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The Best Mirrorless Cameras

Mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras (MILC) have gained substantial market share in recent years. In contrast to DSLR, these digital cameras do not have a mirror in the light path between the lens and the sensor. Instead, they capture the image with their sensor and project it onto an electronic viewfinder or the rear screen.

MILC
MILC vs DSLR[fotovue.com]

There is a wide and growing choice of mirrorless cameras on the market. It is not easy to decide which one is best. Indeed, what does it really mean to look for the best mirrorless? The camera that offers the best imaging experience? The one with the highest sensor resolution? The one that is most portable? The MILC that does not break the bank? The answers to these questions come down to personal preference, but hopefully the listings below will prove to be useful for your camera decision process.

The highest rated MILC

Top Elo
The camera with the highest Elo: Panasonic S1H

The Camera Elo represents a comprehensive rating that takes the body, sensor and feature characteristics of digital cameras into account. It is based on the outcomes of thousands of pair-wise comparisons undertaken via the CAM-parator app.

The Panasonic S1H is currently the top-ranked MILC with a Camera Elo of 3545, followed in second place by the Panasonic S1 with a rating of 3511. The table below lists the 20 highest ranked mirrorless cameras in descending order of their Elo. It also reports the cameras' DXO Mark sensor quality score (as far as these are available), which can be taken as indicators of pure image quality. For both the Camera Elo and the DXO score, higher values represent better performance.

Best Mirrorless: The Cameras with the Highest Elo
    Camera
Model
Camera
Elo
DXO
Score
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Video
Format
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
1. Panasonic S1H 3545- Full Frame 24.06K/30p May 2019 3,999 i i Panasonic S1H
2. Panasonic S1 351195 Full Frame 24.04K/60p Feb 2019 2,499 i i Panasonic S1
3. Panasonic S1R 3502100 Full Frame 46.74K/60p Feb 2019 3,699 i i Panasonic S1R
4. Sony A7R IV 3492- Full Frame 60.24K/30p Jul 2019 3,499 i i Sony A7R IV
5. Leica SL2 3450- Full Frame 46.74K/60p Nov 2019 5,999 i i Leica SL2
6. Sony A9 II 3408- Full Frame 24.04K/30p Oct 2019 4,499 i i Sony A9 II
7. Sony A7R III 3407100 Full Frame 42.24K/30p Oct 2017 3,199- i Sony A7R III
8. Panasonic G9 3385- Four Thirds 20.24K/60p Nov 2017 1,699 i i Panasonic G9
9. Hasselblad X1D II 3370- Medium Format 51.3- Jun 2019 5,750 i i Hasselblad X1D II
10. Nikon Z6 335895 Full Frame 24.34K/30p Aug 2018 1,999 i i Nikon Z6
11. Fujifilm GFX 100 3352- Medium Format 101.84K/30p May 2019 9,999 i i Fujifilm GFX 100
12. Nikon Z7 332499 Full Frame 45.44K/30p Aug 2018 3,399 i i Nikon Z7
13. Olympus E-M1X 3287- Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Jan 2019 2,999 i i Olympus E-M1X
14. Sony A7 III 328596 Full Frame 24.04K/30p Feb 2018 1,999 i i Sony A7 III
15. Fujifilm X-T3 3264- APS-C 26.04K/60p Sep 2018 1,499 i i Fujifilm X-T3
16. Olympus E-M1 III 3260- Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Feb 2020 1,799 i i Olympus E-M1 III
17. Canon R 325589 Full Frame 30.14K/30p Sep 2018 2,299 i i Canon R
18. Sony A9 325492 Full Frame 24.04K/30p Apr 2017 4,499- i Sony A9
19. Fujifilm GFX 50R 3253- Medium Format 51.11080/30p Sep 2018 4,499 i i Fujifilm GFX 50R
20. Fujifilm X-T200 3161- APS-C 24.04K/30p Jan 2020 699 i i Fujifilm X-T200

You can access more detail on the listed cameras by clicking on the camera's name. Alternatively, you can compare two cameras using the search boxes below. Just enter two model names into the input fields and you will promptly be taken to a respective comparison.

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    The highest resolution MILC

    Perhaps your primary aim is to capture images with great detail, for example in landscape photography, or to have the ability to crop images heavily in post processing while still maintaining good image quality. In this case, the best MILC might be the one with the highest sensor resolution. The following table lists the 20 mirrorless cameras with the highest megapixel count. Again, clicking on the camera's name will reveal further detail.

    Best Mirrorless: The Cameras with the Highest Resolution
        Camera
    Model
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Sensor
    Class
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Launch
    Price
    (USD)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. Fujifilm GFX 100 101.8 3352- Medium Format4K/30p May 2019 9,999 i i Fujifilm GFX 100
    2. Sony A7R IV 60.2 3492- Full Frame4K/30p Jul 2019 3,499 i i Sony A7R IV
    3. Hasselblad X1D II 51.3 3370- Medium Format- Jun 2019 5,750 i i Hasselblad X1D II
    4. Hasselblad X1D 51.3 2450102 Medium Format1080/25p Jun 2016 8,995- i Hasselblad X1D
    5. Fujifilm GFX 50R 51.1 3253- Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2018 4,499 i i Fujifilm GFX 50R
    6. Fujifilm GFX 50S 51.1 2890- Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2016 6,499 i i Fujifilm GFX 50S
    7. Panasonic S1R 46.7 3502100 Full Frame4K/60p Feb 2019 3,699 i i Panasonic S1R
    8. Leica SL2 46.7 3450- Full Frame4K/60p Nov 2019 5,999 i i Leica SL2
    9. Nikon Z7 45.4 332499 Full Frame4K/30p Aug 2018 3,399 i i Nikon Z7
    10. Sony A7R III 42.2 3407100 Full Frame4K/30p Oct 2017 3,199- i Sony A7R III
    11. Sony A7R II 42.2 231098 Full Frame4K/30p Jun 2015 3,199- i Sony A7R II
    12. Sony A7R 36.2 197595 Full Frame1080/60p Oct 2013 2,299- i Sony A7R
    13. Canon M6 Mark II 32.3 2967- APS-C4K/30p Aug 2019 849 i i Canon M6 Mark II
    14. Canon R 30.1 325589 Full Frame4K/30p Sep 2018 2,299 i i Canon R
    15. Samsung NX1 28.0 226183 APS-C4K/30p Sep 2014 1,499- i Samsung NX1
    16. Samsung NX500 28.0 221887 APS-C4K/30p Feb 2015 799- i Samsung NX500
    17. Canon RP 26.2 2965- Full Frame4K/30p Feb 2019 1,299 i i Canon RP
    18. Fujifilm X-T3 26.0 3264- APS-C4K/60p Sep 2018 1,499 i i Fujifilm X-T3
    19. Fujifilm X-Pro3 26.0 3015- APS-C4K/30p Oct 2019 1,799 i i Fujifilm X-Pro3
    20. Fujifilm X-T30 26.0 2867- APS-C4K/30p Feb 2019 899 i i Fujifilm X-T30

    The most portable MILC

    In contrast to DSLR, mirrorless cameras do not have a mirror assembly and pentaprism, so that they tend to be more compact. They are, thus, easier to carry around. If portability is important to you, the following ranking will likely be of interest. It lists the 20 lightest MILC that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their weight.

    Best Mirrorless: The Smallest Models
        Camera
    Model
    Camera
    Weight
    Camera
    Size
    Camera
    Elo
    Sensor
    Class
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Launch
    Price
    (USD)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. Nikon 1 J5 8.1 oz 3.9 x 2.4 x 1.3 in 2222 1-inch 20.7 Apr 2015 399- i Nikon 1 J5
    2. Panasonic GF7 9.4 oz 4.2 x 2.6 x 1.3 in 1897 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2015 499- i Panasonic GF7
    3. Panasonic GX800 9.5 oz 4.2 x 2.6 x 1.3 in 2225 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2017 549 i i Panasonic GX800
    4. Panasonic GX850 9.5 oz 4.2 x 2.6 x 1.3 in 2225 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2017 549 i i Panasonic GX850
    5. YI M1 9.9 oz 4.5 x 2.5 x 1.3 in 2283 Four Thirds 20.2 Sep 2016 349 i i YI M1
    6. Samsung NX500 10.1 oz 4.7 x 2.5 x 1.7 in 2218 APS-C 28.0 Feb 2015 799- i Samsung NX500
    7. Canon M200 10.5 oz 4.3 x 2.6 x 1.4 in 2483 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2019 549 i i Canon M200
    8. Canon M10 10.6 oz 4.3 x 2.6 x 1.4 in 2131 APS-C 17.9 Oct 2015 499- i Canon M10
    9. Canon M100 10.7 oz 4.3 x 2.6 x 1.4 in 2552 APS-C 24.0 Aug 2017 499- i Canon M100
    10. Fujifilm X-A7 11.3 oz 4.7 x 2.7 x 1.6 in 2990 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2019 499 i i Fujifilm X-A7
    11. Fujifilm X-A10 11.7 oz 4.6 x 2.6 x 1.6 in 2288 APS-C 16.0 Dec 2016 399- i Fujifilm X-A10
    12. Fujifilm X-E3 11.9 oz 4.8 x 2.9 x 1.7 in 2725 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2017 899 i i Fujifilm X-E3
    13. Fujifilm X-A3 12.0 oz 4.6 x 2.6 x 1.6 in 2521 APS-C 24.0 Aug 2016 399- i Fujifilm X-A3
    14. Fujifilm X-E2S 12.3 oz 5.1 x 3.0 x 1.5 in 2300 APS-C 16.0 Jan 2016 699- i Fujifilm X-E2S
    15. Fujifilm X-A2 12.3 oz 4.6 x 2.6 x 1.6 in 1982 APS-C 16.0 Jan 2015 399- i Fujifilm X-A2
    16. Olympus E-PL8 12.6 oz 4.5 x 2.6 x 1.5 in 2276 Four Thirds 15.9 Sep 2016 549- i Olympus E-PL8
    17. Fujifilm X-A5 12.7 oz 4.6 x 2.7 x 1.6 in 2787 APS-C 24.0 Jan 2018 399- i Fujifilm X-A5
    18. Canon M3 12.9 oz 4.4 x 2.7 x 1.7 in 2194 APS-C 24.0 Feb 2015 679- i Canon M3
    19. Fujifilm X-T200 13.1 oz 4.8 x 3.3 x 2.2 in 3161 APS-C 24.0 Jan 2020 699 i i Fujifilm X-T200
    20. Olympus E-PL9 13.4 oz 4.6 x 2.7 x 1.5 in 2610 Four Thirds 15.9 Feb 2018 549 i i Olympus E-PL9

    The most affordable MILC

    A mirrorless camera is only as good as the lens that is placed in front of its sensor. Thus, the best MILC is one that leaves room enough in the budget to purchase a high quality lens to go with it. The following table displays the 20 least expensive mirrorless cameras that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their launch prices (camera only). The latter provide a good idea on the market position of the cameras, but it is often worthwhile to check the current pricing, as all except the most recent models might be available at discounts or as great deals on the pre-owned market.

    Best Mirrorless: The Least Expensive Models
        Camera
    Model
    Launch
    Price (USD)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Sensor
    Class
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. Sigma fp .. 3093- Full Frame 24.04K/30p Jul 2019 i i Sigma fp
    2. YI M1 349 2283- Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Sep 2016 i i YI M1
    3. Fujifilm X-A5 399 2787- APS-C 24.04K/15p Jan 2018- i Fujifilm X-A5
    4. Fujifilm X-A3 399 2521- APS-C 24.01080/60p Aug 2016- i Fujifilm X-A3
    5. Fujifilm X-A10 399 2288- APS-C 16.01080/30p Dec 2016- i Fujifilm X-A10
    6. Nikon 1 J5 399 222265 1-inch 20.74K/15p Apr 2015- i Nikon 1 J5
    7. Fujifilm X-A2 399 1982- APS-C 16.01080/30p Jan 2015- i Fujifilm X-A2
    8. Fujifilm X-A7 499 2990- APS-C 24.04K/30p Sep 2019 i i Fujifilm X-A7
    9. Canon M100 499 255278 APS-C 24.01080/60p Aug 2017- i Canon M100
    10. Canon M10 499 213165 APS-C 17.91080/30p Oct 2015- i Canon M10
    11. Panasonic GF7 499 1897- Four Thirds 15.81080/60p Jan 2015- i Panasonic GF7
    12. Olympus E-PL9 549 2610- Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Feb 2018 i i Olympus E-PL9
    13. Canon M200 549 2483- APS-C 24.04k/25p Sep 2019 i i Canon M200
    14. Olympus E-PL8 549 2276- Four Thirds 15.91080/30p Sep 2016- i Olympus E-PL8
    15. Panasonic GX800 549 222573 Four Thirds 15.84K/30p Jan 2017 i i Panasonic GX800
    16. Panasonic GX850 549 222573 Four Thirds 15.84K/30p Jan 2017 i i Panasonic GX850
    17. Fujifilm X-T100 599 2839- APS-C 24.04K/15p May 2018- i Fujifilm X-T100
    18. Olympus E-M10 III 649 2573- Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Aug 2017 i i Olympus E-M10 III
    19. Panasonic G7 649 2251- Four Thirds 15.84K/30p May 2015- i Panasonic G7
    20. Olympus E-M10 II 649 224273 Four Thirds 15.91080/60p Aug 2015- i Olympus E-M10 II

    Further Reading

    Additional information on the calculation of the Camera Elo can be found on a respective Elo methodology page. Moreover, there are other rankings of cameras by category that might be of interest:

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