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The best full-frame cameras

Full-frame cameras are high-end digital imaging devices that feature sensors that are similar in size to 35mm film (36 x 24mm). These relatively large sensors make it possible to capture high quality images even in poorly lit environments. They also tend to offer large dynamic range to reflect differences between dark and bright parts of a scene, and feature a rich color depth to allow for fine tonal gradation, for example, of skintones. On the downside, full-frame sensors are more expensive to produce and require larger lenses to cover the entire sensor area.

DSLR

There is a wide and growing choice of full-frame cameras on the market. It is not easy to decide which one is best. Indeed, what does it really mean to look for the best full-frame? The camera that offers the best imaging experience? The one with the highest sensor resolution? The one that is most portable? The full-frame camera that does not break the bank? The answers to these questions come down to personal preference, but hopefully the listings below will prove to be useful for your camera decision process.

The highest rated full-frame cameras

Top Elo
The camera with the highest Elo: Panasonic S1H

The Camera Elo represents a comprehensive rating that takes the body, sensor and feature characteristics of digital cameras into account. It is based on the outcomes of thousands of pair-wise comparisons undertaken via the CAM-parator app.

The Panasonic S1H is currently the top-ranked DSLR with a Camera Elo of 3560, followed in second place by the Panasonic S1 with a rating of 3527. The table below lists the 20 highest ranked DSLR in descending order of their Elo. It also reports the cameras' DXO Mark sensor quality score (as far as these are available), which can be taken as indicators of pure image quality. For both the Camera Elo and the DXO score, higher values represent better performance.

Best Full-Frame: The Cameras with the Highest Elo
    Camera
Model
Camera
Elo
DXO
Score
Camera
Type
Resolution
(MP)
Video
Format
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
1. Panasonic S1H 3560- Mirrorless 24.06K/30p May 2019 3,999 i i Panasonic S1H
2. Panasonic S1 352795 Mirrorless 24.04K/60p Feb 2019 2,499 i i Panasonic S1
3. Panasonic S1R 3518100 Mirrorless 46.74K/60p Feb 2019 3,699 i i Panasonic S1R
4. Sony A7R IV 3510- Mirrorless 60.24K/30p Jul 2019 3,499 i i Sony A7R IV
5. Leica SL2 3474- Mirrorless 46.74K/60p Nov 2019 5,999 i i Leica SL2
6. Sony A9 II 343493 Mirrorless 24.04K/30p Oct 2019 4,499 i i Sony A9 II
7. Sony A7R III 3421100 Mirrorless 42.24K/30p Oct 2017 3,199- i Sony A7R III
8. Nikon Z6 336295 Mirrorless 24.34K/30p Aug 2018 1,999 i i Nikon Z6
9. Nikon Z7 334799 Mirrorless 45.44K/30p Aug 2018 3,399 i i Nikon Z7
10. Canon 1D X Mark III 3324- DSLR 20.04K/60p Jan 2020 6,499 i i Canon 1D X Mark III
11. Sony A7 III 329196 Mirrorless 24.04K/30p Feb 2018 1,999 i i Sony A7 III
12. Nikon D780 3285- DSLR 24.34K/30p Jan 2020 2,299 i i Nikon D780
13. Canon R 328389 Mirrorless 30.14K/30p Sep 2018 2,299 i i Canon R
14. Sony A9 326992 Mirrorless 24.04K/30p Apr 2017 4,499- i Sony A9
15. Leica Q2 318296 Compact 46.74K/30p Mar 2019 4,995 i i Leica Q2
16. Nikon D850 3180100 DSLR 45.44K/30p Jul 2017 3,299 i i Nikon D850
17. Nikon D6 3168- DSLR 20.74K/30p Feb 2020 6,499 i i Nikon D6
18. Zeiss ZX1 3163- Compact 37.44K/30p Sep 2018 4,199 i i Zeiss ZX1
19. Pentax K-1 II 3071- DSLR 36.21080/60i Feb 2018 1,999 i i Pentax K-1 II
20. Sigma fp 3065- Mirrorless 24.04K/30p Jul 2019 1,899 i i Sigma fp

You can access more detail on the listed cameras by clicking on the camera's name. Alternatively, you can compare two DSLR using the search boxes below. Just enter two model names into the input fields and you will promptly be taken to a respective comparison.

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    The highest resolution full-frame cameras

    Perhaps your primary aim is to capture images with great detail, for example in landscape photography, or to have the ability to crop images heavily in post processing while still maintaining good image quality. In this case, the best full-frame might be the one with the highest sensor resolution. The following table lists the 20 full-frame cameras with the highest megapixel count. Again, clicking on the camera's name will reveal further detail.

    Best Full-Frame: The Cameras with the Highest Resolution
        Camera
    Model
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Camera
    Type
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Launch
    Price
    (USD)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. Sony A7R IV 60.2 3510- Mirrorless4K/30p Jul 2019 3,499 i i Sony A7R IV
    2. Canon 5DS 50.3 215987 DSLR1080/30p Feb 2015 3,699 i i Canon 5DS
    3. Canon 5DS R 50.3 215986 DSLR1080/30p Feb 2015 3,699 i i Canon 5DS R
    4. Panasonic S1R 46.7 3518100 Mirrorless4K/60p Feb 2019 3,699 i i Panasonic S1R
    5. Leica SL2 46.7 3474- Mirrorless4K/60p Nov 2019 5,999 i i Leica SL2
    6. Leica Q2 46.7 318296 Compact4K/30p Mar 2019 4,995 i i Leica Q2
    7. Nikon Z7 45.4 334799 Mirrorless4K/30p Aug 2018 3,399 i i Nikon Z7
    8. Nikon D850 45.4 3180100 DSLR4K/30p Jul 2017 3,299 i i Nikon D850
    9. Sony A7R III 42.2 3421100 Mirrorless4K/30p Oct 2017 3,199- i Sony A7R III
    10. Sony A99 II 42.2 298692 DSLR4K/30p Sep 2016 3,199 i i Sony A99 II
    11. Sony A7R II 42.2 227298 Mirrorless4K/30p Jun 2015 3,199- i Sony A7R II
    12. Sony RX1R II 42.2 220797 Compact1080/60p Oct 2015 3,299 i i Sony RX1R II
    13. Zeiss ZX1 37.4 3163- Compact4K/30p Sep 2018 4,199 i i Zeiss ZX1
    14. Pentax K-1 II 36.2 3071- DSLR1080/60i Feb 2018 1,999 i i Pentax K-1 II
    15. Pentax K-1 36.2 256396 DSLR1080/60i Feb 2016 1,799- i Pentax K-1
    16. Nikon D810 36.2 206797 DSLR1080/60p Jun 2014 3,299- i Nikon D810
    17. Sony A7R 36.2 192395 Mirrorless1080/60p Oct 2013 2,299- i Sony A7R
    18. Nikon D800E 36.2 175196 DSLR1080/30p Feb 2012 3,299- i Nikon D800E
    19. Nikon D800 36.2 175095 DSLR1080/30p Feb 2012 2,999- i Nikon D800
    20. Canon R 30.1 328389 Mirrorless4K/30p Sep 2018 2,299 i i Canon R

    The most portable full-frame cameras

    A well-known proverb states that the best camera is the one that you have with you. As such, a smaller and lighter camera will likely get more use than a bulkier and heavier model. The table below lists the 20 lightest full-frame cameras that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their weight.

    Best Full-Frame: The Smallest Models
        Camera
    Model
    Camera
    Weight
    Camera
    Size
    Camera
    Elo
    Camera
    Type
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Launch
    Price
    (USD)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. Sigma fp 422 g 113 x 70 x 45 g 3065 Mirrorless 24.0 Jul 2019 1,899 i i Sigma fp
    2. Canon RP 485 g 133 x 85 x 70 g 2980 Mirrorless 26.2 Feb 2019 1,299 i i Canon RP
    3. Sony RX1R II 507 g 113 x 65 x 72 g 2207 Compact 42.2 Oct 2015 3,299 i i Sony RX1R II
    4. Sony A7R II 625 g 127 x 96 x 60 g 2272 Mirrorless 42.2 Jun 2015 3,199- i Sony A7R II
    5. Sony A7S II 627 g 127 x 96 x 60 g 2309 Mirrorless 12.0 Sep 2015 2,999 i i Sony A7S II
    6. Leica Q Typ 116 640 g 130 x 80 x 93 g 2247 Compact 24.0 Jun 2015 4,249- i Leica Q Typ 116
    7. Sony A7R III 650 g 127 x 96 x 74 g 3421 Mirrorless 42.2 Oct 2017 3,199- i Sony A7R III
    8. Sony A7 III 650 g 127 x 96 x 74 g 3291 Mirrorless 24.0 Feb 2018 1,999 i i Sony A7 III
    9. Canon R 660 g 139 x 98 x 84 g 3283 Mirrorless 30.1 Sep 2018 2,299 i i Canon R
    10. Leica M10-P 660 g 139 x 80 x 39 g 2272 Rangefinder 23.8 Aug 2018 7,995 i i Leica M10-P
    11. Leica M10 660 g 139 x 80 x 39 g 2137 Rangefinder 23.8 Jan 2017 6,595 i i Leica M10
    12. Sony A7R IV 665 g 129 x 96 x 78 g 3510 Mirrorless 60.2 Jul 2019 3,499 i i Sony A7R IV
    13. Sony A9 673 g 127 x 96 x 63 g 3269 Mirrorless 24.0 Apr 2017 4,499- i Sony A9
    14. Nikon Z6 675 g 134 x 101 x 67 g 3362 Mirrorless 24.3 Aug 2018 1,999 i i Nikon Z6
    15. Nikon Z7 675 g 134 x 101 x 67 g 3347 Mirrorless 45.4 Aug 2018 3,399 i i Nikon Z7
    16. Sony A9 II 678 g 129 x 96 x 76 g 3434 Mirrorless 24.0 Oct 2019 4,499 i i Sony A9 II
    17. Leica M Typ 262 680 g 139 x 80 x 42 g 1730 Rangefinder 23.7 Nov 2015 5,195- i Leica M Typ 262
    18. Leica M-E Typ 240 680 g 139 x 80 x 42 g 1649 Rangefinder 23.7 Jun 2019 3,999 i i Leica M-E Typ 240
    19. Leica Q2 718 g 130 x 80 x 92 g 3182 Compact 46.7 Mar 2019 4,995 i i Leica Q2
    20. Canon 6D Mark II 765 g 144 x 111 x 75 g 2900 DSLR 26.0 Jun 2017 1,999 i i Canon 6D Mark II

    The most affordable full-frame camera

    A camera is only as good as the lens that is placed in front of its sensor. Thus, the best full-frame is one that leaves room enough in the budget to purchase a high quality lens to go with it. More generally, budgetary considerations are almost always important when deciding on a camera purchase, so that the following listing should be of interest. It displays the 20 least expensive full-frame cameras that have been released since 2015 in ascending order of their launch prices (camera only). The latter provide a good idea on the market position of the cameras, but it is often worthwhile to check the current pricing, as all except the most recent models might be available at discounts or as great deals on the pre-owned market.

    Best Full-Frame: The Least Expensive Models
        Camera
    Model
    Launch
    Price (USD)
    Camera
    Elo
    DXO
    Score
    Camera
    Type
    Resolution
    (MP)
    Video
    Format
    Camera
    Launch
    (announced)
    Street
    Price
    (USD)
    Used
    Price
    (USD)
    Camera
    Model
    1. Canon RP 1,299 2980- Mirrorless 26.24K/30p Feb 2019 i i Canon RP
    2. Pentax K-1 1,799 256396 DSLR 36.21080/60i Feb 2016- i Pentax K-1
    3. Sigma fp 1,899 3065- Mirrorless 24.04K/30p Jul 2019 i i Sigma fp
    4. Nikon Z6 1,999 336295 Mirrorless 24.34K/30p Aug 2018 i i Nikon Z6
    5. Sony A7 III 1,999 329196 Mirrorless 24.04K/30p Feb 2018 i i Sony A7 III
    6. Pentax K-1 II 1,999 3071- DSLR 36.21080/60i Feb 2018 i i Pentax K-1 II
    7. Canon 6D Mark II 1,999 290085 DSLR 26.01080/60p Jun 2017 i i Canon 6D Mark II
    8. Nikon D780 2,299 3285- DSLR 24.34K/30p Jan 2020 i i Nikon D780
    9. Canon R 2,299 328389 Mirrorless 30.14K/30p Sep 2018 i i Canon R
    10. Panasonic S1 2,499 352795 Mirrorless 24.04K/60p Feb 2019 i i Panasonic S1
    11. Sony A7S II 2,999 230985 Mirrorless 12.04K/30p Sep 2015 i i Sony A7S II
    12. Sony A7R III 3,199 3421100 Mirrorless 42.24K/30p Oct 2017- i Sony A7R III
    13. Sony A99 II 3,199 298692 DSLR 42.24K/30p Sep 2016 i i Sony A99 II
    14. Sony A7R II 3,199 227298 Mirrorless 42.24K/30p Jun 2015- i Sony A7R II
    15. Nikon D850 3,299 3180100 DSLR 45.44K/30p Jul 2017 i i Nikon D850
    16. Sony RX1R II 3,299 220797 Compact 42.21080/60p Oct 2015 i i Sony RX1R II
    17. Nikon Z7 3,399 334799 Mirrorless 45.44K/30p Aug 2018 i i Nikon Z7
    18. Sony A7R IV 3,499 3510- Mirrorless 60.24K/30p Jul 2019 i i Sony A7R IV
    19. Canon 5D Mark IV 3,499 279991 DSLR 30.14K/30p Aug 2016 i i Canon 5D Mark IV
    20. Panasonic S1R 3,699 3518100 Mirrorless 46.74K/60p Feb 2019 i i Panasonic S1R

    Further Reading

    Additional information on the calculation of the Camera Elo can be found on a respective Elo methodology page. Moreover, there are other rankings of cameras by category that might be of interest:

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