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Which battery does the Nikon D3100 take?

Battery Pack

The Nikon D3100 is a digital DSLR that features a 14.2MP sensor. It is powered by the Nikon EN-EL14, which is a rechargeable Lithium-Ion battery pack. Lithium-Ion batteries offer a high energy density and low self-discharge, and are nowadays found in many portable electronic devices. The EN-EL14 operates at a voltage of 7.4V and has a capacity of 1030mAh. It can be charged from a standard electrical outlet via the Nikon MH-24 charger (that can be purchased separately, for example, at amazon). The battery pack measures 38mm in width, 14mm in height, and 53mm in depth. It weighs 48g. The EN-EL14 has been on the market since August 2010 and sells at good camera retailers, such as amazon, for about $50. Generic alternatives (see below) that are compatible with the Nikon D3100 can be obtained at substantially lower cost.

What is the difference between the EN-EL14 and the EN-EL14a?

The Nikon EN-EL14 was replaced as a battery pack for digital cameras by the EN-EL14a. Both types operate at a similar voltage and are fully interchangeable, so that the EN-EL14a can also be used with the Nikon D3100. The main difference between the two packs is their capacity. The EN-EL14 has a 19.4 percent lower mAh value (1030 vs 1230 mAh) and, hence, somewhat weaker performance (19.4 percent fewer shots per battery charge) than the EN-EL14a.

How many shots can I take with a fully charged EN-EL14?

EN-EL14

The number of shots that one can get out of a battery pack depends heavily on the style and imaging practice of the photographer. For example, the extended use of the LCD screen for framing or reviewing will result in reduced battery performance. The Camera & Imaging Products Association (CIPA) has established guidelines (click here to download the pdf-document) that manufacturers are supposed to respect when reporting the battery life of their cameras. According to this CIPA-rating, the Nikon D3100 can take 550 images on a single charge. Given the relatively demanding energy usage of the CIPA procedures, this rated number should be achievable or be surpassed in most practical situations. However, if the environment is cold, the LCD screen is used heavily, or the camera is turned on and off frequently, battery mileage might drop below the rating. Also, as the battery pack ages, its performance will tend to deteriorate.

 

What about generic battery packs?

Nikon EN-EL14 Specifications

Battery type: Rechargeable Lithium-Ion power pack
Compatibility: Nikon D3100 & other selected Nikon cameras
Voltage: 7.4V DC
Capacity: 1030mAh or 550 shots (CIPA) with the Nikon D3100
Dimensions (W x H x D): 38 x 14 x 53mm
Weight: 48g

Nikon sells the original EN-EL14 pack at quite a steep price. This premium pricing strategy has left room in the market for third party suppliers to offer fully compatible battery packs at much lower prices. Savings from buying generic replacement batteries can amount up to 70 percent of the price of the genuine battery pack. Indeed, one can easily find a variety of competitively-priced EN-EL14 replacements from different vendors at major online platforms (see, for example, here at eBay). All these generic alternatives should work fine with your Nikon D3100 and the standard battery charger. So why would anybody then buy the more expensive original battery? Well, below are some arguments in favor of the genuine EN-EL14, which can perhaps be summarized as "peace of mind".

  • Assurance that the warranty of the camera will not be rendered void if a battery-related failure occurs;
  • Assurance that the battery pack will indeed have the stated capacity;
  • Assurance that the battery will have low self-discharge rates and, thus, will hold its charge even when not in use;
  • Assurance that the power unit will not trigger any warning messages on the camera or charger;
  • Assurance that the manufacturing process has respected the safety guidelines for Lithium-Ion batteries;

If you can live without these assurances, then you are in for some nice savings from buying generic replacements for the EN-EL14. Unfortunately, the market for generic battery packs is rather fluid, with new trade names popping up regularly while others disappear. Hence it is difficult to keep track of all the suppliers and the quality of their products. That said, in North America, battery packs from Wasabi have gained a good reputation, while in Europe, replacement power packs from Patona have received many favorable reviews. In any case, the existing comparisons tend to find that the cheapest of the generic replacement packs score worse in terms of achieving their rated capacity, holding their charge over time, or allowing for a large number of charge-discharge cycles than somewhat pricier battery packs (or the genuine Nikon offer). Thus, the old adage, "If the price sounds too low to be true, it probably is" has some merit with respect to camera batteries also. You can check the current offers and prices for the original EN-EL14 and its clones by using the buttons below.

ebay ebay

Which other cameras use the Nikon EN-EL14 or the EN-EL14a?

The Nikon D3100 is not alone in using the EN-EL14 or the EN-EL14a. Several other cameras from Nikon are powered by the same type of lithium-ion pack. The adjacent table lists some of them along with a selection of their headline specifications. Click on the camera name for further details on the particular model.

Cameras using the EN-EL14 or the EN-EL14a
  Camera
Model
Battery
(name)
Battery life
(CIPA)
Sensor Size
(type)
Resolution
(MP)
Weight
(g)
Camera Launch
(announcement)
Launch Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Nikon D3100 EN-EL14 550 APS-C 14.2 505 Aug 2010 599- i
Nikon D3200 EN-EL14 540 APS-C 24.1 505 Apr 2012 599- i
Nikon D3300 EN-EL14a 700 APS-C 24.0 430 Jan 2014 499- i
Nikon D3400 EN-EL14a 1200 APS-C 24.0 445 Aug 2016 499 i i
Nikon D5100 EN-EL14 660 APS-C 16.1 560 Apr 2011 749- i
Nikon D5200 EN-EL14 500 APS-C 24.0 555 Nov 2012 749- i
Nikon D5300 EN-EL14a 600 APS-C 24.0 480 Oct 2013 799- i
Nikon D5500 EN-EL14a 820 APS-C 24.0 420 Jan 2015 899- i
Nikon D5600 EN-EL14a 970 APS-C 24.0 465 Nov 2016 699 i i
Nikon Df EN-EL14 1400 Full Frame 16.2 760 Nov 2013 2,749 i i

Nikon EN-EL14 FAQ

The EN-EL14 is the standard power source for the Nikon D3100. As such it is an indispensable camera accessory. Below are some additional questions and answers concerning some particular aspects of the battery pack and Lithium-Ion power units more generally.

Is there a car charger available for the EN-EL14?

Nikon does not offer a travel charger, but third party suppliers do (see here on eBay).

Is the EN-EL14 available in colors other than black?

No, Nikon supplies this battery pack only in black. However, some generic alternatives from third party providers might be available in other colors.

Can I use the EN-EL14 in any of my other electronic devices?

No, the battery is specifically designed for use in the Nikon D3100 and other selected cameras from Nikon.

How should the EN-EL14 be stored?

Lithium-ion batteries can hold a charge for a long time. However, these battery packs have a safety mechanism build-in that disables any re-charge if the voltage drops below a certain minimum level. To avoid this safety-trigger to be activated, the battery pack should be charged at least once every few months.

How should I discard my old battery pack?

The contents of Lithium-Ion batteries is under pressure and the packs can explode if exposed to extreme heat. Lithium-Ion battery units should therefore never be incinerated and should not be thrown into the household trash, but put into the recycling stream. Most places that sell camera batteries will also accept them back for recycling.