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Canon 400D vs Leica X-U Typ 113

The Canon EOS 400D (called Canon XTi in some regions) and the Leica X-U (Typ 113) are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in August 2006 and January 2016. The 400D is a DSLR, while the X-U Typ 113 is a fixed lens compact. Both cameras are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 10.1 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 16.1 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon 400D
versus
Leica X-U Typ 113
Canon 400D   Leica X-U Typ 113
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Canon EF mount lenses 35mm f/1.7
10.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 16.1 MP, APS-C Sensor
no Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 100-1,600 ISO 100-12,500
Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
2.5 LCD, 230k dots 3.0 LCD, 920k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
not weather sealedWaterproof body (3m)
370 shots per battery charge450 shots per battery charge
127 x 84 x 65 mm, 556 g 140 x 79 x 88 mm, 635 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS 400D and the Leica X-U (Typ 113)? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Canon 400D and the Leica X-U Typ 113 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon 400D vs Leica X-U Typ 113
Compare 400D versus X-U Typ 113 top
Comparison 400D or X-U Typ 113 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica X-U Typ 113 is somewhat larger (4 percent) than the Canon 400D. It is noteworthy in this context that the X-U Typ 113 is splash and dust-proof, while the 400D does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing. More than that, the X-U Typ 113 is water-proof up to 3m and can, thus, be used for underwater photography.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the X-U Typ 113 has a lens built in, whereas the 400D is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the 400D and their specifications in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the 400D gets 370 shots out of its NB-2LH battery, while the X-U Typ 113 can take 450 images on a single charge of its BP-DC8 power pack.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 400D 127 mm 84 mm 65 mm 556 g 370 n Aug 2006 799i
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113 140 mm 79 mm 88 mm 635 g 450 Y Jan 2016 2,950i
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark III 115 mm 78 mm 51 mm 399 g 200 Y Oct 2017 1,299 i
4.
 
Canon 750D 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 555 g 440 n Feb 2015 749i
5.
 
Canon 760D 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 565 g 440 n Feb 2015 649i
6.
 
Canon G3 X 123 mm 77 mm 105 mm 733 g 300 Y Jun 2015 999 i
7.
 
Canon 650D 133 mm 100 mm 79 mm 575 g 440 n Jun 2012 849i
8.
 
Canon 1100D 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 495 g 700 n Feb 2011 449i
9.
 
Canon 550D 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 530 g 440 n Feb 2010 699i
10.
 
Canon 500D 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 520 g 400 n Mar 2009 799i
11.
 
Canon 450D 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 524 g 500 n Jan 2008 799i
12.
 
Canon 40D 146 mm 108 mm 74 mm 822 g 750 n Aug 2007 1,299i
13.
 
Canon 350D 127 mm 94 mm 64 mm 540 g 400 n Feb 2005 899i
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 130 mm 80 mm 93 mm 640 g 300 n Jun 2015 4,249i
15.
 
Leica X Vario 133 mm 73 mm 95 mm 680 g 450 n Jun 2013 2,850i
16.
 
Nikon Df 144 mm 110 mm 67 mm 760 g 1400 Y Nov 2013 2,749i
17.
 
Nikon D40X 124 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 520 n Mar 2007 729i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the X-U Typ 113 is 13 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have format factors, respectively, of 1.6 (400D) and 1.5. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with CMOS (Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors.

Canon 400D and Leica X-U Typ 113 sensor measures

With 16.1MP, the X-U Typ 113 offers a higher resolution than the 400D (10.1MP), but the X-U Typ 113 has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 4.80μm versus 5.71μm for the 400D). Yet, the X-U Typ 113 is a much more recent model (by 9 years and 4 months) than the 400D, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units.

The resolution advantage of the Leica X-U Typ 113 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the X-U Typ 113 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 24.6 x 16.3 inches or 62.6 x 41.5 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 19.7 x 13.1 inches or 50.1 x 33.2 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 16.4 x 10.9 inches or 41.7 x 27.6 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon 400D are 19.4 x 13 inches or 49.4 x 32.9 cm for good quality, 15.6 x 10.4 inches or 39.5 x 26.3 cm for very good quality, and 13 x 8.6 inches or 32.9 x 21.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon EOS 400D has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica X-U (Typ 113) are ISO 100 to ISO 12500 (no boost).

400D versus X-U Typ 113 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon 400D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.066462
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p........
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark III APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
4.
 
Canon 750D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.712.091971
5.
 
Canon 760D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.091570
6.
 
Canon G3 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.412.352163
7.
 
Canon 650D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.272262
8.
 
Canon 1100D APS-C 12.2 4272 2848720/30p21.911.075562
9.
 
Canon 550D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.578466
10.
 
Canon 500D APS-C 15.1 4752 31681080/20p21.711.566363
11.
 
Canon 450D APS-C 12.2 4272 2848none21.910.869261
12.
 
Canon 40D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.370364
13.
 
Canon 350D APS-C 8.0 3456 2304none21.810.863760
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.312.7222185
15.
 
Leica X Vario APS-C 16.1 4928 32721080/30p23.412.7132078
16.
 
Nikon Df Full Frame 16.2 4928 3280none24.613.1327989
17.
 
Nikon D40X APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.411.451663

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The X-U Typ 113 indeed provides for movie recording, while the 400D does not. The highest resolution format that the X-U Typ 113 can use is 1080/30p.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the 400D has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the X-U Typ 113 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the X-U Typ 113 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the Visoflex (Typ 020). The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Canon 400D and Leica X-U Typ 113 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon 400Doptical n2.5 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113optional n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark III2360 n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/2000s 9.0 Y Y
4.
 
Canon 750Doptical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon 760Doptical Y3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon G3 Xoptional n3.2 / 1620 tilting Y 1/2000s 5.9 Y Y
7.
 
Canon 650Doptical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon 1100Doptical n2.7 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
9.
 
Canon 550Doptical n3.0 / 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 3.7 Y n
10.
 
Canon 500Doptical n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.4 Y n
11.
 
Canon 450Doptical n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n
12.
 
Canon 40Doptical Y3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/8000s 6.5 Y n
13.
 
Canon 350Doptical n1.8 / 115 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 1163680 n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 n Y
15.
 
Leica X Variooptional n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
16.
 
Nikon Dfoptical Y3.2 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 n n
17.
 
Nikon D40Xoptical n2.5 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n

The 400D writes its imaging data to Compact Flash cards, while the X-U Typ 113 uses SDXC cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS 400D and Leica X-U (Typ 113) and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon 400DY- / ----2.0---
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 113Ystereo / mono---2.0---
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark IIIYstereo / mono--micro2.0YYY
4.
 
Canon 750DYstereo / monoY-mini2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon 760DYstereo / monoY-mini2.0YY-
6.
 
Canon G3 XYstereo / monoYYmini2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon 650DYstereo / monoY-mini2.0---
8.
 
Canon 1100DYstereo / mono--mini2.0---
9.
 
Canon 550DYstereo / -Y-mini2.0---
10.
 
Canon 500DYmono / mono--mini2.0---
11.
 
Canon 450DY- / ---mini2.0---
12.
 
Canon 40DY- / ----2.0---
13.
 
Canon 350DY- / ----2.0---
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 116Ystereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
15.
 
Leica X VarioYstereo / mono--mini2.0---
16.
 
Nikon DfY- / ---mini2.0---
17.
 
Nikon D40XY- / ----2.0---

Both the 400D and the X-U Typ 113 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The 400D was replaced by the Canon 450D, while the X-U Typ 113 does not have a direct successor. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Canon 400D or the Leica X-U Typ 113 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Arguments in favor of the Canon EOS 400D:

  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in August 2006).

ilogo

Advantages of the Leica X-U (Typ 113):

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (16.1 vs 10.1MP), which boosts linear resolution by 26%.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can capture not only stills but also 1080/30p video.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 230k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the 400D requires a separate lens.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (450 versus 370) out of a single battery charge.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Water-proof: Is rugged and sealed and can thus be used for underwater photography (up to 3m).
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More modern: Reflects 9 years and 4 months of technical progress since the 400D launch.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the X-U Typ 113 is the clear winner of the contest (11 : 4 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

400D 04:11 X-U Typ 113

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon 400D and the Leica X-U Typ 113 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Prime Lens Compact Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the 400D and the X-U Typ 113 in practical situations. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 400D..+ +..+ +o4/5 Aug 2006 799i
2.
 
Leica X-U Typ 1133.5/5........3.5/5 Jan 2016 2,950i
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark III5/5+4/579/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2017 1,299 i
4.
 
Canon 750D5/5....75/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749i
5.
 
Canon 760D5/5+..77/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 649i
6.
 
Canon G3 X3.5/5+....4.5/54/5 Jun 2015 999 i
7.
 
Canon 650D4/5+ +..77/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2012 849i
8.
 
Canon 1100D..80/100..69/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2011 449i
9.
 
Canon 550D..+ +..77/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2010 699i
10.
 
Canon 500D..+ +..74/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2009 799i
11.
 
Canon 450D..+ +..+ +4/54.5/5 Jan 2008 799i
12.
 
Canon 40D..+ +..+ +4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,299i
13.
 
Canon 350D..80/100..+ +o.. Feb 2005 899i
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 1165/5....80/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 4,249i
15.
 
Leica X Vario3/5......4/54/5 Jun 2013 2,850i
16.
 
Nikon Df4/5....81/1004/54/5 Nov 2013 2,749i
17.
 
Nikon D40X..79/100..+ +4/54/5 Mar 2007 729i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon 400D:
Check Ebay offers
Leica X-U Typ 113:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make your choice using the following search menu. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Canon 400D vs Leica X-U Typ 113

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon 400D Leica X-U Typ 113
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses 35mm f/1.7
    Launch Date August 2006 January 2016
    Launch Price USD 799 USD 2,950
    Sensor Specs Canon 400D Leica X-U Typ 113
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.2 x 14.8 mm 23.6 x 15.7 mm
    Sensor Area 328.56 mm2 370.52 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.7 mm 28.3 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 10.1 Megapixels 16.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 3888 x 2592 pixels 4928 x 3264 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.71 μm 4.80 μm
    Pixel Density 3.07 MP/cm2 4.34 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability no Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 1,600 ISO 100 - 12,500 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 62 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.1 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.0 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 664 ..
    Screen Specs Canon 400D Leica X-U Typ 113
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.49x
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 2.5inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 920k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon 400D Leica X-U Typ 113
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium CF cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon 400D Leica X-U Typ 113
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon 400D Leica X-U Typ 113
    Environmental Sealingnot weather sealedWaterproof body (3m)
    Battery Type NB-2LH BP-DC8
    Battery Life (CIPA)370 shots per charge450 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 127 x 84 x 65 mm
    (5.0 x 3.3 x 2.6 in)
    140 x 79 x 88 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 3.5 in)
    Camera Weight 556 g (19.6 oz) 635 g (22.4 oz)

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