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Vivitar Lenses

From the 1970s to 1990s, Vivitar was a very successful third party photographic equipment supplier. The company offered a broad range of lenses and accessories for all the popular camera brands. The photographic equipment company had been founded as Ponder & Best by German emigrants Max Ponder and John Best in Los Angeles in 1938 and after having used the Vivitar brand for some of its products was incorporated as Vivitar Corporation in 1964. After two decades of very successful expansion, the owners sold the company to Hanimex in 1985. Further ownership changes followed and eventually the firm slowly faded away. The trend towards autofocus cameras and lenses during the late 1980s and the later switch to digital photography presented Vivitar with challenges that it never fully lived up to. In August 2008, Sakar International acquired the Vivitar brand out of bankruptcy, and today markets digital imaging, optics, mobile accessories, and audio products under the Vivitar name.

Vivitar is best known for its catalog of manual focus lenses. The product offer was comprehensive, ranging from the ultra wide-angle prime to the super tele-photo zoom. The company sold its lenses at a price that was substantially below the sticker of original equipment manufacturers, such as Canon, Nikon, or Olympus. Vivitar representatives insisted that this price advantage did not reflect any lower standards in design or shortcuts in quality control, but the benefits from a larger production run and economies of scale, as Vivitar lenses were sold for many different camera mounts. Many independent reviews attest to the relatively high optical and mechanical quality of many Vivitar lenses.

Vivitar 90-180mm
Vivitar Series 1 90-180mm Flat Field[cameraquest.com]

Manufacturer identification

Serial numberLens producer
09 or 9Cosina
13Schneider Kreuznach
22Kino/Kiron
25Ozone Optical
28Komine
32Makinon
33Asanuma
37Tokina
42Eugen Bauer
44Perkin Elmer
47Chinon
51Tokyo Trading
56Kyoe Shoji
61Samyang
75Hoya
77Kobori
81Polar

During the period from 1970 to 1990, Vivitar used a serial number system that makes it possible to identify the manufacturer of the lens. The first two digits indicate the company that designed and produced the optic according to Vivitar's specifications. For example, a serial number starting with "28" suggests that the lens was manufactured by Komine, and "37" points to an optic from Tokina. After 1990, this numbering system was no longer strictly adhered to.

Similar to Soligor – its East Coast competitor – Vivitar did not engage in the manufacturing of most of its products, but generally commissioned its lenses from Japan-based producers. The company collaborated with a number of different optics manufacturers, including Cosina, Komine, Kiron, and Tokina. Perhaps as a side-effect of this collaboration, some very similar lenses to the Vivitar designs were also sold under other branding.

In the early 1970s, Vivitar launched the first lenses of its acclaimed Series 1 line. These optics offered outstanding specifications and superior image quality. They were competing with the professional lens offers of the main camera brands at a price that – although not cheap – was accessible to amateurs. Indeed, the Series 1 lenses received favorable reviews, established Vivitar as a high quality third party vendor, and in some cases, such as the 70-210mm macro-focusing zoom or the 90mm f/2.5 "Bokina", even achieved cult status among enthusiast photographers. These professional grade lenses continue to perform well on modern digital cameras. They can be mounted directly on Nikon and Pentax DSLR, while adapters exist to use them on Canon and mirrorless cameras (Fujifilm, Olympus, Panasonic, Sony).

The table below lists the specifications of most Vivitar lenses. Many optics were produced over the years in several different varieties. For example, Robin Parmar lists no fewer than 38 versions of the Vivitar 28mm wide-angle prime across different mounts, f-speed, filter size, and filter rim inscription. Some of these varieties are very rare and little is known about the lenses and their specifications. As a result, the adjacent compendium remains incomplete, but will get more comprehensive as additional information on some of the more exotic Vivitars becomes available.

Headline Specifications of Vivitar Lenses
 
Wideangle Lens
Producer
 
Camera
Mount
(type)
Focus
System
(mf/af)
Filter
Type
(size)
Lens
Dimensions
(dia x len)
Lens
Weight
(net)
Ebay
Price
(USD)
Used
Offers
(ebay)
Vivitar 17mm f/3.5 (E67) Tokina Fixed MF 67 70 x 49 mm 305 g 100-200 check
Vivitar 17mm f/3.5 (E72) Tokina M42; Fixed MF 72 80 x 56 mm 369 g 100-200 check
Vivitar 19mm f/3.8 Cosina Fixed MF 62 65 x 37 mm 184 g 75-150 check
Vivitar Series 1 AF 19-35mm f/3.5-4.5 Cosina Fixed AF 77 69 x 82 mm 300 g 50-150 check
Vivitar 20mm f/3.8 Kiron M42; Fixed MF 82 85 x 51 mm 408 g 75-150 check
Vivitar 21mm f/3.8 Tokina T4 MF 72 75 x 62 mm 290 g 50-100 check
Vivitar 24mm f/2 (E52) Komine Fixed MF 52 64 x 46 mm 270 g 50-150 check
Vivitar 24mm f/2 (E55) Kiron Fixed MF 55 65 x 46 mm 260 g 50-150 check
Vivitar 24mm f/2.8 (E52) Cosina Fixed MF 52 64 x 41 mm 190 g 40-100 check
Vivitar 24mm f/2.8 (E58) Tokina M42; Fixed MF 58 66 x 48 mm 200 g 40-100 check
Vivitar Series 1 24-48mm f/3.8 Kiron Fixed MF 77 80 x 76 mm 539 g 25-100 check
Vivitar Series 1 28mm f/1.9 Tokina M42; Fixed MF 58 66 x 61 mm 340 g 150-300 check
Vivitar 28mm f/2 (E55) Kiron M42; Fixed MF 55 64 x 52 mm 283 g 30-60 check
Vivitar 28mm f/2 (E49) Komine Fixed MF 49 64 x 49 mm 285 g 30-60 check
Vivitar 28mm f/2.5 (E58) Kiron TX MF 58 66 x 61 mm 350 g 25-50 check
Vivitar 28mm f/2.5 (E62) Kino M42; Fixed MF 62 64 x 64 mm 454 g 25-50 check
Vivitar 28mm f/2.5 (E67) Kiron M42; Fixed MF 67 69 x 60 mm 318 g 25-50 check
Vivitar 28mm f/2.8 (E49) Cosina Fixed MF 49 60 x 38 mm 281 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 28mm f/2.8 (E58) Tokina TX MF 58 64 x 58 mm 275 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 28mm f/2.8 (E52) Samyang Fixed MF 52 66 x 37 mm 270 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 28-50mm f/3.5-4.5 Komine Fixed MF 58 64 x 50 mm 280 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 35mm f/1.9 Komine M42; Fixed MF 55 64 x 68 mm 340 g 70-140 check
Vivitar 35mm f/2.8 Tokina M42; Fixed MF 52 63 x 58 mm 234 g 20-60 check
Standard Lens
Producer
 
Camera
Mount
(type)
Focus
System
(mf/af)
Filter
Type
(size)
Lens
Dimensions
(dia x len)
Lens
Weight
(net)
Ebay
Price
(USD)
Used
Offers
(ebay)
Vivitar Series 1 24-70mm f/3.8-4.8 Cosina Fixed MF 67 71 x 89 mm 450 g 20-80 check
Vivitar 28-70mm f/3.5-4.8 Kobori Fixed MF 52 62 x 75 mm 350 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 28-85mm f/3.5-4.5 Kobori Fixed MF 62 64 x 93 mm 495 g 20-40 check
Vivitar Series 1 28-90mm f/2.8-3.5 Cosina Fixed MF 67 70 x 112 mm 680 g 25-75 check
Vivitar Series 1 28-105mm f/2.8-3.8 Cosina Fixed MF 67 70 x 105 mm 620 g 25-75 check
Vivitar 28-200mm f/3.5-5.3 Kobori Fixed MF 72 75 x 118 mm 665 g 20-50 check
Vivitar 35-70mm f/2.8-3.8 Komine Fixed MF 55 67 x 70 mm 371 g 20-50 check
Vivitar 35-70mm f/3.5 Komine Fixed MF 58 64 x 77 mm 450 g 20-50 check
Vivitar 35-70mm f/3.5-4.8 Cosina Fixed MF 52 63 x 66 mm 320 g 20-40 check
Vivitar Series 1 35-85mm f/2.8 Kiron Fixed MF 72 81 x 91 mm 765 g 30-90 check
Vivitar 35-105mm f/3.2-4 Kobori Fixed MF 55 64 x 95 mm 513 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 35-105mm f/3.5 Tokina M42; Fixed MF 72 75 x 103 mm 746 g 30-80 check
Vivitar 55mm f/2.8 Macro Komine M42; Fixed MF 62 65 x 80 mm 312 g 60-120 check
Tele-photo zooms Lens
Producer
 
Camera
Mount
(type)
Focus
System
(mf/af)
Filter
Type
(size)
Lens
Dimensions
(dia x len)
Lens
Weight
(net)
Ebay
Price
(USD)
Used
Offers
(ebay)
Vivitar 70-150mm f/3.8 Macro Focusing Kino Fixed MF 52 64 x 98 mm 435 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 70-150mm f/3.8 Close-Focusing Kino Fixed MF 52 61 x 112 mm 550 g 20-40 check
Vivitar Series 1 AF 70-210mm f/2.8 APO Sigma Fixed AF 82 89 x 193 mm 1300 g 75-200 check
Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/2.8-4 (Komine) Komine Fixed MF 62 70 x 139 mm 860 g 75-200 check
Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/2.8-4 (Cosina) Cosina Fixed MF 58 68 x 131 mm 670 g 75-200 check
Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/2.8-4 Qdos Cosina Fixed MF 58 70 x 172 mm 770 g 75-200 check
Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/2.8-4 Apo Cosina Fixed MF 62 70 x 132 mm 763 g 75-200 check
Vivitar Series 1 AF 70-210mm f/2.8-4 Apo Cosina Fixed AF 62 70 x 132 mm 763 g 75-200 check
Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/3.5 (Kino) Kino Fixed MF 67 78 x 156 mm 879 g 20-50 check
Vivitar Series 1 70-210mm f/3.5 (Tokina) Tokina Fixed MF 62 70 x 140 mm 710 g 20-50 check
Vivitar 70-210mm f/4.5-5.6 Cosina Fixed MF 52 64 x 102 mm 450 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 70-300mm f/4.2-5.8 Kobori Fixed MF 55 64 x 109 mm 495 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 75-205mm f/3.8 Kiron Fixed MF 58 65 x 153 mm 735 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 75-300mm f/4.5-5.6 Kiron Fixed MF 58 62 x 122 mm 544 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 80-200mm f/4 Kobori Fixed MF 55 63 x 128 mm 600 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 80-200mm f/4.5 (e58) Komine M42; Fixed MF 58 70 x 148 mm 730 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 80-200mm f/4.5 (Kino) Kobori Fixed MF 55 70 x 147 mm 705 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 80-200mm f/4.5 (Kobori) Kobori Fixed MF 55 63 x 128 mm 600 g 20-40 check
Vivitar Series 1 90-180mm f/4.5 Flat Field Kiron Fixed MF 72 75 x 158 mm 1090 g 50-200 check
Vivitar 100-200mm f/4 Komine Fixed MF 58 64 x 135 mm 650 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 100-300mm f/5 Tokina TX MF 62 68 x 164 mm 804 g 20-50 check
Vivitar Series 1 100-500mm f/5.6-8 Cosina Fixed MF 67 74 x 210 mm 992 g 75-250 check
Vivitar 120-600mm f/5.6-8 Kobori Fixed MF 82 89 x 292 mm 2200 g 75-250 check
Vivitar Series 1 650-1300mm f/8-16 Samyang T2 MF 95 104 x 592 mm 2000 g 100-250 check
Tele-photo primes Lens
Producer
 
Camera
Mount
(type)
Focus
System
(mf/af)
Filter
Type
(size)
Lens
Dimensions
(dia x len)
Lens
Weight
(net)
Ebay
Price
(USD)
Used
Offers
(ebay)
Vivitar Series 1 85mm f/1.4 Aspherical IF Samyang Fixed MF 72 71 x 76 mm 907 g 150-300 check
Vivitar 90mm f/2.8 Macro Komine Fixed MF 62 70 x 85 mm 480 g 40-120 check
Vivitar Series 1 90mm f/2.5 Macro Tokina Fixed MF 58 70 x 90 mm 644 g 75-200 check
Vivitar 100mm f/2.8 Tokina Fixed MF 55 64 x 71 mm 327 g 40-100 check
Vivitar 100mm f/2.8 Macro Kiron Fixed MF 52 71 x 109 mm 646 g 50-150 check
Vivitar Series 1 105mm f/2.5 Macro Kiron Fixed MF 52 55 x 102 mm 656 g 50-150 check
Vivitar Series 1 135mm f/2.3 Komine Fixed MF 72 80 x 86 mm 675 g 50-150 check
Vivitar 135mm f/2.8 Komine Fixed MF 55 61 x 100 mm 350 g 20-50 check
Vivitar Series 1 200mm f/3 Komine M42; Fixed MF 72 79 x 119 mm 823 g 70-150 check
Vivitar 200mm f/3.5 Kiron M42; Fixed MF 62 68 x 124 mm 595 g 20-40 check
Vivitar 300mm f/5.6 Tokina M42; Fixed MF 58 75 x 168 mm 632 g 20-50 check
Vivitar 400mm f/5.6 Komine TX; M42; Fixed MF 77 84 x 292 mm 774 g 25-75 check
Vivitar Series 1 450mm f/4.5 Bauer T2 MF rear 117 x 152 mm 1640 g 100-300 check
Vivitar 500mm f/8 Samyang T2 MF rear 76 x 86 mm 522 g 50-100 check
Vivitar 600mm f/8 Tokina T2 MF 87 90 x 500 mm 2000 g 150-250 check
Vivitar Series 1 600mm f/8 Perkins T2 MF rear 107 x 95 mm 1400 g 200-400 check
Vivitar 800mm f/8 Tokina T2 MF 107 112 x 640 mm 3000 g 150-250 check
Vivitar Series 1 800mm f/8 DX Samyang T2 MF rear 111 x 145 mm 1290 g 50-150 check
Vivitar Series 1 800mm f/11 Perkins T2 MF rear 108 x 84 mm 1360 g 400-600 check

Vivitar FAQ

Which Vivitar lenses are suitable for Canon EOS?

Canon radically changed its lens attachment system in the mid-1980s when switching from the FD to the EF/EOS mount. Manual focus Vivitar lenses will be available in FD mount, while autofocus lenses will use the EF mount. There are adapters to use FD mount lenses on EOS cameras, but since the flange-focal distance on the EF/EOS mount is longer than on the FD mount, the lenses will not focus to infinity, unless the adapter contains a lens element. The latter might slightly degrade image quality. However, there are adapters to use Nikon or Olympus lenses, which have a relatively long flange to focal distance, on EOS cameras. Hence, the Nikon or Olymus-version of a manual focus Vivitar lens could be adapted to an EOS camera and maintain inifinty focus ability. In any case, there is no aperture control, so that the lens would need to be operated in stop-down mode.

Do Vivitar lenses fit Nikon digital cameras?

Nikon provides good backward compatibility, so that legacy Vivitar lenses in Nikon mount can often be used on modern cameras. However, some limitations apply. In particular, legacy F-mount lenses can be mounted on all cameras, but only the higher end Nikon bodies will meter with them (with other Nikon bodies, the lenses have to be used in stop-down mode). See the FAQ section of the Nikon lens compendium or this dpreview article for information on particular camera-lens combinations.

Where can I find good Vivitar lens reviews?

Some lab-reviews of Vivitar lenses with MTF data can be found at photodo.com. Also, Ken Rockwell reviewed the popular 70-210mm Series 1 zoom and the 1.4/85mm prime on his site.

Are all versions of the Series 1 70-210mm zoom held in equal esteem?

The 70-210mm Series 1 zoom was produced in several versions over the years. The three early varieties of the lens, the fixed f/3.5 aperture zooms by Kiron and Tokina, as well as the 2.8-4/70-210mm by Komine provide the highest optical quality. The later f/2.8-4 version by Cosina do not reach the same standard.

Why is the Vivitar Series 1 90mm f/2.5 macro lens sometimes referred to as "Bokina"?

This Tokina-manufactured macro lens provides a particularly pleasing bokeh. The optic is very sharp, while the transition to ouf-of-focus elements is seamless, smooth and dreamlike, to the extent that the lens earned its own nickname from enthusiast photographers – Bokina.

Do all Series 1 lenses provide superior imaging performance?

The fast manual focus lenses within the Series 1 line tend to be very good optically and mechanically. The slower (f/4.5-5.6) lenses and the autofocus versions are less distinguished.

Further Reading

Steve Rainwater provides a very nice historical account of the genesis of the first Vivitar Series 1 lens, while Boggy has made a collection of instruction manuals for Vivitar lenses available on his website. Moreover, if you are looking for bargains among third party legacy lenses, you might also want to check out the compendiums of, respectively, Soligor and Tamron Adaptall lenses. If, however, you are willing to spend a little more, you might well be interested in the Leica R-lens catalog, which contains some truly exceptional optics that can be adapted to and used with a variety of camera mounts.