Panasonic G1 versus Fujifilm XP130
The Panasonic Lumix DMC-G1 and the Fujifilm FinePix XP130 are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in September 2008 and January 2018. The G1 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the XP130 is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on a Four Thirds (G1) and a 1/2.3-inch (XP130) sensor. The Panasonic has a resolution of 12 megapixel, whereas the Fujifilm provides 15.9 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.
Body comparison: Panasonic G1 vs Fujifilm XP130
The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Panasonic G1 and the Fujifilm XP130. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter. You can also use the toggle button to switch to a percentage comparison if you prefer that the measures are being expressed in relative terms (in this case, the camera on the left – the G1 – represents 100 percent across all the size and weight measures).
If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Fujifilm XP130 is notably smaller (25 percent) than the Panasonic G1. More than that, the XP130 is water-proof up to 20m and can, thus, be used for underwater photography.
The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the XP130 has a lens build in, whereas the G1 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can find an overview of optics for the G1 and their specifications in the Micro Four Thirds Lens Catalog.
The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.
|Camera Body Specifications
|Panasonic G1 (⇒ rgt)||4.9 in||3.3 in||1.8 in||12.7 oz||410||no||2008||599||discont.||check|
|Fujifilm XP130 (⇒ lft)||4.3 in||2.8 in||1.1 in||7.3 oz||240||Yes||2018||229||latest||check|
|Canon G9 X Mark II (⇒ lft | rgt)||3.9 in||2.3 in||1.2 in||7.3 oz||235||no||2017||529||latest||check|
|Fujifilm X100F (⇒ lft | rgt)||5.0 in||3.0 in||2.0 in||16.5 oz||390||no||2017||1,299||latest||check|
|Fujifilm X100S (⇒ lft | rgt)||5.0 in||2.9 in||2.1 in||15.7 oz||330||no||2013||1,299||discont.||check|
|Nikon W300 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.4 in||2.6 in||1.1 in||8.1 oz||280||YES||2017||389||latest||check|
|Olympus TG-5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.4 in||2.6 in||1.3 in||8.8 oz||340||YES||2017||449||latest||check|
|Panasonic GF6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.4 in||2.6 in||1.5 in||11.4 oz||340||no||2013||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.3 in||2.6 in||1.5 in||9.4 oz||360||no||2012||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.3 in||2.6 in||1.3 in||9.3 oz||300||no||2011||549||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.5 in||3.3 in||1.9 in||11.9 oz||270||no||2011||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.4 in||2.7 in||1.3 in||10.9 oz||300||no||2010||549||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.9 in||3.3 in||2.9 in||15.1 oz||360||no||2010||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.9 in||3.3 in||2.9 in||13.7 oz||380||no||2010||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF1 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.7 in||2.8 in||1.4 in||13.6 oz||380||no||2009||749||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GH1 (⇒ lft | rgt)||4.9 in||3.5 in||1.8 in||13.6 oz||300||no||2009||1,499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic L10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||5.3 in||3.8 in||3.1 in||19.6 oz||450||no||2007||599||discont.||check|
The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The XP130 was launched at a lower price than the G1, despite having a lens build in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.
Sensor comparison: Panasonic G1 vs Fujifilm XP130
The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.
Of the two cameras under consideration, the Panasonic G1 features a Four Thirds sensor and the Fujifilm XP130 a 1/2.3-inch sensor. The sensor area in the XP130 is 88 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 2.0 and 5.6. Both cameras feature a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 4:3.
Despite having a smaller sensor, the XP130 offers a higher resolution of 15.9 megapixel, compared with 12 MP of the G1. This megapixel advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 1.33μm versus 4.33μm for the G1). However, it should be noted that the XP130 is much more recent (by 9 years and 4 months) than the G1, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the XP130 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.
Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for most cameras. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.
|Panasonic G1 (⇒ rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||no||21.1||10.3||463||53|
|Fujifilm XP130 (⇒ lft)||1/2.3||15.9||4608||3456||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Canon G9 X Mark II (⇒ lft | rgt)||1-inch||20.0||5472||3648||1080/60p||21.9||12.5||522||65|
|Fujifilm X100F (⇒ lft | rgt)||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X100S (⇒ lft | rgt)||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Nikon W300 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1/2.3||15.9||4608||3456||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Olympus TG-5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1/2.3||12.0||4000||3000||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic GF6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||1080/60i||20.7||10.6||622||54|
|Panasonic GF5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60i||21.4||11.6||618||61|
|Panasonic GF3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60i||20.6||10||458||49|
|Panasonic G3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||15.8||4592||3448||1080/60i||21||10.6||667||56|
|Panasonic GF2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60i||21.2||10.3||506||54|
|Panasonic G2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||720/30p||21.2||10.3||493||53|
|Panasonic G10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||720/30p||21.2||10.1||411||52|
|Panasonic GF1 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||720/30p||21.2||10.3||513||54|
|Panasonic GH1 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||1080/24p||21.6||11.6||772||64|
|Panasonic L10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Four Thirds||10.0||3648||2736||no||21.3||10.8||429||55|
Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The XP130 indeed provides for movie recording, while the G1 does not. The highest resolution format that the XP130 can use is 1080/60p.
Feature comparison: Panasonic G1 vs Fujifilm XP130
Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the G1 has an electronic viewfinder (1440k dots), which can be very helpful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the XP130 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Panasonic G1, the Fujifilm XP130, and comparable cameras. The full specs-sheets can be found in the camera manual or, for example, in the dpreview camera hub.
|Panasonic G1 (⇒ rgt)||1440||no||3.0||460||swivel||no||4001||3.0||10.5||no|
|Fujifilm XP130 (⇒ lft)||no||no||3.0||920||fixed||no||2000||10.0||4.4||YES|
|Canon G9 X Mark II (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||1040||fixed||YES||2000||8.2||6||YES|
|Fujifilm X100F (⇒ lft | rgt)||2360||no||3.0||1040||fixed||no||4000||8.0||4.6||no|
|Fujifilm X100S (⇒ lft | rgt)||2360||no||2.8||460||fixed||no||4000||6.0||9||no|
|Nikon W300 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||921||fixed||no||4000||7.0||5.2||YES|
|Olympus TG-5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||460||fixed||no||2000||20.0||YES||YES|
|Panasonic GF6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||1040||tilting||YES||4000||4.2||6.3||no|
|Panasonic GF5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||920||fixed||YES||4000||4.0||6.3||no|
|Panasonic GF3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||460||fixed||YES||4000||3.2||6.3||no|
|Panasonic G3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1440||no||3.0||460||swivel||YES||4000||4.0||11||no|
|Panasonic GF2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||460||fixed||YES||4000||2.6||6.0||no|
|Panasonic G2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1440||no||3.0||460||swivel||YES||4000||2.6||11||no|
|Panasonic G10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||202||no||3.0||460||fixed||no||4000||2.6||11||no|
|Panasonic GF1 (⇒ lft | rgt)||no||no||3.0||460||fixed||no||4000||3.0||6.0||no|
|Panasonic GH1 (⇒ lft | rgt)||1440||no||3.0||460||swivel||no||4000||3.0||10.5||no|
|Panasonic L10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||optical||no||2.5||207||swivel||no||4000||3.0||11||no|
The XP130 is a current model that online retailers, such as amazon, will have in stock. In contrast, the G1 has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the G1 was succeeded by the Panasonic G2.
Review summary: Panasonic G1 vs Fujifilm XP130
So what conclusions can be drawn? Which of the two cameras – the Panasonic G1 or the Fujifilm XP130 – has the upper hand? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.
Reasons to prefer the Panasonic Lumix DMC-G1:
- Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
- Easier framing: Has an electronic viewfinder for image framing and settings control.
- More flexible LCD: Has swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
- Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (4001/sec vs 2000/sec) to freeze action.
- More flexible: Accepts interchangeable lenses, so that lens characteristics can be altered.
- Longer lasting: Can take more shots (410 versus 240) on a single battery charge.
- More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in September 2008).
Arguments in favor of the Fujifilm FinePix XP130:
- More detail: Has more megapixels (15.9 vs 12MP), which boosts linear resolution by 15%.
- Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
- Broader imaging potential: Can capture not only stills but also 1080/60p video.
- More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 460k dots).
- Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
- Ready to shoot: Has an integrated lens, whereas the G1 necessitates an extra lens.
- More compact: Is smaller (110x71mm vs 124x84mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
- Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens build in (unlike the G1).
- Water-proof: Can be used in the rain and for underwater photography (up to 20m).
- Sharper images: Has stabilization technology build-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
- More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a build-in lens.
- More modern: Reflects 9 years and 4 months of technical progress since the G1 launch.
If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the XP130 is the clear winner of the contest (12 : 7 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera.
In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras is instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the handling experience and imaging performance when actually working with the G1 or the XP130. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable. This is why expert reviews are important. The table below summarizes the assessments of some of the best known camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The full reviews are available by clicking on the site logo in the table header.
|Panasonic G1 (⇒ rgt)||88/100 HiRec||70/100 HiRec||4/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2008||599||discont.||check|
|Fujifilm XP130 (⇒ lft)||reviewed||..||3.5/5||..||4/5||2018||229||latest||check|
|Canon G9 X Mark II (⇒ lft | rgt)||..||75/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2017||529||latest||check|
|Fujifilm X100F (⇒ lft | rgt)||Rec||83/100 Gold||4.5/5||..||4.5/5||2017||1,299||latest||check|
|Fujifilm X100S (⇒ lft | rgt)||HiRec||81/100 Gold||4.5/5||4/5||5/5||2013||1,299||discont.||check|
|Nikon W300 (⇒ lft | rgt)||Rec||-||4/5||-||4/5||2017||389||latest||check|
|Olympus TG-5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||HiRec||-||4/5||reviewed||4/5||2017||449||latest||check|
|Panasonic GF6 (⇒ lft | rgt)||HiRec||-||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||2013||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF5 (⇒ lft | rgt)||-||-||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||2012||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||82/100||71/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4/5||2011||549||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G3 (⇒ lft | rgt)||88/100 HiRec||75/100 Silver||4.5/5||4.5/5||5/5||2011||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||82/100||70/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2010||549||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G2 (⇒ lft | rgt)||-||72/100 Silver||4/5||4/5||4.5/5||2010||599||discont.||check|
|Panasonic G10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||-||70/100||4/5||-||4/5||2010||499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GF1 (⇒ lft | rgt)||85/100||69/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||2009||749||discont.||check|
|Panasonic GH1 (⇒ lft | rgt)||89/100 HiRec||72/100 HiRec||4.5/5||5/5||4.5/5||2009||1,499||discont.||check|
|Panasonic L10 (⇒ lft | rgt)||85/100||Rec||3.5/5||reviewed||4/5||2007||599||discont.||check|
Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.
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