Panasonic GX800 versus Panasonic GX1
The Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX800 (called Panasonic GX850 in some regions) and the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX1 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in January 2017 and November 2011. Both the GX800 and the GX1 are mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras that are equipped with a Four Thirds sensor. Both cameras offer a resolution of 15.8 megapixel. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.
Body comparison: Panasonic GX800 vs Panasonic GX1
The physical size and weight of the Panasonic GX800 and the Panasonic GX1 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter. You can also use the toggle button to switch to a percentage comparison if you prefer that the measures are being expressed in relative terms (in this case, the camera on the left – the GX800 – represents the basis or 100 percent across all the size and weight measures).
If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Panasonic GX1 is notably larger (13 percent) than the Panasonic GX800. Moreover, the GX1 is markedly heavier (18 percent) than the GX800. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the GX800 nor the GX1 are weather-sealed.
The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. In this particular case, both cameras feature the same lens mount, so that they can use the same lenses. You can find an overview of suitable optics in the Micro Four Thirds Lens Catalog. Mirrorless cameras, such as the two under consideration, have the additional advantage of having a short flange to focal plane distance, which makes it possible to mount many lenses from other systems onto the camera via adapters.
The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.
|Camera Body Specifications
|Panasonic GX800 (⇒ rgt)||4.2 in||2.6 in||1.3 in||9.5 oz||210||no||2017||549||latest||check|
|Panasonic GX1 (⇒ lft)||4.6 in||2.7 in||1.5 in||11.2 oz||320||no||2011||949||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.9 in||3.4 in||3.0 in||14.5 oz||350||no||2015||649||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.2 in||2.6 in||1.3 in||9.4 oz||230||no||2015||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.4 in||2.6 in||1.5 in||11.4 oz||340||no||2013||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.8 in||3.3 in||2.8 in||13.8 oz||340||no||2013||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GX7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.8 in||2.8 in||2.2 in||14.2 oz||350||no||2013||999||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.3 in||2.6 in||1.5 in||9.4 oz||360||no||2012||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.7 in||3.3 in||2.8 in||14.0 oz||320||no||2012||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.3 in||2.6 in||1.3 in||9.3 oz||300||no||2011||549||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.5 in||3.3 in||1.9 in||11.9 oz||270||no||2011||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.4 in||2.7 in||1.3 in||10.9 oz||300||no||2010||549||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GH2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.9 in||3.5 in||3.0 in||15.6 oz||330||no||2010||1,499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.9 in||3.3 in||2.9 in||13.7 oz||380||no||2010||499||discont.||check|
The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The GX800 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 42 percent) than the GX1, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.
Sensor comparison: Panasonic GX800 vs Panasonic GX1
The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.
Both cameras under consideration feature a Four Thirds sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 2.0. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the medium-sized sensor cameras that aim to strike a balance between image quality and portability. Both cameras feature a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 4:3.
The two cameras under review do not only share the same sensor size, but also offer an identical resolution of 15.8 megapixel. This similarity in sensor specs implies that both the GX800 and the GX1 have the same pixel density, as well as the same pixel size. It should, however, be noted that the GX800 is much more recent (by 5 years and 1 month) than the GX1, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the GX800 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.
Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for most cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). Of the two cameras under review, the GX800 provides substantially higher image quality than the GX1, with an overall score that is 18 points higher. This advantage is based on 2.4 bits higher color depth, 2.7 EV in additional dynamic range, 0.3 stops of reduced low light sensitivity. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.
|Panasonic GX800 (⇒ rgt)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||4K/30p||23.2||13.3||586||73|
|Panasonic GX1 (⇒ lft)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||1080/60p||20.8||10.6||703||55|
|Panasonic G7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic GF7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic GF6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||1080/60i||20.7||10.6||622||54|
|Panasonic G6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.9||4608||3456||1080/60p||21.3||11.5||639||61|
|Panasonic GX7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||1080/60p||22.6||12.2||718||70|
|Panasonic GF5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60i||21.4||11.6||618||61|
|Panasonic G5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.9||4608||3456||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic GF3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60i||20.6||10||458||49|
|Panasonic G3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||1080/60i||21||10.6||667||56|
|Panasonic GF2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60i||21.2||10.3||506||54|
|Panasonic GH2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.9||4608||3456||1080/60i||21.2||11.3||655||60|
|Panasonic G10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||720/30p||21.2||10.1||411||52|
Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the GX800 provides a higher video resolution than the GX1. It can shoot video footage at 4K/30p, while the GX1 is limited to 1080/60p.
Feature comparison: Panasonic GX800 vs Panasonic GX1
Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The GX800 and the GX1 are similar in the sense that neither of the two has a viewfinder. The images are, thus, framed using live view on the rear LCD. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Panasonic GX800, the Panasonic GX1, and comparable cameras. If you need more detail on the specs, you can find comprehensive listings, for example, in the dpreview camera hub.
|Panasonic GX800 (⇒ rgt)||no||no||3.0||1040||tilting||YES||500||10.0||4||no|
|Panasonic GX1 (⇒ lft)||no||no||3.0||460||fixed||YES||4000||4.2||7.6||no|
|Panasonic G7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||2360||no||3.0||1040||swivel||YES||4000||7.0||9.3||no|
|Panasonic GF7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||1040||tilting||YES||500||5.8||4||no|
|Panasonic GF6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||1040||tilting||YES||4000||4.2||6.3||no|
|Panasonic G6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1440||no||3.0||1036||swivel||YES||4000||7.0||10.5||no|
|Panasonic GX7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||2760||no||3.0||1040||tilting||YES||8000||5.0||7||YES|
|Panasonic GF5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||920||fixed||YES||4000||4.0||6.3||no|
|Panasonic G5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1440||no||3.0||920||swivel||YES||4000||6.0||10.5||no|
|Panasonic GF3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||460||fixed||YES||4000||3.2||6.3||no|
|Panasonic G3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1440||no||3.0||460||swivel||YES||4000||4.0||11||no|
|Panasonic GF2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||460||fixed||YES||4000||2.6||6.0||no|
|Panasonic GH2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1534||no||3.0||460||swivel||no||4000||3.0||15.6||no|
|Panasonic G10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||202||no||3.0||460||fixed||no||4000||2.6||11||no|
The GX800 is a current model that online retailers, such as amazon, will have in stock. In contrast, the GX1 has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the GX1 was succeeded by the Panasonic GX7.
Review summary: Panasonic GX800 vs Panasonic GX1
So what is the bottom line? Is the Panasonic GX800 better than the Panasonic GX1 or vice versa? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.
Arguments in favor of the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX800:
- Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
- Better image quality: Scores substantially higher (18 points) in the DXO overall assessment.
- Richer colors: Generates images with noticeably better colors (2.4 bits more color depth).
- More dynamic range: Captures a larger spectrum of light and dark details (2.7 EV of extra DR).
- Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (4K/30p vs 1080/60p).
- More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1040k vs 460k dots).
- More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
- Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 4.2 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
- More compact: Is smaller (107x65mm vs 116x68mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
- Less heavy: Is lighter (by 49g or 15 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
- More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (42 percent cheaper at launch).
- More modern: Reflects 5 years and 1 month of technical progress since the GX1 launch.
Reasons to prefer the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX1:
- Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
- Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (4000/sec vs 500/sec) to freeze action.
- Longer lasting: Gets more shots (320 versus 210) out of a single battery charge.
- More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in November 2011).
If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the GX800 is the clear winner of the match-up (12 : 4 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera.
In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras is instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the GX800 or the GX1 handle or perform in practice. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate. This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The full reviews are available by clicking on the site logo in the table header.
|Panasonic GX800 (⇒ rgt)||Rec||76/100||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||2017||549||latest||check|
|Panasonic GX1 (⇒ lft)||85/100 Rec||77/100 Silver||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2011||949||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||HiRec||80/100 Silver||5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2015||649||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Rec||-||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2015||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||HiRec||-||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||2013||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||HiRec||-||5/5||-||4.5/5||2013||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GX7 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Rec||79/100 Silver||5/5||4.5/5||5/5||2013||999||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||-||-||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||2012||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||HiRec||-||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2012||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||82/100||71/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4/5||2011||549||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||88/100 HiRec||75/100 Silver||4.5/5||4.5/5||5/5||2011||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||82/100||70/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2010||549||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GH2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||86/100 HiRec||79/100 Silver||4.5/5||4.5/5||5/5||2010||1,499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||-||70/100||4/5||-||4/5||2010||499||discont.||check|
Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.
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