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Overview of Panasonic MFT Cameras

In September 2008, Panasonic launched the Lumix G1, the first Micro Four Thirds camera. Since then the company has released more than 25 MFT camera models that target different photographic needs and markets. In parallel, a comprehensive lens catalog and a sizeable portfolio of accessories was build up. So while Panasonic's earlier engagement in producing DSLRs for the Four Thirds system might be described as timid, with only two camera models produced (the L1 and the L10), Lumix MFT has quickly become a full-blown photographic eco-system with a variety of cameras, lenses, and accessories (see also Panasonic's website for detailed information on current gear).

GH-5
Panasonic GH5 with Vario-Elmarit 12-60mm
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Panasonic GH5 with Vario-Elmarit 12-60mm

In particular, Panasonic has developed and maintained five lines of cameras that differ across feature sets and target users:

  • G-line - DSLR style, still imaging centered;
  • GH-line - DSLR style, video centered;
  • GX-line - Rangefinder style, enthusiast-oriented;
  • GF-line - Rangefinder style, no viewfinder;
  • GM-line - Rangefinder style, extremely compact;

The following tables list the different models in each line with some of their key characteristics. In order to see further specifications, just click on the camera name. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator app to compare two cameras side-by-side.

Lumix G-line

Camera Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(y/n)
Camera
Launch
(year)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(amazon)
Used
Price
(ebay)
Panasonic G1 12.0 no 1440 swivel 3.0 no 2008 599discont. check
Panasonic G10 12.0 720/30p 202 fixed 2.6 no 2010 499discont. check
Panasonic G2 12.0 720/30p 1440 swivel 2.6 no 2010 599discont. check
Panasonic G3 15.8 1080/60i 1440 swivel 4.0 no 2011 599discont. check
Panasonic G5 15.9 1080/60p 1440 swivel 6.0 no 2012 599discont. check
Panasonic G6 15.9 1080/60p 1440 swivel 7.0 no 2013 599discont. check
Panasonic G7 15.8 4K/30p 2360 swivel 7.0 no 2015 649discont. check
Panasonic G85 15.8 4K/30p 2360 swivel 9.0 YES 2016 899 latest check
Panasonic G9 20.2 4K/60p 3680 swivel 20.0 YES 2017 1,699 latest check

Lumix GH-line

Camera Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(y/n)
Camera
Launch
(year)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(amazon)
Used
Price
(ebay)
Panasonic GH1 12.0 1080/24p 1440 swivel 3.0 no 2009 1,499discont. check
Panasonic GH2 15.9 1080/60i 1534 swivel 3.0 no 2010 1,499discont. check
Panasonic GH3 15.9 1080/60p 1746 swivel 6.0 YES 2012 1,299discont. check
Panasonic GH4 15.9 4K/30p 2359 swivel 12.0 YES 2014 1,499discont. check
Panasonic GH5 20.2 4K/60p 3680 swivel 12.0 YES 2017 1,999 latest check
Panasonic GH5s 9.9 4K/60p 3680 swivel 12.0 YES 2018 2,499 latest check

Lumix GX-line

Camera Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(y/n)
Camera
Launch
(year)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(amazon)
Used
Price
(ebay)
Panasonic GX1 15.8 1080/60p no fixed 4.2 no 2011 949discont. check
Panasonic GX7 15.8 1080/60p 2760 tilting 5.0 no 2013 999discont. check
Panasonic GX8 20.2 4K/30p 2360 swivel 10.0 YES 2015 1,199discont. check
Panasonic GX85 15.8 4K/30p 2765 tilting 8.0 no 2016 799 latest check
Panasonic GX850 15.8 4K/30p no tilting 10.0 no 2017 549 latest check
Panasonic GX9 20.2 4K/30p 2760 tilting 9.0 no 2018 849 latest check

Lumix GF-line

Camera Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(y/n)
Camera
Launch
(year)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(amazon)
Used
Price
(ebay)
Panasonic GF1 12.0 720/30p no fixed 3.0 no 2009 749discont. check
Panasonic GF2 12.0 1080/60i no fixed 2.6 no 2010 549discont. check
Panasonic GF3 12.0 1080/60i no fixed 3.2 no 2011 549discont. check
Panasonic GF5 12.0 1080/60i no fixed 4.0 no 2012 499discont. check
Panasonic GF6 15.8 1080/60i no tilting 4.2 no 2013 499discont. check
Panasonic GF7 15.8 1080/60p no tilting 5.8 no 2015 499discont. check

Lumix GM-line

Camera Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(y/n)
Camera
Launch
(year)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(amazon)
Used
Price
(ebay)
Panasonic GM1 15.8 1080/60i no fixed 5.0 no 2013 749discont. check
Panasonic GM5 15.8 1080/60p 1166 fixed 5.8 no 2014 749discont. check

Further Reading

You can explore a compendium of all Panasonic MFT lenses on a separate page, and explanations of many Lumix-specific terms can be found in the MFT glossary. Also, if you would like to directly compare two cameras, just enter your choice of models in the search boxes below and you will be taken to a side-by-side analysis of their relative size and features.

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