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Sony H400 vs HX400V

The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H400 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400V are two digital cameras that were officially introduced in February 2014. Both the H400 and the HX400V are fixed lens compact cameras that are equipped with a 1/2.3-inch sensor. The H400 has a resolution of 19.9 megapixels, whereas the HX400V provides 20.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Sony H400
versus
Sony HX400V
Sony H400   Sony HX400V
Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
24.5-1550mm f/3.4-6.5 24-1200mm f/2.8-6.3
19.9 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor 20.2 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor
720/30p Video 1080/60p Video
ISO 80-3,200 ISO 80-3,200 (80 - 12,800)
Electronic viewfinder (210k dots) Electronic viewfinder (210k dots)
3.0 LCD, 460k dots 3.0 LCD, 921k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Tilting screen (not touch-sensitive)
0.7 shutter flaps per second 10 shutter flaps per second
300 shots per battery charge300 shots per battery charge
130 x 95 x 122 mm, 628 g 130 x 93 x 103 mm, 660 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H400 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400V? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Sony H400 and the Sony HX400V is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Sony H400 vs Sony HX400V
Compare H400 versus HX400V top
Comparison H400 or HX400V rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sony HX400V is somewhat smaller (2 percent) than the Sony H400. However, the HX400V is markedly heavier (5 percent) than the H400. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the H400 nor the HX400V are weather-sealed.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Sony H400 130 mm 95 mm 122 mm 628 g 300 n Feb 2014 319 i
2.
 
Sony HX400V 130 mm 93 mm 103 mm 660 g 300 n Feb 2014 499 i
3.
 
Canon SX410 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 185 n Feb 2015 279 i
4.
 
Canon SX710 113 mm 66 mm 35 mm 269 g 230 n Jan 2015 349 i
5.
 
Canon SX60 128 mm 93 mm 114 mm 650 g 340 n Sep 2014 549 i
6.
 
Nikon L840 113 mm 78 mm 96 mm 538 g 590 n Feb 2015 299 i
7.
 
Sony HX99 102 mm 58 mm 36 mm 242 g 370 n Aug 2018 449 i
8.
 
Sony HX80 102 mm 58 mm 36 mm 245 g 390 n Mar 2016 349 i
9.
 
Sony HX350 130 mm 93 mm 103 mm 652 g 300 n Dec 2016 449 i
10.
 
Sony HX90V 102 mm 58 mm 36 mm 245 g 360 n Apr 2015 429 i
11.
 
Sony H300 128 mm 89 mm 92 mm 590 g 350 n Feb 2014 219 i
12.
 
Sony H200 123 mm 83 mm 87 mm 530 g 240 n Jan 2013 249 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The H400 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 36 percent) than the HX400V, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature a 1/2.3-inch sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 5.6. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the smaller-sensor digicams that favor affordability and compact design. Both cameras feature a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 4:3.

Technology-wise, the HX400V uses a more advanced image processing engine (BIONZ X) than the H400 (BIONZ), with benefits for noise reduction, color accuracy, and processing speed.

Sony H400 and Sony HX400V sensor measures

While the two cameras under review share the same sensor size, the HX400V offers a slightly higher resolution of 20.2 megapixels, compared with 19.9 MP of the H400. This megapixels advantage translates into a 0.59999999999999 percent gain in linear resolution. On the other hand, these sensor specs imply that the HX400V has a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 1.18μm versus 1.19μm for the H400). It is noteworthy in this context that the two cameras were released in close succession, so that their sensors are from the same technological generation. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H400 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 80 to ISO 3200. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400V are ISO 80 to ISO 3200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 80-12800.

H400 versus HX400V MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Sony H400 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p...... ..
2.
 
Sony HX400V 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p...... ..
3.
 
Canon SX410 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p...... ..
4.
 
Canon SX710 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p...... ..
5.
 
Canon SX60 1/2.3 14.2 4608 30721080/60p19.210.8127 39
6.
 
Nikon L840 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/60i...... ..
7.
 
Sony HX99 1/2.3 18.0 4896 36724K/30p...... ..
8.
 
Sony HX80 1/2.3 18.0 4896 36721080/60p...... ..
9.
 
Sony HX350 1/2.3 19.9 5152 38641080/60p...... ..
10.
 
Sony HX90V 1/2.3 18.0 4896 36721080/60p...... ..
11.
 
Sony H300 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p...... ..
12.
 
Sony H200 1/2.3 15.2 5184 2930720/30p...... ..

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the HX400V provides a better video resolution than the H400. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/60p, while the H400 is limited to 720/30p.

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The H400 and the HX400V are similar in the sense that both feature an electronic viewfinder, which is helpful when framing images in bright sunlight. Moreover, their viewfinders offer an identical resolution of 210k dots. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Sony H400 and Sony HX400V in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Sony H400210 n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/2000s 0.7 Y Y
2.
 
Sony HX400V210 n 3.0 921 tilting n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y
3.
 
Canon SX410none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
4.
 
Canon SX710none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/3200s 6.0 Y Y
5.
 
Canon SX60922 n 3.0 922 swivel n 1/2000s 6.4 Y Y
6.
 
Nikon L840none n 3.0 921 tilting n 1/4000s 7.4 Y Y
7.
 
Sony HX99638 n 3.0 922 tilting Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
8.
 
Sony HX80638 n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
9.
 
Sony HX350202 n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y
10.
 
Sony HX90V638 n 3.0 921 tilting n 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
11.
 
Sony H300none n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/1500s 0.8 Y Y
12.
 
Sony H200none n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/1500s 0.8 Y Y

Both the H400 and the HX400V have zoom lenses built in. The H400 has a 24.5-1550mm f/3.4-6.5 optic and the HX400V offers a 24-1200mm f/2.8-6.3 (focal lengths in full frame equivalent terms). Hence, the HX400V provides a wider angle of view at the short end than the H400, but less tele-photo reach at the long end. The HX400V offers the faster maximum aperture.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the H400 and the HX400V write their files to SDXC or Memory Stick PRO Duo cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H400 and Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400V and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Sony H400-monomono--micro2.0Y--
2.
 
Sony HX400VYstereomono--micro2.0YY-
3.
 
Canon SX410-stereomono---2.0---
4.
 
Canon SX710-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon SX60YstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
6.
 
Nikon L840-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
7.
 
Sony HX99-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
8.
 
Sony HX80-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
9.
 
Sony HX350-stereomono--micro2.0---
10.
 
Sony HX90V-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
11.
 
Sony H300-monomono--micro2.0Y--
12.
 
Sony H200-monomono---2.0---

It is notable that the HX400V has a hotshoe, which makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun. The H400 does not feature such an accessory-socket.

Travel and landscape photographers will find it useful that the HX400V has an internal geolocalization sensor and can record GPS coordinates in its EXIF data.

Both the H400 and the HX400V are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The H400 replaced the earlier Sony H200, while the HX400V does not have a direct predecessor. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Sony website.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Sony H400 or the Sony HX400V – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.


Reasons to prefer the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H400:

  • More tele-reach: Has a longer tele-lens for perspective compression and subject magnification.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (36 percent cheaper at launch).


Advantages of the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400V:

  • Better jpgs: Has a more modern image processing engine (BIONZ X vs BIONZ).
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/60p vs 720/30p).
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (921k vs 460k dots).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 0.7 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Better light gathering: Has a lens with a wider maximum aperture (f/2.8 vs f/3.4).
  • Wider view: Has a wider-angle lens that facilitates landscape or interior shots.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • Easier geotagging: Features an internal GPS sensor to log localization data.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the HX400V is the clear winner of the contest (11 : 2 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

H400 02:11 HX400V

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Sony H400 and the Sony HX400V place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Superzoom Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the H400 or the HX400V perform in practice. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Sony H400..o..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2014 319 i
2.
 
Sony HX400V4/5+ +..4/54/5 Feb 2014 499 i
3.
 
Canon SX410..o...... Feb 2015 279 i
4.
 
Canon SX710..+..4/53.5/5 Jan 2015 349 i
5.
 
Canon SX603/5+ +75/1004/54.5/5 Sep 2014 549 i
6.
 
Nikon L840..+ +..3.5/54/5 Feb 2015 299 i
7.
 
Sony HX99......4/54.5/5 Aug 2018 449 i
8.
 
Sony HX80.......... Mar 2016 349 i
9.
 
Sony HX350........4/5 Dec 2016 449 i
10.
 
Sony HX90V4/5+ +..4/54.5/5 Apr 2015 429 i
11.
 
Sony H300..+..4.5/54/5 Feb 2014 219 i
12.
 
Sony H200......3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2013 249 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Sony H400:
Check Amazon price
Sony HX400V:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Sony H400 vs Sony HX400V

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Sony H400 Sony HX400V
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens 24.5-1550mm f/3.4-6.5 24-1200mm f/2.8-6.3
    Launch Date February 2014 February 2014
    Launch Price USD 319 USD 499
    Sensor Specs Sony H400 Sony HX400V
    Sensor Technology CCD BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format 1/2.3" Sensor 1/2.3" Sensor
    Sensor Size 6.17 x 4.55 mm 6.17 x 4.55 mm
    Sensor Area 28.0735 mm2 28.0735 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 7.7 mm 7.7 mm
    Crop Factor 5.6x 5.6x
    Sensor Resolution 19.9 Megapixels 20.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5152 x 3864 pixels 5184 x 3888 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 1.19 μm 1.18 μm
    Pixel Density 70.91 MP/cm2 71.80 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 720/30p Video 1080/60p Video
    ISO Setting 80 - 3,200 ISO 80 - 3,200 ISO
    ISO Boost no Enhancement 80 - 12,800 ISO
    Image Processor BIONZ BIONZ X
    Screen Specs Sony H400 Sony HX400V
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification
    Viewfinder Resolution 210k dots 210k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 460k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Tilting screen
    Shooting Specs Sony H400 Sony HX400V
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 0.7 shutter flaps/s 10 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium MS or SDXC cards MS or SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no no
    Connectivity Specs Sony H400 Sony HX400V
    External Flash no Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port micro HDMI micro HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Geotagging no internal GPS GPS built-in
    Body Specs Sony H400 Sony HX400V
    Battery Type NP-BX1 NP-BX1
    Battery Life (CIPA)300 shots per charge300 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 130 x 95 x 122 mm
    (5.1 x 3.7 x 4.8 in)
    130 x 93 x 103 mm
    (5.1 x 3.7 x 4.1 in)
    Camera Weight 628 g (22.2 oz) 660 g (23.3 oz)

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