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Nikon Z5 vs Panasonic TZ90

The Nikon Z5 and the Panasonic Lumix DC-TZ90 (labelled Panasonic ZS70 in some countries) are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in July 2020 and April 2017. The Z5 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the TZ90 is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on a full frame (Z5) and a 1/2.3-inch (TZ90) sensor. The Nikon has a resolution of 24.2 megapixels, whereas the Panasonic provides 20.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Nikon Z5 versus Panasonic TZ90
Nikon Z5 Panasonic TZ90
Mirrorless system camera Fixed lens compact camera
Nikon Z mount lenses 24-720mm f/3.3-6.4
24.2 MP, Full Frame Sensor 20.2 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor
4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 100-51,200 (50 - 102,400) ISO 80-3,200 (80 - 6,400)
Electronic viewfinder (3690k dots) Electronic viewfinder (1166k dots)
3.2 LCD, 1040k dots 3.0 LCD, 1040k dots
Tilting touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
4.5 shutter flaps per second 10 shutter flaps per second
In-body stabilizationLens-based stabilization
Weathersealed bodynot weather sealed
470 shots per battery charge380 shots per battery charge
134 x 101 x 67 mm, 675 g 112 x 67 x 41 mm, 322 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Nikon Z5 and the Panasonic Lumix DC-TZ90? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Nikon Z5 and the Panasonic TZ90 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The TZ90 can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the Z5 is only available in black.

Size Nikon Z5 vs Panasonic TZ90
Compare Z5 versus TZ90 top
Comparison Z5 or TZ90 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Panasonic TZ90 is considerably smaller (45 percent) than the Nikon Z5. It is worth mentioning in this context that the Z5 is splash and dust resistant, while the TZ90 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the TZ90 has a lens built in, whereas the Z5 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup.

Concerning battery life, the Z5 gets 470 shots out of its EN-EL15c battery, while the TZ90 can take 380 images on a single charge of its DMW-BLG10 power pack. The battery packs of both cameras can be charged via USB, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon Z5 134 mm 101 mm 67 mm 675 g 470 Y Jul 2020 1,399 i
2.
 
Panasonic TZ90 112 mm 67 mm 41 mm 322 g 380 n Apr 2017 449i
3.
 
Canon R6 138 mm 98 mm 88 mm 680 g 360 Y Jul 2020 2,499 i
4.
 
Canon SX730 110 mm 64 mm 40 mm 300 g 250 n Apr 2017 399i
5.
 
Fujifilm X-T4 135 mm 93 mm 64 mm 607 g 500 Y Feb 2020 1,699 i
6.
 
Fujifilm XF10 113 mm 64 mm 41 mm 279 g 330 n Jul 2018 499 i
7.
 
Nikon Z7 II 134 mm 101 mm 70 mm 705 g 420 Y Oct 2020 2,999 i
8.
 
Nikon Z6 II 134 mm 101 mm 70 mm 705 g 410 Y Oct 2020 1,999 i
9.
 
Nikon Z6 134 mm 101 mm 67 mm 675 g 310 Y Aug 2018 1,999i
10.
 
Nikon Z7 134 mm 101 mm 67 mm 675 g 330 Y Aug 2018 3,399i
11.
 
Panasonic S5 133 mm 98 mm 82 mm 714 g 440 Y Sep 2020 1,999 i
12.
 
Panasonic S1 149 mm 110 mm 97 mm 1017 g 400 Y Feb 2019 2,499 i
13.
 
Panasonic TZ95 112 mm 69 mm 42 mm 327 g 380 n Feb 2019 449 i
14.
 
Panasonic FT7 117 mm 76 mm 37 mm 319 g 300 Y May 2018 449 i
15.
 
Panasonic LX5 110 mm 65 mm 43 mm 271 g 400 n Jul 2010 499i
16.
 
Sony A9 II 129 mm 96 mm 76 mm 678 g 690 Y Oct 2019 4,499 i
17.
 
Sony A7R IV 129 mm 96 mm 78 mm 665 g 670 Y Jul 2019 3,499 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The TZ90 was launched at a lower price than the Z5, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

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Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Nikon Z5 features a full frame sensor and the Panasonic TZ90 a 1/2.3-inch sensor. The sensor area in the TZ90 is 97 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.0 and 5.6. The sensor in the Z5 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the TZ90 offers a 4:3 aspect.

Nikon Z5 and Panasonic TZ90 sensor measures

With 24.2MP, the Z5 offers a higher resolution than the TZ90 (20.2MP), but the Z5 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.95μm versus 1.18μm for the TZ90) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the Z5 is a much more recent model (by 3 years and 3 months) than the TZ90, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the TZ90 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Nikon Z5 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the Z5 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 30.1 x 20.1 inches or 76.4 x 51 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 24.1 x 16.1 inches or 61.1 x 40.8 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 20.1 x 13.4 inches or 50.9 x 34 cm. The corresponding values for the Panasonic TZ90 are 25.9 x 19.4 inches or 65.8 x 49.4 cm for good quality, 20.7 x 15.6 inches or 52.7 x 39.5 cm for very good quality, and 17.3 x 13 inches or 43.9 x 32.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Z5 has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Nikon Z5 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 51200, which can be extended to ISO 50-102400. The corresponding ISO settings for the Panasonic Lumix DC-TZ90 are ISO 80 to ISO 3200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 80-6400.

Z5 versus TZ90 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Nikon Z5 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40164K/30p........
2.
 
Panasonic TZ90 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p19.110.610636
3.
 
Canon R6 Full Frame 20.0 5472 36484k/60p24.214.3339490
4.
 
Canon SX730 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
5.
 
Fujifilm X-T4 APS-C 26.0 6240 41604K/60p........
6.
 
Fujifilm XF10 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/15p........
7.
 
Nikon Z7 II Full Frame 45.4 8256 55044K/60p........
8.
 
Nikon Z6 II Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/60p........
9.
 
Nikon Z6 Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/30p25.314.3329995
10.
 
Nikon Z7 Full Frame 45.4 8256 55044K/30p26.314.6266899
11.
 
Panasonic S5 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/60p........
12.
 
Panasonic S1 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/60p25.214.5333395
13.
 
Panasonic TZ95 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p........
14.
 
Panasonic FT7 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p........
15.
 
Panasonic LX5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p19.610.813241
16.
 
Sony A9 II Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.014.0343493
17.
 
Sony A7R IV Full Frame 60.2 9504 63364K/30p26.014.8334499

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, and both provide the same movie specifications (4K/30p).

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The two cameras under consideration are similar with respect to both having an electronic viewfinder. However, the one in the Z5 offers a substantially higher resolution than the one in the TZ90 (3690k vs 1166k dots). The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Nikon Z5 and Panasonic TZ90 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Nikon Z53690 n 3.2 1040 tilting Y 1/8000s 4.5 n Y
2.
 
Panasonic TZ901166 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
3.
 
Canon R65760 n 3.0 1620 swivel Y 1/8000s 12.0 n Y
4.
 
Canon SX730none n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/3200s 5.9 Y Y
5.
 
Fujifilm X-T43690 n 3.0 1620 swivel Y 1/8000s 15.0 n Y
6.
 
Fujifilm XF10none n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
7.
 
Nikon Z7 II3690 Y 3.2 2100 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
8.
 
Nikon Z6 II3690 Y 3.2 2100 tilting Y 1/8000s 14.0 n Y
9.
 
Nikon Z63690 Y 3.2 2100 tilting Y 1/8000s 12.0 n Y
10.
 
Nikon Z73690 Y 3.2 2100 tilting Y 1/8000s 9.0 n Y
11.
 
Panasonic S52360 n 3.0 1840 full-flex Y 1/8000s 7.0 n Y
12.
 
Panasonic S15760 Y 3.2 2100 full-flex Y 1/8000s 9.0 n Y
13.
 
Panasonic TZ952330 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
14.
 
Panasonic FT71170 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/1300s 10.0 Y Y
15.
 
Panasonic LX5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y
16.
 
Sony A9 II3686 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y
17.
 
Sony A7R IV5760 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The TZ90 has one, while the Z5 does not. While the built-in flash of the TZ90 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The TZ90 has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies. In contrast, the Z5 does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, both cameras under consideration feature an electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Nikon Z5 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the Z5 and the TZ90 write their files to SDXC cards. The Z5 features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the TZ90 only has one slot. The Z5 supports UHS-II cards (on both slots), while the TZ90 can use UHS-I cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Nikon Z5 and Panasonic Lumix DC-TZ90 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Nikon Z5YstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
2.
 
Panasonic TZ90-stereomono--micro2.0Y--
3.
 
Canon R6YmonomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
4.
 
Canon SX730-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
5.
 
Fujifilm X-T4YstereomonoY-micro3.1Y-Y
6.
 
Fujifilm XF10-stereomonoY-micro2.0Y-Y
7.
 
Nikon Z7 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
8.
 
Nikon Z6 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
9.
 
Nikon Z6YstereomonoYYmicro3.1Y-Y
10.
 
Nikon Z7YstereomonoYYmicro3.1Y-Y
11.
 
Panasonic S5YstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
12.
 
Panasonic S1YstereomonoYYfull3.1Y-Y
13.
 
Panasonic TZ95-stereomono--micro2.0Y-Y
14.
 
Panasonic FT7-stereomono--micro2.0Y--
15.
 
Panasonic LX5Ymonomono--mini2.0---
16.
 
Sony A9 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYY
17.
 
Sony A7R IVYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYY

It is notable that the Z5 has a hotshoe, while the TZ90 does not. This socket makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun.

The Z5 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Nikon. In contrast, the TZ90 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the TZ90 was succeeded by the Panasonic TZ95. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Nikon and Panasonic websites.

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Review summary

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Nikon Z5 and the Panasonic TZ90? Which camera is better? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Advantages of the Nikon Z5:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (24.2 vs 20.2MP) with a 12% higher linear resolution.
  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Better image quality: Features a larger and more technologically advanced imaging sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • Better sound control: Has a headphone port that enables audio monitoring while recording.
  • More detailed viewfinder: Has higher resolution electronic viewfinder (3690k vs 1166k dots).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.80x vs 0.46x).
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • More flexible: Accepts interchangeable lenses, so that lens characteristics can be altered.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (470 versus 380) on a single battery charge.
  • Better sealing: Is weather sealed to enable shooting in dusty or wet environments.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.2 vs 2.0).
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Supports a more advanced SD data transfer standard (UHS-II vs UHS-I).
  • More modern: Reflects 3 years and 3 months of technical progress since the TZ90 launch.

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Reasons to prefer the Panasonic Lumix DC-TZ90:

  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 4.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Ready to shoot: Has an integrated lens, whereas the Z5 necessitates an extra lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (112x67mm vs 134x101mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens built in (unlike the Z5).
  • Easier fill-in: Has a small integrated flash to brighten shadows of backlit subjects.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in April 2017).

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the Z5 is the clear winner of the match-up (23 : 9 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

Z5 23:09 TZ90

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Nikon Z5 and the Panasonic TZ90 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera and Best Superzoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the Z5 or the TZ90 perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon Z54/5..89/1004.5/54/5 Jul 2020 1,399 i
2.
 
Panasonic TZ90..+ +..4/54/5 Apr 2017 449i
3.
 
Canon R65/5+ +90/1004.5/55/5 Jul 2020 2,499 i
4.
 
Canon SX730..+..4/54/5 Apr 2017 399i
5.
 
Fujifilm X-T45/5+ +..5/55/5 Feb 2020 1,699 i
6.
 
Fujifilm XF10....75/1004/54.5/5 Jul 2018 499 i
7.
 
Nikon Z7 II4.5/5....4.5/54.5/5 Oct 2020 2,999 i
8.
 
Nikon Z6 II4.5/5..89/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2020 1,999 i
9.
 
Nikon Z65/5....4.5/55/5 Aug 2018 1,999i
10.
 
Nikon Z75/5+89/1004.5/55/5 Aug 2018 3,399i
11.
 
Panasonic S54.5/5+ +..4.5/54.5/5 Sep 2020 1,999 i
12.
 
Panasonic S14.5/5+ +88/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2019 2,499 i
13.
 
Panasonic TZ95..+ +..4.5/5.. Feb 2019 449 i
14.
 
Panasonic FT7..+..3.5/53.5/5 May 2018 449 i
15.
 
Panasonic LX54/5+73/1004.5/54.5/5 Jul 2010 499i
16.
 
Sony A9 II....90/1005/55/5 Oct 2019 4,499 i
17.
 
Sony A7R IV5/5+91/1004.5/55/5 Jul 2019 3,499 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Nikon Z5:
Check Amazon price
Panasonic TZ90:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Nikon Z5 vs Panasonic TZ90

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Nikon Z5 Panasonic TZ90
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Nikon Z mount lenses 24-720mm f/3.3-6.4
    Launch Date July 2020 April 2017
    Launch Price USD 1,399 USD 449
    Sensor Specs Nikon Z5 Panasonic TZ90
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format Full Frame Sensor 1/2.3" Sensor
    Sensor Size 35.9 x 23.9 mm 6.17 x 4.55 mm
    Sensor Area 858.01 mm2 28.0735 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 43.1 mm 7.7 mm
    Crop Factor 1.0x 5.6x
    Sensor Resolution 24.2 Megapixels 20.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6016 x 4016 pixels 5184 x 3888 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.95 μm 1.18 μm
    Pixel Density 2.82 MP/cm2 71.80 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 51,200 ISO 80 - 3,200 ISO
    ISO Boost 50 - 102,400 ISO 80 - 6,400 ISO
    Image Processor EXPEED 6 Venus
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 36
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 19.1
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 10.6
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 106
    Screen Specs Nikon Z5 Panasonic TZ90
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.80x 0.46x
    Viewfinder Resolution 3690k dots 1166k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.2inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots 1040k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Nikon Z5 Panasonic TZ90
    Focus System On-Sensor Phase-detect Contrast-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/8000s 1/2000s
    Continuous Shooting 4.5 shutter flaps/s 10 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/8000sup to 1/16000s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inno Intervalometer
    Image StabilizationIn-body stabilizationLens-based stabilization
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Dual card slots Single card slot
    UHS card support Dual UHS-II UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Nikon Z5 Panasonic TZ90
    External Flash Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 3.2 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port micro HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port no MIC socket
    Headphone Socket Headphone port no Headphone port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in no Bluetooth
    Body Specs Nikon Z5 Panasonic TZ90
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodynot weather sealed
    Battery Type EN-EL15c DMW-BLG10
    Battery Life (CIPA)470 shots per charge380 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 134 x 101 x 67 mm
    (5.3 x 4.0 x 2.6 in)
    112 x 67 x 41 mm
    (4.4 x 2.6 x 1.6 in)
    Camera Weight 675 g (23.8 oz) 322 g (11.4 oz)

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