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Canon XS vs XTi

The Canon EOS Rebel XS (called Canon 1000D in some regions) and the Canon EOS Rebel XTi (labelled Canon 400D in some countries) are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in June 2008 and August 2006. Both are DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) cameras that are equipped with an APS-C sensor. Both cameras offer a resolution of 10.1 megapixels.

As their names suggest, both the Canon EOS Rebel XS and the Canon EOS Rebel XTi belong to Canon's Rebel line of DSLR cameras. This range of APS-C cameras, which started out with the Canon EOS Digital Rebel in 2003, has been a big commercial success and the backbone of Canon's dominance in the digital camera market. The popularity of the Rebel cameras is the result of them inheriting much of the sensor and shooting technology from earlier released professional DSLRs, while being sold at a much more budget-friendly price point. The strong brand reputation of Canon and the comprehensive EOS system of compatible lenses and accessories further contributes to the appeal of the Rebel cams, including the Canon XS and Canon XTi. Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon XS
versus
Canon XTi
Canon XS Canon XTi
Digital single lens reflex Digital single lens reflex
Canon EF mount lenses Canon EF mount lenses
10.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 10.1 MP, APS-C Sensor
no Video no Video
ISO 100-800 (100 - 1,600) ISO 100-1,600
Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
2.5 LCD, 230k dots 2.5 LCD, 230k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
500 shots per battery charge370 shots per battery charge
126 x 98 x 65 mm, 502 g 127 x 84 x 65 mm, 556 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS Rebel XS and the Canon EOS Rebel XTi? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon XS and the Canon XTi. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon XS vs Canon XTi
Compare XS versus XTi top
Comparison XS or XTi rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Canon XTi is notably smaller (14 percent) than the Canon XS. However, the XTi is markedly heavier (11 percent) than the XS. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the XS nor the XTi are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. In this particular case, both cameras feature the same lens mount, so that they can use the same lenses. You can compare the optics available in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the XS gets 500 shots out of its LP-E5 battery, while the XTi can take 370 images on a single charge of its NB-2LH power pack.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon XS 126 mm 98 mm 65 mm 502 g 500 n Jun 2008 449 i
2.
 
Canon XTi 127 mm 84 mm 65 mm 556 g 370 n Aug 2006 799 i
3.
 
Canon T7 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 475 g 500 n Feb 2018 449 i
4.
 
Canon T100 129 mm 102 mm 77 mm 436 g 500 n Feb 2018 399 i
5.
 
Canon T6i 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 555 g 440 n Feb 2015 749 i
6.
 
Canon T6s 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 565 g 440 n Feb 2015 649 i
7.
 
Canon T5 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 480 g 500 n Feb 2014 449 i
8.
 
Canon T3 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 495 g 700 n Feb 2011 449 i
9.
 
Canon SX20 123 mm 88 mm 87 mm 600 g .. n Aug 2009 399 i
10.
 
Canon T1i 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 520 g 400 n Mar 2009 799 i
11.
 
Canon SX10 123 mm 88 mm 87 mm 600 g .. n Sep 2008 399 i
12.
 
Canon XSi 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 524 g 500 n Jan 2008 799 i
13.
 
Canon 40D 146 mm 108 mm 74 mm 822 g 750 n Aug 2007 1,299 i
14.
 
Canon XT 127 mm 94 mm 64 mm 540 g 400 n Feb 2005 899 i
15.
 
Canon Rebel 142 mm 99 mm 72 mm 649 g 400 n Aug 2003 899 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The XS was launched at a markedly lower price (by 44 percent) than the XTi, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 1.6. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the medium-sized sensor cameras that aim to strike a balance between image quality and portability. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

In terms of chip-set technology, the XS uses a more advanced image processing engine (DIGIC 3) than the XTi (DIGIC II), with benefits for noise reduction, color accuracy, and processing speed.

Canon XS and Canon XTi sensor measures

The two cameras under review do not only share the same sensor size, but also offer an identical resolution of 10.1 megapixels. This similarity in sensor specs implies that both the XS and the XTi have the same pixel density, as well as the same pixel size. It should, however, be noted that the XS is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 9 months) than the XTi, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time.

The Canon EOS Rebel XS has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 800, which can be extended to ISO 100-1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Canon EOS Rebel XTi are ISO 100 to ISO 1600 (no boost).

XS versus XTi MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon XS APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none...... ..
2.
 
Canon XTi APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.0664 62
3.
 
Canon T7 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p...... ..
4.
 
Canon T100 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.4695 63
5.
 
Canon T6i APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.712.0919 71
6.
 
Canon T6s APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.0915 70
7.
 
Canon T5 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.3724 63
8.
 
Canon T3 APS-C 12.2 4272 2848720/30p21.911.0755 62
9.
 
Canon SX20 1/2.3 12.0 4000 3000720/30p...... ..
10.
 
Canon T1i APS-C 15.1 4752 31681080/20p21.711.5663 63
11.
 
Canon SX10 1/2.3 10.0 3648 2736480/30p...... ..
12.
 
Canon XSi APS-C 12.2 4272 2848none21.910.8692 61
13.
 
Canon 40D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.3703 64
14.
 
Canon XT APS-C 8.0 3456 2304none21.810.8637 60
15.
 
Canon Rebel APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.010.8544 55
The XS offers Live View, so that it can project the live image that the sensor receives onto the rear screen for framing. The XTi lacks this capability. Both cameras are still-image focused and cannot record videos.
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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The XS and the XTi are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The viewfinders of both cameras offer the same field of view (95%), but the viewfinder of the XS has a higher magnification than the one of the XTi (0.51x vs 0.49x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon XS, the Canon XTi, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon XSoptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
2.
 
Canon XTioptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon T7optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon T100optical n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon T6ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon T6soptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
7.
 
Canon T5optical n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon T3optical n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
9.
 
Canon SX20202 n 2.5 230 swivel n 1/3200s 0.7 Y Y
10.
 
Canon T1ioptical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.4 Y n
11.
 
Canon SX10202 n 2.5 230 swivel n 1/3200s 0.7 Y Y
12.
 
Canon XSioptical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n
13.
 
Canon 40Doptical Y 3.0 230 fixed n 1/8000s 6.5 Y n
14.
 
Canon XToptical n 1.8 115 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
15.
 
Canon Rebeloptical n 1.8 118 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n

The XS writes its imaging data to SDHC cards, while the XTi uses Compact Flash cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS Rebel XS and Canon EOS Rebel XTi and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon XSY-----2.0---
2.
 
Canon XTiY-----2.0---
3.
 
Canon T7Ymonomono--mini2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon T100Ymonomono--mini2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon T6iYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
6.
 
Canon T6sYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon T5Ymonomono--mini2.0---
8.
 
Canon T3Ystereomono--mini2.0---
9.
 
Canon SX20Ystereomono--YES2.0---
10.
 
Canon T1iYmonomono--mini2.0---
11.
 
Canon SX10Ystereomono---2.0---
12.
 
Canon XSiY----mini2.0---
13.
 
Canon 40DY-----2.0---
14.
 
Canon XTY-----2.0---
15.
 
Canon RebelY-----1.1---

Both the XS and the XTi have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The XTi was replaced by the Canon Xsi, while the XS was followed by the Canon T3. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon website.

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Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is there a clear favorite between the Canon XS and the Canon XTi? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.


Arguments in favor of the Canon EOS Rebel XS:

  • Better jpgs: Has a more modern image processing engine (DIGIC 3 vs DIGIC II).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.51x vs 0.49x).
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 54g or 10 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (500 versus 370) on a single battery charge.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (44 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Is somewhat more recent (announced 1 year and 9 months after the XTi).


Advantages of the Canon EOS Rebel XTi:

  • More compact: Is smaller (127x84mm vs 126x98mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in August 2006).

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the XS is the clear winner of the match-up (6 : 2 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

XS 06:02 XTi

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon XS and the Canon XTi place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the XS or the XTi perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon XS..82/100+ +3.5/54.5/5 Jun 2008 449 i
2.
 
Canon XTi..+ ++ +o4/5 Aug 2006 799 i
3.
 
Canon T7..o..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 449 i
4.
 
Canon T100..o..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 399 i
5.
 
Canon T6i5/5..75/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749 i
6.
 
Canon T6s5/5+77/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 649 i
7.
 
Canon T53/5+..4/54.5/5 Feb 2014 449 i
8.
 
Canon T3..80/10069/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2011 449 i
9.
 
Canon SX20..+ +73/100..4/5 Aug 2009 399 i
10.
 
Canon T1i..+ +74/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2009 799 i
11.
 
Canon SX10..+ +....4/5 Sep 2008 399 i
12.
 
Canon XSi..+ ++ +4/54.5/5 Jan 2008 799 i
13.
 
Canon 40D..+ ++ +4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,299 i
14.
 
Canon XT..80/100+ +o.. Feb 2005 899 i
15.
 
Canon Rebel....+ +.... Aug 2003 899 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Canon XS:
Check Ebay offers
Canon XTi:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Canon XS vs Canon XTi

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon XS Canon XTi
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses Canon EF mount lenses
    Launch Date June 2008 August 2006
    Launch Price USD 449 USD 799
    Sensor Specs Canon XS Canon XTi
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.2 x 14.8 mm 22.2 x 14.8 mm
    Sensor Area 328.56 mm2 328.56 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.7 mm 26.7 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.6x
    Sensor Resolution 10.1 Megapixels 10.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 3888 x 2592 pixels 3888 x 2592 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.71 μm 5.71 μm
    Pixel Density 3.07 MP/cm2 3.07 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability no Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 800 ISO 100 - 1,600 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 1,600 ISO no Enhancement
    Image Processor DIGIC 3 DIGIC II
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 62
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 22.1
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 11.0
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 664
    Screen Specs Canon XS Canon XTi
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95% 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.51x 0.49x
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 2.5inch 2.5inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 230k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon XS Canon XTi
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Shutter Life Expectancy100 000 actuations50 000 actuations
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDHC cards CF cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon XS Canon XTi
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon XS Canon XTi
    Battery Type LP-E5 NB-2LH
    Battery Life (CIPA)500 shots per charge370 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 126 x 98 x 65 mm
    (5.0 x 3.9 x 2.6 in)
    127 x 84 x 65 mm
    (5.0 x 3.3 x 2.6 in)
    Camera Weight 502 g (17.7 oz) 556 g (19.6 oz)

    Did you notice an error on this page? If so, please get in touch, so that we can correct the information.

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