Leica D-LUX Typ 109 versus Panasonic LX100
The Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) and the Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX100 are two digital cameras that were announced in September 2014. Both the D-LUX Typ 109 and the LX100 are fixed lens compact cameras that are equipped with a Four Thirds sensor. Both cameras offer a resolution of 12.7 megapixel. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.
Body comparison: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Panasonic LX100
The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 and the Panasonic LX100. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter. You can also use the toggle button to switch to a percentage comparison if you prefer that the measures are being expressed in relative terms (in this case, the camera on the left – the D-LUX Typ 109 – represents the basis or 100 percent across all the size and weight measures).
If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Panasonic LX100 is somewhat smaller (3 percent) than the Leica D-LUX Typ 109. Moreover, the LX100 is slightly lighter (3 percent) than the D-LUX Typ 109. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the D-LUX Typ 109 nor the LX100 are weather-sealed.
The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.
|Camera Body Specifications|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109»||118 mm||66 mm||55 mm||405 g||300||n||Sep 2014||1,195|
|Panasonic LX100«||115 mm||66 mm||55 mm||393 g||300||n||Sep 2014||899|
|Canon G5 X« »||112 mm||76 mm||44 mm||353 g||210||n||Oct 2015||799|
|Canon G1 X Mark II« »||116 mm||74 mm||66 mm||553 g||240||n||Feb 2014||799|
|Canon G16« »||109 mm||76 mm||40 mm||356 g||360||n||Aug 2013||549|
|Fujifilm X100T« »||127 mm||74 mm||52 mm||440 g||330||n||Sep 2014||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||119 mm||72 mm||60 mm||423 g||470||n||Aug 2014||599|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||127 mm||74 mm||54 mm||445 g||330||n||Jan 2013||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||117 mm||70 mm||57 mm||353 g||270||n||Jan 2013||599||-|
|Fujifilm X100« »||126 mm||75 mm||54 mm||445 g||300||n||Sep 2010||1,199||-|
|Leica V-LUX Typ 114« »||137 mm||99 mm||131 mm||830 g||360||n||Sep 2014||1,349|
|Leica X Typ 113« »||133 mm||73 mm||78 mm||486 g||350||n||Sep 2014||2,295|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||111 mm||68 mm||46 mm||298 g||330||n||Sep 2012||699||-|
|Panasonic FZ1000« »||137 mm||99 mm||131 mm||831 g||360||n||Jun 2014||899||-|
|Sony RX100 IV« »||102 mm||58 mm||41 mm||298 g||280||n||Jun 2015||999||-|
The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The LX100 was launched at a somewhat lower price (by 25 percent) than the D-LUX Typ 109, which makes it more attractive for photographers on a tight budget. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.
Sensor comparison: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Panasonic LX100
The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.
Both cameras under consideration feature a Four Thirds sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 2.0. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the medium-sized sensor cameras that aim to strike a balance between image quality and portability. Both cameras feature a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 4:3.
The two cameras under review do not only share the same sensor size, but also offer an identical resolution of 12.7 megapixel. This similarity in sensor specs implies that both the D-LUX Typ 109 and the LX100 have the same pixel density, as well as the same pixel size. Moreover, the two cameras were released in close succession, so that their sensors are from the same technological generation.
Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for most cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109»||Four Thirds||12.7||4112||3088||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic LX100«||Four Thirds||12.7||4112||3088||4K/30p||22.3||12.5||553||67|
|Canon G5 X« »||1-inch||20.0||5472||3648||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Canon G1 X Mark II« »||1.5-inch||13.0||4160||3120||1080/30p||21.5||10.8||581||58|
|Canon G16« »||1/1.7||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||21.0||11.7||230||54|
|Fujifilm X100T« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||2/3||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||2/3||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X100« »||APS-C||12.2||4288||2848||720/30p||22.9||12.4||1001||73|
|Leica V-LUX Typ 114« »||1-inch||20.0||5472||3648||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Leica X Typ 113« »||APS-C||16.1||4928||3264||1080/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||1/1.7||10.0||3648||2736||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic FZ1000« »||1-inch||20.0||5472||3648||4K/30p||22.1||11.7||517||64|
|Sony RX100 IV« »||1-inch||20.0||5472||3648||4K/30p||22.8||12.6||591||70|
Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, and both provide the same movie specifications (4K/30p).
Feature comparison: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Panasonic LX100
Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The D-LUX Typ 109 and the LX100 are similar in the sense that both feature an electronic viewfinder, which is helpful when framing images in bright sunlight. Moreover, their viewfinders offer an identical resolution of 2764k dots. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Leica D-LUX Typ 109, the Panasonic LX100, and comparable cameras. If you need more detail on the specs, you can find comprehensive listings, for example, in the dpreview camera hub.
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109»||2764||n||3.0||921||fixed||n||4000||11.0||n||Y|
|Canon G5 X« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||swivel||Y||2000||5.9||Y||Y|
|Canon G1 X Mark II« »||-||n||3.0||1040||tilting||Y||4000||5.2||Y||Y|
|Canon G16« »||optical||n||3.0||922||fixed||n||4000||2.2||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X100T« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||fixed||n||4000||6.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X30« »||2360||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||2360||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||6.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X20« »||optical||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X100« »||1440||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||5.0||Y||n|
|Leica V-LUX Typ 114« »||2359||n||3.0||921||swivel||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Leica X Typ 113« »||-||n||3.0||920||fixed||n||2000||5.0||Y||n|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||-||n||3.0||920||fixed||n||4000||11.0||Y||Y|
|Panasonic FZ1000« »||2359||n||3.0||921||swivel||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Sony RX100 IV« »||2359||n||3.0||1228||tilting||n||2000||16.0||Y||Y|
Both the D-LUX Typ 109 and the LX100 have zoom lenses build in. Both optics have identical focal length range and aperture specifications (10.9-34mm f/1.7-2.8). Both cameras offer the same maximum aperture.
Both the D-LUX Typ 109 and the LX100 are current models that good online retailers will have in stock. You can check the latest prices, for example, at amazon. The D-LUX Typ 109 replaced the earlier Leica D-LUX 6, while the LX100 does not have a direct predecessor.
Review summary: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Panasonic LX100
So what is the bottom line? Is the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 better than the Panasonic LX100 or vice versa? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.
Arguments in favor of the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109):
- More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale price.
Reasons to prefer the Panasonic Lumix DMC-LX100:
- More affordable: Was released into a lower priced segment (25 percent cheaper at launch).
If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the match-up finishes in a tie (1 points each). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision.
In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras is instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D-LUX Typ 109 or the LX100 handle or perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable. This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The full reviews are available by clicking on the site logo in the table header.
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109»||-||-||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Sep 2014||1,195|
|Panasonic LX100«||HiRec||85/100||5/5||4/5||5/5||Sep 2014||899|
|Canon G5 X« »||HiRec||78/100||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||Oct 2015||799|
|Canon G1 X Mark II« »||Rec||77/100||4/5||4/5||4.5/5||Feb 2014||799|
|Canon G16« »||Rec||-||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Aug 2013||549|
|Fujifilm X100T« »||Rec||81/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||5/5||Sep 2014||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||-||76/100||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||Aug 2014||599|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||HiRec||81/100||4.5/5||4/5||5/5||Jan 2013||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||HiRec||77/100||4.5/5||-||5/5||Jan 2013||599||-|
|Fujifilm X100« »||-||75/100||4/5||4/5||5/5||Sep 2010||1,199||-|
|Leica V-LUX Typ 114« »||-||-||-||-||5/5||Sep 2014||1,349|
|Leica X Typ 113« »||-||-||3.5/5||-||4/5||Sep 2014||2,295|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||-||-||4/5||-||4/5||Sep 2012||699||-|
|Panasonic FZ1000« »||HiRec||82/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Jun 2014||899||-|
|Sony RX100 IV« »||HiRec||85/100||4/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Jun 2015||999||-|
Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when refering to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.
Other camera comparisons
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