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Nikon D5100 vs D780

The Nikon D5100 and the Nikon D780 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in April 2011 and January 2020. Both are DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) cameras that are based on an APS-C (D5100) and a full frame (D780) sensor. The D5100 has a resolution of 16.1 megapixels, whereas the D780 provides 24.3 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Nikon D5100
versus
Nikon D780
Nikon D5100 Nikon D780
Digital single lens reflex Digital single lens reflex
Nikon F mount lenses Nikon F mount lenses
16.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 24.3 MP, Full Frame Sensor
1080/30p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 100-6,400 (100 - 25,600) ISO 100-51,200 (50 - 204,800)
Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 921k dots 3.2 LCD, 2359k dots
Swivel screen (not touch-sensitive) Tilting touchscreen
4 shutter flaps per second 12 shutter flaps per second
not weather sealedWeathersealed body
660 shots per battery charge2260 shots per battery charge
128 x 97 x 79 mm, 560 g 144 x 116 x 76 mm, 840 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Nikon D5100 and the Nikon D780? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Nikon D5100 and the Nikon D780 is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Nikon D5100 vs Nikon D780
Compare D5100 versus D780 top
Comparison D5100 or D780 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D780 is notably larger (35 percent) than the Nikon D5100. Moreover, the D780 is substantially heavier (50 percent) than the D5100. It is noteworthy in this context that the D780 is splash and dust-proof, while the D5100 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. A larger imaging sensor (as in the D780) will tend to go along with bigger and heavier lenses, while more compact options are available for the smaller-sensor camera (D5100). You can compare the optics available in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the D5100 gets 660 shots out of its EN-EL14 battery, while the D780 can take 2260 images on a single charge of its EN-EL15b power pack. The power pack in the D780 can be charged via the USB port, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon D5100 128 mm 97 mm 79 mm 560 g 660 n Apr 2011 749 i
2.
 
Nikon D780 144 mm 116 mm 76 mm 840 g 2260 Y Jan 2020 2,299 i
3.
 
Canon 6D Mark II 144 mm 111 mm 75 mm 765 g 1200 Y Jun 2017 1,999 i
4.
 
Canon T2i 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 530 g 440 n Feb 2010 699 i
5.
 
Nikon D6 160 mm 163 mm 92 mm 1270 g 3580 Y Feb 2020 6,499 i
6.
 
Nikon Z6 II 134 mm 101 mm 70 mm 705 g 410 Y Oct 2020 1,999 i
7.
 
Nikon D5600 124 mm 97 mm 70 mm 465 g 970 n Nov 2016 699 i
8.
 
Nikon D5 160 mm 159 mm 92 mm 1415 g 3780 Y Jan 2016 6,499 i
9.
 
Nikon D750 141 mm 113 mm 78 mm 750 g 1230 Y Sep 2014 2,299 i
10.
 
Nikon D5300 125 mm 98 mm 76 mm 480 g 600 n Oct 2013 799 i
11.
 
Nikon D3200 125 mm 96 mm 77 mm 505 g 540 n Apr 2012 599 i
12.
 
Nikon D5200 129 mm 98 mm 78 mm 555 g 500 n Nov 2012 749 i
13.
 
Nikon D7000 132 mm 105 mm 77 mm 780 g 1050 Y Sep 2010 1,499 i
14.
 
Nikon D3100 124 mm 96 mm 75 mm 505 g 550 n Aug 2010 599 i
15.
 
Nikon D5000 127 mm 104 mm 80 mm 590 g 510 n Apr 2009 749 i
16.
 
Sony NEX-5R 111 mm 59 mm 39 mm 276 g 330 n Aug 2012 749 i
17.
 
Sony NEX-5N 111 mm 59 mm 38 mm 269 g 460 n Aug 2011 699 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The D5100 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 67 percent) than the D780, which puts it into a different market segment. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Nikon D5100 features an APS-C sensor and the Nikon D780 a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the D780 is 131 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Technology-wise, the D780 uses a more advanced image processing engine (EXPEED 6) than the D5100 (EXPEED 2), with benefits for noise reduction, color accuracy, and processing speed.

Nikon D5100 and Nikon D780 sensor measures

With 24.3MP, the D780 offers a higher resolution than the D5100 (16.1MP), but the D780 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.94μm versus 4.80μm for the D5100) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the D780 is a much more recent model (by 8 years and 9 months) than the D5100, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units.

The resolution advantage of the Nikon D780 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the D780 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 30.2 x 20.1 inches or 76.8 x 51.1 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 24.2 x 16.1 inches or 61.4 x 40.9 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 20.2 x 13.4 inches or 51.2 x 34.1 cm. The corresponding values for the Nikon D5100 are 24.6 x 16.3 inches or 62.6 x 41.5 cm for good quality, 19.7 x 13.1 inches or 50.1 x 33.2 cm for very good quality, and 16.4 x 10.9 inches or 41.7 x 27.6 cm for excellent quality prints.

The D780 has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Nikon D5100 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 6400, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D780 are ISO 100 to ISO 51200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 50-204800.

D5100 versus D780 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Nikon D5100 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p23.513.61183 80
2.
 
Nikon D780 Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/30p...... ..
3.
 
Canon 6D Mark II Full Frame 26.0 6240 41601080/60p24.411.92862 85
4.
 
Canon T2i APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.5784 66
5.
 
Nikon D6 Full Frame 20.7 5568 37124K/30p...... ..
6.
 
Nikon Z6 II Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/60p...... ..
7.
 
Nikon D5600 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.114.01306 84
8.
 
Nikon D5 Full Frame 20.7 5588 37124K/30p25.112.32343 88
9.
 
Nikon D750 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/60p24.814.52956 93
10.
 
Nikon D5300 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.013.91338 83
11.
 
Nikon D3200 APS-C 24.1 6016 40001080/30p24.113.21131 81
12.
 
Nikon D5200 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60i24.213.91284 84
13.
 
Nikon D7000 APS-C 16.1 4928 326410800/24p23.513.91167 80
14.
 
Nikon D3100 APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.3919 67
15.
 
Nikon D5000 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.5868 72
16.
 
Sony NEX-5R APS-C 16.0 4912 32641080/60i23.713.1910 78
17.
 
Sony NEX-5N APS-C 16.0 4912 32641080/60i23.612.71079 77

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the D780 provides a better video resolution than the D5100. It can shoot movie footage at 4K/30p, while the D5100 is limited to 1080/30p.

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Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The D5100 and the D780 are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The viewfinder in the D780 offers a wider field of view (100%) than the one in the D5100 (95%), so that a larger proportion of the captured image is visible in the finder. In addition, the viewfinder of the D780 has a higher magnification (0.70x vs 0.51x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Nikon D5100 and Nikon D780 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Nikon D5100optical n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
2.
 
Nikon D780optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n
3.
 
Canon 6D Mark IIoptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.5 n n
4.
 
Canon T2ioptical n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 3.7 Y n
5.
 
Nikon D6optical Y 3.2 2359 fixed Y 1/8000s 14.0 n n
6.
 
Nikon Z6 II3690 Y 3.2 2100 tilting Y 1/8000s 14.0 n Y
7.
 
Nikon D5600optical n 3.2 1037 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
8.
 
Nikon D5optical Y 3.2 2359 fixed Y 1/8000s 14.0 n n
9.
 
Nikon D750optical Y 3.2 1229 tilting n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
10.
 
Nikon D5300optical n 3.2 1037 swivel n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
11.
 
Nikon D3200optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
12.
 
Nikon D5200optical n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
13.
 
Nikon D7000optical Y 3.0 921 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
14.
 
Nikon D3100optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
15.
 
Nikon D5000optical n 2.7 230 full-flex n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
16.
 
Sony NEX-5Roptional n 3.0 920 tilting Y 1/4000s 10.0 n n
17.
 
Sony NEX-5Noptional n 3.0 920 tilting Y 1/4000s 10.0 n n

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The D5100 has one, while the D780 does not. While the built-in flash of the D5100 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The D5100 has an articulated LCD that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in snapping selfies. In contrast, the D780 does not have a selfie-screen.

The Nikon D5100 and the Nikon D780 both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the D5100 and the D780 write their files to SDXC cards. The D780 features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the D5100 only has one slot. The D780 supports UHS-II cards (on both slots), while the D5100 can use UHS-I cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Nikon D5100 and Nikon D780 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Nikon D5100YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
2.
 
Nikon D780YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-Y
3.
 
Canon 6D Mark IIYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
4.
 
Canon T2iYstereo-Y-mini2.0---
5.
 
Nikon D6YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-Y
6.
 
Nikon Z6 IIYstereomonoYYmicro3.2Y-Y
7.
 
Nikon D5600YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
8.
 
Nikon D5YstereomonoYYmini3.0---
9.
 
Nikon D750YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y--
10.
 
Nikon D5300YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y--
11.
 
Nikon D3200YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
12.
 
Nikon D5200YstereomonoY-mini2.0---
13.
 
Nikon D7000YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
14.
 
Nikon D3100Ymonomono--mini2.0---
15.
 
Nikon D5000Ymonomono--mini2.0---
16.
 
Sony NEX-5RYstereomono--mini2.0Y--
17.
 
Sony NEX-5NYstereomono--mini2.0---

It is notable that the D780 offers wifi support, which can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location. In contrast, the D5100 does not provide wifi capability.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Nikon D780 (unlike the D5100) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

The D780 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Nikon. In contrast, the D5100 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the D5100 was succeeded by the Nikon D5200. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Nikon website.

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Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is the Nikon D5100 better than the Nikon D780 or vice versa? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.


Arguments in favor of the Nikon D5100:

  • More flexible LCD: Has a swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • More compact: Is smaller (128x97mm vs 144x116mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 280g or 33 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (67 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in April 2011).


Advantages of the Nikon D780:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (24.3 vs 16.1MP), which boosts linear resolution by 23%.
  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better jpgs: Has a more modern image processing engine (EXPEED 6 vs EXPEED 2).
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (4K/30p vs 1080/30p).
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • Better sound control: Has a headphone port that enables audio monitoring while recording.
  • More complete view: Has a viewfinder with a larger field of view (100% vs 95%).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.70x vs 0.51x).
  • Easier setting verification: Features a control panel on top to check shooting parameters.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2359k vs 921k dots).
  • Fewer buttons to press: Has a touchscreen to facilitate handling and shooting adjustments.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/4000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 4 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (2260 versus 660) out of a single battery charge.
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.1 vs 2.0).
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Supports a more advanced SD data transfer standard (UHS-II vs UHS-I).
  • More modern: Reflects 8 years and 9 months of technical progress since the D5100 launch.

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the D780 is the clear winner of the contest (27 : 7 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D5100 07:27 D780

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Nikon D5100 and the Nikon D780 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D5100 or the D780 perform in practice. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon D51005/5+ +76/1004.5/54.5/5 Apr 2011 749 i
2.
 
Nikon D7805/5..87/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2020 2,299 i
3.
 
Canon 6D Mark II4/5+80/1004.5/54/5 Jun 2017 1,999 i
4.
 
Canon T2i..+ +77/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2010 699 i
5.
 
Nikon D6......4.5/54.5/5 Feb 2020 6,499 i
6.
 
Nikon Z6 II4.5/5..89/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2020 1,999 i
7.
 
Nikon D56004/5..79/1004.5/54/5 Nov 2016 699 i
8.
 
Nikon D5....89/1004.5/55/5 Jan 2016 6,499 i
9.
 
Nikon D7505/5+ +90/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2014 2,299 i
10.
 
Nikon D53004/5+ +79/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 799 i
11.
 
Nikon D32005/5+ +73/1004.5/54.5/5 Apr 2012 599 i
12.
 
Nikon D52004/5+ +79/1004.5/54.5/5 Nov 2012 749 i
13.
 
Nikon D70004/5..80/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2010 1,499 i
14.
 
Nikon D31005/5+ +72/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599 i
15.
 
Nikon D5000..+ +75/1004/54.5/5 Apr 2009 749 i
16.
 
Sony NEX-5R......4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2012 749 i
17.
 
Sony NEX-5N3/5+ +79/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2011 699 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Nikon D5100:
Check Ebay offers
Nikon D780:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make your choice using the following search menu. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Nikon D5100 vs Nikon D780

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Nikon D5100 Nikon D780
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens Nikon F mount lenses Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date April 2011 January 2020
    Launch Price USD 749 USD 2,299
    Sensor Specs Nikon D5100 Nikon D780
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.6 x 15.7 mm 35.9 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 370.52 mm2 858.01 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.3 mm 43.1 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 16.1 Megapixels 24.3 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4928 x 3264 pixels 6048 x 4024 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 4.80 μm 5.94 μm
    Pixel Density 4.34 MP/cm2 2.84 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/30p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 6,400 ISO 100 - 51,200 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 25,600 ISO 50 - 204,800 ISO
    Image Processor EXPEED 2 EXPEED 6
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 80 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 23.5 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 13.6 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 1183 ..
    Screen Specs Nikon D5100 Nikon D780
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.51x 0.70x
    Top-Level Screen no Top Display Control Panel
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.2inch
    LCD Resolution 921k dots 2359k dots
    LCD Attachment Swivel screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input no Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Nikon D5100 Nikon D780
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/8000s
    Continuous Shooting 4 shutter flaps/s 12 shutter flaps/s
    Shutter Life Expectancy100 000 actuations200 000 actuations
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Dual card slots
    UHS card support UHS-I Dual UHS-II
    Connectivity Specs Nikon D5100 Nikon D780
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash no PC Sync PC Sync socket
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 3.1
    HDMI Port mini HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Headphone Socket no Headphone port Headphone port
    Wifi Support no Wifi Wifi built-in
    Bluetooth Support no Bluetooth Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Nikon D5100 Nikon D780
    Environmental Sealingnot weather sealedWeathersealed body
    Battery Type EN-EL14 EN-EL15b
    Battery Life (CIPA)660 shots per charge2260 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging no USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 128 x 97 x 79 mm
    (5.0 x 3.8 x 3.1 in)
    144 x 116 x 76 mm
    (5.7 x 4.6 x 3.0 in)
    Camera Weight 560 g (19.8 oz) 840 g (29.6 oz)

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