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Overview of Nikon DSLR Cameras

Nikon has been a producer of photographic equipment for more than 100 years, and has grown into one of the leading firms in digital photography. The company released its first mass-market DSLR – the D1 – in 1999, and has since then launched more than 50 digital cameras with an F-mount. In contrast to Canon, Nikon has maintained a large degree of compatibility between its modern cameras and legacy film lenses. Its lens catalog is very comprehensive, as is the list of available accessories (see also the Nikon website for detailed information on current gear).

D850
Nikon D850 with 1.4/85mm[Andy Zofka]

Nikon has developed and maintained several lines of cameras that differ across feature sets and target users:

  • Pro-line - Professional-oriented, integrated battery grip;
  • FF-line - Full frame sensor, enthusiast-oriented;
  • Dxxx-line - APS-C sensor, enthusiast-oriented;
  • D7xxx-line - APS-C sensor, weather-sealing;
  • D5xxx-line - APS-C sensor, mid-level series;
  • D3xxx-line - APS-C sensor, budget-oriented;
  • Dxx-line - APS-C sensor, pre-2009;

The following tables list the different models in each line with some of their key characteristics. In order to see further specifications, just click on the camera name. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator app to compare two cameras side-by-side.

Pro-line

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Nikon Pro-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Nikon D1 2.6noneoptical fixed 1.5 Y Jun 1999 5,499i
2.
 
Nikon D1H 2.6noneoptical fixed 5.0 Y Feb 2001 4,499i
3.
 
Nikon D1X 5.9noneoptical fixed 3.0 Y Feb 2001 5,999i
4.
 
Nikon D2H 4.0noneoptical fixed 8.0 Y Jul 2003 3,499i
5.
 
Nikon D2X 12.2noneoptical fixed 5.0 Y Sep 2004 4,999i
6.
 
Nikon D2Xs 12.2noneoptical fixed 5.0 Y Jun 2006 4,699i
7.
 
Nikon D3 12.1noneoptical fixed 11.0 Y Aug 2007 4,999i
8.
 
Nikon D3X 24.4noneoptical fixed 5.0 Y Dec 2008 7,999i
9.
 
Nikon D3S 12.1720/24poptical fixed 11.0 Y Oct 2009 5,199i
10.
 
Nikon D4 16.21080/30poptical fixed 11.0 Y Jan 2012 5,999i
11.
 
Nikon D4S 16.21080/60poptical fixed 11.0 Y Feb 2014 6,499i
12.
 
Nikon D5 20.74K/30poptical fixed 14.0 Y Jan 2016 6,499i
13.
 
Nikon D6 20.74K/30poptical fixed 14.0 Y Feb 2020 6,499 i

FF-line

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Nikon FF-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Nikon D700 12.1noneoptical fixed 8.0 Y Jul 2008 2,999i
2.
 
Nikon D800 36.21080/30poptical fixed 4.0 Y Feb 2012 2,999i
3.
 
Nikon D800E 36.21080/30poptical fixed 4.0 Y Feb 2012 3,299i
4.
 
Nikon D600 24.21080/30poptical fixed 5.5 Y Sep 2012 2,099i
5.
 
Nikon D610 24.21080/30poptical fixed 6.0 Y Oct 2013 1,999 i
6.
 
Nikon Df 16.2noneoptical fixed 5.5 Y Nov 2013 2,749i
7.
 
Nikon D810 36.21080/60poptical fixed 5.0 Y Jun 2014 3,299i
8.
 
Nikon D750 24.21080/60poptical tilting 6.0 Y Sep 2014 2,299i
9.
 
Nikon D850 45.44K/30poptical tilting 9.0 Y Jul 2017 3,299 i
10.
 
Nikon D780 24.34K/30poptical tilting 12.0 Y Jan 2020 2,299 i

Dxxx-line

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Nikon Dxxx-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Nikon D100 6.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2002 1,999i
2.
 
Nikon D200 10.0noneoptical fixed 5.0 Y Nov 2005 1,699i
3.
 
Nikon D300 12.2noneoptical fixed 6.0 Y Aug 2007 1,799i
4.
 
Nikon D300S 12.2720/24poptical fixed 7.0 Y Jul 2009 1,799i
5.
 
Nikon D500 20.74K/30poptical tilting 10.0 Y Jan 2016 1,999 i

D7xxx-line

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Nikon D7xxx-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Nikon D7000 16.11080/24poptical fixed 6.0 Y Sep 2010 1,499i
2.
 
Nikon D7100 24.01080/60poptical fixed 6.0 Y Feb 2013 1,199i
3.
 
Nikon D7200 24.01080/60poptical fixed 6.0 Y Mar 2015 1,199i
4.
 
Nikon D7500 20.74K/30poptical tilting 8.0 Y Apr 2017 1,299 i

D5xxx-line

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Nikon D5xxx-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Nikon D5000 12.2720/24poptical full-flex 4.0 n Apr 2009 749i
2.
 
Nikon D5100 16.11080/30poptical swivel 4.0 n Apr 2011 749i
3.
 
Nikon D5200 24.01080/60ioptical swivel 5.0 n Nov 2012 749i
4.
 
Nikon D5300 24.01080/60poptical swivel 5.0 n Oct 2013 799i
5.
 
Nikon D5500 24.01080/60poptical swivel 5.0 n Jan 2015 899i
6.
 
Nikon D5600 24.01080/60poptical swivel 5.0 n Nov 2016 699 i

D3xxx-line

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Nikon D3xxx-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Nikon D3000 10.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Jul 2009 599i
2.
 
Nikon D3100 14.21080/24poptical fixed 3.0 n Aug 2010 599i
3.
 
Nikon D3200 24.11080/30poptical fixed 4.0 n Apr 2012 599i
4.
 
Nikon D3300 24.01080/60poptical fixed 5.0 n Jan 2014 499i
5.
 
Nikon D3400 24.01080/60poptical fixed 5.0 n Aug 2016 499i
6.
 
Nikon D3500 24.01080/60poptical fixed 5.0 n Aug 2018 429 i

Dxx-line

scroll hint
Nikon Dxx-line core specs
    Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
1.
 
Nikon D70 6.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Jan 2004 999i
2.
 
Nikon D50 6.0noneoptical fixed 2.5 n Apr 2005 749i
3.
 
Nikon D70s 6.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Apr 2005 899i
4.
 
Nikon D80 10.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Aug 2006 999i
5.
 
Nikon D40 6.0noneoptical fixed 2.5 n Nov 2006 499i
6.
 
Nikon D40X 10.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Mar 2007 729i
7.
 
Nikon D60 10.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Jan 2008 629i
8.
 
Nikon D90 12.2720/24poptical fixed 4.5 n Aug 2008 1,299i

Further Reading

You can explore a compendium of all Nikon DSLR lenses on a separate page. Also, if you would like to directly compare two cameras, just enter your choice of models in the search boxes below and you will be taken to a side-by-side analysis of their relative size and features.

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