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Nikon D780 vs Sony RX100 VII

The Nikon D780 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in January 2020 and July 2019. The D780 is a DSLR, while the RX100 VII is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on a full frame (D780) and an one-inch (RX100 VII) sensor. The Nikon has a resolution of 24.3 megapixels, whereas the Sony provides 20 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Nikon D780 VS Sony RX100 VII
Nikon D780 Sony RX100 VII
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Nikon F mount lenses 24-200mm f/2.8-4.5
24.3 MP, Full Frame Sensor 20 MP, 1" Sensor
4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 100-51200 (50-204800) ISO 125-12800 (80-25600)
Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder (2359k dots)
3.2" LCD, 2359k dots 3.0" LCD, 921k dots
Tilting touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
12 shutter flaps per second 90 shutter flaps per second
Weathersealed bodyNot weather sealed
2260 shots per battery charge260 shots per battery charge
144 x 116 x 76 mm, 840 g 102 x 58 x 43 mm, 302 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Nikon D780 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Nikon D780 and the Sony RX100 VII. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Nikon D780 vs Sony RX100 VII
Compare D780 versus RX100 VII top
Comparison D780 or RX100 VII rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sony RX100 VII is considerably smaller (65 percent) than the Nikon D780. It is worth mentioning in this context that the D780 is splash and dust resistant, while the RX100 VII does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the RX100 VII has a lens built in, whereas the D780 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D780 and their specifications in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

The battery packs of both cameras can be charged via USB, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, just click on the right or left arrow next to the camera that you would like to inspect. Alternatively, you can also use the CAM-parator to select your camera combination among a larger number of options.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780» 144 mm 116 mm 76 mm 840 g 2260 Y Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Sony RX100 VII« 102 mm 58 mm 43 mm 302 g 260 n Jul 2019 1,199 iSony RX100 VII
 
Canon 6D Mark II« » 144 mm 111 mm 75 mm 765 g 1200 Y Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6« » 160 mm 163 mm 92 mm 1270 g 3580 Y Feb 2020 6,499 iNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500« » 136 mm 104 mm 73 mm 720 g 950 Y Apr 2017 1,299 iNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500« » 147 mm 115 mm 81 mm 860 g 1240 Y Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750« » 141 mm 113 mm 78 mm 750 g 1230 Y Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
 
Nikon Df« » 144 mm 110 mm 67 mm 760 g 1400 Y Nov 2013 2,749 iNikon Df
 
Nikon D610« » 141 mm 113 mm 82 mm 850 g 900 Y Oct 2013 1,999 iNikon D610
 
Nikon D600« » 141 mm 113 mm 82 mm 850 g 900 Y Sep 2012 2,099iNikon D600
 
Panasonic S1« » 149 mm 110 mm 97 mm 1017 g 400 Y Feb 2019 2,499 iPanasonic S1
 
Sigma fp« » 113 mm 70 mm 45 mm 422 g 280 Y Jul 2019 1,899 iSigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI« » 102 mm 58 mm 43 mm 301 g 240 n Jun 2018 1,199iSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V« » 102 mm 58 mm 41 mm 299 g 220 n Oct 2016 999 iSony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV« » 102 mm 58 mm 41 mm 298 g 280 n Jun 2015 999iSony RX100 IV
 
Sony RX100 III« » 102 mm 58 mm 41 mm 290 g 320 n May 2014 799iSony RX100 III
 
Sony RX100 II« » 102 mm 58 mm 38 mm 281 g 350 n Jun 2013 749iSony RX100 II
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The RX100 VII was launched at a lower price than the D780, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Nikon D780 features a full frame sensor and the Sony RX100 VII an one-inch sensor. The sensor area in the RX100 VII is 86 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.0 and 2.7. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Nikon D780 and Sony RX100 VII sensor measures

With 24.3MP, the D780 offers a higher resolution than the RX100 VII (20MP), but the D780 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.94μm versus 2.41μm for the RX100 VII) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the D780 is a somewhat more recent model (by 5 months) than the RX100 VII, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels.

The resolution advantage of the Nikon D780 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the D780 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 30.2 x 20.1 inch or 76.8 x 51.1 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 24.2 x 16.1 inch or 61.4 x 40.9 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 20.2 x 13.4 inch or 51.2 x 34.1 cm. The corresponding values for the Sony RX100 VII are 27.4 x 18.2 inch or 69.5 x 46.3 cm for good quality, 21.9 x 14.6 inch or 55.6 x 37.1 cm for very good quality, and 18.2 x 12.2 inch or 46.3 x 30.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Nikon D780 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 51200, which can be extended to ISO 50-204800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII are ISO 125 to ISO 12800, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 80-25600.

D780 versus RX100 VII MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780 Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/30p........Nikon D780
 
Sony RX100 VII 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p21.812.441863Sony RX100 VII
 
Canon 6D Mark II Full Frame 26.0 6240 41601080/60p24.411.9286285Canon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6 Full Frame 20.7 5568 37124K/30p........Nikon D6
 
Nikon D7500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.314.0148386Nikon D7500
 
Nikon D500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.014.0132483Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/60p24.814.5295693Nikon D750
 
Nikon Df Full Frame 16.2 4928 3280none24.613.1327989Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/30p25.114.4292594Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/30p25.114.2298094Nikon D600
 
Panasonic S1 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/60p25.214.5333395Panasonic S1
 
Sigma fp Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Sigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........Sony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p22.812.458670Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p22.812.659170Sony RX100 IV
 
Sony RX100 III 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p22.412.349567Sony RX100 III
 
Sony RX100 II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p22.512.448367Sony RX100 II

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, and both provide the same movie specifications (4K/30p).

 

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the RX100 VII has an electronic viewfinder (2359k dots), while the D780 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinders of both cameras offer the same field of view (100%), but the viewfinder of the D780 has a higher magnification than the one of the RX100 VII (0.70x vs 0.59x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Nikon D780, the Sony RX100 VII, and comparable cameras.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n Nikon D780
 
Sony RX100 VII2359 n 3.0 921 tilting Y 1/2000s 90.0 Y Y Sony RX100 VII
 
Canon 6D Mark IIoptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.5 n n Canon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6optical Y 3.2 2359 fixed Y 1/8000s 14.0 n n Nikon D6
 
Nikon D7500optical Y 3.2 922 tilting Y 1/8000s 8.0 Y n Nikon D7500
 
Nikon D500optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n n Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750optical Y 3.2 1229 tilting n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D750
 
Nikon Dfoptical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 n n Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610optical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600optical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 Y n Nikon D600
 
Panasonic S15760 Y 3.2 2100 full-flex Y 1/8000s 9.0 n Y Panasonic S1
 
Sigma fpnone n 3.2 2100 fixed Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n Sigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y Sony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV2359 n 3.0 1228 tilting n 1/2000s 16.0 Y Y Sony RX100 IV
 
Sony RX100 III1440 n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y Sony RX100 III
 
Sony RX100 IIoptional n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y Sony RX100 II

One feature that is present on the D780, but is missing on the RX100 VII is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

The RX100 VII has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies. In contrast, the D780 does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the RX100 VII is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Nikon D780 and the Sony RX100 VII both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The D780 writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the RX100 VII uses SDXC or Memory Stick PRO Duo cards. The D780 features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the RX100 VII only has one slot. The D780 supports UHS-II cards (on both slots), while the RX100 VII can use UHS-I cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Nikon D780 and Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D780
 
Sony RX100 VII-stereomonoY-micro2.0YYYSony RX100 VII
 
Canon 6D Mark IIYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYYCanon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y-YNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500YstereomonoYYmini3.0YYYNikon D500
 
Nikon D750YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y--Nikon D750
 
Nikon DfYnonenone--mini2.0---Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610YmonomonoYYmini2.0---Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600YmonomonoYYmini2.0---Nikon D600
 
Panasonic S1YstereomonoYYfull3.1Y-YPanasonic S1
 
Sigma fpYstereomonoY-micro3.1---Sigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI-stereomono--micro2.0YYYSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Sony RX100 IV
 
Sony RX100 III-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Sony RX100 III
 
Sony RX100 IIYstereomono--micro2.0YY-Sony RX100 II

It is notable that the D780 has a hotshoe, while the RX100 VII does not. This socket makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Nikon D780 (unlike the RX100 VII) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

Both the D780 and the RX100 VII are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The RX100 VII replaced the earlier Sony RX100 VI, while the D780 followed on from the Nikon D750. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Nikon and Sony websites.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is the Nikon D780 better than the Sony RX100 VII or vice versa? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Arguments in favor of the Nikon D780:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (24.3 vs 20MP) with a 10% higher linear resolution.
  • Better image quality: Features bigger pixels on a larger sensor for higher quality imaging.
  • Richer colors: The pixel size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger pixels capture a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger pixels means good image quality even under poor lighting.
  • Better sound control: Has a headphone port that enables audio monitoring while recording.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.70x vs 0.59x).
  • Easier setting verification: Features an LCD display on top to control shooting parameters.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2359k vs 921k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (2260 versus 260) on a single battery charge.
  • Better sealing: Is weather sealed to enable shooting in dusty or wet environments.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.1 vs 2.0).
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Supports a more advanced SD data transfer standard (UHS-II vs UHS-I).
  • More modern: Is somewhat more recent (announced 5 months after the RX100 VII).

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Reasons to prefer the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100 VII:

  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (90 vs 12 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the D780 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (102x58mm vs 144x116mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens built in (unlike the D780).
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • Easier fill-in: Has a small integrated flash to brighten shadows of backlit subjects.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in July 2019).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the D780 is the clear winner of the match-up (21 : 12 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D780 21:12 RX100 VII

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Nikon D780 and the Sony RX100 VII place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Travel-Zoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D780 or the RX100 VII perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780..87/1004.5/5..4.5/5 Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Sony RX100 VII....4/5..5/5 Jul 2019 1,199 iSony RX100 VII
 
Canon 6D Mark II+80/1004.5/54/54/5 Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6....4.5/5..4.5/5 Feb 2020 6,499 iNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500+ +86/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Apr 2017 1,299 iNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500+ +91/1004.5/55/55/5 Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750+ +90/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
 
Nikon Df..81/1004/54/54/5 Nov 2013 2,749 iNikon Df
 
Nikon D610+ +87/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 1,999 iNikon D610
 
Nikon D600+ +87/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2012 2,099iNikon D600
 
Panasonic S1+ +88/1004.5/5..4/5 Feb 2019 2,499 iPanasonic S1
 
Sigma fp....4/5..4.5/5 Jul 2019 1,899 iSigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI+ +83/1004/5..4.5/5 Jun 2018 1,199iSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX100 V+ +83/1004/55/54.5/5 Oct 2016 999 iSony RX100 V
 
Sony RX100 IV+ +85/1004/54.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 999iSony RX100 IV
 
Sony RX100 III+ +82/1004.5/54.5/55/5 May 2014 799iSony RX100 III
 
Sony RX100 II+ +79/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Jun 2013 749iSony RX100 II
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Nikon D780:
Check Amazon price
Sony RX100 VII:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Nikon D780 vs Sony RX100 VII

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Nikon D780 Sony RX100 VII
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Nikon F mount lenses 24-200mm f/2.8-4.5
    Launch Date January 2020 July 2019
    Launch Price USD 2299 USD 1199
    Sensor Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX100 VII
    Sensor Technology BSI-CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format Full Frame Sensor 1" Sensor
    Sensor Size 35.9 x 23.9 mm 13.2 x 8.8 mm
    Sensor Area 858.01 mm2 116.16 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 43.1 mm 15.9 mm
    Crop Factor 1.0x 2.7x
    Sensor Resolution 24.3 Megapixels 20 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6048 x 4024 pixels 5472 x 3648 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.94 μm 2.41 μm
    Pixel Density 2.84 MP/cm2 17.18 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100-51200 ISO 125-12800 ISO
    ISO Boost 50-204800 ISO 80-25600 ISO
    Image Processor EXPEED 6 BIONZ X
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 63
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 21.8
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 12.4
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 418
    Screen Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX100 VII
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.70x 0.59x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2359k dots
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel no Top Display
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.2 inch 3.0 inch
    LCD Resolution 2359k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX100 VII
    Focus System Phase-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/8000/s 1/2000/s
    Continuous Shooting 12 shutter flaps/s 90 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterno E-Shutterup to 1/32000s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards MS or SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Dual card slots Single card slot
    UHS card support Dual UHS-II UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX100 VII
    External Flash Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket no PC Sync
    USB Connector USB 3.1 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Headphone Socket Headphone port no Headphone port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX100 VII
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyNot weather sealed
    Battery Type EN-EL15b NP-BX1
    Battery Life (CIPA)2260 shots per charge260 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 144 x 116 x 76 mm
    (5.7 x 4.6 x 3.0 in)
    102 x 58 x 43 mm
    (4.0 x 2.3 x 1.7 in)
    Camera Weight 840 g (29.6 oz) 302 g (10.7 oz)

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