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The Best Mirrorless Cameras

Mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras (MILC) have gained substantial market share in recent years. In contrast to DSLR, these digital cameras do not have a mirror in the light path between the lens and the sensor. Instead, they capture the image with their sensor and project it onto an electronic viewfinder or the rear screen.

MILC
MILC vs DSLR[fotovue.com]

There is a wide and growing choice of mirrorless cameras on the market. It is not easy to decide which one is best. Indeed, what does it really mean to look for the best mirrorless? The camera that offers the best imaging experience? The one with the highest sensor resolution? The one that is most portable? The MILC that does not break the bank? The answers to these questions come down to personal preference, but hopefully the listings below will prove to be useful for your camera decision process.

The highest rated MILC

Top Elo
The camera with the highest Elo: Panasonic S1

The Camera Elo represents a comprehensive rating that takes the body, sensor and feature characteristics of digital cameras into account. It is based on the outcomes of thousands of pair-wise comparisons undertaken via the CAM-parator app.

The Panasonic S1 is currently the top-ranked MILC with a Camera Elo of 3356, followed in second place by the Panasonic S1R with a rating of 3355. The table below lists the 20 highest ranked mirrorless cameras in descending order of their Elo. It also reports the cameras' DXO Mark sensor quality score (as far as these are available), which can be taken as indicators of pure image quality. For both the Camera Elo and the DXO score, higher values represent better performance.

Best Mirrorless: The Cameras with the Highest Elo
    Camera
Model
Camera
Elo
DXO
Score
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Video
Format
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
1. Panasonic S1 335695 Full Frame 24.04K/60p Feb 2019 2,499 i i Panasonic S1
2. Panasonic S1R 3355100 Full Frame 46.74K/60p Feb 2019 3,699 i i Panasonic S1R
3. Sony A7R III 3355100 Full Frame 42.24K/30p Oct 2017 3,199 i i Sony A7R III
4. Panasonic G9 3301- Four Thirds 20.24K/60p Nov 2017 1,699 i i Panasonic G9
5. Nikon Z6 330095 Full Frame 24.34K/30p Aug 2018 1,999 i i Nikon Z6
6. Nikon Z7 327699 Full Frame 45.44K/30p Aug 2018 3,399 i i Nikon Z7
7. Sony A7 III 326596 Full Frame 24.04K/30p Feb 2018 1,999 i i Sony A7 III
8. Panasonic GH5 323077 Four Thirds 20.24K/60p Jan 2017 1,999 i i Panasonic GH5
9. Sony A9 321092 Full Frame 24.04K/30p Apr 2017 4,499 i i Sony A9
10. Panasonic GH5s 3203- Four Thirds 9.94K/60p Jan 2018 2,499 i i Panasonic GH5s
11. Canon R 319889 Full Frame 30.14K/30p Sep 2018 2,299 i i Canon R
12. Fujifilm X-T3 3173- APS-C 26.04K/60p Sep 2018 1,499 i i Fujifilm X-T3
13. Olympus E-M1X 3134- Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Jan 2019 2,999 i i Olympus E-M1X
14. Fujifilm GFX 50R 3081- Medium Format 51.11080/30p Sep 2018 4,499 i i Fujifilm GFX 50R
15. Fujifilm X-H1 3068- APS-C 24.04K/30p Feb 2018 1,899 i i Fujifilm X-H1
16. Olympus E-M1 II 305680 Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Sep 2016 1,999 i i Olympus E-M1 II
17. Fujifilm GFX 50S 3033- Medium Format 51.11080/30p Sep 2016 6,499 i i Fujifilm GFX 50S
18. Leica SL 295188 Full Frame 24.04K/30p Oct 2015 7,450 i i Leica SL
19. Canon RP 2934- Full Frame 26.24K/30p Feb 2019 1,299 i i Canon RP
20. Sony A6400 292483 APS-C 24.04K/30p Jan 2019 899 i i Sony A6400

You can access more detail on the listed cameras by clicking on the camera's name. Alternatively, you can compare two cameras using the search boxes below. Just enter two model names into the input fields and you will promptly be taken to a respective comparison.

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    The highest resolution MILC

    Perhaps your primary aim is to capture images with great detail, for example in landscape photography, or to have the ability to crop images heavily in post processing while still maintaining good image quality. In this case, the best MILC might be the one with the highest sensor resolution. The following table lists the 20 mirrorless cameras with the highest megapixel count. Again, clicking on the camera's name will reveal further detail.

    Best Mirrorless: The Cameras with the Highest Resolution
        Camera
    Model
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Sensor
    Class
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Launch
    Price
    (USD)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. Hasselblad X1D 51.3 2606102 Medium Format1080/25p Jun 2016 8,995 i i Hasselblad X1D
    2. Fujifilm GFX 50R 51.1 3081- Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2018 4,499 i i Fujifilm GFX 50R
    3. Fujifilm GFX 50S 51.1 3033- Medium Format1080/30p Sep 2016 6,499 i i Fujifilm GFX 50S
    4. Panasonic S1R 46.7 3355100 Full Frame4K/60p Feb 2019 3,699 i i Panasonic S1R
    5. Nikon Z7 45.4 327699 Full Frame4K/30p Aug 2018 3,399 i i Nikon Z7
    6. Sony A7R III 42.2 3355100 Full Frame4K/30p Oct 2017 3,199 i i Sony A7R III
    7. Sony A7R II 42.2 273798 Full Frame4K/30p Jun 2015 3,199- i Sony A7R II
    8. Sony A7R 36.2 217295 Full Frame1080/60p Oct 2013 2,299- i Sony A7R
    9. Canon R 30.1 319889 Full Frame4K/30p Sep 2018 2,299 i i Canon R
    10. Samsung NX1 28.0 275783 APS-C4K/30p Sep 2014 1,499- i Samsung NX1
    11. Samsung NX500 28.0 264787 APS-C4K/30p Feb 2015 799- i Samsung NX500
    12. Canon RP 26.2 2934- Full Frame4K/30p Feb 2019 1,299 i i Canon RP
    13. Fujifilm X-T3 26.0 3173- APS-C4K/60p Sep 2018 1,499 i i Fujifilm X-T3
    14. Fujifilm X-T30 26.0 2853- APS-C4K/30p Feb 2019 899 i i Fujifilm X-T30
    15. Nikon Z6 24.3 330095 Full Frame4K/30p Aug 2018 1,999 i i Nikon Z6
    16. Leica CL 24.1 2598- APS-C4K/30p Nov 2017 2,795 i i Leica CL
    17. Leica TL2 24.1 2388- APS-C4K/30p Jul 2017 1,950 i i Leica TL2
    18. Panasonic S1 24.0 335695 Full Frame4K/60p Feb 2019 2,499 i i Panasonic S1
    19. Sony A7 III 24.0 326596 Full Frame4K/30p Feb 2018 1,999 i i Sony A7 III
    20. Sony A9 24.0 321092 Full Frame4K/30p Apr 2017 4,499 i i Sony A9

    The most portable MILC

    In contrast to DSLR, mirrorless cameras do not have a mirror assembly and pentaprism, so that they tend to be more compact. They are, thus, easier to carry around. If portability is important to you, the following ranking will likely be of interest. It lists the 20 lightest MILC that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their weight.

    Best Mirrorless: The Smallest Models
        Camera
    Model
    Camera
    Weight
    Camera
    Size
    Camera
    Elo
    Sensor
    Class
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Launch
    Price
    (USD)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. Nikon 1 J5 8.1 oz 3.9 x 2.4 x 1.3 in 2296 1-inch 20.7 Apr 2015 399- i Nikon 1 J5
    2. Panasonic GF7 9.4 oz 4.2 x 2.6 x 1.3 in 1881 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2015 499- i Panasonic GF7
    3. Panasonic GX800 9.5 oz 4.2 x 2.6 x 1.3 in 2099 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2017 549 i i Panasonic GX800
    4. Panasonic GX850 9.5 oz 4.2 x 2.6 x 1.3 in 2099 Four Thirds 15.8 Jan 2017 549 i i Panasonic GX850
    5. YI M1 9.9 oz 4.5 x 2.5 x 1.3 in 2165 Four Thirds 20.2 Sep 2016 349 i i YI M1
    6. Samsung NX500 10.1 oz 4.7 x 2.5 x 1.7 in 2647 APS-C 28.0 Feb 2015 799- i Samsung NX500
    7. Canon M10 10.6 oz 4.3 x 2.6 x 1.4 in 2133 APS-C 17.9 Oct 2015 499- i Canon M10
    8. Canon M100 10.7 oz 4.3 x 2.6 x 1.4 in 2457 APS-C 24.0 Aug 2017 499 i i Canon M100
    9. Fujifilm X-A10 11.7 oz 4.6 x 2.6 x 1.6 in 2263 APS-C 16.0 Dec 2016 399- i Fujifilm X-A10
    10. Fujifilm X-E3 11.9 oz 4.8 x 2.9 x 1.7 in 2678 APS-C 24.0 Sep 2017 899 i i Fujifilm X-E3
    11. Fujifilm X-A3 12.0 oz 4.6 x 2.6 x 1.6 in 2531 APS-C 24.0 Aug 2016 399- i Fujifilm X-A3
    12. Fujifilm X-E2S 12.3 oz 5.1 x 3.0 x 1.5 in 2289 APS-C 16.0 Jan 2016 699- i Fujifilm X-E2S
    13. Fujifilm X-A2 12.3 oz 4.6 x 2.6 x 1.6 in 1991 APS-C 16.0 Jan 2015 399- i Fujifilm X-A2
    14. Olympus E-PL8 12.6 oz 4.5 x 2.6 x 1.5 in 2123 Four Thirds 15.9 Sep 2016 549- i Olympus E-PL8
    15. Fujifilm X-A5 12.7 oz 4.6 x 2.7 x 1.6 in 2779 APS-C 24.0 Jan 2018 399 i i Fujifilm X-A5
    16. Canon M3 12.9 oz 4.4 x 2.7 x 1.7 in 2272 APS-C 24.0 Feb 2015 679- i Canon M3
    17. Olympus E-PL9 13.4 oz 4.6 x 2.7 x 1.5 in 2507 Four Thirds 15.9 Feb 2018 549 i i Olympus E-PL9
    18. Fujifilm X-T10 13.4 oz 4.6 x 3.3 x 1.6 in 2200 APS-C 16.0 May 2015 799- i Fujifilm X-T10
    19. Fujifilm X-T30 13.5 oz 4.6 x 3.3 x 1.9 in 2853 APS-C 26.0 Feb 2019 899 i i Fujifilm X-T30
    20. Fujifilm X-T20 13.5 oz 4.6 x 3.3 x 1.6 in 2729 APS-C 24.0 Jan 2017 899 i i Fujifilm X-T20

    The most affordable MILC

    A mirrorless camera is only as good as the lens that is placed in front of its sensor. Thus, the best MILC is one that leaves room enough in the budget to purchase a high quality lens to go with it. The following table displays the 20 least expensive mirrorless cameras that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their launch prices (camera only). The latter provide a good idea on the market position of the cameras, but it is often worthwhile to check the current pricing, as all except the most recent models might be available at discounts or as great deals on the pre-owned market.

    Best Mirrorless: The Least Expensive Models
        Camera
    Model
    Launch
    Price (USD)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Sensor
    Class
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. YI M1 349 2165- Four Thirds 20.24K/30p Sep 2016 i i YI M1
    2. Fujifilm X-A5 399 2779- APS-C 24.04K/15p Jan 2018 i i Fujifilm X-A5
    3. Fujifilm X-A3 399 2531- APS-C 24.01080/60p Aug 2016- i Fujifilm X-A3
    4. Nikon 1 J5 399 229665 1-inch 20.74K/15p Apr 2015- i Nikon 1 J5
    5. Fujifilm X-A10 399 2263- APS-C 16.01080/30p Dec 2016- i Fujifilm X-A10
    6. Fujifilm X-A2 399 1991- APS-C 16.01080/30p Jan 2015- i Fujifilm X-A2
    7. Canon M100 499 245778 APS-C 24.01080/60p Aug 2017 i i Canon M100
    8. Canon M10 499 213365 APS-C 17.91080/30p Oct 2015- i Canon M10
    9. Panasonic GF7 499 1881- Four Thirds 15.81080/60p Jan 2015- i Panasonic GF7
    10. Olympus E-PL9 549 2507- Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Feb 2018 i i Olympus E-PL9
    11. Olympus E-PL8 549 2123- Four Thirds 15.91080/30p Sep 2016- i Olympus E-PL8
    12. Panasonic GX800 549 209973 Four Thirds 15.84K/30p Jan 2017 i i Panasonic GX800
    13. Panasonic GX850 549 209973 Four Thirds 15.84K/30p Jan 2017 i i Panasonic GX850
    14. Fujifilm X-T100 599 2859- APS-C 24.04K/15p May 2018 i i Fujifilm X-T100
    15. Panasonic G7 649 2369- Four Thirds 15.84K/30p May 2015- i Panasonic G7
    16. Olympus E-M10 III 649 2349- Four Thirds 15.94K/30p Aug 2017 i i Olympus E-M10 III
    17. Olympus E-M10 II 649 218673 Four Thirds 15.91080/60p Aug 2015- i Olympus E-M10 II
    18. Canon M3 679 227272 APS-C 24.01080/30p Feb 2015- i Canon M3
    19. Fujifilm X-E2S 699 2289- APS-C 16.01080/60p Jan 2016- i Fujifilm X-E2S
    20. Canon M50 779 2850- APS-C 24.04K/24p Feb 2018 i i Canon M50

    Further Reading

    Additional information on the calculation of the Camera Elo can be found on a respective Elo methodology page. Moreover, there are other rankings of cameras by category that might be of interest:

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