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • Fewer buttons to press: Is equipped with a touch-sensitive rear screen to facilitate handling.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (9 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 129g or 23 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can take a broad range of non-native lenses via adapters.
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • More modern: Reflects 10 years of technical progress since the XTi launch.


Reasons to prefer the Canon EOS Rebel XTi:

  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (370 versus 295) out of a single battery charge.
  • More affordable: Was released into a lower priced segment (18 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in August 2006).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the M5 is the clear winner of the match-up (21 : 4 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

M5 21:04 XTi

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon M5 and the Canon XTi place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the M5 or the XTi perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon M54/5+82/1004/54/5 Sep 2016 979 i
2.
 
Canon XTi..+ ++ +o4/5 Aug 2006 799 i
3.
 
Canon M50..+79/100..3.5/5 Feb 2018 779 i
4.
 
Canon 77D4.5/5..82/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2017 899 i
5.
 
Canon M6....80/1004/54/5 Feb 2017 779 i
6.
 
Canon M1003/5+..4/53.5/5 Aug 2017 499 i
7.
 
Canon SL24/5+ +78/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549 i
8.
 
Canon M34/5o75/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2015 679 i
9.
 
Canon M10........4/5 Oct 2015 499 i
10.
 
Canon T6i5/5..75/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749 i
11.
 
Canon T6s5/5+77/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 649 i
12.
 
Canon XSi..+ ++ +4/54.5/5 Jan 2008 799 i
13.
 
Canon XT..80/100+ +o.. Feb 2005 899 i
14.
 
Canon Rebel....+ +.... Aug 2003 899 i
15.
 
Nikon D55005/5+79/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2015 899 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon M5:
Check Amazon price
Canon XTi:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Canon M5 vs Canon XTi

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon M5 Canon XTi
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens Canon EF-M mount lenses Canon EF mount lenses
    Launch Date September 2016 August 2006
    Launch Price USD 979 USD 799
    Sensor Specs Canon M5 Canon XTi
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.3 x 14.9 mm 22.2 x 14.8 mm
    Sensor Area 332.27 mm2 328.56 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.8 mm 26.7 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.6x
    Sensor Resolution 24 Megapixels 10.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6000 x 4000 pixels 3888 x 2592 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.72 μm 5.71 μm
    Pixel Density 7.22 MP/cm2 3.07 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/60p Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 1,600 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 7 DIGIC II
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 77 62
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 23.4 22.1
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 12.4 11.0
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 1262 664
    Screen Specs Canon M5 Canon XTi
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification .. x 0.49x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.2inch 2.5inch
    LCD Resolution 1620k dots 230k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen no Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Canon M5 Canon XTi
    Focus System On-Sensor Phase-detect Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus Peakingno Peaking Feature
    Continuous Shooting 9 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Shutter Life Expectancy100 000 actuations50 000 actuations
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards CF cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon M5 Canon XTi
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI no HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port no MIC socket
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in no Wifi
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in no NFC
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in no Bluetooth
    Body Specs Canon M5 Canon XTi
    Battery Type LP-E17 NB-2LH
    Battery Life (CIPA)295 shots per charge370 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 116 x 89 x 61 mm
    (4.6 x 3.5 x 2.4 in)
    127 x 84 x 65 mm
    (5.0 x 3.3 x 2.6 in)
    Camera Weight 427 g (15.1 oz) 556 g (19.6 oz)

    Did you notice an error on this page? If so, please get in touch, so that we can correct the information.

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