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Nikon D780 vs Sony RX10 IV

The Nikon D780 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 IV are two enthusiast cameras that were announced, respectively, in January 2020 and September 2017. The D780 is a DSLR, while the RX10 IV is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on a full frame (D780) and an one-inch (RX10 IV) sensor. The Nikon has a resolution of 24.3 megapixels, whereas the Sony provides 20 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Nikon D780 VS Sony RX10 IV
Nikon D780 Sony RX10 IV
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Nikon F mount lenses 24-600mm f/2.4-4.0
24.3 MP, Full Frame Sensor 20 MP, 1" Sensor
4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 100-51200 (50-204800) ISO 100-12800 (64-25600)
Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder (2359k dots)
3.2" LCD, 2359k dots 3.0" LCD, 1440k dots
Tilting touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
12 shutter flaps per second 24 shutter flaps per second
Weathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
2260 shots per battery charge400 shots per battery charge
144 x 116 x 76 mm, 840 g 133 x 94 x 145 mm, 1095 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Nikon D780 and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 IV? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Nikon D780 and the Sony RX10 IV. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Nikon D780 vs Sony RX10 IV
Compare D780 versus RX10 IV top
Comparison D780 or RX10 IV rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sony RX10 IV is notably smaller (25 percent) than the Nikon D780. In this context, it is worth noting that both cameras are splash and dust-proof and can, hence, be used in inclement weather conditions or harsh environments.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the RX10 IV has a lens built in, whereas the D780 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D780 and their specifications in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

The battery packs of both cameras can be charged via USB, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780» 5.7 in 4.6 in 3.0 in 29.6 oz 2260 Y Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Sony RX10 IV« 5.2 in 3.7 in 5.7 in 38.6 oz 400 Y Sep 2017 1,699 iSony RX10 IV
 
Canon 6D Mark II« » 5.7 in 4.4 in 3.0 in 27.0 oz 1200 Y Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 6D« » 5.7 in 4.4 in 2.8 in 27.2 oz 1090 Y Sep 2012 2,099iCanon 6D
 
Nikon D6« » 6.3 in 6.4 in 3.6 in 44.8 oz 3580 Y Feb 2020 6,499 iNikon D6
 
Nikon D5« » 6.3 in 6.3 in 3.6 in 49.9 oz 3780 Y Jan 2016 6,499iNikon D5
 
Nikon D500« » 5.8 in 4.5 in 3.2 in 30.3 oz 1240 Y Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750« » 5.6 in 4.4 in 3.1 in 26.5 oz 1230 Y Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
 
Nikon Df« » 5.7 in 4.3 in 2.6 in 26.8 oz 1400 Y Nov 2013 2,749 iNikon Df
 
Nikon D610« » 5.6 in 4.4 in 3.2 in 30.0 oz 900 Y Oct 2013 1,999 iNikon D610
 
Nikon D600« » 5.6 in 4.4 in 3.2 in 30.0 oz 900 Y Sep 2012 2,099iNikon D600
 
Sigma fp« » 4.4 in 2.8 in 1.8 in 14.9 oz 280 Y Jul 2019 1,899 iSigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI« » 4.0 in 2.3 in 1.7 in 10.6 oz 240 n Jun 2018 1,199iSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX10 III« » 5.2 in 3.7 in 5.0 in 37.1 oz 420 Y Mar 2016 1,499 iSony RX10 III
 
Sony RX100 V« » 4.0 in 2.3 in 1.6 in 10.5 oz 220 n Oct 2016 999 iSony RX100 V
 
Sony RX10 II« » 5.1 in 3.5 in 4.0 in 28.7 oz 400 Y Jun 2015 1,299iSony RX10 II
 
Sony RX10« » 5.1 in 3.5 in 4.0 in 28.7 oz 420 Y Oct 2013 1,299iSony RX10
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The RX10 IV was launched at a lower price than the D780, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

 

Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Nikon D780 features a full frame sensor and the Sony RX10 IV an one-inch sensor. The sensor area in the RX10 IV is 86 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.0 and 2.7. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Nikon D780 and Sony RX10 IV sensor measures

With 24.3MP, the D780 offers a higher resolution than the RX10 IV (20MP), but the D780 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.94μm versus 2.41μm for the RX10 IV) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the D780 is a much more recent model (by 2 years and 3 months) than the RX10 IV, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels.

The resolution advantage of the Nikon D780 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the D780 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 30.2 x 20.1 inch or 76.8 x 51.1 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 24.2 x 16.1 inch or 61.4 x 40.9 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 20.2 x 13.4 inch or 51.2 x 34.1 cm. The corresponding values for the Sony RX10 IV are 27.4 x 18.2 inch or 69.5 x 46.3 cm for good quality, 21.9 x 14.6 inch or 55.6 x 37.1 cm for very good quality, and 18.2 x 12.2 inch or 46.3 x 30.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Nikon D780 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 51200, which can be extended to ISO 50-204800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 IV are ISO 100 to ISO 12800, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 64-25600.

D780 versus RX10 IV MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780 Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/30p........Nikon D780
 
Sony RX10 IV 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........Sony RX10 IV
 
Canon 6D Mark II Full Frame 26.0 6240 41601080/60p24.411.9286285Canon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 6D Full Frame 20.0 5472 36481080/30p23.812.1234082Canon 6D
 
Nikon D6 Full Frame 20.7 5568 37124K/30p........Nikon D6
 
Nikon D5 Full Frame 20.7 5588 37124K/30p25.112.3234388Nikon D5
 
Nikon D500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.014.0132483Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/60p24.814.5295693Nikon D750
 
Nikon Df Full Frame 16.2 4928 3280none24.613.1327989Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/30p25.114.4292594Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/30p25.114.2298094Nikon D600
 
Sigma fp Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Sigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........Sony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX10 III 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p23.112.647270Sony RX10 III
 
Sony RX100 V 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p22.812.458670Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX10 II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p23.012.653170Sony RX10 II
 
Sony RX10 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p22.912.647469Sony RX10

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, and both provide the same movie specifications (4K/30p).

 

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the RX10 IV has an electronic viewfinder (2359k dots), while the D780 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinders of both cameras offer the same field of view (100%), as well as the same magnification (0.70x). The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Nikon D780 and Sony RX10 IV in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n Nikon D780
 
Sony RX10 IV2359 Y 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y Sony RX10 IV
 
Canon 6D Mark IIoptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.5 n n Canon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 6Doptical Y 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 4.5 n n Canon 6D
 
Nikon D6optical Y 3.2 2359 fixed Y 1/8000s 14.0 n n Nikon D6
 
Nikon D5optical Y 3.2 2359 fixed Y 1/8000s 14.0 n n Nikon D5
 
Nikon D500optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n n Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750optical Y 3.2 1229 tilting n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D750
 
Nikon Dfoptical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 n n Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610optical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600optical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 Y n Nikon D600
 
Sigma fpnone n 3.2 2100 fixed Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n Sigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y Sony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX10 III2359 Y 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/2000s 14.0 Y Y Sony RX10 III
 
Sony RX100 V2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX10 II2359 Y 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/3200s 14.0 Y Y Sony RX10 II
 
Sony RX101440 Y 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/3200s 10.0 Y Y Sony RX10

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The RX10 IV has one, while the D780 does not. While the built-in flash of the RX10 IV is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the RX10 IV is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Nikon D780 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The D780 writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the RX10 IV uses SDXC or Memory Stick PRO Duo cards. The D780 features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the RX10 IV only has one slot. The D780 supports UHS-II cards (on both slots), while the RX10 IV can use UHS-I cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Nikon D780 and Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 IV and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D780
 
Sony RX10 IVYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-Sony RX10 IV
 
Canon 6D Mark IIYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYYCanon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 6DYmonomonoY-mini2.0Y--Canon 6D
 
Nikon D6YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D6
 
Nikon D5YstereomonoYYmini3.0---Nikon D5
 
Nikon D500YstereomonoYYmini3.0YYYNikon D500
 
Nikon D750YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y--Nikon D750
 
Nikon DfYnonenone--mini2.0---Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610YmonomonoYYmini2.0---Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600YmonomonoYYmini2.0---Nikon D600
 
Sigma fpYstereomonoY-micro3.1---Sigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI-stereomono--micro2.0YYYSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX10 IIIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-Sony RX10 III
 
Sony RX100 V-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Sony RX100 V
 
Sony RX10 IIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-Sony RX10 II
 
Sony RX10YstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-Sony RX10

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Nikon D780 (unlike the RX10 IV) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

Both the D780 and the RX10 IV are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The RX10 IV replaced the earlier Sony RX10 III, while the D780 followed on from the Nikon D750. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Nikon and Sony websites.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Nikon D780 or the Sony RX10 IV – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Advantages of the Nikon D780:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (24.3 vs 20MP) with a 10% higher linear resolution.
  • Better image quality: Features a larger and more technologically advanced imaging sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2359k vs 1440k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (2260 versus 400) on a single battery charge.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.1 vs 2.0).
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Supports a more advanced SD data transfer standard (UHS-II vs UHS-I).
  • More modern: Reflects 2 years and 3 months of technical progress since the RX10 IV launch.

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Arguments in favor of the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX10 IV:

  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (24 vs 12 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the D780 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (133x94mm vs 144x116mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • Easier fill-in: Has a small integrated flash to brighten shadows of backlit subjects.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in September 2017).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the D780 is the clear winner of the match-up (18 : 10 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional sports photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a street photog, and a person interested in family portraits has distinct needs from a landscape shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D780 18:10 RX10 IV

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Nikon D780 and the Sony RX10 IV place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Superzoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D780 or the RX10 IV perform in practice. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780..87/1004.5/5..4.5/5 Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Sony RX10 IV+84/1004.5/5..5/5 Sep 2017 1,699 iSony RX10 IV
 
Canon 6D Mark II+80/1004.5/54/54/5 Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 6D+ +83/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2012 2,099iCanon 6D
 
Nikon D6....4.5/5..4.5/5 Feb 2020 6,499 iNikon D6
 
Nikon D5..89/1004.5/55/55/5 Jan 2016 6,499iNikon D5
 
Nikon D500+ +91/1004.5/55/55/5 Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750+ +90/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
 
Nikon Df..81/1004/54/54/5 Nov 2013 2,749 iNikon Df
 
Nikon D610+ +87/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 1,999 iNikon D610
 
Nikon D600+ +87/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2012 2,099iNikon D600
 
Sigma fp....4/5..4.5/5 Jul 2019 1,899 iSigma fp
 
Sony RX100 VI+ +83/1004/5..4.5/5 Jun 2018 1,199iSony RX100 VI
 
Sony RX10 III+84/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Mar 2016 1,499 iSony RX10 III
 
Sony RX100 V+ +83/1004/55/54.5/5 Oct 2016 999 iSony RX100 V
 
Sony RX10 II+ +82/1004.5/54.5/54/5 Jun 2015 1,299iSony RX10 II
 
Sony RX10+80/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 1,299iSony RX10
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Nikon D780:
Check Amazon price
Sony RX10 IV:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Nikon D780 vs Sony RX10 IV

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Nikon D780 Sony RX10 IV
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Nikon F mount lenses 24-600mm f/2.4-4.0
    Launch Date January 2020 September 2017
    Launch Price USD 2299 USD 1699
    Sensor Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX10 IV
    Sensor Technology BSI-CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format Full Frame Sensor 1" Sensor
    Sensor Size 35.9 x 23.9 mm 13.2 x 8.8 mm
    Sensor Area 858.01 mm2 116.16 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 43.1 mm 15.9 mm
    Crop Factor 1.0x 2.7x
    Sensor Resolution 24.3 Megapixels 20 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6048 x 4024 pixels 5472 x 3648 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.94 μm 2.41 μm
    Pixel Density 2.84 MP/cm2 17.18 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100-51200 ISO 100-12800 ISO
    ISO Boost 50-204800 ISO 64-25600 ISO
    Image Processor EXPEED 6 BIONZ X
    Screen Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX10 IV
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.70x 0.70x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2359k dots
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel Control Panel
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.2 inch 3.0 inch
    LCD Resolution 2359k dots 1440k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX10 IV
    Focus System Phase-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/8000/s 1/2000/s
    Continuous Shooting 12 shutter flaps/s 24 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterno E-Shutterup to 1/32000s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inno Intervalometer
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards MS or SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Dual card slots Single card slot
    UHS card support Dual UHS-II UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX10 IV
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket no PC Sync
    USB Connector USB 3.1 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Headphone Socket Headphone port Headphone port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in no Bluetooth
    Body Specs Nikon D780 Sony RX10 IV
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
    Battery Type EN-EL15b NP-FW50
    Battery Life (CIPA)2260 shots per charge400 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 144 x 116 x 76 mm
    (5.7 x 4.6 x 3.0 in)
    133 x 94 x 145 mm
    (5.2 x 3.7 x 5.7 in)
    Camera Weight 840 g (29.6 oz) 1095 g (38.6 oz)

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