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Sigma fp vs Sony A7C

The Sigma fp and the Sony Alpha A7C are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in July 2019 and September 2020. Both the fp and the A7C are mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras that are equipped with a full frame sensor. Both cameras offer a resolution of 24 megapixels.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Sigma fp versus Sony A7C
Sigma fp Sony A7C
Mirrorless system camera Mirrorless system camera
Leica L mount lenses Sony E mount lenses
24 MP, Full Frame Sensor 24 MP, Full Frame Sensor
4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 100-25,600 (6 - 102,400) ISO 100-51,200 (50 - 204,800)
No viewfinder, LCD framing Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots)
3.2 LCD, 2100k dots 3.0 LCD, 922k dots
Fixed touchscreen Swivel touchscreen
12 shutter flaps per second 10 shutter flaps per second
Lens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
Weathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
280 shots per battery charge740 shots per battery charge
113 x 70 x 45 mm, 422 g 124 x 71 x 60 mm, 509 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Sigma fp and the Sony Alpha A7C? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Sigma fp and the Sony A7C are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The A7C can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the fp is only available in black.

Size Sigma fp vs Sony A7C
Compare fp versus A7C top
Comparison fp or A7C rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sony A7C is notably larger (11 percent) than the Sigma fp. Moreover, the A7C is markedly heavier (21 percent) than the fp. In this context, it is worth noting that both cameras are splash and dust-proof and can, hence, be used in inclement weather conditions or harsh environments.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

The battery packs of both cameras can be charged via USB, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Sigma fp 113 mm 70 mm 45 mm 422 g 280 Y Jul 2019 1,899 i
2.
 
Sony A7C 124 mm 71 mm 60 mm 509 g 740 Y Sep 2020 1,799 i
3.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro3 141 mm 83 mm 46 mm 497 g 440 Y Oct 2019 1,799 i
4.
 
Leica M10-P 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Aug 2018 7,995 i
5.
 
Leica SL 147 mm 104 mm 39 mm 847 g 400 Y Oct 2015 7,450i
6.
 
Nikon D780 144 mm 116 mm 76 mm 840 g 2260 Y Jan 2020 2,299 i
7.
 
Panasonic S5 133 mm 98 mm 82 mm 714 g 440 Y Sep 2020 1,999 i
8.
 
Panasonic S1 149 mm 110 mm 97 mm 1017 g 400 Y Feb 2019 2,499 i
9.
 
Panasonic S1H 151 mm 114 mm 110 mm 1052 g 400 Y May 2019 3,999 i
10.
 
Panasonic TS7 117 mm 76 mm 37 mm 319 g 300 Y May 2018 449 i
11.
 
Sony A9 II 129 mm 96 mm 76 mm 678 g 690 Y Oct 2019 4,499 i
12.
 
Sony A7 III 127 mm 96 mm 74 mm 650 g 610 Y Feb 2018 1,999 i
13.
 
Sony A7 II 127 mm 96 mm 60 mm 599 g 350 Y Nov 2014 1,999i
14.
 
Sony A7 127 mm 94 mm 48 mm 474 g 340 Y Oct 2013 1,699i
15.
 
Sony A850 156 mm 117 mm 82 mm 895 g 880 Y Aug 2009 1,999i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The A7C was somewhat cheaper (by 5 percent) than the fp at launch, but both cameras fall into the same price category. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature a full frame sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the A7C is 1 percent smaller. They nevertheless have the same format factor of 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

In terms of underlying technology, both cameras are build around BSI-CMOS sensors.

Sigma fp and Sony A7C sensor measures

Even though the fp has a slightly larger sensor, both cameras offer the same resolution of 24 megapixels. This implies that the fp has a lower pixel density and larger individual pixels (with a pixel pitch of 5.98μm versus 5.94μm for the A7C), which gives it a potential advantage in terms of light gathering capacity. It should, however, be noted that the A7C is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 2 months) than the fp, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that at least partly compensate for the smaller pixel size. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the fp has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The A7C has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Sigma fp has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 25600, which can be extended to ISO 6-102400. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Alpha A7C are ISO 100 to ISO 51200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 50-204800.

fp versus A7C MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Sigma fp Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........
2.
 
Sony A7C Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.014.7340795
3.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro3 APS-C 26.0 6240 41604K/30p........
4.
 
Leica M10-P Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none........
5.
 
Leica SL Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.013.4182188
6.
 
Nikon D780 Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/30p........
7.
 
Panasonic S5 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/60p........
8.
 
Panasonic S1 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/60p25.214.5333395
9.
 
Panasonic S1H Full Frame 24.0 6000 40006K/30p........
10.
 
Panasonic TS7 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p........
11.
 
Sony A9 II Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.014.0343493
12.
 
Sony A7 III Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.014.7373096
13.
 
Sony A7 II Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.913.6244990
14.
 
Sony A7 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.814.2224890
15.
 
Sony A850 Full Frame 24.4 6048 4032none23.812.2141579

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, and both provide the same movie specifications (4K/30p).

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the A7C has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), which can be very helpful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the fp relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Sigma fp, the Sony A7C, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Sigma fpnone n 3.2 2100 fixed Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n
2.
 
Sony A7C2360 n 3.0 922 swivel Y 1/4000s 10.0 n Y
3.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro33690 n 3.0 1620 tilting Y 1/8000s 8.0 n n
4.
 
Leica M10-Poptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0 n n
5.
 
Leica SL4400 Y 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/8000s 11.0 n n
6.
 
Nikon D780optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n
7.
 
Panasonic S52360 n 3.0 1840 full-flex Y 1/8000s 7.0 n Y
8.
 
Panasonic S15760 Y 3.2 2100 full-flex Y 1/8000s 9.0 n Y
9.
 
Panasonic S1H5760 Y 3.2 2330 swivel Y 1/8000s 9.0 n Y
10.
 
Panasonic TS71170 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/1300s 10.0 Y Y
11.
 
Sony A9 II3686 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
12.
 
Sony A7 III2359 n 3.0 922 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
13.
 
Sony A7 II2400 n 3.0 1230 tilting n 1/8000s 5.0 n Y
14.
 
Sony A72400 n 3.0 1230 tilting n 1/8000s 5.0 n n
15.
 
Sony A850optical Y 3.0 922 fixed n 1/8000s 3.0 n Y

One feature that differentiates the A7C and the fp is in-body image stabilization (IBIS). The A7C reduces the risk of handshake-induced blur with all attached lenses, while the fp offers no blur reduction with lenses that themselves do not provide optical image stabilization.

The A7C has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies. In contrast, the fp does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, both cameras under consideration feature an electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Sigma fp and the Sony A7C both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The fp writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the A7C uses SDXC or Memory Stick PRO Duo cards. Both cameras support UHS-II cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 312 MB/s.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Sigma fp and Sony Alpha A7C and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Sigma fpYstereomonoY-micro3.1---
2.
 
Sony A7CYstereomonoYYmicro3.2YYY
3.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro3YstereomonoY--3.1Y-Y
4.
 
Leica M10-PY------Y--
5.
 
Leica SLYstereomonoYYfull3.0Y--
6.
 
Nikon D780YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-Y
7.
 
Panasonic S5YstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
8.
 
Panasonic S1YstereomonoYYfull3.1Y-Y
9.
 
Panasonic S1HYstereomonoYYfull3.1Y-Y
10.
 
Panasonic TS7-stereomono--micro2.0Y--
11.
 
Sony A9 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYY
12.
 
Sony A7 IIIYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYY
13.
 
Sony A7 IIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-
14.
 
Sony A7YstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-
15.
 
Sony A850Y----mini2.0---

It is notable that the A7C offers wifi support, which can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location. In contrast, the fp does not provide wifi capability.

Both the fp and the A7C are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. Neither of the two has a direct predecessor, so perhaps they will constitute the origins of new camera lines for Sigma and Sony. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Sigma and Sony websites.

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Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is there a clear favorite between the Sigma fp and the Sony A7C? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Reasons to prefer the Sigma fp:

  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2100k vs 922k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/4000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 10 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 87g or 17 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in July 2019).

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Arguments in favor of the Sony Alpha A7C:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • Better sound control: Has a headphone port that enables audio monitoring while recording.
  • Easier framing: Has an electronic viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More flexible LCD: Has a swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (740 versus 280) out of a single battery charge.
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.2 vs 3.1).
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • More modern: Was introduced somewhat (1 year and 2 months) more recently.

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the A7C is the clear winner of the contest (13 : 7 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

fp 07:13 A7C

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Sigma fp and the Sony A7C place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the fp and the A7C in practical situations. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Sigma fp4/5....4/54.5/5 Jul 2019 1,899 i
2.
 
Sony A7C3.5/5..86/1004/54/5 Sep 2020 1,799 i
3.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro34/5+85/1004/5.. Oct 2019 1,799 i
4.
 
Leica M10-P........4/5 Aug 2018 7,995 i
5.
 
Leica SL4/5..84/1004.5/54/5 Oct 2015 7,450i
6.
 
Nikon D7805/5..87/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2020 2,299 i
7.
 
Panasonic S54.5/5+ +..4.5/54.5/5 Sep 2020 1,999 i
8.
 
Panasonic S14.5/5+ +88/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2019 2,499 i
9.
 
Panasonic S1H....90/100.... May 2019 3,999 i
10.
 
Panasonic TS7..+....3.5/5 May 2018 449 i
11.
 
Sony A9 II....90/1005/55/5 Oct 2019 4,499 i
12.
 
Sony A7 III..+ +89/1005/55/5 Feb 2018 1,999 i
13.
 
Sony A7 II5/5+82/1004.5/55/5 Nov 2014 1,999i
14.
 
Sony A75/5+ +80/1005/55/5 Oct 2013 1,699i
15.
 
Sony A8503/5..75/100..4.5/5 Aug 2009 1,999i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Sigma fp:
Check Amazon price
Sony A7C:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Sigma fp vs Sony A7C

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Sigma fp Sony A7C
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Leica L mount lenses Sony E mount lenses
    Launch Date July 2019 September 2020
    Launch Price USD 1,899 USD 1,799
    Sensor Specs Sigma fp Sony A7C
    Sensor Technology BSI-CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format Full Frame Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 35.9 x 23.9 mm 35.6 x 23.8 mm
    Sensor Area 858.01 mm2 847.28 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 43.1 mm 42.8 mm
    Crop Factor 1.0x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 24 Megapixels 24 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6000 x 4000 pixels 6000 x 4000 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.98 μm 5.94 μm
    Pixel Density 2.80 MP/cm2 2.83 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 51,200 ISO
    ISO Boost 6 - 102,400 ISO 50 - 204,800 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 95
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 25.0
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 14.7
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 3407
    Screen Specs Sigma fp Sony A7C
    Viewfinder Type no viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.59x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.2inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 2100k dots 922k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Swivel screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Sigma fp Sony A7C
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/8000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 12 shutter flaps/s 10 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/8000sup to 1/8000s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Image StabilizationLens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards MS or SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-II UHS-II
    Connectivity Specs Sigma fp Sony A7C
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 3.1 USB 3.2
    HDMI Port micro HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Headphone Socket no Headphone port Headphone port
    Wifi Support no Wifi Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Bluetooth Support no Bluetooth Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Sigma fp Sony A7C
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
    Battery Type BP-51 NP-FZ100
    Battery Life (CIPA)280 shots per charge740 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 113 x 70 x 45 mm
    (4.4 x 2.8 x 1.8 in)
    124 x 71 x 60 mm
    (4.9 x 2.8 x 2.4 in)
    Camera Weight 422 g (14.9 oz) 509 g (18.0 oz)

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