Canon 200D versus Canon 400D
The Canon EOS 200D (called Canon SL2 in some regions) and the Canon EOS 400D (labelled Canon XTi in some countries) are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in June 2017 and August 2006. Both are DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) cameras that are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The 200D has a resolution of 24 megapixel, whereas the 400D provides 10.1 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.
Body comparison: Canon 200D vs Canon 400D
The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon 200D and the Canon 400D. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter. If you prefer, you can also use the toggle button to switch to a comparison in percentage terms (in this case, the camera on the left – the 200D – represents 100 percent across all the size and weight measures).
If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Canon 400D is notably smaller (6 percent) than the Canon 200D. However, the 400D is markedly heavier (23 percent) than the 200D. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the 200D nor the 400D are weather-sealed.
The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. In this particular case, both cameras feature the same lens mount, so that they can use the same lenses. You can find an overview of suitable optics in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.
The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.
|Camera Body Specifications|
|Canon 200D»||122 mm||93 mm||70 mm||453 g||650||n||Jun 2017||549|
|Canon 400D«||127 mm||84 mm||65 mm||556 g||370||n||Aug 2006||799||-|
|Canon 2000D« »||129 mm||101 mm||78 mm||475 g||500||n||Feb 2018||449|
|Canon G9 X Mark II« »||98 mm||58 mm||31 mm||206 g||235||n||Jan 2017||529|
|Canon 800D« »||131 mm||100 mm||76 mm||532 g||600||n||Feb 2017||749|
|Canon 77D« »||131 mm||100 mm||76 mm||540 g||600||n||Feb 2017||899|
|Canon M100« »||108 mm||67 mm||35 mm||302 g||295||n||Aug 2017||499|
|Canon 80D« »||139 mm||105 mm||79 mm||730 g||960||Y||Feb 2016||1,199|
|Canon M5« »||116 mm||89 mm||61 mm||427 g||295||n||Sep 2016||979|
|Canon 750D« »||132 mm||101 mm||78 mm||555 g||440||n||Feb 2015||749||-|
|Canon 760D« »||132 mm||101 mm||78 mm||565 g||440||n||Feb 2015||849||-|
|Canon 100D« »||117 mm||91 mm||69 mm||407 g||380||n||Mar 2013||549||-|
|Canon 450D« »||129 mm||98 mm||62 mm||524 g||500||n||Jan 2008||799||-|
|Canon 40D« »||146 mm||108 mm||74 mm||822 g||750||n||Aug 2007||1,299||-|
|Canon 350D« »||127 mm||94 mm||64 mm||540 g||400||n||Feb 2005||899||-|
|Nikon D3400« »||124 mm||98 mm||76 mm||445 g||1200||n||Aug 2016||499|
The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The 200D was launched at a markedly lower price (by 31 percent) than the 400D, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.
Sensor comparison: Canon 200D vs Canon 400D
The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.
Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the 400D is 1 percent smaller. They nevertheless have the same format factor of 1.6. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.
With 24MP, the 200D offers a higher resolution than the 400D (10.1MP), but the 200D has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 3.72μm versus 5.71μm for the 400D). However, the 200D is a somewhat more recent model (by 10 years and 10 months) than the 400D, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels.
Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). Of the two cameras under review, the 200D provides substantially higher image quality than the 400D, with an overall score that is 17 points higher. This advantage is based on 1.5 bits higher color depth, 2.4 EV in additional dynamic range, and 0.6 stops in additional low light sensitivity. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.
|Canon 2000D« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/30p||22.6||11.9||1009||71|
|Canon G9 X Mark II« »||1-inch||20.0||5472||3648||1080/60p||21.9||12.5||522||65|
|Canon 800D« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Canon 77D« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||23.6||13.3||971||78|
|Canon M100« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||23.5||12.9||1272||78|
|Canon 80D« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||23.6||13.2||1135||79|
|Canon M5« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||23.4||12.4||1262||77|
|Canon 750D« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||22.7||12.0||919||71|
|Canon 760D« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/30p||22.6||12.0||915||70|
|Canon 100D« »||APS-C||17.9||5184||3456||1080/30p||21.8||11.3||843||63|
|Canon 450D« »||APS-C||12.2||4272||2848||-||21.9||10.8||692||61|
|Canon 40D« »||APS-C||10.1||3888||2592||-||22.1||11.3||703||64|
|Canon 350D« »||APS-C||8.0||3456||2304||-||21.8||10.8||637||60|
|Nikon D3400« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||24.8||13.9||1192||86|
Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The 200D indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the 400D does not. The highest resolution format that the 200D can use is 1080/60p.
Feature comparison: Canon 200D vs Canon 400D
Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The 200D and the 400D are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon 200D, the Canon 400D, and comparable cameras. The full specs-sheets can be found in the camera manual or, for example, in the dpreview camera hub.
|Canon 2000D« »||optical||n||3.0||920||fixed||n||4000||3.0||Y||n|
|Canon G9 X Mark II« »||-||n||3.0||1040||fixed||Y||2000||8.2||Y||Y|
|Canon 800D« »||optical||n||3.0||1040||swivel||Y||4000||6.0||Y||n|
|Canon 77D« »||optical||Y||3.0||1040||swivel||Y||4000||6.0||Y||n|
|Canon M100« »||-||n||3.0||1040||tilting||Y||4000||6.1||Y||n|
|Canon 80D« »||optical||Y||3.0||1040||swivel||Y||8000||7.0||Y||n|
|Canon M5« »||2360||n||3.2||1620||tilting||Y||4000||9.0||Y||n|
|Canon 750D« »||optical||n||3.0||1040||swivel||Y||4000||5.0||Y||n|
|Canon 760D« »||optical||Y||3.0||1040||swivel||Y||4000||5.0||Y||n|
|Canon 100D« »||optical||n||3.0||1040||fixed||Y||4000||4.9||Y||n|
|Canon 450D« »||optical||n||3.0||230||fixed||n||4000||3.5||Y||n|
|Canon 40D« »||optical||Y||3.0||230||fixed||n||8000||6.5||Y||n|
|Canon 350D« »||optical||n||1.8||115||fixed||n||4000||3.0||Y||n|
|Nikon D3400« »||optical||n||3.0||921||fixed||n||4000||5.0||Y||n|
The 200D is a current model that online retailers, such as amazon, will have in stock. In contrast, the 400D has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the 400D was succeeded by the Canon 450D.
Review summary: Canon 200D vs Canon 400D
So what conclusions can be drawn? Is there a clear favorite between the Canon 200D and the Canon 400D? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.
Arguments in favor of the Canon EOS 200D:
- More detail: Offers more megapixels (24 vs 10.1MP) with a 54% higher linear resolution.
- Better image quality: Scores substantially higher (17 points) in the DXO overall assessment.
- Richer colors: Generates images with noticeably better colors (1.5 bits more color depth).
- More dynamic range: Captures a larger spectrum of light and dark details (2.4 EV of extra DR).
- Better low-light sensitivity: Requires less light for good images (0.6 stops ISO advantage).
- Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 1080/60p movies.
- Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
- More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1040k vs 230k dots).
- More flexible LCD: Has swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
- Fewer buttons to press: Is equipped with a touch-sensitive rear screen to facilitate handling.
- Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
- Less heavy: Is lighter (by 103g or 19 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
- Longer lasting: Can take more shots (650 versus 370) on a single battery charge.
- More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (31 percent cheaper at launch).
- More modern: Reflects 10 years and 10 months of technical progress since the 400D launch.
Advantages of the Canon EOS 400D:
- More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in August 2006).
If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the 200D is the clear winner of the match-up (15 : 1 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera.
In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the 200D or the 400D handle or perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable. This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The table below summarizes the assessments of some of the best known camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The detailed reviews can be accessed by clicking on the site logo in the table header.
|Canon 200D»||HiRec||78/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Jun 2017||549|
|Canon 400D«||HiRec||HiRec||rev||4.5/5||4/5||Aug 2006||799||-|
|Canon 2000D« »||rev||-||3.5/5||-||3.5/5||Feb 2018||449|
|Canon G9 X Mark II« »||-||75/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Jan 2017||529|
|Canon 800D« »||-||80/100||4.5/5||4/5||4/5||Feb 2017||749|
|Canon 77D« »||-||82/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4/5||Feb 2017||899|
|Canon M100« »||Rec||-||4/5||-||3.5/5||Aug 2017||499|
|Canon 80D« »||HiRec||84/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Feb 2016||1,199|
|Canon M5« »||Rec||82/100||4/5||4.5/5||4/5||Sep 2016||979|
|Canon 750D« »||-||75/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Feb 2015||749||-|
|Canon 760D« »||Rec||77/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Feb 2015||849||-|
|Canon 100D« »||Rec||78/100||4/5||4/5||4/5||Mar 2013||549||-|
|Canon 450D« »||HiRec||HiRec||4/5||5/5||4.5/5||Jan 2008||799||-|
|Canon 40D« »||HiRec||HiRec||4.5/5||rev||4.5/5||Aug 2007||1,299||-|
|Canon 350D« »||80/100||HiRec||rev||rev||-||Feb 2005||899||-|
|Nikon D3400« »||Rec||76/100||4/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Aug 2016||499|
The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.
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Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored. If the camera you are interested in is not available, please send me an email, and I will try to update the database with the necessary infos.
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