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Pentax K-5 vs Sony H200

The Pentax K-5 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H200 are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in September 2010 and January 2013. The K-5 is a DSLR, while the H200 is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on an APS-C (K-5) and a 1/2.3-inch (H200) sensor. The Pentax has a resolution of 16.1 megapixels, whereas the Sony provides 15.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Pentax K-5 versus Sony H200
Pentax K-5 Sony H200
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Pentax K mount lenses 24-633mm f/3.1-5.9
16.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 15.2 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor
1080/25p Video 720/30p Video
ISO 100-12,800 (80 - 51,200) ISO 100-3,200
Optical viewfinder No viewfinder, LCD framing
3.0 LCD, 921k dots 3.0 LCD, 460k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
7 shutter flaps per second 0.8 shutter flaps per second
In-body stabilizationLens-based stabilization
Weathersealed bodynot weather sealed
740 shots per battery charge240 shots per battery charge
131 x 97 x 73 mm, 760 g 123 x 83 x 87 mm, 530 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Pentax K-5 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H200? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Pentax K-5 and the Sony H200 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Pentax K-5 vs Sony H200
Compare K-5 versus H200 top
Comparison K-5 or H200 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sony H200 is notably smaller (20 percent) than the Pentax K-5. It is worth mentioning in this context that the K-5 is splash and dust resistant, while the H200 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the H200 has a lens built in, whereas the K-5 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, just click on the right or left arrow next to the camera that you would like to inspect. Alternatively, you can also use the CAM-parator to select your camera combination among a larger number of options.

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Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life 1
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch 2
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
 
Pentax K-5 131 mm 97 mm 73 mm 760 g 740 Y Sep 2010 1,099i
 
Sony H200 123 mm 83 mm 87 mm 530 g 240 n Jan 2013 249 i
 
Canon G1 X Mark II 116 mm 74 mm 66 mm 553 g 240 n Feb 2014 799i
 
Fujifilm X100T 127 mm 74 mm 52 mm 440 g 330 n Sep 2014 1,299i
 
Fujifilm X100S 127 mm 74 mm 54 mm 445 g 330 n Jan 2013 1,299i
 
Leica X Typ 113 133 mm 73 mm 78 mm 486 g 350 n Sep 2014 2,295i
 
Nikon D7000 132 mm 105 mm 77 mm 780 g 1050 Y Sep 2010 1,499i
 
Olympus E-M5 II 124 mm 85 mm 45 mm 469 g 310 Y Feb 2015 1,099i
 
Olympus E-M5 122 mm 89 mm 43 mm 425 g 360 Y Feb 2012 1,299i
 
Panasonic GH5 139 mm 98 mm 87 mm 725 g 410 Y Jan 2017 1,999 i
 
Pentax KP 132 mm 101 mm 76 mm 703 g 390 Y Jan 2017 1,099 i
 
Pentax K-70 126 mm 93 mm 74 mm 688 g 410 Y Jun 2016 649 i
 
Pentax K-3 II 131 mm 100 mm 77 mm 800 g 720 Y Apr 2015 1,099 i
 
Pentax K-3 131 mm 100 mm 77 mm 800 g 560 Y Oct 2013 1,299i
 
Sony H300 128 mm 89 mm 92 mm 590 g 350 n Feb 2014 219 i
 
Sony A77 143 mm 104 mm 81 mm 732 g 470 Y Aug 2011 1,399i
 
Sony A850 156 mm 117 mm 82 mm 895 g 880 Y Aug 2009 1,999i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.
(1) Number of images that can be taken on a full battery charge according to the CIPA-standard; (2) Official announcement.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The H200 was launched at a lower price than the K-5, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Pentax K-5 features an APS-C sensor and the Sony H200 a 1/2.3-inch sensor. The sensor area in the H200 is 92 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 5.6. The sensor in the K-5 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the H200 offers a 4:3 aspect.

Pentax K-5 and Sony H200 sensor measures

With 16.1MP, the K-5 offers a slightly higher resolution than the H200 (15.2MP), but the K-5 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 4.81μm versus 1.36μm for the H200) due to its larger sensor. However, the H200 is a much more recent model (by 2 years and 3 months) than the K-5, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the H200 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The Pentax K-5 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 12800, which can be extended to ISO 80-51200. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H200 are ISO 100 to ISO 3200 (no boost).

K-5 versus H200 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
 
Pentax K-5 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/25p23.714.1116282
 
Sony H200 1/2.3 15.2 5184 2930720/30p........
 
Canon G1 X Mark II 1.5-inch 13.0 4160 31201080/30p21.510.858158
 
Fujifilm X100T APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........
 
Fujifilm X100S APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........
 
Leica X Typ 113 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p........
 
Nikon D7000 APS-C 16.1 4928 326410800/24p23.513.9116780
 
Olympus E-M5 II Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60p23.012.584273
 
Olympus E-M5 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60i22.812.382671
 
Panasonic GH5 Four Thirds 20.2 5184 38884K/60p23.913.080777
 
Pentax KP APS-C 24.1 6016 40001080/60i........
 
Pentax K-70 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60i........
 
Pentax K-3 II APS-C 24.1 6016 40001080/60i23.613.6110680
 
Pentax K-3 APS-C 24.1 6016 40001080/60i23.713.4121680
 
Sony H300 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p........
 
Sony A77 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.013.280178
 
Sony A850 Full Frame 24.4 6048 4032none23.812.2141579

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, but the K-5 provides a higher video resolution than the H200. It can shoot video footage at 1080/25p, while the Sony is limited to 720/30p.

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the K-5 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the H200 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Pentax K-5 and Sony H200 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
 
Pentax K-5optical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/8000s 7.0 Y Y
 
Sony H200none n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/1500s 0.8 Y Y
 
Canon G1 X Mark IIoptional n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 5.2 Y Y
 
Fujifilm X100T2360 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
 
Fujifilm X100S2360 n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
 
Leica X Typ 113optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
 
Nikon D7000optical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
 
Olympus E-M5 II2360 n 3.0 1037 swivel Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
 
Olympus E-M51440 n 3.0 610 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 n Y
 
Panasonic GH53680 n 3.2 1620 swivel Y 1/8000s 12.0 n Y
 
Pentax KPoptical n 3.0 921 tilting n 1/6000s 7.0 Y Y
 
Pentax K-70optical n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/6000s 6.0 Y Y
 
Pentax K-3 IIoptical Y 3.2 1037 fixed n 1/8000s 8.3 n Y
 
Pentax K-3optical Y 3.2 1037 fixed n 1/8000s 8.3 Y Y
 
Sony H300none n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/1500s 0.8 Y Y
 
Sony A772359 Y 3.0 921 full-flex n 1/8000s 12.0 Y Y
 
Sony A850optical Y 3.0 922 fixed n 1/8000s 3.0 n Y

One feature that is present on the K-5, but is missing on the H200 is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

The Pentax K-5 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The K-5 writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the H200 uses SDXC or Memory Stick PRO Duo cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Pentax K-5 and Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H200 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
 
Pentax K-5YstereomonoY-mini2.0---
 
Sony H200-monomono---2.0---
 
Canon G1 X Mark IIYstereomono--mini2.0YY-
 
Fujifilm X100TYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
 
Fujifilm X100SYstereomono--micro2.0---
 
Leica X Typ 113Ystereomono--mini2.0---
 
Nikon D7000YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
 
Olympus E-M5 IIYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
 
Olympus E-M5Ystereomono--mini2.0---
 
Panasonic GH5YstereomonoYYfull3.1Y-Y
 
Pentax KPYstereomonoY--2.0Y--
 
Pentax K-70YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y--
 
Pentax K-3 IIYmonomonoYYmini3.0---
 
Pentax K-3YmonomonoYYmini3.0---
 
Sony H300-monomono--micro2.0Y--
 
Sony A77YstereomonoY-mini2.0---
 
Sony A850Y----mini2.0---

It is notable that the K-5 has a hotshoe, while the H200 does not. This socket makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Pentax K-5 (unlike the H200) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

The H200 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Sony. In contrast, the K-5 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the K-5 was succeeded by the Pentax K-5 II. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Pentax and Sony websites.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Which of the two cameras – the Pentax K-5 or the Sony H200 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Advantages of the Pentax K-5:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Better image quality: Features bigger pixels on a larger sensor for higher quality imaging.
  • Richer colors: The pixel size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger pixels capture a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger pixels means good image quality even under poor lighting.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/25p vs 720/30p).
  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Easier setting verification: Features an LCD display on top to control shooting parameters.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (921k vs 460k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/1500s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (7 vs 0.8 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (740 versus 240) on a single battery charge.
  • Better sealing: Is weather sealed to enable shooting in dusty or wet environments.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in September 2010).

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Arguments in favor of the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-H200:

  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the K-5 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (123x83mm vs 131x97mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens built in (unlike the K-5).
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More modern: Reflects 2 years and 3 months of technical progress since the K-5 launch.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the K-5 is the clear winner of the match-up (19 : 6 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional sports photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a street photog, and a person interested in family portraits has distinct needs from a landscape shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

K-5 19:06 H200

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Pentax K-5 and the Sony H200 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Superzoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the K-5 or the H200 perform in practice. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Review Scores
  Camera
Model
camera
  labs  
dp
review  
ephoto
  zine  
imaging
resource
photography
  blog  
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
 
Pentax K-5..83/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2010 1,099i
 
Sony H200....3.5/5..3.5/5 Jan 2013 249 i
 
Canon G1 X Mark II+77/1004/54/54.5/5 Feb 2014 799i
 
Fujifilm X100T+81/1004.5/54.5/55/5 Sep 2014 1,299i
 
Fujifilm X100S+ +81/1004.5/54/55/5 Jan 2013 1,299i
 
Leica X Typ 113....3.5/5..4/5 Sep 2014 2,295i
 
Nikon D7000..80/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Sep 2010 1,499i
 
Olympus E-M5 II+ +81/1005/54.5/55/5 Feb 2015 1,099i
 
Olympus E-M5+ +80/1004.5/55/55/5 Feb 2012 1,299i
 
Panasonic GH5+ +85/1004.5/55/55/5 Jan 2017 1,999 i
 
Pentax KP..82/1005/5..4.5/5 Jan 2017 1,099 i
 
Pentax K-70..79/1004.5/54/54.5/5 Jun 2016 649 i
 
Pentax K-3 II....5/54.5/55/5 Apr 2015 1,099 i
 
Pentax K-3..83/1005/54.5/55/5 Oct 2013 1,299i
 
Sony H300+..4.5/5..4/5 Feb 2014 219 i
 
Sony A7791/10081/100..4.5/55/5 Aug 2011 1,399i
 
Sony A850..75/100..4/54.5/5 Aug 2009 1,999i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Pentax K-5:
Check Ebay offers
Sony H200:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

~

    Specifications: Pentax K-5 vs Sony H200

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Pentax K-5 Sony H200
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Pentax K mount lenses 24-633mm f/3.1-5.9
    Launch Date September 2010 January 2013
    Launch Price USD 1,099 USD 249
    Sensor Specs Pentax K-5 Sony H200
    Sensor Technology CMOS CCD
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor 1/2.3" Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.7 x 15.7 mm 6.17 x 4.55 mm
    Sensor Area 372.09 mm2 28.0735 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.4 mm 7.7 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 5.6x
    Sensor Resolution 16.1 Megapixels 15.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4928 x 3264 pixels 5184 x 2930 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 4.81 μm 1.36 μm
    Pixel Density 4.32 MP/cm2 54.10 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 1080/25p Video 720/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 12,800 ISO 100 - 3,200 ISO
    ISO Boost 80 - 51,200 ISO no Enhancement
    Image Processor PRIME II BIONZ
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 82 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 23.7 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 14.1 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 1162 ..
    Screen Specs Pentax K-5 Sony H200
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder no viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.61x
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel no Top Display
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 921k dots 460k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Pentax K-5 Sony H200
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 7 shutter flaps/s 0.8 shutter flaps/s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inno Intervalometer
    Image StabilizationIn-body stabilizationLens-based stabilization
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards MS or SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no no
    Connectivity Specs Pentax K-5 Sony H200
    External Flash Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket no PC Sync
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI no HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port no MIC socket
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Pentax K-5 Sony H200
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodynot weather sealed
    Battery Type D-LI90 4xAA
    Battery Life (CIPA)740 shots per charge240 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 131 x 97 x 73 mm
    (5.2 x 3.8 x 2.9 in)
    123 x 83 x 87 mm
    (4.8 x 3.3 x 3.4 in)
    Camera Weight 760 g (26.8 oz) 530 g (18.7 oz)

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