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Canon SX510 vs Fujifilm XQ2

The Canon PowerShot SX510 HS and the Fujifilm XQ2 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in August 2013 and January 2015. Both the SX510 and the XQ2 are fixed lens compact cameras that are based on a 1/2.3-inch (SX510) and a 2/3 (XQ2) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 15.9 megapixels, whereas the Fujifilm provides 12 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon SX510 versus Fujifilm XQ2
Canon SX510 Fujifilm XQ2
Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
24-720mm f/3.4-5.8 25-100mm f/1.8-4.9
15.9 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor 12 MP, Two Thirds Sensor
1080/24p Video 1080/60p Video
ISO 80-3,200 ISO 100-12,800
No viewfinder, LCD framing No viewfinder, LCD framing
3.0 LCD, 461k dots 3.0 LCD, 920k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3.8 shutter flaps per second 12 shutter flaps per second
250 shots per battery charge240 shots per battery charge
104 x 70 x 80 mm, 349 g 100 x 59 x 33 mm, 206 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon PowerShot SX510 HS and the Fujifilm XQ2? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Canon SX510 and the Fujifilm XQ2 is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The XQ2 can be obtained in three different colors (black, silver, white), while the SX510 is only available in black.

Size Canon SX510 vs Fujifilm XQ2
Compare SX510 versus XQ2 top
Comparison SX510 or XQ2 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Fujifilm XQ2 is notably smaller (19 percent) than the Canon SX510. Moreover, the XQ2 is substantially lighter (41 percent) than the SX510. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the SX510 nor the XQ2 are weather-sealed.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX510 104 mm 70 mm 80 mm 349 g 250 n Aug 2013 249i
2.
 
Fujifilm XQ2 100 mm 59 mm 33 mm 206 g 240 n Jan 2015 399 i
3.
 
Canon SX430 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 323 g 195 n Jan 2017 299 i
4.
 
Canon SX420 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 195 n Jan 2016 299i
5.
 
Canon SX410 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 185 n Feb 2015 279i
6.
 
Canon SX520 120 mm 82 mm 92 mm 441 g 210 n Jul 2014 399i
7.
 
Canon SX700 113 mm 66 mm 35 mm 269 g 250 n Feb 2014 349i
8.
 
Canon SX600 104 mm 61 mm 26 mm 188 g 290 n Jan 2014 249i
9.
 
Canon SX400 104 mm 69 mm 80 mm 313 g 190 n Jul 2014 249i
10.
 
Canon SX60 128 mm 93 mm 114 mm 650 g 340 n Sep 2014 549i
11.
 
Canon S120 100 mm 59 mm 29 mm 217 g 230 n Aug 2013 449i
12.
 
Canon SX500 104 mm 70 mm 80 mm 341 g 195 n Aug 2012 329i
13.
 
Fujifilm X30 119 mm 72 mm 60 mm 423 g 470 n Aug 2014 599 i
14.
 
Fujifilm X20 117 mm 70 mm 57 mm 353 g 270 n Jan 2013 599i
15.
 
Fujifilm XQ1 100 mm 59 mm 33 mm 206 g 240 n Oct 2013 499i
16.
 
Fujifilm X10 117 mm 70 mm 57 mm 350 g 270 n Sep 2011 599i
17.
 
Sony H200 123 mm 83 mm 87 mm 530 g 240 n Jan 2013 249 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The SX510 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 38 percent) than the XQ2, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon SX510 features a 1/2.3-inch sensor and the Fujifilm XQ2 a 2/3 sensor. The sensor area in the XQ2 is 107 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 5.6 and 3.9. Both cameras feature a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 4:3.

Canon SX510 and Fujifilm XQ2 sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the Canon SX510 offers a higher resolution of 15.9 megapixels, compared with 12 MP of the Fujifilm XQ2. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 1.33μm versus 2.20μm for the XQ2). Moreover, it should be noted that the XQ2 is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 4 months) than the SX510, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Canon SX510 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the SX510 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 23 x 17.3 inches or 58.5 x 43.9 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 18.4 x 13.8 inches or 46.8 x 35.1 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 15.4 x 11.5 inches or 39 x 29.3 cm. The corresponding values for the Fujifilm XQ2 are 20 x 15 inches or 50.8 x 38.1 cm for good quality, 16 x 12 inches or 40.6 x 30.5 cm for very good quality, and 13.3 x 10 inches or 33.9 x 25.4 cm for excellent quality prints.

The XQ2 has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Canon PowerShot SX510 HS has a native sensitivity range from ISO 80 to ISO 3200. The corresponding ISO settings for the Fujifilm XQ2 are ISO 100 to ISO 12800 (no boost).

SX510 versus XQ2 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon SX510 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/24p........
2.
 
Fujifilm XQ2 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........
3.
 
Canon SX430 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
4.
 
Canon SX420 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
5.
 
Canon SX410 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p........
6.
 
Canon SX520 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/30p........
7.
 
Canon SX700 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/60p........
8.
 
Canon SX600 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/30p........
9.
 
Canon SX400 1/2.3 15.9 4608 3456720/30p........
10.
 
Canon SX60 1/2.3 14.2 4608 30721080/60p19.210.812739
11.
 
Canon S120 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/60p21.311.924656
12.
 
Canon SX500 1/2.3 15.9 4608 3456720/30p........
13.
 
Fujifilm X30 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........
14.
 
Fujifilm X20 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........
15.
 
Fujifilm XQ1 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........
16.
 
Fujifilm X10 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/30p20.511.324550
17.
 
Sony H200 1/2.3 15.2 5184 2930720/30p........

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, but the XQ2 provides a faster frame rate than the SX510. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/60p, while the Canon is limited to 1080/24p.

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Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The SX510 and the XQ2 are similar in the sense that neither of the two has a viewfinder. The images are, thus, framed using live view on the rear LCD. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Canon SX510 and Fujifilm XQ2 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon SX510none n 3.0 461 fixed n 1/1600s 3.8 Y Y
2.
 
Fujifilm XQ2none n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
3.
 
Canon SX430none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
4.
 
Canon SX420none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
5.
 
Canon SX410none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
6.
 
Canon SX520none n 3.0 461 fixed n 1/2000s 1.6 Y Y
7.
 
Canon SX700none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/3200s 8.5 Y Y
8.
 
Canon SX600none n 3.0 461 fixed n 1/2000s 3.9 Y Y
9.
 
Canon SX400none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/1600s 0.8 Y Y
10.
 
Canon SX60922 n 3.0 922 swivel n 1/2000s 6.4 Y Y
11.
 
Canon S120none n 3.0 922 fixed Y 1/2000s 12.1 Y Y
12.
 
Canon SX500none n 3.0 461 fixed n 1/1600s 0.8 Y Y
13.
 
Fujifilm X302360 n 3.0 920 tilting n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
14.
 
Fujifilm X20optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
15.
 
Fujifilm XQ1none n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
16.
 
Fujifilm X10optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y
17.
 
Sony H200none n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/1500s 0.8 Y Y

Both the SX510 and the XQ2 have zoom lenses built in. The SX510 has a 24-720mm f/3.4-5.8 optic and the XQ2 offers a 25-100mm f/1.8-4.9 (focal lengths in full frame equivalent terms). Hence, the Canon provides a wider angle of view at the short end, as well as more tele-photo reach at the long end than the Fujifilm. The XQ2 offers the faster maximum aperture.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the SX510 and the XQ2 write their files to SDXC cards. The XQ2 supports UHS-I cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s), while the SX510 cannot take advantage of Ultra High Speed SD cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon PowerShot SX510 HS and Fujifilm XQ2 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon SX510-stereomono--mini2.0Y--
2.
 
Fujifilm XQ2-stereomono--micro2.0Y--
3.
 
Canon SX430-monomono---2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon SX420-monomono---2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon SX410-stereomono---2.0---
6.
 
Canon SX520-stereomono--mini2.0---
7.
 
Canon SX700-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
8.
 
Canon SX600-monomono--micro2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon SX400-stereomono---2.0---
10.
 
Canon SX60YstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
11.
 
Canon S120-stereomono--mini2.0Y--
12.
 
Canon SX500-stereomono---2.0---
13.
 
Fujifilm X30Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--
14.
 
Fujifilm X20Ystereomono--micro2.0---
15.
 
Fujifilm XQ1-stereomono--micro2.0Y--
16.
 
Fujifilm X10Ystereomono--mini2.0---
17.
 
Sony H200-monomono---2.0---

The XQ2 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Fujifilm. In contrast, the SX510 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the SX510 was succeeded by the Canon SX520. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Fujifilm websites.

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Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is the Canon SX510 better than the Fujifilm XQ2 or vice versa? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Advantages of the Canon PowerShot SX510 HS:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (15.9 vs 12MP) with a 15% higher linear resolution.
  • Wider view: Has a wider-angle lens that facilitates landscape or interior shots.
  • More tele-reach: Has a longer tele-lens for perspective compression and subject magnification.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (38 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in August 2013).

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Reasons to prefer the Fujifilm XQ2:

  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better video: Provides higher movie framerates (1080/60p versus 1080/24p).
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 461k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/1600s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 3.8 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Better light gathering: Has a lens with a wider maximum aperture (f/1.8 vs f/3.4).
  • More compact: Is smaller (100x59mm vs 104x70mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 143g or 41 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Has an SD card interface that supports the UHS-I standard.
  • More modern: Was introduced somewhat (1 year and 4 months) more recently.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the XQ2 is the clear winner of the contest (14 : 5 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

SX510 05:14 XQ2

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon SX510 and the Fujifilm XQ2 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Superzoom Camera and Best Travel-Zoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the SX510 or the XQ2. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX510..+ +..4.5/54/5 Aug 2013 249i
2.
 
Fujifilm XQ2......4/54/5 Jan 2015 399 i
3.
 
Canon SX430......3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2017 299 i
4.
 
Canon SX420........3/5 Jan 2016 299i
5.
 
Canon SX410..o...... Feb 2015 279i
6.
 
Canon SX520..+..3.5/53.5/5 Jul 2014 399i
7.
 
Canon SX700..+ +..4/54/5 Feb 2014 349i
8.
 
Canon SX600..+..4/54/5 Jan 2014 249i
9.
 
Canon SX400..+...... Jul 2014 249i
10.
 
Canon SX603/5+ +75/1004/54.5/5 Sep 2014 549i
11.
 
Canon S120..+ +..4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2013 449i
12.
 
Canon SX500..+ +..4/54/5 Aug 2012 329i
13.
 
Fujifilm X304/5..76/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2014 599 i
14.
 
Fujifilm X204/5+ +77/1004.5/55/5 Jan 2013 599i
15.
 
Fujifilm XQ1......4.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 499i
16.
 
Fujifilm X10....76/1004/54.5/5 Sep 2011 599i
17.
 
Sony H200......3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2013 249 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Canon SX510:
Check Ebay offers
Fujifilm XQ2:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon SX510 vs Fujifilm XQ2

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon SX510 Fujifilm XQ2
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens 24-720mm f/3.4-5.8 25-100mm f/1.8-4.9
    Launch Date August 2013 January 2015
    Launch Price USD 249 USD 399
    Sensor Specs Canon SX510 Fujifilm XQ2
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format 1/2.3" Sensor Two Thirds Sensor
    Sensor Size 6.17 x 4.55 mm 8.8 x 6.6 mm
    Sensor Area 28.0735 mm2 58.08 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 7.7 mm 11 mm
    Crop Factor 5.6x 3.9x
    Sensor Resolution 15.9 Megapixels 12 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4608 x 3456 pixels 4000 x 3000 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 1.33 μm 2.20 μm
    Pixel Density 56.73 MP/cm2 20.66 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 1080/24p Video 1080/60p Video
    ISO Setting 80 - 3,200 ISO 100 - 12,800 ISO
    Screen Specs Canon SX510 Fujifilm XQ2
    Viewfinder Type no viewfinder no viewfinder
    Viewfinder Magnification
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 461k dots 920k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon SX510 Fujifilm XQ2
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/1600s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 3.8 shutter flaps/s 12 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon SX510 Fujifilm XQ2
    External Flash no Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI micro HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Body Specs Canon SX510 Fujifilm XQ2
    Battery Type NB-6LH NP-48
    Battery Life (CIPA)250 shots per charge240 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 104 x 70 x 80 mm
    (4.1 x 2.8 x 3.1 in)
    100 x 59 x 33 mm
    (3.9 x 2.3 x 1.3 in)
    Camera Weight 349 g (12.3 oz) 206 g (7.3 oz)

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