PW

Overview of Canon DSLR Cameras

Canon has been the market leader for digital single lens reflex cameras since these new imaging tools became widely available in the early 2000s. It was the only manufacturer that offered three different sensor sizes – full-frame, APS-H, and APS-C – in its lineup (until dropping the 1D/APS-H line in 2012). Canon differentiates its popular APS-C cameras across regions by altering the model names. For example, a camera with the Rebel designation in the Americas will carry a numerical name (xxxD or xxxxD) in Europe. Every Canon DSLR will give the photographer access to the comprehensive EF lens catalog, with the caveat that APS-C lenses can not be mounted on a full-frame camera (see also Canon's website for detailed information on current gear).

5D Mark IV
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV with 4/24-105mm

Over time, Canon has developed and maintained several lines of cameras that differ across feature sets and target users:

  • 1Ds-line - Professional, integrated battery grip, full frame sensor;
  • 1D-line - Professional, integrated battery grip, APS-H sensor;
  • 5D-line - Professional, full frame sensor;
  • 6D-line - Enthusiast-oriented, full frame sensor;
  • 7D-line - Professional, APS-C sensor;
  • xxD-line - Enthusiast-oriented, APS-C sensor;
  • xxxD/Rebel-i-line - Mid-level, APS-C sensor;
  • xxxxD/Rebel-line - Value-oriented, APS-C sensor;

The following tables list the different models in each line with some of their key characteristics. In order to see further specifications, just click on the camera name. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator app to compare two cameras side-by-side.

1Ds-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Canon 1Ds 11.0-optical fixed 3.0 Y Sep 2002 8,999- i Canon 1Ds
Canon 1Ds Mark II 16.6-optical fixed 4.0 Y Sep 2004 7,999- i Canon 1Ds Mark II
Canon 1Ds Mark III 21.0-optical fixed 5.0 Y Aug 2007 7,999- i Canon 1Ds Mark III
Canon 1D X 17.91080/30poptical fixed 14.0 Y Oct 2011 6,799- i Canon 1D X
Canon 1D C 17.94K/24poptical fixed 14.0 Y Apr 2012 14,999- i Canon 1D C
Canon 1D X Mark II 20.04K/60poptical fixed 16.0 Y Feb 2016 5,999 i i Canon 1D X Mark II

1D-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Canon 1D 4.1-optical fixed 8.0 Y Sep 2001 6,499- i Canon 1D
Canon 1D Mark II 8.2-optical fixed 8.3 Y Jan 2004 4,499- i Canon 1D Mark II
Canon 1D Mark II N 8.2-optical fixed 8.5 Y Aug 2005 3,999- i Canon 1D Mark II N
Canon 1D Mark III 10.1-optical fixed 10.0 Y Feb 2007 4,499- i Canon 1D Mark III
Canon 1D Mark IV 16.01080/30poptical fixed 10.0 Y Oct 2009 4,999- i Canon 1D Mark IV

5D-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Canon 5D 12.7-optical fixed 3.0 Y Aug 2005 3,299- i Canon 5D
Canon 5D Mark II 21.01080/30poptical fixed 3.9 Y Sep 2008 3,499- i Canon 5D Mark II
Canon 5D Mark III 22.11080/30poptical fixed 6.0 Y Mar 2012 3,499- i Canon 5D Mark III
Canon 5DS 50.31080/60poptical fixed 5.0 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i i Canon 5DS
Canon 5DS R 50.31080/60poptical fixed 5.0 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i i Canon 5DS R
Canon 5D Mark IV 30.14K/30poptical fixed 7.0 Y Aug 2016 3,499 i i Canon 5D Mark IV

6D-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Canon 6D 20.01080/30poptical fixed 4.5 Y Sep 2012 2,099- i Canon 6D
Canon 6D Mark II 26.01080/60poptical swivel 6.5 Y Jun 2017 1,999 i i Canon 6D Mark II

7D-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Canon 7D 17.91080/30poptical fixed 8.0 Y Sep 2009 1,699- i Canon 7D
Canon 7D II 20.01080/60poptical fixed 10.0 Y Sep 2014 1,799 i i Canon 7D II

xxD-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Canon D30 3.1-optical fixed 3.0 n May 2000 2,999- i Canon D30
Canon D60 6.3-optical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2002 2,999- i Canon D60
Canon 10D 6.3-optical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2003 1,999- i Canon 10D
Canon 20D 8.2-optical fixed 5.0 n Aug 2004 1,499- i Canon 20D
Canon 30D 8.2-optical fixed 5.0 n Feb 2006 1,399- i Canon 30D
Canon 40D 10.1-optical fixed 6.5 n Aug 2007 1,299- i Canon 40D
Canon 50D 15.1-optical fixed 6.3 Y Aug 2008 1,299- i Canon 50D
Canon 60D 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.3 Y Aug 2010 1,399- i Canon 60D
Canon 70D 20.01080/30poptical swivel 7.0 Y Jul 2013 1,199- i Canon 70D
Canon 80D 24.01080/60poptical swivel 7.0 Y Feb 2016 1,199 i i Canon 80D
Canon 77D 24.01080/60poptical swivel 6.0 n Feb 2017 899 i i Canon 77D

xxxD/Rebel-i-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Canon Rebel 6.3-optical fixed 2.5 n Aug 2003 899- i Canon Rebel
Canon XT 8.0-optical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2005 899- i Canon XT
Canon XTi 10.1-optical fixed 3.0 n Aug 2006 799- i Canon XTi
Canon XSi 12.2-optical fixed 3.5 n Jan 2008 799- i Canon XSi
Canon T1i 15.11080/20poptical fixed 3.4 n Mar 2009 799- i Canon T1i
Canon T2i 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.7 n Feb 2010 699- i Canon T2i
Canon T3i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 3.7 n Feb 2011 599- i Canon T3i
Canon T4i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Jun 2012 849- i Canon T4i
Canon SL1 17.91080/30poptical fixed 4.9 n Mar 2013 549- i Canon SL1
Canon T5i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Mar 2013 649- i Canon T5i
Canon T6i 24.01080/60poptical swivel 5.0 n Feb 2015 749- i Canon T6i
Canon T6s 24.01080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Feb 2015 849- i Canon T6s
Canon T7i 24.01080/60poptical swivel 6.0 n Feb 2017 749 i i Canon T7i
Canon SL2 24.01080/60poptical swivel 5.0 n Jun 2017 549 i i Canon SL2

xxxxD/Rebel-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
Canon XS 10.1-optical fixed 3.0 n Jun 2008 449- i Canon XS
Canon T3 12.2720/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2011 449- i Canon T3
Canon T5 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2014 449- i Canon T5
Canon T6 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Mar 2016 449- i Canon T6
Canon T7 24.01080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2018 449 i i Canon T7

Further Reading

You can explore a compendium of all Canon DSLR lenses on a separate page. Also, if you would like to directly compare two cameras, just enter your choice of models in the search boxes below and you will be taken to a side-by-side analysis of their relative size and features.

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