Ur-Leica Tamron Camera Ranking
Leica 1600mm Soligor Shutter count
A potelyt.com – Photography & Imaging Resources
ad
PW

Leica D-LUX 5 vs Nikon D3100

The Leica D-LUX 5 and the Nikon D3100 are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in September 2010 and August 2010. The D-LUX 5 is a fixed lens compact, while the D3100 is a DSLR. The cameras are based on a 1/1.7-inch (D-LUX 5) and an APS-C (D3100) sensor. The Leica has a resolution of 10 megapixels, whereas the Nikon provides 14.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Leica D-LUX 5 versus Nikon D3100
Leica D-LUX 5 Nikon D3100
Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
24-90mm f/2.0-3.3 Nikon F mount lenses
10 MP, 1/1.7" Sensor 14.2 MP, APS-C Sensor
720/60p Video 1080/24p Video
ISO 80-3,200 (80 - 12,800) ISO 100-3,200 (100 - 12,800)
Viewfinder optional Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 460k dots 3.0 LCD, 230k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
2.5 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
400 shots per battery charge550 shots per battery charge
110 x 65 x 43 mm, 271 g 124 x 96 x 75 mm, 505 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Leica D-LUX 5 and the Nikon D3100? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Leica D-LUX 5 and the Nikon D3100 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The D3100 can be obtained in two different colors (black, red), while the D-LUX 5 is only available in black.

Size Leica D-LUX 5 vs Nikon D3100
Compare D-LUX 5 versus D3100 top
Comparison D-LUX 5 or D3100 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D3100 is considerably larger (66 percent) than the Leica D-LUX 5. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the D-LUX 5 nor the D3100 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the D-LUX 5 has a lens built in, whereas the D3100 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D3100 and their specifications in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the D-LUX 5 gets 400 shots out of its BP-DC10 battery, while the D3100 can take 550 images on a single charge of its EN-EL14 power pack.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

scroll hint
Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 5 110 mm 65 mm 43 mm 271 g 400 n Sep 2010 699i
2.
 
Nikon D3100 124 mm 96 mm 75 mm 505 g 550 n Aug 2010 599i
3.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 106 mm 61 mm 42 mm 319 g 265 n Feb 2016 699i
4.
 
Canon G7 X 103 mm 60 mm 40 mm 304 g 210 n Sep 2014 699i
5.
 
Fujifilm X10 117 mm 70 mm 57 mm 350 g 270 n Sep 2011 599i
6.
 
Leica D-LUX 6 111 mm 68 mm 46 mm 298 g 330 n Sep 2012 699i
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 3 124 mm 81 mm 95 mm 540 g 410 n Dec 2011 949i
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2 124 mm 80 mm 95 mm 520 g 410 n Sep 2010 849i
9.
 
Leica X1 124 mm 60 mm 32 mm 306 g 260 n Sep 2009 1,995i
10.
 
Leica V-LUX 1 141 mm 86 mm 142 mm 734 g 360 n Sep 2006 849i
11.
 
Nikon D3200 125 mm 96 mm 77 mm 505 g 540 n Apr 2012 599i
12.
 
Nikon D5100 128 mm 97 mm 79 mm 560 g 660 n Apr 2011 749i
13.
 
Nikon D7000 132 mm 105 mm 77 mm 780 g 1050 Y Sep 2010 1,499i
14.
 
Nikon D3000 126 mm 97 mm 64 mm 536 g 500 n Jul 2009 599i
15.
 
Nikon D5000 127 mm 104 mm 80 mm 590 g 510 n Apr 2009 749i
16.
 
Olympus XZ-1 111 mm 65 mm 42 mm 275 g 320 n Jan 2011 499i
17.
 
Panasonic LX5 110 mm 65 mm 43 mm 271 g 400 n Jul 2010 499i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

ad

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Leica D-LUX 5 features a 1/1.7-inch sensor and the Nikon D3100 an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the D3100 is 674 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 4.4 and 1.5. The sensor in the D-LUX 5 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the D3100 offers a 3:2 aspect. The D-LUX 5 has the particularity of featuring a switch that allows to toggle between multiple aspect ratios, while maintaining the same field of view and full image resolution.

Leica D-LUX 5 and Nikon D3100 sensor measures

With 14.2MP, the D3100 offers a higher resolution than the D-LUX 5 (10MP), but the D3100 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.01μm versus 2.14μm for the D-LUX 5) due to its larger sensor. It is noteworthy in this context that the two cameras were released in close succession, so that their sensors are from the same technological generation.

The resolution advantage of the Nikon D3100 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the D3100 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 23 x 15.4 inches or 58.5 x 39 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 18.4 x 12.3 inches or 46.8 x 31.2 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 15.4 x 10.2 inches or 39 x 26 cm. The corresponding values for the Leica D-LUX 5 are 18.2 x 13.7 inches or 46.3 x 34.7 cm for good quality, 14.6 x 10.9 inches or 37.1 x 27.8 cm for very good quality, and 12.2 x 9.1 inches or 30.9 x 23.2 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Leica D-LUX 5 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 80 to ISO 3200, which can be extended to ISO 80-12800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D3100 are ISO 100 to ISO 3200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-12800.

D-LUX 5 versus D3100 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

scroll hint
Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p........
2.
 
Nikon D3100 APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.391967
3.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p........
4.
 
Canon G7 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p23.012.755671
5.
 
Fujifilm X10 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/30p20.511.324550
6.
 
Leica D-LUX 6 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p........
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 3 1/2.3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2 1/2.3 14.0 4320 32401080/60i........
9.
 
Leica X1 APS-C 12.2 4272 2856none........
10.
 
Leica V-LUX 1 1/1.8 10.0 3648 2736480/30p........
11.
 
Nikon D3200 APS-C 24.1 6016 40001080/30p24.113.2113181
12.
 
Nikon D5100 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p23.513.6118380
13.
 
Nikon D7000 APS-C 16.1 4928 326410800/24p23.513.9116780
14.
 
Nikon D3000 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.311.156362
15.
 
Nikon D5000 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.586872
16.
 
Olympus XZ-1 1/1.7 10.1 3664 2752720/30p18.810.411734
17.
 
Panasonic LX5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p19.610.813241

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the D3100 provides a better video resolution than the D-LUX 5. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/24p, while the Leica is limited to 720/60p.

ad

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the D3100 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the D-LUX 5 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the D-LUX 5 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the EVF1. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Leica D-LUX 5 and Nikon D3100 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

scroll hint
Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y
2.
 
Nikon D3100optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon G7 X Mark IInone n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 8.0 Y Y
4.
 
Canon G7 Xnone n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 6.5 Y Y
5.
 
Fujifilm X10optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y
6.
 
Leica D-LUX 6optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 3202 n 3.0 460 swivel n 1/2000s 12.0 Y Y
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2202 n 3.0 460 swivel n 1/2000s 11.0 Y Y
9.
 
Leica X1none n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/2000s 3.0 Y n
10.
 
Leica V-LUX 1235 n 2.0 207 swivel n 1/2000s 2.0 Y Y
11.
 
Nikon D3200optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
12.
 
Nikon D5100optical n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
13.
 
Nikon D7000optical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
14.
 
Nikon D3000optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
15.
 
Nikon D5000optical n 2.7 230 full-flex n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
16.
 
Olympus XZ-1optional n 3.0 614 fixed n 1/2000s 2.0 Y Y
17.
 
Panasonic LX5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the D-LUX 5 and the D3100 write their files to SDXC cards.

ad

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Leica D-LUX 5 and Nikon D3100 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

scroll hint
Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 5Ymonomono--mini2.0---
2.
 
Nikon D3100Ymonomono--mini2.0---
3.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon G7 X-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
5.
 
Fujifilm X10Ystereomono--mini2.0---
6.
 
Leica D-LUX 6Ystereomono--mini2.0---
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 3Ystereo---mini2.0---
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2Ystereomono--mini2.0---
9.
 
Leica X1Y----mini2.0---
10.
 
Leica V-LUX 1Ymonomono---2.0---
11.
 
Nikon D3200YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
12.
 
Nikon D5100YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
13.
 
Nikon D7000YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
14.
 
Nikon D3000Y-----2.0---
15.
 
Nikon D5000Ymonomono--mini2.0---
16.
 
Olympus XZ-1Ymono---mini2.0---
17.
 
Panasonic LX5Ymonomono--mini2.0---

Both the D-LUX 5 and the D3100 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The D3100 was replaced by the Nikon D3200, while the D-LUX 5 was followed by the Leica D-LUX 6. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Leica and Nikon websites.

ad

Review summary

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Leica D-LUX 5 and the Nikon D3100? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

ilogo

Advantages of the Leica D-LUX 5:

  • Flexible image proportions: Has a multi-aspect sensor that allows for alternative image shapes.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (460k vs 230k dots).
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with a built-in lens, while the D3100 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (110x65mm vs 124x96mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter even though it comes with a built-in lens (unlike the D3100).
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale price.

ilogo

Arguments in favor of the Nikon D3100:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (14.2 vs 10MP), which boosts linear resolution by 21%.
  • Better image quality: Features bigger pixels on a larger sensor for higher quality imaging.
  • Richer colors: The pixel size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger pixels capture a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger pixels means good image quality even under poor lighting.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/24p vs 720/60p).
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (3 vs 2.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More flexible: Makes it possible to change lenses and thus to use specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (550 versus 400) out of a single battery charge.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the D3100 emerges as the winner of the match-up (10 : 7 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D-LUX 5 07:10 D3100

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Leica D-LUX 5 and the Nikon D3100 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Travel-Zoom Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the D-LUX 5 and the D3100 in practical situations. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

scroll hint
Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica D-LUX 5......4.5/54/5 Sep 2010 699i
2.
 
Nikon D31005/5+ +72/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599i
3.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II4.5/5+ +81/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 699i
4.
 
Canon G7 X4/5+ +77/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2014 699i
5.
 
Fujifilm X10....76/1004/54.5/5 Sep 2011 599i
6.
 
Leica D-LUX 6......4/54/5 Sep 2012 699i
7.
 
Leica V-LUX 3.......... Dec 2011 949i
8.
 
Leica V-LUX 2.......... Sep 2010 849i
9.
 
Leica X13/5..+..4/5 Sep 2009 1,995i
10.
 
Leica V-LUX 1.......... Sep 2006 849i
11.
 
Nikon D32005/5+ +73/1004.5/54.5/5 Apr 2012 599i
12.
 
Nikon D51005/5+ +76/1004.5/54.5/5 Apr 2011 749i
13.
 
Nikon D70004/5..80/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2010 1,499i
14.
 
Nikon D3000..+72/1004/54.5/5 Jul 2009 599i
15.
 
Nikon D5000..+ +75/1004/54.5/5 Apr 2009 749i
16.
 
Olympus XZ-14/5..74/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2011 499i
17.
 
Panasonic LX54/5+73/1004.5/54.5/5 Jul 2010 499i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Leica D-LUX 5:
Check Ebay offers
Nikon D3100:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

~
    loader

    Specifications: Leica D-LUX 5 vs Nikon D3100

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Leica D-LUX 5 Nikon D3100
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens 24-90mm f/2.0-3.3 Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date September 2010 August 2010
    Launch Price USD 699 USD 599
    Sensor Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Nikon D3100
    Sensor Technology CCD CMOS
    Sensor Format 1/1.7" Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 7.85 x 5.89 mm 23.1 x 15.4 mm
    Sensor Area 46.2365 mm2 355.74 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 9.8 mm 27.8 mm
    Crop Factor 4.4x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 10 Megapixels 14.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 3648 x 2736 pixels 4608 x 3072 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 2.14 μm 5.01 μm
    Pixel Density 21.59 MP/cm2 3.98 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 720/60p Video 1080/24p Video
    ISO Setting 80 - 3,200 ISO 100 - 3,200 ISO
    ISO Boost 80 - 12,800 ISO 100 - 12,800 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 67
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 22.5
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 11.3
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 919
    Screen Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Nikon D3100
    Viewfinder Type Viewfinder optional Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.53x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 460k dots 230k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Nikon D3100
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 2.5 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no no
    Connectivity Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Nikon D3100
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI mini HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Nikon D3100
    Battery Type BP-DC10 EN-EL14
    Battery Life (CIPA)400 shots per charge550 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 110 x 65 x 43 mm
    (4.3 x 2.6 x 1.7 in)
    124 x 96 x 75 mm
    (4.9 x 3.8 x 3.0 in)
    Camera Weight 271 g (9.6 oz) 505 g (17.8 oz)

    Did you notice an error on this page? If so, please get in touch, so that we can correct the information.

    You are here Home  »  CAM-parator  »  Leica D-LUX 5 vs Nikon D3100

    Thanks for your vote!

    You rated this page 4 out of 5.


    Rating

    Any additional comment or suggestion for improvement would be welcome.


    If you like it, make sure you share it:

    • Mention this page to your Facebook friends and Twitter followers.
    • Bookmark it in your browser for future reference by pressing "Crtl" + "D".
    • Create a hyperlink by copying the text below into your web-project or discussion forum entry.

    Once again, thanks for taking the time to provide feedback. I appreciate it.