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Panasonic G85 vs Sony A7R IV

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-G85 (called Panasonic G80 in some regions) and the Sony Alpha A7R IV are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in September 2016 and July 2019. Both the G85 and the A7R IV are mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras that are based on a Four Thirds (G85) and a full frame (A7R IV) sensor. The Panasonic has a resolution of 15.8 megapixels, whereas the Sony provides 60.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Panasonic G85
versus
Sony A7R IV
Panasonic G85   Sony A7R IV
Mirrorless system camera Mirrorless system camera
Micro Four Thirds lenses Sony E mount lenses
15.8 MP, Four Thirds Sensor 60.2 MP, Full Frame Sensor
4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 200-25,600 ISO 100-32,000 (50 - 102,400)
Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots) Electronic viewfinder (5760k dots)
3.0 LCD, 1040k dots 3.0 LCD, 1440k dots
Swivel touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
9 shutter flaps per second 10 shutter flaps per second
In-body stabilizationIn-body stabilization
Weathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
330 shots per battery charge670 shots per battery charge
128 x 89 x 74 mm, 505 g 129 x 96 x 78 mm, 665 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Panasonic Lumix DMC-G85 and the Sony Alpha A7R IV? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Panasonic G85 and the Sony A7R IV is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Panasonic G85 vs Sony A7R IV
Compare G85 versus A7R IV top
Comparison G85 or A7R IV rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sony A7R IV is notably larger (9 percent) than the Panasonic G85. Moreover, the A7R IV is markedly heavier (32 percent) than the G85. In this context, it is worth noting that both cameras are splash and dust-proof and can, hence, be used in inclement weather conditions or harsh environments.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. A larger imaging sensor will tend to go along with bigger and heavier lenses, although exceptions exist. You can compare the optics available for the two cameras in the Micro Four Thirds Lens Catalog (G85) and the Sony FE Lens Catalog (A7R IV). Mirrorless cameras, such as the two under consideration, have the additional advantage of having a short flange to focal plane distance, which makes it possible to mount many lenses from other systems onto the camera via adapters.

Concerning battery life, the G85 gets 330 shots out of its DMW-BLC12 battery, while the A7R IV can take 670 images on a single charge of its NP-FZ100 power pack. The power pack in the A7R IV can be charged via the USB port, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Panasonic G85 128 mm 89 mm 74 mm 505 g 330 Y Sep 2016 899 i
2.
 
Sony A7R IV 129 mm 96 mm 78 mm 665 g 670 Y Jul 2019 3,499 i
3.
 
Olympus E-M1 II 134 mm 91 mm 67 mm 574 g 440 Y Sep 2016 1,999 i
4.
 
Olympus E-M5 II 124 mm 85 mm 45 mm 469 g 310 Y Feb 2015 1,099 i
5.
 
Olympus E-P5 122 mm 69 mm 37 mm 420 g 330 n May 2013 999 i
6.
 
Olympus E-M5 122 mm 89 mm 43 mm 425 g 360 Y Feb 2012 1,299 i
7.
 
Panasonic G95 130 mm 94 mm 77 mm 536 g 290 Y Apr 2019 999 i
8.
 
Panasonic GX85 122 mm 71 mm 44 mm 426 g 290 n Apr 2016 799 i
9.
 
Panasonic G7 125 mm 86 mm 77 mm 410 g 350 n May 2015 649 i
10.
 
Panasonic GX8 133 mm 78 mm 63 mm 487 g 330 Y Jul 2015 1,199 i
11.
 
Panasonic GH4 133 mm 93 mm 84 mm 560 g 500 Y Feb 2014 1,499 i
12.
 
Panasonic GX7 123 mm 71 mm 55 mm 402 g 350 n Aug 2013 999 i
13.
 
Sony A7S III 127 mm 97 mm 81 mm 699 g 600 Y Jul 2020 3,499 i
14.
 
Sony A7R III 127 mm 96 mm 74 mm 650 g 650 Y Oct 2017 3,199 i
15.
 
Sony A9 127 mm 96 mm 63 mm 673 g 650 Y Apr 2017 4,499 i
16.
 
Sony A7R II 127 mm 96 mm 60 mm 625 g 290 Y Jun 2015 3,199 i
17.
 
Sony A7S II 127 mm 96 mm 60 mm 627 g 370 Y Sep 2015 2,999 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The G85 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 74 percent) than the A7R IV, which puts it into a different market segment. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Panasonic G85 features a Four Thirds sensor and the Sony A7R IV a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the A7R IV is 278 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 2.0 and 1.0. The sensor in the G85 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the A7R IV offers a 3:2 aspect.

Panasonic G85 and Sony A7R IV sensor measures

With 60.2MP, the A7R IV offers a higher resolution than the G85 (15.8MP), but the A7R IV has marginally smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 3.76μm versus 3.77μm for the G85). Yet, the A7R IV is a much more recent model (by 2 years and 9 months) than the G85, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Sony A7R IV implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the A7R IV for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 47.5 x 31.7 inches or 120.7 x 80.5 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 38 x 25.3 inches or 96.6 x 64.4 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 31.7 x 21.1 inches or 80.5 x 53.6 cm. The corresponding values for the Panasonic G85 are 23 x 17.2 inches or 58.3 x 43.8 cm for good quality, 18.4 x 13.8 inches or 46.7 x 35 cm for very good quality, and 15.3 x 11.5 inches or 38.9 x 29.2 cm for excellent quality prints.

The A7R IV has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

Unlike the G85, the A7R IV has the capacity to capture high quality composite images (241MP) by combining multiple shots after shifting its sensor by miniscule distances. This multi-shot, pixel-shift mode is most suitable for photography of stationary objects (landscapes, studio scenes).

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-G85 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 25600, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Alpha A7R IV are ISO 100 to ISO 32000, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 50-102400.

G85 versus A7R IV MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). Of the two cameras under consideration, the A7R IV offers substantially better image quality than the G85 (overall score 28 points higher). The advantage is based on 3.2 bits higher color depth, 2.3 EV in additional dynamic range, and 2.3 stops in additional low light sensitivity. The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Panasonic G85 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34484K/30p22.812.5656 71
2.
 
Sony A7R IV Full Frame 60.2 9504 63364K/30p26.014.83344 99
3.
 
Olympus E-M1 II Four Thirds 20.2 5184 38884K/30p23.712.81312 80
4.
 
Olympus E-M5 II Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60p23.012.5842 73
5.
 
Olympus E-P5 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/30p22.812.4895 72
6.
 
Olympus E-M5 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60i22.812.3826 71
7.
 
Panasonic G95 Four Thirds 20.2 5184 38884K/30p...... ..
8.
 
Panasonic GX85 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34484K/30p22.912.6662 71
9.
 
Panasonic G7 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34484K/30p...... ..
10.
 
Panasonic GX8 Four Thirds 20.2 5184 38884K/30p23.512.6806 75
11.
 
Panasonic GH4 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34564K/30p23.212.8791 74
12.
 
Panasonic GX7 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60p22.612.2718 70
13.
 
Sony A7S III Full Frame 12.0 4240 28324K/120p23.713.92520 86
14.
 
Sony A7R III Full Frame 42.2 7952 53044K/30p26.014.73523 100
15.
 
Sony A9 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p24.913.33517 92
16.
 
Sony A7R II Full Frame 42.2 7952 53044K/30p26.013.93434 98
17.
 
Sony A7S II Full Frame 12.0 4240 28324K/30p23.613.32993 85

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, and both provide the same movie specifications (4K/30p).

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The two cameras under review are similar with respect to both having an electronic viewfinder. However, the one in the A7R IV offers a substantially higher resolution than the one in the G85 (5760k vs 2360k dots). The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Panasonic G85, the Sony A7R IV, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Panasonic G852360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y Y
2.
 
Sony A7R IV5760 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
3.
 
Olympus E-M1 II2360 n 3.0 1037 swivel Y 1/8000s 18.0 n Y
4.
 
Olympus E-M5 II2360 n 3.0 1037 swivel Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
5.
 
Olympus E-P5optional n 3.0 1037 tilting Y 1/8000s 9.0 Y Y
6.
 
Olympus E-M51440 n 3.0 610 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 n Y
7.
 
Panasonic G952360 n 3.0 1240 swivel Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y Y
8.
 
Panasonic GX852765 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 8.0 Y Y
9.
 
Panasonic G72360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 7.0 Y n
10.
 
Panasonic GX82360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
11.
 
Panasonic GH42359 n 3.0 1036 swivel Y 1/8000s 12.0 Y n
12.
 
Panasonic GX72760 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/8000s 5.0 Y Y
13.
 
Sony A7S III9440 n 3.0 1440 swivel Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
14.
 
Sony A7R III3686 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
15.
 
Sony A93686 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 20.0 n Y
16.
 
Sony A7R II2400 n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/8000s 5.0 n Y
17.
 
Sony A7S II2400 n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/8000s 5.0 n Y

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The G85 has one, while the A7R IV does not. While the built-in flash of the G85 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The G85 has an articulated LCD that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in snapping selfies. In contrast, the A7R IV does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, both cameras under consideration feature an electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Panasonic G85 and the Sony A7R IV both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the G85 and the A7R IV write their files to SDXC cards. The A7R IV features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the G85 only has one slot. Moreover, both cameras support UHS-II cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 312 MB/s).

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Panasonic Lumix DMC-G85 and Sony Alpha A7R IV and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Panasonic G85YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
2.
 
Sony A7R IVYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYY
3.
 
Olympus E-M1 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.0Y--
4.
 
Olympus E-M5 IIYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
5.
 
Olympus E-P5Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--
6.
 
Olympus E-M5Ystereomono--mini2.0---
7.
 
Panasonic G95YstereomonoYYmicro2.0Y-Y
8.
 
Panasonic GX85Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--
9.
 
Panasonic G7YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
10.
 
Panasonic GX8YstereomonoY-micro2.0YY-
11.
 
Panasonic GH4YstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-
12.
 
Panasonic GX7Ystereomono--mini2.0YY-
13.
 
Sony A7S IIIYstereomonoYYfull3.2Y-Y
14.
 
Sony A7R IIIYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYY
15.
 
Sony A9YstereomonoYYmicro2.0YYY
16.
 
Sony A7R IIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-
17.
 
Sony A7S IIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-

It is notable that the A7R IV has a headphone jack, which makes it possible to attach external headphones and monitor the quality of sound during the recording process. The G85 lacks such a headphone port.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Sony A7R IV (unlike the G85) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

The A7R IV is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Sony. In contrast, the G85 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the G85 was succeeded by the Panasonic G95. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Panasonic and Sony websites.

Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is there a clear favorite between the Panasonic G85 and the Sony A7R IV? Which camera is better? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Arguments in favor of the Panasonic Lumix DMC-G85:

  • More flexible LCD: Has a swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 160g or 24 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (74 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in September 2016).

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Reasons to prefer the Sony Alpha A7R IV:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (60.2 vs 15.8MP), which boosts linear resolution by 99%.
  • High quality composites: Can combine several shots after pixel-shifting its sensor.
  • Better image quality: Scores substantially higher (28 points) in the DXO overall evaluation.
  • Richer colors: Generates noticeably more natural colors (3.2 bits more color depth).
  • More dynamic range: Captures a broader range of light and dark details (2.3 EV of extra DR).
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Can shoot in dim conditions (2.3 stops ISO advantage).
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • Better sound control: Has a headphone port that enables audio monitoring while recording.
  • More detailed viewfinder: Has higher resolution electronic viewfinder (5760k vs 2360k dots).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.78x vs 0.74x).
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1440k vs 1040k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/4000s) to freeze action.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (670 versus 330) out of a single battery charge.
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.1 vs 2.0).
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • More modern: Reflects 2 years and 9 months of technical progress since the G85 launch.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the A7R IV is the clear winner of the contest (20 : 6 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

G85 06:20 A7R IV

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Panasonic G85 and the Sony A7R IV place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the G85 and the A7R IV in practical situations. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Panasonic G85..+ +84/1005/54.5/5 Sep 2016 899 i
2.
 
Sony A7R IV5/5+91/1004.5/55/5 Jul 2019 3,499 i
3.
 
Olympus E-M1 II5/5+ +85/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2016 1,999 i
4.
 
Olympus E-M5 II5/5+ +81/1005/55/5 Feb 2015 1,099 i
5.
 
Olympus E-P55/5+ +78/1004.5/55/5 May 2013 999 i
6.
 
Olympus E-M54/5+ +80/1004.5/55/5 Feb 2012 1,299 i
7.
 
Panasonic G954.5/5+83/1004.5/54.5/5 Apr 2019 999 i
8.
 
Panasonic GX854.5/5+ +82/1005/55/5 Apr 2016 799 i
9.
 
Panasonic G74/5+ +80/1005/54.5/5 May 2015 649 i
10.
 
Panasonic GX85/5+82/1004.5/54.5/5 Jul 2015 1,199 i
11.
 
Panasonic GH45/5+ +85/1005/55/5 Feb 2014 1,499 i
12.
 
Panasonic GX74/5+79/1005/55/5 Aug 2013 999 i
13.
 
Sony A7S III..+ +91/1004.5/55/5 Jul 2020 3,499 i
14.
 
Sony A7R III..+ +90/1004.5/55/5 Oct 2017 3,199 i
15.
 
Sony A95/5+ +89/1005/55/5 Apr 2017 4,499 i
16.
 
Sony A7R II5/5+ +90/1005/55/5 Jun 2015 3,199 i
17.
 
Sony A7S II5/5+..4.5/55/5 Sep 2015 2,999 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Panasonic G85:
Check Ebay offers
Sony A7R IV:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just use the search menu below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Panasonic G85 vs Sony A7R IV

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Panasonic G85 Sony A7R IV
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Micro Four Thirds lenses Sony E mount lenses
    Launch Date September 2016 July 2019
    Launch Price USD 899 USD 3,499
    Sensor Specs Panasonic G85 Sony A7R IV
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format Four Thirds Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 17.3 x 13.0 mm 35.7 x 23.8 mm
    Sensor Area 224.9 mm2 849.66 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 21.6 mm 42.9 mm
    Crop Factor 2.0x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 15.8 Megapixels 60.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4592 x 3448 pixels 9504 x 6336 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.77 μm 3.76 μm
    Pixel Density 7.04 MP/cm2 7.09 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 200 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 32,000 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 25,600 ISO 50 - 102,400 ISO
    Image Processor Venus BIONZ X
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 71 99
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.8 26.0
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 12.5 14.8
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 656 3344
    Screen Specs Panasonic G85 Sony A7R IV
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.74x 0.78x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots 5760k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots 1440k dots
    LCD Attachment Swivel screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Panasonic G85 Sony A7R IV
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/8000s
    Continuous Shooting 9 shutter flaps/s 10 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/16000sYES
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Image StabilizationIn-body stabilizationIn-body stabilization
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Dual card slots
    UHS card support UHS-II Dual UHS-II
    Connectivity Specs Panasonic G85 Sony A7R IV
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash no PC Sync PC Sync socket
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 3.1
    HDMI Port micro HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Headphone Socket no Headphone port Headphone port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Bluetooth Support no Bluetooth Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Panasonic G85 Sony A7R IV
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
    Battery Type DMW-BLC12 NP-FZ100
    Battery Life (CIPA)330 shots per charge670 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging no USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 128 x 89 x 74 mm
    (5.0 x 3.5 x 2.9 in)
    129 x 96 x 78 mm
    (5.1 x 3.8 x 3.1 in)
    Camera Weight 505 g (17.8 oz) 665 g (23.5 oz)

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