Leica D-LUX Typ 109 versus Fujifilm X100F
The Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) and the Fujifilm X100F are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in September 2014 and January 2017. Both the D-LUX Typ 109 and the X100F are fixed lens compact cameras that are based on a Four Thirds (D-LUX Typ 109) and an APS-C (X100F) sensor. The Leica has a resolution of 12.7 megapixel, whereas the Fujifilm provides 24 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.
Body comparison: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Fujifilm X100F
The physical size and weight of the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 and the Fujifilm X100F are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter. You can also use the toggle button to switch to a percentage comparison if you prefer that the measures are being expressed in relative terms (in this case, the camera on the left – the D-LUX Typ 109 – represents 100 percent across all the size and weight measures).
If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Fujifilm X100F is notably larger (22 percent) than the Leica D-LUX Typ 109. Moreover, the X100F is markedly heavier (16 percent) than the D-LUX Typ 109. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the D-LUX Typ 109 nor the X100F are weather-sealed.
The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.
|Camera Body Specifications|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109»||118 mm||66 mm||55 mm||405 g||300||n||Sep 2014||1,195|
|Fujifilm X100F«||127 mm||75 mm||52 mm||469 g||390||n||Jan 2017||1,299|
|Canon G1 X Mark III« »||115 mm||78 mm||51 mm||399 g||200||Y||Oct 2017||1,299|
|Canon G16« »||109 mm||76 mm||40 mm||356 g||360||n||Aug 2013||549|
|Fujifilm X100T« »||127 mm||74 mm||52 mm||440 g||330||n||Sep 2014||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||119 mm||72 mm||60 mm||423 g||470||n||Aug 2014||599|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||127 mm||74 mm||54 mm||445 g||330||n||Jan 2013||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||117 mm||70 mm||57 mm||353 g||270||n||Jan 2013||599||-|
|Fujifilm X100« »||126 mm||75 mm||54 mm||445 g||300||n||Sep 2010||1,199||-|
|Leica V-LUX Typ 114« »||137 mm||99 mm||131 mm||830 g||360||n||Sep 2014||1,349|
|Leica X Typ 113« »||133 mm||73 mm||78 mm||486 g||350||n||Sep 2014||2,295|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||111 mm||68 mm||46 mm||298 g||330||n||Sep 2012||699||-|
|Panasonic FZ2000« »||138 mm||102 mm||135 mm||915 g||350||n||Sep 2016||1,199|
|Panasonic LX100« »||115 mm||66 mm||55 mm||393 g||300||n||Sep 2014||899|
The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The D-LUX Typ 109 was somewhat cheaper (by 8 percent) than the X100F at launch, but both cameras fall into the same price category. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.
Sensor comparison: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Fujifilm X100F
The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.
Of the two cameras under consideration, the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 features a Four Thirds sensor and the Fujifilm X100F an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the X100F is 64 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 2.0 and 1.5. The sensor in the D-LUX Typ 109 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the X100F offers a 3:2 aspect.
With 24MP, the X100F offers a higher resolution than the D-LUX Typ 109 (12.7MP), but the X100F has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 3.92μm versus 4.21μm for the D-LUX Typ 109). Yet, the X100F is a much more recent model (by 2 years and 4 months) than the D-LUX Typ 109, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the X100F has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.
Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for most cameras. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109»||Four Thirds||12.7||4112||3088||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Canon G1 X Mark III« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Canon G16« »||1/1.7||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||21.0||11.7||230||54|
|Fujifilm X100T« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||2/3||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||2/3||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X100« »||APS-C||12.2||4288||2848||720/30p||22.9||12.4||1001||73|
|Leica V-LUX Typ 114« »||1-inch||20.0||5472||3648||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Leica X Typ 113« »||APS-C||16.1||4928||3264||1080/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||1/1.7||10.0||3648||2736||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic FZ2000« »||1-inch||20.0||5472||3648||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic LX100« »||Four Thirds||12.7||4112||3088||4K/30p||22.3||12.5||553||67|
Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, but the D-LUX Typ 109 provides a higher video resolution than the X100F. It can shoot video footage at 4K/30p, while the Fujifilm is limited to 1080/60p.
Feature comparison: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Fujifilm X100F
Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The two cameras under consideration are similar with respect to both having an electronic viewfinder. However, the one in the D-LUX Typ 109 offers a higher resolution than the one in the X100F (2764k vs 2360k dots). The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 and Fujifilm X100F in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras. The full specs-sheets can be found in the camera manual or, for example, in the dpreview camera hub.
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109»||2764||n||3.0||921||fixed||n||4000||11.0||n||Y|
|Canon G1 X Mark III« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||swivel||Y||2000||9.0||Y||Y|
|Canon G16« »||optical||n||3.0||922||fixed||n||4000||2.2||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X100T« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||fixed||n||4000||6.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X30« »||2360||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||2360||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||6.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X20« »||optical||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X100« »||1440||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||5.0||Y||n|
|Leica V-LUX Typ 114« »||2359||n||3.0||921||swivel||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Leica X Typ 113« »||-||n||3.0||920||fixed||n||2000||5.0||Y||n|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||-||n||3.0||920||fixed||n||4000||11.0||Y||Y|
|Panasonic FZ2000« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||swivel||Y||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Panasonic LX100« »||2764||n||3.0||921||fixed||n||4000||11.0||n||Y|
The D-LUX Typ 109 is equipped with a zoom lens, while the X100F comes with a build-in prime. The D-LUX Typ 109 has a 24-75mm f/1.7-2.8 optic and the X100F offers a 35mm f/2.0 (focal lengths in full frame equivalent terms). Hence, the Leica provides a wider angle of view at the short end, as well as more tele-photo reach at the long end than the Fujifilm. The D-LUX Typ 109 offers the faster maximum aperture.
Both the D-LUX Typ 109 and the X100F are current models that good online retailers will have in stock. You can check the latest prices, for example, at amazon. The D-LUX Typ 109 replaced the earlier Leica D-LUX 6, while the X100F followed on from the Fujifilm X100T.
Review summary: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Fujifilm X100F
So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 or the Fujifilm X100F – has the upper hand? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.
Advantages of the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109):
- Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
- Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (4K/30p vs 1080/60p).
- More detailed viewfinder: Has higher resolution electronic viewfinder (2764k vs 2360k dots).
- Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (11 vs 8 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
- Better light gathering: Has a lens with a wider maximum aperture (f/1.7 vs f/2.0).
- Wider view: Has a wider-angle lens that facilitates landscape or interior shots.
- More compact: Is smaller (118x66mm vs 127x75mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
- Less heavy: Is lighter (by 64g or 14 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
- Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization build-in.
- More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale price.
- More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in September 2014).
Reasons to prefer the Fujifilm X100F:
- More detail: Has more megapixels (24 vs 12.7MP), which boosts linear resolution by 40%.
- Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
- Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
- More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1040k vs 921k dots).
- Longer lasting: Gets more shots (390 versus 300) out of a single battery charge.
- Easier fill-in: Has a small integrated flash to brighten shadows of backlit subjects.
- More modern: Reflects 2 years and 4 months of technical progress since the D-LUX Typ 109 launch.
If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the D-LUX Typ 109 is the clear winner of the match-up (11 : 7 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera.
In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the handling experience and imaging performance when actually working with the D-LUX Typ 109 or the X100F. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased. This is why expert reviews are important. The following table reports the overall rankings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). You can find the full text of the reviews by clicking on the site logo in the table header.
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109»||-||-||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Sep 2014||1,195|
|Fujifilm X100F«||Rec||83/100||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Jan 2017||1,299|
|Canon G1 X Mark III« »||Rec||79/100||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Oct 2017||1,299|
|Canon G16« »||Rec||-||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Aug 2013||549|
|Fujifilm X100T« »||Rec||81/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||5/5||Sep 2014||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||-||76/100||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||Aug 2014||599|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||HiRec||81/100||4.5/5||4/5||5/5||Jan 2013||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||HiRec||77/100||4.5/5||-||5/5||Jan 2013||599||-|
|Fujifilm X100« »||-||75/100||4/5||4/5||5/5||Sep 2010||1,199||-|
|Leica V-LUX Typ 114« »||-||-||-||-||5/5||Sep 2014||1,349|
|Leica X Typ 113« »||-||-||3.5/5||-||4/5||Sep 2014||2,295|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||-||-||4/5||-||4/5||Sep 2012||699||-|
|Panasonic FZ2000« »||Rec||82/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||5/5||Sep 2016||1,199|
|Panasonic LX100« »||HiRec||85/100||5/5||4/5||5/5||Sep 2014||899|
The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.
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