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Nikon D90 vs Z7 II

The Nikon D90 and the Nikon Z7 II are two enthusiast cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in August 2008 and October 2020. The D90 is a DSLR, while the Z7 II is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. The cameras are based on an APS-C (D90) and a full frame (Z7 II) sensor. The D90 has a resolution of 12.2 megapixels, whereas the Z7 II provides 45.4 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Nikon D90
versus
Nikon Z7 II
Nikon D90 Nikon Z7 II
Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
Nikon F mount lenses Nikon Z mount lenses
12.2 MP, APS-C Sensor 45.4 MP, Full Frame Sensor
720/24p Video 4K/60p Video
ISO 200-3,200 (200 - 6,400) ISO 64-25,600 (32 - 102,400)
Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder (3690k dots)
3.0 LCD, 920k dots 3.2 LCD, 2100k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Tilting touchscreen
4.5 shutter flaps per second 10 shutter flaps per second
Lens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
not weather sealedWeathersealed body
850 shots per battery charge420 shots per battery charge
132 x 103 x 77 mm, 703 g 134 x 101 x 70 mm, 705 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Nikon D90 and the Nikon Z7 II? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Nikon D90 and the Nikon Z7 II. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Nikon D90 vs Nikon Z7 II
Compare D90 versus Z7 II top
Comparison D90 or Z7 II rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D90 and the Nikon Z7 II are of equal size. However, the Z7 II is slightly heavier (0 percent) than the D90. It is noteworthy in this context that the Z7 II is splash and dust-proof, while the D90 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

Concerning battery life, the D90 gets 850 shots out of its EN-EL3e battery, while the Z7 II can take 420 images on a single charge of its EN-EL15c power pack. The power pack in the Z7 II can be charged via the USB port, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon D90 132 mm 103 mm 77 mm 703 g 850 n Aug 2008 1,299 i
2.
 
Nikon Z7 II 134 mm 101 mm 70 mm 705 g 420 Y Oct 2020 2,999 i
3.
 
Canon 40D 146 mm 108 mm 74 mm 822 g 750 n Aug 2007 1,299 i
4.
 
Nikon Z5 134 mm 101 mm 67 mm 675 g 470 Y Jul 2020 1,399 i
5.
 
Nikon Z6 II 134 mm 101 mm 70 mm 705 g 410 Y Oct 2020 1,999 i
6.
 
Nikon Z7 134 mm 101 mm 67 mm 675 g 330 Y Aug 2018 3,399 i
7.
 
Nikon D7000 132 mm 105 mm 77 mm 780 g 1050 Y Sep 2010 1,499 i
8.
 
Nikon D3100 124 mm 96 mm 75 mm 505 g 550 n Aug 2010 599 i
9.
 
Nikon D300S 147 mm 115 mm 81 mm 938 g 950 Y Jul 2009 1,799 i
10.
 
Nikon D3000 126 mm 97 mm 64 mm 536 g 500 n Jul 2009 599 i
11.
 
Nikon D5000 127 mm 104 mm 80 mm 590 g 510 n Apr 2009 749 i
12.
 
Nikon D60 126 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 500 n Jan 2008 629 i
13.
 
Nikon D40X 124 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 520 n Mar 2007 729 i
14.
 
Nikon D300 147 mm 114 mm 74 mm 925 g 1000 Y Aug 2007 1,799 i
15.
 
Nikon D80 132 mm 103 mm 77 mm 668 g 600 n Aug 2006 999 i
16.
 
Sony A7R III 127 mm 96 mm 74 mm 650 g 650 Y Oct 2017 3,199 i
17.
 
Sony A99 II 143 mm 104 mm 76 mm 849 g 490 Y Sep 2016 3,199 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The D90 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 57 percent) than the Z7 II, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Nikon D90 features an APS-C sensor and the Nikon Z7 II a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the Z7 II is 130 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Nikon D90 and Nikon Z7 II sensor measures

With 45.4MP, the Z7 II offers a higher resolution than the D90 (12.2MP), but the Z7 II has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 4.35μm versus 5.53μm for the D90). Yet, the Z7 II is a much more recent model (by 12 years and 1 month) than the D90, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the Z7 II has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Nikon Z7 II implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the Z7 II for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 41.3 x 27.5 inches or 104.9 x 69.9 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 33 x 22 inches or 83.9 x 55.9 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 27.5 x 18.3 inches or 69.9 x 46.6 cm. The corresponding values for the Nikon D90 are 21.4 x 14.2 inches or 54.5 x 36.2 cm for good quality, 17.2 x 11.4 inches or 43.6 x 28.9 cm for very good quality, and 14.3 x 9.5 inches or 36.3 x 24.1 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Z7 II has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Nikon D90 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 3200, which can be extended to ISO 200-6400. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon Z7 II are ISO 64 to ISO 25600, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 32-102400.

D90 versus Z7 II MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). Of the two cameras under consideration, the Z7 II offers substantially better image quality than the D90 (overall score 27 points higher). The advantage is based on 3.6 bits higher color depth, 2.2 EV in additional dynamic range, and 1.5 stops in additional low light sensitivity. The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Nikon D90 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.5977 73
2.
 
Nikon Z7 II Full Frame 45.4 8256 55044K/60p26.314.72841 100
3.
 
Canon 40D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.3703 64
4.
 
Nikon Z5 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40164K/30p...... ..
5.
 
Nikon Z6 II Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/60p...... ..
6.
 
Nikon Z7 Full Frame 45.4 8256 55044K/30p26.314.62668 99
7.
 
Nikon D7000 APS-C 16.1 4928 326410800/24p23.513.91167 80
8.
 
Nikon D3100 APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.3919 67
9.
 
Nikon D300S APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.512.2787 70
10.
 
Nikon D3000 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.311.1563 62
11.
 
Nikon D5000 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.5868 72
12.
 
Nikon D60 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.511.4562 65
13.
 
Nikon D40X APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.411.4516 63
14.
 
Nikon D300 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848none22.112.0679 67
15.
 
Nikon D80 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.111.2524 61
16.
 
Sony A7R III Full Frame 42.2 7952 53044K/30p26.014.73523 100
17.
 
Sony A99 II Full Frame 42.2 7952 53044K/30p25.413.42317 92

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the Z7 II provides a better video resolution than the D90. It can shoot movie footage at 4K/60p, while the D90 is limited to 720/24p.

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the Z7 II has an electronic viewfinder (3690k dots), while the D90 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinder in the Z7 II offers a wider field of view (100%) than the one in the D90 (96%), so that a larger proportion of the captured image is visible in the finder. In addition, the viewfinder of the Z7 II has a higher magnification (0.80x vs 0.63x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Nikon D90 and Nikon Z7 II along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Nikon D90optical Y 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 4.5 Y n
2.
 
Nikon Z7 II3690 Y 3.2 2100 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
3.
 
Canon 40Doptical Y 3.0 230 fixed n 1/8000s 6.5 Y n
4.
 
Nikon Z53690 n 3.2 1040 tilting Y 1/8000s 4.5 n Y
5.
 
Nikon Z6 II3690 Y 3.2 2100 tilting Y 1/8000s 14.0 n Y
6.
 
Nikon Z73690 Y 3.2 2100 tilting Y 1/8000s 9.0 n Y
7.
 
Nikon D7000optical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
8.
 
Nikon D3100optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
9.
 
Nikon D300Soptical Y 3.0 920 fixed n 1/8000s 7.0 Y n
10.
 
Nikon D3000optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
11.
 
Nikon D5000optical n 2.7 230 full-flex n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
12.
 
Nikon D60optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
13.
 
Nikon D40Xoptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
14.
 
Nikon D300optical Y 3.0 922 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
15.
 
Nikon D80optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
16.
 
Sony A7R III3686 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
17.
 
Sony A99 II2400 Y 3.0 1229 full-flex n 1/8000s 12.0 n Y

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The D90 has one, while the Z7 II does not. While the built-in flash of the D90 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the Z7 II is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Nikon Z7 II has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The D90 writes its imaging data to SDHC cards, while the Z7 II uses CFexpress or SDXC cards. The Z7 II features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the D90 only has one slot. The Z7 II supports UHS-II cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 312 MB/s), while the D90 cannot take advantage of Ultra High Speed SD cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Nikon D90 and Nikon Z7 II and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Nikon D90Ymonomono--mini2.0---
2.
 
Nikon Z7 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
3.
 
Canon 40DY-----2.0---
4.
 
Nikon Z5YstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
5.
 
Nikon Z6 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
6.
 
Nikon Z7YstereomonoYYmicro3.1Y-Y
7.
 
Nikon D7000YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
8.
 
Nikon D3100Ymonomono--mini2.0---
9.
 
Nikon D300SYstereomonoY-mini2.0---
10.
 
Nikon D3000Y-----2.0---
11.
 
Nikon D5000Ymonomono--mini2.0---
12.
 
Nikon D60Y-----2.0---
13.
 
Nikon D40XY-----2.0---
14.
 
Nikon D300Y----mini2.0---
15.
 
Nikon D80Y-----2.0---
16.
 
Sony A7R IIIYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYY
17.
 
Sony A99 IIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YYY

It is notable that the Z7 II offers wifi support, which can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location. In contrast, the D90 does not provide wifi capability.

The Z7 II is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Nikon. In contrast, the D90 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the D90 was succeeded by the Nikon D7000. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Nikon website.

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Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is there a clear favorite between the Nikon D90 and the Nikon Z7 II? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.


Arguments in favor of the Nikon D90:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (850 versus 420) on a single battery charge.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (57 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in August 2008).


Advantages of the Nikon Z7 II:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (45.4 vs 12.2MP), which boosts linear resolution by 93%.
  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Better image quality: Scores substantially higher (27 points) in the DXO overall evaluation.
  • Richer colors: Generates noticeably more natural colors (3.6 bits more color depth).
  • More dynamic range: Captures a broader range of light and dark details (2.2 EV of extra DR).
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Can shoot in dim conditions (1.5 stops ISO advantage).
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (4K/60p vs 720/24p).
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • Better sound control: Has a headphone port that enables audio monitoring while recording.
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • More complete view: Has a viewfinder with a larger field of view (100% vs 96%).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.80x vs 0.63x).
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2100k vs 920k dots).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • Fewer buttons to press: Has a touchscreen to facilitate handling and shooting adjustments.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/4000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 4.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can use many non-native lenses via adapters.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.2 vs 2.0).
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Has an SD card interface that supports the UHS-II standard.
  • More modern: Reflects 12 years and 1 month of technical progress since the D90 launch.

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the Z7 II is the clear winner of the contest (31 : 6 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D90 06:31 Z7 II

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Nikon D90 and the Nikon Z7 II place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D90 or the Z7 II perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon D90..+ ++ +4/54.5/5 Aug 2008 1,299 i
2.
 
Nikon Z7 II4.5/5....4.5/54.5/5 Oct 2020 2,999 i
3.
 
Canon 40D..+ ++ +4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,299 i
4.
 
Nikon Z54/5..89/1004.5/54/5 Jul 2020 1,399 i
5.
 
Nikon Z6 II4.5/5..89/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2020 1,999 i
6.
 
Nikon Z75/5+89/1004.5/55/5 Aug 2018 3,399 i
7.
 
Nikon D70004/5..80/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2010 1,499 i
8.
 
Nikon D31005/5+ +72/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599 i
9.
 
Nikon D300S5/5+ +82/1004/54.5/5 Jul 2009 1,799 i
10.
 
Nikon D3000..+72/1004/54.5/5 Jul 2009 599 i
11.
 
Nikon D5000..+ +75/1004/54.5/5 Apr 2009 749 i
12.
 
Nikon D60..80/100+ +4/54.5/5 Jan 2008 629 i
13.
 
Nikon D40X..79/100+ +4/54/5 Mar 2007 729 i
14.
 
Nikon D300..+ ++ +5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,799 i
15.
 
Nikon D80..++ +o4.5/5 Aug 2006 999 i
16.
 
Sony A7R III..+ +90/1004.5/55/5 Oct 2017 3,199 i
17.
 
Sony A99 II....85/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2016 3,199 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Nikon D90:
Check Ebay offers
Nikon Z7 II:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Nikon D90 vs Nikon Z7 II

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Nikon D90 Nikon Z7 II
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Nikon F mount lenses Nikon Z mount lenses
    Launch Date August 2008 October 2020
    Launch Price USD 1,299 USD 2,999
    Sensor Specs Nikon D90 Nikon Z7 II
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.6 x 15.8 mm 35.9 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 372.88 mm2 858.01 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.4 mm 43.1 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 12.2 Megapixels 45.4 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4288 x 2848 pixels 8256 x 5504 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.53 μm 4.35 μm
    Pixel Density 3.28 MP/cm2 5.30 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 720/24p Video 4K/60p Video
    ISO Setting 200 - 3,200 ISO 64 - 25,600 ISO
    ISO Boost 200 - 6,400 ISO 32 - 102,400 ISO
    Image Processor EXPEED DUAL EXPEED 6
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 73 100
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.7 26.3
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 12.5 14.7
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 977 2841
    Screen Specs Nikon D90 Nikon Z7 II
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 96% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.63x 0.80x
    Viewfinder Resolution 3690k dots
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel Control Panel
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.2inch
    LCD Resolution 920k dots 2100k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input no Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Nikon D90 Nikon Z7 II
    Focus System Phase-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/8000s
    Continuous Shooting 4.5 shutter flaps/s 10 shutter flaps/s
    Shutter Life Expectancy100 000 actuations200 000 actuations
    Electronic Shutterno E-Shutterup to 1/8000s
    Time-Lapse Photographyno IntervalometerIntervalometer built-in
    Image StabilizationLens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDHC cards CFexpress or SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Dual card slots
    UHS card support no UHS-II
    Connectivity Specs Nikon D90 Nikon Z7 II
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 3.2
    HDMI Port mini HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Headphone Socket no Headphone port Headphone port
    Wifi Support no Wifi Wifi built-in
    Bluetooth Support no Bluetooth Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Nikon D90 Nikon Z7 II
    Environmental Sealingnot weather sealedWeathersealed body
    Battery Type EN-EL3e EN-EL15c
    Battery Life (CIPA)850 shots per charge420 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging no USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 132 x 103 x 77 mm
    (5.2 x 4.1 x 3.0 in)
    134 x 101 x 70 mm
    (5.3 x 4.0 x 2.8 in)
    Camera Weight 703 g (24.8 oz) 705 g (24.9 oz)

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