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Fujifilm X10 vs X100

The Fujifilm X10 and the Fujifilm FinePix X100 are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in September 2011 and September 2010. Both the X10 and the X100 are fixed lens compact cameras that are based on a 2/3 (X10) and an APS-C (X100) sensor. The X10 has a resolution of 12 megapixels, whereas the X100 provides 12.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Fujifilm X10 VS Fujifilm X100
Fujifilm X10 Fujifilm X100
Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
28-112mm f/2.0-2.8 35mm f/2.0
12 MP, Two Thirds Sensor 12.2 MP, APS-C Sensor
1080/30p Video 720/30p Video
ISO 100-3200 (100-12800) ISO 200-6400 (100-12800)
Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder (1440k dots)
2.8" LCD, 460k dots 2.8" LCD, 460k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
10 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
270 shots per battery charge300 shots per battery charge
117 x 70 x 57 mm, 350 g 126 x 75 x 54 mm, 445 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Fujifilm X10 and the Fujifilm FinePix X100? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Fujifilm X10 and the Fujifilm X100. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The X10 can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the X100 is only available in black.

Size Fujifilm X10 vs Fujifilm X100
Compare X10 versus X100 top
Comparison X10 or X100 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Fujifilm X100 is notably larger (15 percent) than the Fujifilm X10. Moreover, the X100 is markedly heavier (27 percent) than the X10. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the X10 nor the X100 are weather-sealed.

Concerning battery life, the X10 gets 270 shots out of its NP-50 battery, while the X100 can take 300 images on a single charge of its NP-95 power pack.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, just click on the right or left arrow next to the camera that you would like to inspect. Alternatively, you can also use the CAM-parator to select your camera combination among a larger number of options.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X10» 117 mm 70 mm 57 mm 350 g 270 n Sep 2011 599iFujifilm X10
 
Fujifilm X100« 126 mm 75 mm 54 mm 445 g 300 n Sep 2010 1,199iFujifilm X100
 
Canon G16« » 109 mm 76 mm 40 mm 356 g 360 n Aug 2013 549 iCanon G16
 
Canon G15« » 107 mm 76 mm 40 mm 352 g 350 n Sep 2012 499iCanon G15
 
Canon G12« » 112 mm 76 mm 48 mm 401 g 370 n Sep 2010 499iCanon G12
 
Fujifilm X100F« » 127 mm 75 mm 52 mm 469 g 390 n Jan 2017 1,299iFujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X30« » 119 mm 72 mm 60 mm 423 g 470 n Aug 2014 599 iFujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100T« » 127 mm 74 mm 52 mm 440 g 330 n Sep 2014 1,299iFujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20« » 117 mm 70 mm 57 mm 353 g 270 n Jan 2013 599iFujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100S« » 127 mm 74 mm 54 mm 445 g 330 n Jan 2013 1,299iFujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 6« » 111 mm 68 mm 46 mm 298 g 330 n Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Panasonic LX100« » 115 mm 66 mm 55 mm 393 g 300 n Sep 2014 899 iPanasonic LX100
 
Panasonic LX7« » 111 mm 68 mm 46 mm 298 g 330 n Jul 2012 499iPanasonic LX7
 
Panasonic G10« » 124 mm 84 mm 74 mm 388 g 380 n Mar 2010 499iPanasonic G10
 
Panasonic GF2« » 113 mm 68 mm 33 mm 310 g 300 n Nov 2010 549iPanasonic GF2
 
Panasonic LX5« » 110 mm 65 mm 43 mm 271 g 400 n Jul 2010 499iPanasonic LX5
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The X10 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 50 percent) than the X100, which puts it into a different market segment. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Fujifilm X10 features a 2/3 sensor and the Fujifilm X100 an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the X100 is 543 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 3.9 and 1.5. The sensor in the X10 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the X100 offers a 3:2 aspect.

In terms of chip-set technology, the X10 uses a more advanced image processing engine (EXR Processor II) than the X100 (EXR Processor), with benefits for noise reduction, color accuracy, and processing speed.

Fujifilm X10 and Fujifilm X100 sensor measures

With 12.2MP, the X100 offers a higher resolution than the X10 (12MP), but the X100 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.53μm versus 2.20μm for the X10) due to its larger sensor. However, the X10 is a somewhat more recent model (by 11 months) than the X100, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the X10 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The Fujifilm X10 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 3200, which can be extended to ISO 100-12800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Fujifilm FinePix X100 are ISO 200 to ISO 6400, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-12800.

X10 versus X100 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. Of the two cameras under consideration, the X100 offers substantially better image quality than the X10 (overall score 23 points higher). The advantage is based on 2.4 bits higher color depth, 1.1 EV in additional dynamic range, and 2 stops in additional low light sensitivity. The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X10 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/30p20.511.324550Fujifilm X10
 
Fujifilm X100 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/30p22.912.4100173Fujifilm X100
 
Canon G16 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/60p21.011.723054Canon G16
 
Canon G15 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/24p19.911.516546Canon G15
 
Canon G12 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/24p20.411.216147Canon G12
 
Fujifilm X100F APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........Fujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X30 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........Fujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100T APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........Fujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........Fujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100S APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........Fujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 6 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p........Leica D-LUX 6
 
Panasonic LX100 Four Thirds 12.7 4112 30884K/30p22.312.555367Panasonic LX100
 
Panasonic LX7 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p20.711.714750Panasonic LX7
 
Panasonic G10 Four Thirds 12.0 4000 3000720/30p21.210.141152Panasonic G10
 
Panasonic GF2 Four Thirds 12.0 4000 30001080/60i21.210.350654Panasonic GF2
 
Panasonic LX5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p19.610.813241Panasonic LX5

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the X10 provides a higher video resolution than the X100. It can shoot video footage at 1080/30p, while the X100 is limited to 720/30p.

 

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the X100 has an electronic viewfinder (1440k dots), while the X10 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Fujifilm X10 and Fujifilm X100 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X10optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y Fujifilm X10
 
Fujifilm X1001440 n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Fujifilm X100
 
Canon G16optical n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/4000s 2.2 Y Y Canon G16
 
Canon G15optical n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/4000s 2.1 Y Y Canon G15
 
Canon G12optical n 2.8 461 swivel n 1/4000s 1.1 Y Y Canon G12
 
Fujifilm X100F2360 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X302360 n 3.0 920 tilting n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y Fujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100T2360 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y Fujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100S2360 n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 6optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y Leica D-LUX 6
 
Panasonic LX1002764 n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 n Y Panasonic LX100
 
Panasonic LX7optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y Panasonic LX7
 
Panasonic G10202 n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.6 Y n Panasonic G10
 
Panasonic GF2optional n 3.0 460 fixed Y 1/4000s 2.6 Y n Panasonic GF2
 
Panasonic LX5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y Panasonic LX5

The X10 is equipped with a zoom lens, while the X100 comes with a built-in prime. The X10 has a 28-112mm f/2.0-2.8 optic and the X100 offers a 35mm f/2.0 (focal lengths in full frame equivalent terms). Hence, the X10 provides a wider angle of view at the short end, as well as more tele-photo reach at the long end than the X100. Both cameras offer the same maximum aperture.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the X10 and the X100 write their files to SDXC cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Fujifilm X10 and Fujifilm FinePix X100 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X10Ystereomono--mini2.0---Fujifilm X10
 
Fujifilm X100Ystereonone--mini2.0---Fujifilm X100
 
Canon G16Ystereomono--mini2.0Y--Canon G16
 
Canon G15Ystereomono--mini2.0---Canon G15
 
Canon G12Ystereomono--mini2.0---Canon G12
 
Fujifilm X100FYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X30Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100TYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20Ystereomono--micro2.0---Fujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100SYstereomono--micro2.0---Fujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 6Ystereomono--mini2.0---Leica D-LUX 6
 
Panasonic LX100Ystereomono--micro2.0YY-Panasonic LX100
 
Panasonic LX7Ystereomono--mini2.0---Panasonic LX7
 
Panasonic G10Ymononone--mini2.0---Panasonic G10
 
Panasonic GF2Ystereomono--mini2.0---Panasonic GF2
 
Panasonic LX5Ymonomono--mini2.0---Panasonic LX5

Both the X10 and the X100 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The X100 was replaced by the Fujifilm X100S, while the X10 was followed by the Fujifilm X20. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Fujifilm website.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Which of the two cameras – the Fujifilm X10 or the Fujifilm X100 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.


Arguments in favor of the Fujifilm X10:

  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Better jpgs: Has a more modern image processing engine (EXR Processor II vs EXR Processor).
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/30p vs 720/30p).
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Wider view: Has a wider-angle lens that facilitates landscape or interior shots.
  • More compact: Is smaller (117x70mm vs 126x75mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 95g or 21 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (50 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Is somewhat more recent (announced 11 months after the X100).


Advantages of the Fujifilm FinePix X100:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Better image quality: Scores substantially higher (23 points) in the DXO overall evaluation.
  • Richer colors: Generates noticeably more natural colors (2.4 bits more color depth).
  • More dynamic range: Captures a broader range of light and dark details (1.1 EV of extra DR).
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Can shoot in dim conditions (2 stops ISO advantage).
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (300 versus 270) out of a single battery charge.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in September 2010).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the X10 emerges as the winner of the contest (11 : 8 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

X10 11:08 X100

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Fujifilm X10 and the Fujifilm X100 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Travel-Zoom Camera and Best Prime Lens Compact Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the X10 or the X100. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X10..76/1004/53.5/54.5/5 Sep 2011 599iFujifilm X10
 
Fujifilm X100..75/1004/54/55/5 Sep 2010 1,199iFujifilm X100
 
Canon G16+..4.5/54.5/54.5/5 Aug 2013 549 iCanon G16
 
Canon G15+76/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2012 499iCanon G15
 
Canon G12+73/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2010 499iCanon G12
 
Fujifilm X100F+83/1004.5/5..4.5/5 Jan 2017 1,299iFujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X30..76/1004.5/54/54.5/5 Aug 2014 599 iFujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100T+81/1004.5/54.5/55/5 Sep 2014 1,299iFujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20+ +77/1004.5/5..5/5 Jan 2013 599iFujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100S+ +81/1004.5/54/55/5 Jan 2013 1,299iFujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 6....4/5..4/5 Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Panasonic LX100+ +85/1005/54/55/5 Sep 2014 899 iPanasonic LX100
 
Panasonic LX7+ +75/1004/55/54.5/5 Jul 2012 499iPanasonic LX7
 
Panasonic G10..70/1004/5..4/5 Mar 2010 499iPanasonic G10
 
Panasonic GF282/10070/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Nov 2010 549iPanasonic GF2
 
Panasonic LX5+73/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Jul 2010 499iPanasonic LX5
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Fujifilm X10:
Check Ebay offers
Fujifilm X100:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Fujifilm X10 vs Fujifilm X100

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Fujifilm X10 Fujifilm X100
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens 28-112mm f/2.0-2.8 35mm f/2.0
    Launch Date September 2011 September 2010
    Launch Price USD 599 USD 1199
    Sensor Specs Fujifilm X10 Fujifilm X100
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format Two Thirds Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 8.8 x 6.6 mm 23.6 x 15.8 mm
    Sensor Area 58.08 mm2 372.88 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 11 mm 28.4 mm
    Crop Factor 3.9x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 12 Megapixels 12.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4000 x 3000 pixels 4288 x 2848 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 2.20 μm 5.53 μm
    Pixel Density 20.66 MP/cm2 3.28 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/30p Video 720/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100-3200 ISO 200-6400 ISO
    ISO Boost 100-12800 ISO 100-12800 ISO
    Image Processor EXR Processor II EXR Processor
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 50 73
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 20.5 22.9
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.3 12.4
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 245 1001
    Screen Specs Fujifilm X10 Fujifilm X100
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 85% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification ..x 0.50x
    Viewfinder Resolution 1440k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 2.8 inch 2.8 inch
    LCD Resolution 460k dots 460k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Fujifilm X10 Fujifilm X100
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 10 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no no
    Connectivity Specs Fujifilm X10 Fujifilm X100
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI mini HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Fujifilm X10 Fujifilm X100
    Battery Type NP-50 NP-95
    Battery Life (CIPA)270 shots per charge300 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 117 x 70 x 57 mm
    (4.6 x 2.8 x 2.2 in)
    126 x 75 x 54 mm
    (5.0 x 3.0 x 2.1 in)
    Camera Weight 350 g (12.3 oz) 445 g (15.7 oz)

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