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Overview of Canon DSLR Cameras

Canon has been the market leader for digital single lens reflex cameras since these new imaging tools became widely available in the early 2000s. It was the only manufacturer that offered three different sensor sizes – full-frame, APS-H, and APS-C – in its lineup (until dropping the 1D/APS-H line in 2012). Canon differentiates its popular APS-C cameras across regions by altering the model names. For example, a camera with the Rebel designation in the Americas will carry a numerical name (xxxD or xxxxD) in Europe. Every Canon DSLR will give the photographer access to the comprehensive EF lens catalog, with the caveat that APS-C lenses can not be mounted on a full-frame camera (see also Canon's website for detailed information on current gear).

5D Mark IV
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV with 4/24-105mm

Over time, Canon has developed and maintained several lines of cameras that differ across feature sets and target users:

  • 1Ds-line - Professional, integrated battery grip, full frame sensor;
  • 1D-line - Professional, integrated battery grip, APS-H sensor;
  • 5D-line - Professional, full frame sensor;
  • 6D-line - Enthusiast-oriented, full frame sensor;
  • 7D-line - Professional, APS-C sensor;
  • xxD-line - Enthusiast-oriented, APS-C sensor;
  • xxxD/Rebel-i-line - Mid-level, APS-C sensor;
  • xxxxD/Rebel-line - Value-oriented, APS-C sensor;

The following tables list the different models in each line with some of their key characteristics. In order to see further specifications, just click on the camera name. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator app to compare two cameras side-by-side.

1Ds-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon 1Ds 11.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 Y Sep 2002 8,999iCanon 1Ds
 
Canon 1Ds Mark II 16.6noneoptical fixed 4.0 Y Sep 2004 7,999iCanon 1Ds Mark II
 
Canon 1Ds Mark III 21.0noneoptical fixed 5.0 Y Aug 2007 7,999iCanon 1Ds Mark III
 
Canon 1D X 17.91080/30poptical fixed 14.0 Y Oct 2011 6,799iCanon 1D X
 
Canon 1D C 17.94K/24poptical fixed 14.0 Y Apr 2012 14,999iCanon 1D C
 
Canon 1D X Mark II 20.04K/60poptical fixed 16.0 Y Feb 2016 5,999iCanon 1D X Mark II
 
Canon 1D X Mark III 20.04K/60poptical fixed 20.0 Y Jan 2020 6,499 iCanon 1D X Mark III

1D-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon 1D 4.1noneoptical fixed 8.0 Y Sep 2001 6,499iCanon 1D
 
Canon 1D Mark II 8.2noneoptical fixed 8.3 Y Jan 2004 4,499iCanon 1D Mark II
 
Canon 1D Mark II N 8.2noneoptical fixed 8.5 Y Aug 2005 3,999iCanon 1D Mark II N
 
Canon 1D Mark III 10.1noneoptical fixed 10.0 Y Feb 2007 4,499iCanon 1D Mark III
 
Canon 1D Mark IV 16.01080/30poptical fixed 10.0 Y Oct 2009 4,999iCanon 1D Mark IV

5D-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon 5D 12.7noneoptical fixed 3.0 Y Aug 2005 3,299iCanon 5D
 
Canon 5D Mark II 21.01080/30poptical fixed 3.9 Y Sep 2008 3,499iCanon 5D Mark II
 
Canon 5D Mark III 22.11080/30poptical fixed 6.0 Y Mar 2012 3,499iCanon 5D Mark III
 
Canon 5DS 50.31080/30poptical fixed 5.0 Y Feb 2015 3,699 iCanon 5DS
 
Canon 5DS R 50.31080/30poptical fixed 5.0 Y Feb 2015 3,699 iCanon 5DS R
 
Canon 5D Mark IV 30.14K/30poptical fixed 7.0 Y Aug 2016 3,499 iCanon 5D Mark IV

6D-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon 6D 20.01080/30poptical fixed 4.5 Y Sep 2012 2,099iCanon 6D
 
Canon 6D Mark II 26.01080/60poptical swivel 6.5 Y Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II

7D-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon 7D 17.91080/30poptical fixed 8.0 Y Sep 2009 1,699iCanon 7D
 
Canon 7D II 20.01080/60poptical fixed 10.0 Y Sep 2014 1,799 iCanon 7D II

xxD-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon D30 3.1noneoptical fixed 3.0 n May 2000 2,999iCanon D30
 
Canon D60 6.3noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2002 2,999iCanon D60
 
Canon 10D 6.3noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2003 1,999iCanon 10D
 
Canon 20D 8.2noneoptical fixed 5.0 n Aug 2004 1,499iCanon 20D
 
Canon 30D 8.2noneoptical fixed 5.0 n Feb 2006 1,399iCanon 30D
 
Canon 40D 10.1noneoptical fixed 6.5 n Aug 2007 1,299iCanon 40D
 
Canon 50D 15.1noneoptical fixed 6.3 Y Aug 2008 1,299iCanon 50D
 
Canon 60D 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.3 Y Aug 2010 1,399iCanon 60D
 
Canon 70D 20.01080/30poptical swivel 7.0 Y Jul 2013 1,199iCanon 70D
 
Canon 80D 24.01080/60poptical swivel 7.0 Y Feb 2016 1,199iCanon 80D
 
Canon 77D 24.01080/60poptical swivel 6.0 n Feb 2017 899 iCanon 77D
 
Canon 90D 32.34K/30poptical swivel 11.0 Y Aug 2019 1,199 iCanon 90D

xxxD/Rebel-i-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon Rebel 6.3noneoptical fixed 2.5 n Aug 2003 899iCanon Rebel
 
Canon XT 8.0noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2005 899iCanon XT
 
Canon XTi 10.1noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Aug 2006 799iCanon XTi
 
Canon XSi 12.2noneoptical fixed 3.5 n Jan 2008 799iCanon XSi
 
Canon T1i 15.11080/20poptical fixed 3.4 n Mar 2009 799iCanon T1i
 
Canon T2i 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.7 n Feb 2010 699iCanon T2i
 
Canon T3i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 3.7 n Feb 2011 599iCanon T3i
 
Canon T4i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Jun 2012 849iCanon T4i
 
Canon SL1 17.91080/30poptical fixed 4.9 n Mar 2013 549iCanon SL1
 
Canon T5i 17.91080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Mar 2013 649iCanon T5i
 
Canon T6i 24.01080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Feb 2015 749iCanon T6i
 
Canon T6s 24.01080/30poptical swivel 5.0 n Feb 2015 649iCanon T6s
 
Canon T7i 24.01080/60poptical swivel 6.0 n Feb 2017 749iCanon T7i
 
Canon SL2 24.01080/60poptical swivel 5.0 n Jun 2017 549iCanon SL2
 
Canon SL3 24.04K/25poptical swivel 5.0 n Apr 2019 599 iCanon SL3
 
Canon T8i 24.04K/24poptical swivel 7.5 n Feb 2020 749 iCanon T8i

xxxxD/Rebel-line

  Camera
Model
Resolution
(Megapixel)
Video
Format
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon XS 10.1noneoptical fixed 3.0 n Jun 2008 449iCanon XS
 
Canon T3 12.2720/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2011 449iCanon T3
 
Canon T5 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2014 449iCanon T5
 
Canon T6 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Mar 2016 449iCanon T6
 
Canon T100 17.91080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2018 399 iCanon T100
 
Canon T7 24.01080/30poptical fixed 3.0 n Feb 2018 449 iCanon T7

Further Reading

You can explore a compendium of all Canon DSLR lenses on a separate page. Also, if you would like to directly compare two cameras, just enter your choice of models in the search boxes below and you will be taken to a side-by-side analysis of their relative size and features.

~

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