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Canon 400D vs Leica D-LUX 6

The Canon EOS 400D (called Canon XTi in some regions) and the Leica D-LUX 6 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in August 2006 and September 2012. The 400D is a DSLR, while the D-LUX 6 is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on an APS-C (400D) and a 1/1.7-inch (D-LUX 6) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 10.1 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 10 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon 400D
versus
Leica D-LUX 6
Canon 400D Leica D-LUX 6
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Canon EF mount lenses 24-90mm f/1.4-2.3
10.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 10 MP, 1/1.7" Sensor
no Video 1080/60p Video
ISO 100-1,600 ISO 80-6,400 (80 - 12,800)
Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
2.5 LCD, 230k dots 3.0 LCD, 920k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 11 shutter flaps per second
370 shots per battery charge330 shots per battery charge
127 x 84 x 65 mm, 556 g 111 x 68 x 46 mm, 298 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS 400D and the Leica D-LUX 6? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Canon 400D and the Leica D-LUX 6 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The D-LUX 6 can be obtained in three different colors (black, silver, white), while the 400D is only available in black.

Size Canon 400D vs Leica D-LUX 6
Compare 400D versus D-LUX 6 top
Comparison 400D or D-LUX 6 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica D-LUX 6 is notably smaller (29 percent) than the Canon 400D. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the 400D nor the D-LUX 6 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the D-LUX 6 has a lens built in, whereas the 400D is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the 400D and their specifications in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the 400D gets 370 shots out of its NB-2LH battery, while the D-LUX 6 can take 330 images on a single charge of its BP-DC10 power pack.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 400D 127 mm 84 mm 65 mm 556 g 370 n Aug 2006 799 i
2.
 
Leica D-LUX 6 111 mm 68 mm 46 mm 298 g 330 n Sep 2012 699 i
3.
 
Canon 750D 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 555 g 440 n Feb 2015 749 i
4.
 
Canon 760D 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 565 g 440 n Feb 2015 649 i
5.
 
Canon G16 109 mm 76 mm 40 mm 356 g 360 n Aug 2013 549 i
6.
 
Canon 650D 133 mm 100 mm 79 mm 575 g 440 n Jun 2012 849 i
7.
 
Canon 1100D 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 495 g 700 n Feb 2011 449 i
8.
 
Canon 550D 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 530 g 440 n Feb 2010 699 i
9.
 
Canon 500D 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 520 g 400 n Mar 2009 799 i
10.
 
Canon 450D 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 524 g 500 n Jan 2008 799 i
11.
 
Canon 40D 146 mm 108 mm 74 mm 822 g 750 n Aug 2007 1,299 i
12.
 
Canon 350D 127 mm 94 mm 64 mm 540 g 400 n Feb 2005 899 i
13.
 
Fujifilm X20 117 mm 70 mm 57 mm 353 g 270 n Jan 2013 599 i
14.
 
Fujifilm X10 117 mm 70 mm 57 mm 350 g 270 n Sep 2011 599 i
15.
 
Leica D-LUX 5 110 mm 65 mm 43 mm 271 g 400 n Sep 2010 699 i
16.
 
Nikon D40X 124 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 520 n Mar 2007 729 i
17.
 
Sony RX100 II 102 mm 58 mm 38 mm 281 g 350 n Jun 2013 749 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The D-LUX 6 was launched at a lower price than the 400D, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon 400D features an APS-C sensor and the Leica D-LUX 6 a 1/1.7-inch sensor. The sensor area in the D-LUX 6 is 87 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.6 and 4.65. The sensor in the 400D has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the D-LUX 6 offers a 4:3 aspect. The D-LUX 6 has the particularity of featuring a switch that allows to toggle between multiple aspect ratios, while maintaining the same field of view and full image resolution.

Canon 400D and Leica D-LUX 6 sensor measures

With 10.1MP, the 400D offers a slightly higher resolution than the D-LUX 6 (10MP), but the 400D nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.71μm versus 2.05μm for the D-LUX 6) due to its larger sensor. However, the D-LUX 6 is a much more recent model (by 6 years) than the 400D, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels.

The Canon EOS 400D has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica D-LUX 6 are ISO 80 to ISO 6400, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 80-12800.

400D versus D-LUX 6 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon 400D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.0664 62
2.
 
Leica D-LUX 6 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p...... ..
3.
 
Canon 750D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.712.0919 71
4.
 
Canon 760D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.0915 70
5.
 
Canon G16 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/60p21.011.7230 54
6.
 
Canon 650D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.2722 62
7.
 
Canon 1100D APS-C 12.2 4272 2848720/30p21.911.0755 62
8.
 
Canon 550D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.5784 66
9.
 
Canon 500D APS-C 15.1 4752 31681080/20p21.711.5663 63
10.
 
Canon 450D APS-C 12.2 4272 2848none21.910.8692 61
11.
 
Canon 40D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.3703 64
12.
 
Canon 350D APS-C 8.0 3456 2304none21.810.8637 60
13.
 
Fujifilm X20 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p...... ..
14.
 
Fujifilm X10 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/30p20.511.3245 50
15.
 
Leica D-LUX 5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p...... ..
16.
 
Nikon D40X APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.411.4516 63
17.
 
Sony RX100 II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p22.512.4483 67

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The D-LUX 6 indeed provides for movie recording, while the 400D does not. The highest resolution format that the D-LUX 6 can use is 1080/60p.

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the 400D has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the D-LUX 6 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the D-LUX 6 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the Visoflex (Typ 020). The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Canon 400D and Leica D-LUX 6 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon 400Doptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
2.
 
Leica D-LUX 6optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y
3.
 
Canon 750Doptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon 760Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon G16optical n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/4000s 2.2 Y Y
6.
 
Canon 650Doptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
7.
 
Canon 1100Doptical n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon 550Doptical n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 3.7 Y n
9.
 
Canon 500Doptical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.4 Y n
10.
 
Canon 450Doptical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n
11.
 
Canon 40Doptical Y 3.0 230 fixed n 1/8000s 6.5 Y n
12.
 
Canon 350Doptical n 1.8 115 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
13.
 
Fujifilm X20optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
14.
 
Fujifilm X10optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y
15.
 
Leica D-LUX 5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y
16.
 
Nikon D40Xoptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
17.
 
Sony RX100 IIoptional n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y

The Leica D-LUX 6 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The 400D writes its imaging data to Compact Flash cards, while the D-LUX 6 uses SDXC cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS 400D and Leica D-LUX 6 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon 400DY-----2.0---
2.
 
Leica D-LUX 6Ystereomono--mini2.0---
3.
 
Canon 750DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon 760DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon G16Ystereomono--mini2.0Y--
6.
 
Canon 650DYstereomonoY-mini2.0---
7.
 
Canon 1100DYstereomono--mini2.0---
8.
 
Canon 550DYstereo-Y-mini2.0---
9.
 
Canon 500DYmonomono--mini2.0---
10.
 
Canon 450DY----mini2.0---
11.
 
Canon 40DY-----2.0---
12.
 
Canon 350DY-----2.0---
13.
 
Fujifilm X20Ystereomono--micro2.0---
14.
 
Fujifilm X10Ystereomono--mini2.0---
15.
 
Leica D-LUX 5Ymonomono--mini2.0---
16.
 
Nikon D40XY-----2.0---
17.
 
Sony RX100 IIYstereomono--micro2.0YY-

Both the 400D and the D-LUX 6 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The 400D was replaced by the Canon 450D, while the D-LUX 6 was followed by the Leica D-LUX Typ 109. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

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Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is the Canon 400D better than the Leica D-LUX 6 or vice versa? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Reasons to prefer the Canon EOS 400D:

  • Better image quality: Features bigger pixels on a larger sensor for higher quality imaging.
  • Richer colors: The pixel size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger pixels capture a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger pixels means good image quality even under poor lighting.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (370 versus 330) on a single battery charge.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in August 2006).

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Advantages of the Leica D-LUX 6:

  • Flexible image proportions: Has a multi-aspect sensor that allows for alternative image shapes.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can capture not only stills but also 1080/60p video.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 230k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (11 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the 400D requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (111x68mm vs 127x84mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens built in (unlike the 400D).
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More modern: Reflects 6 years of technical progress since the 400D launch.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the D-LUX 6 is the clear winner of the contest (13 : 8 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional sports photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a street photog, and a person interested in family portraits has distinct needs from a landscape shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

400D 08:13 D-LUX 6

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon 400D and the Leica D-LUX 6 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Travel-Zoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the 400D and the D-LUX 6 in practical situations. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 400D..+ ++ +o4/5 Aug 2006 799 i
2.
 
Leica D-LUX 6......4/54/5 Sep 2012 699 i
3.
 
Canon 750D5/5..75/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749 i
4.
 
Canon 760D5/5+77/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 649 i
5.
 
Canon G164/5+..4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2013 549 i
6.
 
Canon 650D4/5+ +77/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2012 849 i
7.
 
Canon 1100D..80/10069/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2011 449 i
8.
 
Canon 550D..+ +77/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2010 699 i
9.
 
Canon 500D..+ +74/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2009 799 i
10.
 
Canon 450D..+ ++ +4/54.5/5 Jan 2008 799 i
11.
 
Canon 40D..+ ++ +4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,299 i
12.
 
Canon 350D..80/100+ +o.. Feb 2005 899 i
13.
 
Fujifilm X204/5+ +77/1004.5/55/5 Jan 2013 599 i
14.
 
Fujifilm X10....76/1004/54.5/5 Sep 2011 599 i
15.
 
Leica D-LUX 5......4.5/54/5 Sep 2010 699 i
16.
 
Nikon D40X..79/100+ +4/54/5 Mar 2007 729 i
17.
 
Sony RX100 II5/5+ +79/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2013 749 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Canon 400D:
Check Ebay offers
Leica D-LUX 6:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Canon 400D vs Leica D-LUX 6

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon 400D Leica D-LUX 6
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses 24-90mm f/1.4-2.3
    Launch Date August 2006 September 2012
    Launch Price USD 799 USD 699
    Sensor Specs Canon 400D Leica D-LUX 6
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor 1/1.7" Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.2 x 14.8 mm 7.44 x 5.58 mm
    Sensor Area 328.56 mm2 41.5152 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.7 mm 9.3 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 4.65x
    Sensor Resolution 10.1 Megapixels 10 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 3888 x 2592 pixels 3648 x 2736 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.71 μm 2.05 μm
    Pixel Density 3.07 MP/cm2 24.04 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability no Video 1080/60p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 1,600 ISO 80 - 6,400 ISO
    ISO Boost no Enhancement 80 - 12,800 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 62 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.1 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.0 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 664 ..
    Screen Specs Canon 400D Leica D-LUX 6
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.49x
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 2.5inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 920k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon 400D Leica D-LUX 6
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 11 shutter flaps/s
    Time-Lapse Photographyno IntervalometerIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium CF cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon 400D Leica D-LUX 6
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI mini HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon 400D Leica D-LUX 6
    Battery Type NB-2LH BP-DC10
    Battery Life (CIPA)370 shots per charge330 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 127 x 84 x 65 mm
    (5.0 x 3.3 x 2.6 in)
    111 x 68 x 46 mm
    (4.4 x 2.7 x 1.8 in)
    Camera Weight 556 g (19.6 oz) 298 g (10.5 oz)

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