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Canon D30 vs Leica X-U Typ 113

The Canon EOS-D30 and the Leica X-U (Typ 113) are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in May 2000 and January 2016. The D30 is a DSLR, while the X-U Typ 113 is a fixed lens compact. Both cameras are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 3.1 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 16.1 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon D30
versus
Leica X-U Typ 113
Canon D30   Leica X-U Typ 113
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Canon EF mount lenses 35mm f/1.7
3.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 16.1 MP, APS-C Sensor
no Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 100-1,600 ISO 100-12,500
Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
1.8 LCD, 114k dots 3.0 LCD, 920k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
not weather sealedWaterproof body (3m)
540 shots per battery charge450 shots per battery charge
150 x 107 x 75 mm, 750 g 140 x 79 x 88 mm, 635 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS-D30 and the Leica X-U (Typ 113)? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon D30 and the Leica X-U Typ 113. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon D30 vs Leica X-U Typ 113
Compare D30 versus X-U Typ 113 top
Comparison D30 or X-U Typ 113 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica X-U Typ 113 is considerably smaller (31 percent) than the Canon D30. It is noteworthy in this context that the X-U Typ 113 is splash and dust-proof, while the D30 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing. More than that, the X-U Typ 113 is water-proof up to 3m and can, thus, be used for underwater photography.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the X-U Typ 113 has a lens built in, whereas the D30 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D30 and their specifications in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the D30 gets 540 shots out of its BP-511 battery, while the X-U Typ 113 can take 450 images on a single charge of its BP-DC8 power pack.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon D30 150 mm 107 mm 75 mm 750 g 540 n May 2000 2,999i
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113 140 mm 79 mm 88 mm 635 g 450 Y Jan 2016 2,950i
3.
 
Canon T7 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 475 g 500 n Feb 2018 449 i
4.
 
Canon G1 X Mark III 115 mm 78 mm 51 mm 399 g 200 Y Oct 2017 1,299 i
5.
 
Canon SL2 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549i
6.
 
Canon T7i 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 532 g 600 n Feb 2017 749i
7.
 
Canon 80D 139 mm 105 mm 79 mm 730 g 960 Y Feb 2016 1,199i
8.
 
Canon G3 X 123 mm 77 mm 105 mm 733 g 300 Y Jun 2015 999 i
9.
 
Canon 40D 146 mm 108 mm 74 mm 822 g 750 n Aug 2007 1,299i
10.
 
Canon 30D 144 mm 106 mm 74 mm 785 g 750 n Feb 2006 1,399i
11.
 
Canon 20D 144 mm 106 mm 72 mm 770 g 700 n Aug 2004 1,499i
12.
 
Canon 10D 150 mm 107 mm 75 mm 850 g 500 n Feb 2003 1,999i
13.
 
Canon Rebel 142 mm 99 mm 72 mm 649 g 400 n Aug 2003 899i
14.
 
Canon D60 150 mm 107 mm 75 mm 855 g 620 n Feb 2002 2,999i
15.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 130 mm 80 mm 93 mm 640 g 300 n Jun 2015 4,249i
16.
 
Leica X Vario 133 mm 73 mm 95 mm 680 g 450 n Jun 2013 2,850i
17.
 
Nikon Df 144 mm 110 mm 67 mm 760 g 1400 Y Nov 2013 2,749i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The X-U Typ 113 was launched at a lower price than the D30, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the X-U Typ 113 is 13 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have format factors, respectively, of 1.6 (D30) and 1.5. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Canon D30 and Leica X-U Typ 113 sensor measures

With 16.1MP, the X-U Typ 113 offers a higher resolution than the D30 (3.1MP), but the X-U Typ 113 has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 4.80μm versus 10.29μm for the D30). Yet, the X-U Typ 113 is a much more recent model (by 15 years and 8 months) than the D30, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units.

The resolution advantage of the Leica X-U Typ 113 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the X-U Typ 113 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 24.6 x 16.3 inches or 62.6 x 41.5 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 19.7 x 13.1 inches or 50.1 x 33.2 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 16.4 x 10.9 inches or 41.7 x 27.6 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon D30 are 10.8 x 7.2 inches or 27.4 x 18.3 cm for good quality, 8.6 x 5.8 inches or 21.9 x 14.6 cm for very good quality, and 7.2 x 4.8 inches or 18.3 x 12.2 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon EOS-D30 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica X-U (Typ 113) are ISO 100 to ISO 12500 (no boost).

D30 versus X-U Typ 113 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon D30 APS-C 3.1 2160 1440none........
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p........
3.
 
Canon T7 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p........
4.
 
Canon G1 X Mark III APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
5.
 
Canon SL2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179
6.
 
Canon T7i APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
7.
 
Canon 80D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.2113579
8.
 
Canon G3 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.412.352163
9.
 
Canon 40D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.370364
10.
 
Canon 30D APS-C 8.2 3504 2336none21.510.873659
11.
 
Canon 20D APS-C 8.2 3504 2336none21.911.072162
12.
 
Canon 10D APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.110.957157
13.
 
Canon Rebel APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.010.854455
14.
 
Canon D60 APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none........
15.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.312.7222185
16.
 
Leica X Vario APS-C 16.1 4928 32721080/30p23.412.7132078
17.
 
Nikon Df Full Frame 16.2 4928 3280none24.613.1327989

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The X-U Typ 113 indeed provides for movie recording, while the D30 does not. The highest resolution format that the X-U Typ 113 can use is 1080/30p.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the D30 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the X-U Typ 113 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the X-U Typ 113 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the Visoflex (Typ 020). The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon D30, the Leica X-U Typ 113, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon D30optical Y1.8 / 114 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113optional n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon T7optical n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon G1 X Mark III2360 n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/2000s 9.0 Y Y
5.
 
Canon SL2optical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon T7ioptical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
7.
 
Canon 80Doptical Y3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/8000s 7.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon G3 Xoptional n3.2 / 1620 tilting Y 1/2000s 5.9 Y Y
9.
 
Canon 40Doptical Y3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/8000s 6.5 Y n
10.
 
Canon 30Doptical Y2.5 / 230 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 Y n
11.
 
Canon 20Doptical Y1.8 / 118 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 Y n
12.
 
Canon 10Doptical Y1.8 / 118 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
13.
 
Canon Rebeloptical n1.8 / 118 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n
14.
 
Canon D60optical Y1.8 / 114 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
15.
 
Leica Q Typ 1163680 n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 n Y
16.
 
Leica X Variooptional n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
17.
 
Nikon Dfoptical Y3.2 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 n n

One feature that is present on the D30, but is missing on the X-U Typ 113 is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

The D30 writes its imaging data to Compact Flash cards, while the X-U Typ 113 uses SDXC cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS-D30 and Leica X-U (Typ 113) and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon D30Y- / ----1.0---
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113Ystereo / mono---2.0---
3.
 
Canon T7Ymono / mono--mini2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon G1 X Mark IIIYstereo / mono--micro2.0YYY
5.
 
Canon SL2Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0YYY
6.
 
Canon T7iYstereo / monoY-mini2.0YYY
7.
 
Canon 80DYstereo / monoYYmini2.0YY-
8.
 
Canon G3 XYstereo / monoYYmini2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon 40DY- / ----2.0---
10.
 
Canon 30DY- / ----2.0---
11.
 
Canon 20DY- / ----1.1---
12.
 
Canon 10DY- / ----1.1---
13.
 
Canon RebelY- / ----1.1---
14.
 
Canon D60Y- / ----1.1---
15.
 
Leica Q Typ 116Ystereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
16.
 
Leica X VarioYstereo / mono--mini2.0---
17.
 
Nikon DfY- / ---mini2.0---

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Canon D30 (unlike the X-U Typ 113) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

Both the D30 and the X-U Typ 113 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The D30 was replaced by the Canon D60, while the X-U Typ 113 does not have a direct successor. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Which of the two cameras – the Canon D30 or the Leica X-U Typ 113 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Reasons to prefer the Canon EOS-D30:

  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Easier setting verification: Features an LCD display on top to control shooting parameters.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (540 versus 450) on a single battery charge.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in May 2000).

ilogo

Arguments in favor of the Leica X-U (Typ 113):

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (16.1 vs 3.1MP), which boosts linear resolution by 128%.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can capture not only stills but also 1080/30p video.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 1.8") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 114k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the D30 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (140x79mm vs 150x107mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens built in (unlike the D30).
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Water-proof: Is rugged and sealed and can thus be used for underwater photography (up to 3m).
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (2.0 vs 1.0).
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More modern: Reflects 15 years and 8 months of technical progress since the D30 launch.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the X-U Typ 113 is the clear winner of the contest (14 : 7 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D30 07:14 X-U Typ 113

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon D30 and the Leica X-U Typ 113 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Prime Lens Compact Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the D30 or the X-U Typ 113. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon D30......+ +.... May 2000 2,999i
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 1133.5/5........3.5/5 Jan 2016 2,950i
3.
 
Canon T7..o....3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 449 i
4.
 
Canon G1 X Mark III5/5+4/579/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2017 1,299 i
5.
 
Canon SL24/5+ +4/578/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549i
6.
 
Canon T7i4.5/5..3.5/580/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2017 749i
7.
 
Canon 80D4/5+ +4.5/584/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 1,199i
8.
 
Canon G3 X3.5/5+....4.5/54/5 Jun 2015 999 i
9.
 
Canon 40D..+ +..+ +4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,299i
10.
 
Canon 30D..+ +..+ +o.. Feb 2006 1,399i
11.
 
Canon 20D......+ +.... Aug 2004 1,499i
12.
 
Canon 10D......+ +.... Feb 2003 1,999i
13.
 
Canon Rebel......+ +.... Aug 2003 899i
14.
 
Canon D60......+ +o.. Feb 2002 2,999i
15.
 
Leica Q Typ 1165/5....80/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 4,249i
16.
 
Leica X Vario3/5......4/54/5 Jun 2013 2,850i
17.
 
Nikon Df4/5....81/1004/54/5 Nov 2013 2,749i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon D30:
Check Ebay offers
Leica X-U Typ 113:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon D30 vs Leica X-U Typ 113

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon D30 Leica X-U Typ 113
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses 35mm f/1.7
    Launch Date May 2000 January 2016
    Launch Price USD 2,999 USD 2,950
    Sensor Specs Canon D30 Leica X-U Typ 113
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.0 x 14.9 mm 23.6 x 15.7 mm
    Sensor Area 327.8 mm2 370.52 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.6 mm 28.3 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 3.1 Megapixels 16.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 2160 x 1440 pixels 4928 x 3264 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 10.29 μm 4.80 μm
    Pixel Density 0.95 MP/cm2 4.34 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability no Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 1,600 ISO 100 - 12,500 ISO
    Screen Specs Canon D30 Leica X-U Typ 113
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.54x
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel no Top Display
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 1.8inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 114k dots 920k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon D30 Leica X-U Typ 113
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium CF cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon D30 Leica X-U Typ 113
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket no PC Sync
    USB Connector USB 1.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon D30 Leica X-U Typ 113
    Environmental Sealingnot weather sealedWaterproof body (3m)
    Battery Type BP-511 BP-DC8
    Battery Life (CIPA)540 shots per charge450 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 150 x 107 x 75 mm
    (5.9 x 4.2 x 3.0 in)
    140 x 79 x 88 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 3.5 in)
    Camera Weight 750 g (26.5 oz) 635 g (22.4 oz)

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