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Overview of Panasonic MFT Cameras

In September 2008, Panasonic launched the Lumix G1, the first Micro Four Thirds camera. Since then the company has released more than 25 MFT camera models that target different photographic needs and markets. In parallel, a comprehensive lens catalog and a sizeable portfolio of accessories was build up. So while Panasonic's earlier engagement in producing DSLRs for the Four Thirds system might be described as timid, with only two camera models produced (the L1 and the L10), Lumix MFT has quickly become a full-blown photographic eco-system with a variety of cameras, lenses, and accessories (see also Panasonic's website for detailed information on current gear).

GH-5
Panasonic GH5 with Vario-Elmarit 12-60mm

In particular, Panasonic has developed and maintained five lines of cameras that differ across feature sets and target users:

  • G-line - DSLR style, still imaging centered;
  • GH-line - DSLR style, video centered;
  • GX-line - Rangefinder style, enthusiast-oriented;
  • GF-line - Rangefinder style, no viewfinder;
  • GM-line - Rangefinder style, extremely compact;

The following tables list the different models in each line with some of their key characteristics. In order to see further specifications, just click on the camera name. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator app to compare two cameras side-by-side.

Lumix G-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Panasonic G1 12.0-1440 swivel 3.0 n Sep 2008 599- i Panasonic G1
Panasonic G10 12.0720/30p202 fixed 2.6 n Mar 2010 499- i Panasonic G10
Panasonic G2 12.0720/30p1440 swivel 2.6 n Mar 2010 599- i Panasonic G2
Panasonic G3 15.81080/60i1440 swivel 4.0 n May 2011 599- i Panasonic G3
Panasonic G5 15.91080/60p1440 swivel 6.0 n Jul 2012 599- i Panasonic G5
Panasonic G6 15.91080/60p1440 swivel 7.0 n Apr 2013 599- i Panasonic G6
Panasonic G7 15.84K/30p2360 swivel 7.0 n May 2015 649- i Panasonic G7
Panasonic G85 15.84K/30p2360 swivel 9.0 Y Sep 2016 899 i i Panasonic G85
Panasonic G9 20.24K/60p3680 swivel 20.0 Y Nov 2017 1,699 i i Panasonic G9

Lumix GH-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Panasonic GH1 12.01080/24p1440 swivel 3.0 n Mar 2009 1,499- i Panasonic GH1
Panasonic GH2 15.91080/60i1534 swivel 3.0 n Sep 2010 1,499- i Panasonic GH2
Panasonic GH3 15.91080/60p1746 swivel 6.0 Y Sep 2012 1,299- i Panasonic GH3
Panasonic GH4 15.94K/30p2359 swivel 12.0 Y Feb 2014 1,499- i Panasonic GH4
Panasonic GH5 20.24K/60p3680 swivel 12.0 Y Jan 2017 1,999 i i Panasonic GH5
Panasonic GH5s 9.94K/60p3680 swivel 12.0 Y Jan 2018 2,499 i i Panasonic GH5s

Lumix GX-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Panasonic GX1 15.81080/60p- fixed 4.2 n Nov 2011 949- i Panasonic GX1
Panasonic GX7 15.81080/60p2760 tilting 5.0 n Aug 2013 999- i Panasonic GX7
Panasonic GX8 20.24K/30p2360 swivel 10.0 Y Jul 2015 1,199- i Panasonic GX8
Panasonic GX85 15.84K/30p2765 tilting 8.0 n Apr 2016 799 i i Panasonic GX85
Panasonic GX850 15.84K/30p- tilting 10.0 n Jan 2017 549 i i Panasonic GX850
Panasonic GX9 20.24K/30p2760 tilting 9.0 n Feb 2018 849 i i Panasonic GX9

Lumix GF-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Panasonic GF1 12.0720/30p- fixed 3.0 n Sep 2009 749- i Panasonic GF1
Panasonic GF2 12.01080/60i- fixed 2.6 n Nov 2010 549- i Panasonic GF2
Panasonic GF3 12.01080/60i- fixed 3.2 n Jun 2011 549- i Panasonic GF3
Panasonic GF5 12.01080/60i- fixed 4.0 n Apr 2012 499- i Panasonic GF5
Panasonic GF6 15.81080/60i- tilting 4.2 n Apr 2013 499- i Panasonic GF6
Panasonic GF7 15.81080/60p- tilting 5.8 n Jan 2015 499- i Panasonic GF7

Lumix GM-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Panasonic GM1 15.81080/60i- fixed 5.0 n Oct 2013 749- i Panasonic GM1
Panasonic GM5 15.81080/60p1166 fixed 5.8 n Sep 2014 749- i Panasonic GM5

Further Reading

You can explore a compendium of all Panasonic MFT lenses on a separate page, and explanations of many Lumix-specific terms can be found in the MFT glossary. Also, if you would like to directly compare two cameras, just enter your choice of models in the search boxes below and you will be taken to a side-by-side analysis of their relative size and features.

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