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Nikon D780 vs Sony A7R IV

The Nikon D780 and the Sony Alpha A7R IV are two enthusiast cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in January 2020 and July 2019. The D780 is a DSLR, while the A7R IV is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. Both cameras are equipped with a full frame sensor. The Nikon has a resolution of 24.3 megapixels, whereas the Sony provides 60.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Nikon D780 VS Sony A7R IV
Nikon D780 Sony A7R IV
Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
Nikon F mount lenses Sony E mount lenses
24.3 MP, Full Frame Sensor 60.2 MP, Full Frame Sensor
4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 100-51200 (50-204800) ISO 100-32000 (50-102400)
Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder (5760k dots)
3.2" LCD, 2359k dots 3.0" LCD, 1440k dots
Tilting touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
12 shutter flaps per second 10 shutter flaps per second
Lens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
Weathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
2260 shots per battery charge670 shots per battery charge
144 x 116 x 76 mm, 840 g 129 x 96 x 78 mm, 665 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Nikon D780 and the Sony Alpha A7R IV? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Nikon D780 and the Sony A7R IV is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Nikon D780 vs Sony A7R IV
Compare D780 versus A7R IV top
Comparison D780 or A7R IV rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sony A7R IV is notably smaller (26 percent) than the Nikon D780. Moreover, the A7R IV is markedly lighter (21 percent) than the D780. In this context, it is worth noting that both cameras are splash and dust-proof and can, hence, be used in inclement weather conditions or harsh environments.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Both cameras have similarly sized sensors, but DSLRs have a larger flange-to-focal plane distance than mirrorless cameras, which imposes contraints on the optical engineering process and generally leads to bigger and heavier lenses. You can compare the optics available for the two cameras in the Nikon Lens Catalog (D780) and the Sony FE Lens Catalog (A7R IV). Mirrorless cameras, such as the A7R IV, have moreover the advantage that they can use many lenses from other systems via adapters, as they have a relatively short flange to focal plane distance.

The battery packs of both cameras can be charged via USB, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, just use the right or left arrows in the table to switch to the respective camera. Alternatively, you can also navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from the full list of cameras there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780» 144 mm 116 mm 76 mm 840 g 2260 Y Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Sony A7R IV« 129 mm 96 mm 78 mm 665 g 670 Y Jul 2019 3,499 iSony A7R IV
 
Canon 6D Mark II« » 144 mm 111 mm 75 mm 765 g 1200 Y Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6« » 160 mm 163 mm 92 mm 1270 g 3580 Y Feb 2020 6,499 iNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500« » 136 mm 104 mm 73 mm 720 g 950 Y Apr 2017 1,299 iNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500« » 147 mm 115 mm 81 mm 860 g 1240 Y Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750« » 141 mm 113 mm 78 mm 750 g 1230 Y Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
 
Nikon Df« » 144 mm 110 mm 67 mm 760 g 1400 Y Nov 2013 2,749 iNikon Df
 
Nikon D610« » 141 mm 113 mm 82 mm 850 g 900 Y Oct 2013 1,999 iNikon D610
 
Nikon D600« » 141 mm 113 mm 82 mm 850 g 900 Y Sep 2012 2,099iNikon D600
 
Panasonic S1« » 149 mm 110 mm 97 mm 1017 g 400 Y Feb 2019 2,499 iPanasonic S1
 
Sigma fp« » 113 mm 70 mm 45 mm 422 g 280 Y Jul 2019 1,899 iSigma fp
 
Sony A9 II« » 129 mm 96 mm 76 mm 678 g 690 Y Oct 2019 4,499 iSony A9 II
 
Sony A7 III« » 127 mm 96 mm 74 mm 650 g 610 Y Feb 2018 1,999 iSony A7 III
 
Sony A7R III« » 127 mm 96 mm 74 mm 650 g 650 Y Oct 2017 3,199iSony A7R III
 
Sony A7R II« » 127 mm 96 mm 60 mm 625 g 290 Y Jun 2015 3,199iSony A7R II
 
Sony A7S II« » 127 mm 96 mm 60 mm 627 g 370 Y Sep 2015 2,999 iSony A7S II
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The D780 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 34 percent) than the A7R IV, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature a full frame sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the A7R IV is 1 percent smaller. They nevertheless have the same format factor of 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with BSI-CMOS (Backside Illuminated Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors.

Nikon D780 and Sony A7R IV sensor measures

Despite having a slightly smaller sensor, the A7R IV offers a higher resolution of 60.2 megapixels, compared with 24.3 MP of the D780. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 3.76μm versus 5.94μm for the D780). Moreover, it should be noted that the D780 is a somewhat more recent model (by 5 months) than the A7R IV, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the A7R IV has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Sony A7R IV implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the A7R IV for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 47.5 x 31.7 inch or 120.7 x 80.5 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 38 x 25.3 inch or 96.6 x 64.4 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 31.7 x 21.1 inch or 80.5 x 53.6 cm. The corresponding values for the Nikon D780 are 30.2 x 20.1 inch or 76.8 x 51.1 cm for good quality, 24.2 x 16.1 inch or 61.4 x 40.9 cm for very good quality, and 20.2 x 13.4 inch or 51.2 x 34.1 cm for excellent quality prints.

Unlike the D780, the A7R IV has the capacity to capture high quality composite images (241MP) by combining multiple shots after shifting its sensor by miniscule distances. This multi-shot, pixel-shift mode is most suitable for photography of stationary objects (landscapes, studio scenes).

The Nikon D780 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 51200, which can be extended to ISO 50-204800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Alpha A7R IV are ISO 100 to ISO 32000, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 50-102400.

D780 versus A7R IV MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780 Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/30p........Nikon D780
 
Sony A7R IV Full Frame 60.2 9504 63364K/30p........Sony A7R IV
 
Canon 6D Mark II Full Frame 26.0 6240 41601080/60p24.411.9286285Canon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6 Full Frame 20.7 5568 37124K/30p........Nikon D6
 
Nikon D7500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.314.0148386Nikon D7500
 
Nikon D500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.014.0132483Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/60p24.814.5295693Nikon D750
 
Nikon Df Full Frame 16.2 4928 3280none24.613.1327989Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/30p25.114.4292594Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/30p25.114.2298094Nikon D600
 
Panasonic S1 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/60p25.214.5333395Panasonic S1
 
Sigma fp Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Sigma fp
 
Sony A9 II Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.014.0343493Sony A9 II
 
Sony A7 III Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.014.7373096Sony A7 III
 
Sony A7R III Full Frame 42.2 7952 53044K/30p26.014.73523100Sony A7R III
 
Sony A7R II Full Frame 42.2 7952 53044K/30p26.013.9343498Sony A7R II
 
Sony A7S II Full Frame 12.0 4240 28324K/30p23.613.3299385Sony A7S II

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, and both provide the same movie specifications (4K/30p).

 

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the A7R IV has an electronic viewfinder (5760k dots), while the D780 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinders of both cameras offer the same field of view (100%), but the viewfinder of the A7R IV has a higher magnification than the one of the D780 (0.78x vs 0.70x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Nikon D780 and Sony A7R IV along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n Nikon D780
 
Sony A7R IV5760 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y Sony A7R IV
 
Canon 6D Mark IIoptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.5 n n Canon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6optical Y 3.2 2359 fixed Y 1/8000s 14.0 n n Nikon D6
 
Nikon D7500optical Y 3.2 922 tilting Y 1/8000s 8.0 Y n Nikon D7500
 
Nikon D500optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n n Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750optical Y 3.2 1229 tilting n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D750
 
Nikon Dfoptical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 n n Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610optical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600optical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.5 Y n Nikon D600
 
Panasonic S15760 Y 3.2 2100 full-flex Y 1/8000s 9.0 n Y Panasonic S1
 
Sigma fpnone n 3.2 2100 fixed Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n Sigma fp
 
Sony A9 II3686 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y Sony A9 II
 
Sony A7 III2359 n 3.0 922 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y Sony A7 III
 
Sony A7R III3686 n 3.0 1440 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n Y Sony A7R III
 
Sony A7R II2400 n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/8000s 5.0 n Y Sony A7R II
 
Sony A7S II2400 n 3.0 1229 tilting n 1/8000s 5.0 n Y Sony A7S II

One feature that is present on the D780, but is missing on the A7R IV is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the A7R IV is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Nikon D780 and the Sony A7R IV both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the D780 and the A7R IV write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras feature dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. Moreover, both the D780 and the A7R IV support UHS-II cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 312 MB/s, on both slots.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Nikon D780 and Sony Alpha A7R IV and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D780
 
Sony A7R IVYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYYSony A7R IV
 
Canon 6D Mark IIYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYYCanon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y-YNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500YstereomonoYYmini3.0YYYNikon D500
 
Nikon D750YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y--Nikon D750
 
Nikon DfYnonenone--mini2.0---Nikon Df
 
Nikon D610YmonomonoYYmini2.0---Nikon D610
 
Nikon D600YmonomonoYYmini2.0---Nikon D600
 
Panasonic S1YstereomonoYYfull3.1Y-YPanasonic S1
 
Sigma fpYstereomonoY-micro3.1---Sigma fp
 
Sony A9 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYYSony A9 II
 
Sony A7 IIIYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYYSony A7 III
 
Sony A7R IIIYstereomonoYYmicro3.1YYYSony A7R III
 
Sony A7R IIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-Sony A7R II
 
Sony A7S IIYstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-Sony A7S II

Both cameras feature a PC Sync terminal to control professional strobe lights, which will be appreciated by studio photographers.

Both the D780 and the A7R IV are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The A7R IV replaced the earlier Sony A7R III, while the D780 followed on from the Nikon D750. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Nikon and Sony websites.

Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is there a clear favorite between the Nikon D780 and the Sony A7R IV? Which camera is better? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Advantages of the Nikon D780:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Easier setting verification: Features an LCD display on top to control shooting parameters.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2359k vs 1440k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 10 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (2260 versus 670) on a single battery charge.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (34 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Is somewhat more recent (announced 5 months after the A7R IV).

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Arguments in favor of the Sony Alpha A7R IV:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (60.2 vs 24.3MP), which boosts linear resolution by 57%.
  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • High quality composites: Can combine several shots after pixel-shifting its sensor.
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.78x vs 0.70x).
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • More compact: Is smaller (129x96mm vs 144x116mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 175g or 21 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can use many non-native lenses via adapters.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in July 2019).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the A7R IV emerges as the winner of the match-up (12 : 9 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D780 09:12 A7R IV

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Nikon D780 and the Sony A7R IV place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the D780 or the A7R IV. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Nikon D780..87/1004.5/5..4.5/5 Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Sony A7R IV+91/1004.5/55/55/5 Jul 2019 3,499 iSony A7R IV
 
Canon 6D Mark II+80/1004.5/54/54/5 Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Nikon D6....4.5/5..4.5/5 Feb 2020 6,499 iNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500+ +86/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Apr 2017 1,299 iNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500+ +91/1004.5/55/55/5 Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750+ +90/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
 
Nikon Df..81/1004/54/54/5 Nov 2013 2,749 iNikon Df
 
Nikon D610+ +87/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 1,999 iNikon D610
 
Nikon D600+ +87/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2012 2,099iNikon D600
 
Panasonic S1+ +88/1004.5/5..4/5 Feb 2019 2,499 iPanasonic S1
 
Sigma fp....4/5..4.5/5 Jul 2019 1,899 iSigma fp
 
Sony A9 II....5/5..5/5 Oct 2019 4,499 iSony A9 II
 
Sony A7 III+ +89/1005/55/55/5 Feb 2018 1,999 iSony A7 III
 
Sony A7R III+ +90/1004.5/55/55/5 Oct 2017 3,199iSony A7R III
 
Sony A7R II+ +90/1005/54.5/55/5 Jun 2015 3,199iSony A7R II
 
Sony A7S II+..4.5/55/55/5 Sep 2015 2,999 iSony A7S II
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Nikon D780:
Check Amazon price
Sony A7R IV:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make your choice using the following search menu. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Nikon D780 vs Sony A7R IV

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Nikon D780 Sony A7R IV
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Nikon F mount lenses Sony E mount lenses
    Launch Date January 2020 July 2019
    Launch Price USD 2299 USD 3499
    Sensor Specs Nikon D780 Sony A7R IV
    Sensor Technology BSI-CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format Full Frame Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 35.9 x 23.9 mm 35.7 x 23.8 mm
    Sensor Area 858.01 mm2 849.66 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 43.1 mm 42.9 mm
    Crop Factor 1.0x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 24.3 Megapixels 60.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6048 x 4024 pixels 9504 x 6336 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.94 μm 3.76 μm
    Pixel Density 2.84 MP/cm2 7.09 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100-51200 ISO 100-32000 ISO
    ISO Boost 50-204800 ISO 50-102400 ISO
    Image Processor EXPEED 6 BIONZ X
    Screen Specs Nikon D780 Sony A7R IV
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.70x 0.78x
    Viewfinder Resolution 5760k dots
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel no Top Display
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.2 inch 3.0 inch
    LCD Resolution 2359k dots 1440k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Nikon D780 Sony A7R IV
    Focus System Phase-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/8000/s 1/8000/s
    Continuous Shooting 12 shutter flaps/s 10 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterno E-ShutterYES
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Image StabilizationLens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Dual card slots Dual card slots
    UHS card support Dual UHS-II Dual UHS-II
    Connectivity Specs Nikon D780 Sony A7R IV
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket PC Sync socket
    USB Connector USB 3.1 USB 3.1
    HDMI Port mini HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Headphone Socket Headphone port Headphone port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Nikon D780 Sony A7R IV
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
    Battery Type EN-EL15b NP-FZ100
    Battery Life (CIPA)2260 shots per charge670 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 144 x 116 x 76 mm
    (5.7 x 4.6 x 3.0 in)
    129 x 96 x 78 mm
    (5.1 x 3.8 x 3.1 in)
    Camera Weight 840 g (29.6 oz) 665 g (23.5 oz)

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