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Nikon D3000 vs Olympus E-510

The Nikon D3000 and the Olympus E-510 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in July 2009 and March 2007. Both are DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) cameras that are based on an APS-C (D3000) and a Four Thirds (E-510) sensor. Both cameras offer a resolution of 10 megapixels.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Nikon D3000
versus
Olympus E-510
Nikon D3000   Olympus E-510
Digital single lens reflex Digital single lens reflex
Nikon F mount lenses Four Thirds lenses
10 MP, APS-C Sensor 10 MP, Four Thirds Sensor
no Video no Video
ISO 100-1,600 (100 - 3,200) ISO 100-1,600
Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 230k dots 2.5 LCD, 215k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
Lens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
500 shots per battery charge750 shots per battery charge
126 x 97 x 64 mm, 536 g 136 x 92 x 68 mm, 538 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Nikon D3000 and the Olympus E-510? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Nikon D3000 and the Olympus E-510. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Nikon D3000 vs Olympus E-510
Compare D3000 versus E-510 top
Comparison D3000 or E-510 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Olympus E-510 is somewhat larger (2 percent) than the Nikon D3000. Moreover, the E-510 is slightly heavier (0 percent) than the D3000. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the D3000 nor the E-510 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. A larger imaging sensor will tend to go along with bigger and heavier lenses, although exceptions exist. You can compare the optics available for the two cameras in the Nikon Lens Catalog (D3000) and the Four Thirds Lens Catalog (E-510).

Concerning battery life, the D3000 gets 500 shots out of its EN-EL9a battery, while the E-510 can take 750 images on a single charge of its BLM-1 power pack.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon D3000 126 mm 97 mm 64 mm 536 g 500 n Jul 2009 599 i
2.
 
Olympus E-510 136 mm 92 mm 68 mm 538 g 750 n Mar 2007 799 i
3.
 
Nikon D5600 124 mm 97 mm 70 mm 465 g 970 n Nov 2016 699 i
4.
 
Nikon D3400 124 mm 98 mm 76 mm 445 g 1200 n Aug 2016 499 i
5.
 
Nikon D3100 124 mm 96 mm 75 mm 505 g 550 n Aug 2010 599 i
6.
 
Nikon D5000 127 mm 104 mm 80 mm 590 g 510 n Apr 2009 749 i
7.
 
Nikon D60 126 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 500 n Jan 2008 629 i
8.
 
Nikon D90 132 mm 103 mm 77 mm 703 g 850 n Aug 2008 1,299 i
9.
 
Nikon D40X 124 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 520 n Mar 2007 729 i
10.
 
Nikon D40 124 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 470 n Nov 2006 499 i
11.
 
Olympus E-450 130 mm 91 mm 53 mm 440 g 500 n Mar 2009 499 i
12.
 
Olympus E-600 130 mm 94 mm 60 mm 535 g 500 n Aug 2009 449 i
13.
 
Olympus E-620 130 mm 94 mm 60 mm 521 g 500 n Feb 2009 699 i
14.
 
Olympus E-30 142 mm 108 mm 75 mm 701 g 750 n Nov 2008 1,299 i
15.
 
Olympus E-420 130 mm 91 mm 53 mm 440 g 500 n Mar 2008 599 i
16.
 
Olympus E-520 136 mm 92 mm 68 mm 535 g 750 n May 2008 699 i
17.
 
Olympus E-410 130 mm 91 mm 53 mm 435 g 500 n Mar 2007 699 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The D3000 was launched at a somewhat lower price (by 25 percent) than the E-510, which makes it more attractive for photographers on a tight budget. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Nikon D3000 features an APS-C sensor and the Olympus E-510 a Four Thirds sensor. The sensor area in the E-510 is 40 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 2.0. The sensor in the D3000 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the E-510 offers a 4:3 aspect.

Nikon D3000 and Olympus E-510 sensor measures

Even though the D3000 has a larger sensor, both cameras offer the same resolution of 10 megapixels. This implies that the D3000 has a lower pixel density and larger individual pixels (with a pixel pitch of 6.11μm versus 4.74μm for the E-510), which gives it a potential advantage in terms of light gathering capacity. In addition, the D3000 is much more recent (by 2 years and 4 months) than the E-510, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time.

The Nikon D3000 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600, which can be extended to ISO 100-3200. The corresponding ISO settings for the Olympus E-510 are ISO 100 to ISO 1600 (no boost).

D3000 versus E-510 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). Of the two cameras under review, the D3000 has a notably higher overall DXO score than the E-510 (overall score 10 points higher), which gives it an advantage in terms of imaging quality. This advantage is based on 1.1 bits higher color depth, 1.1 EV in additional dynamic range, and 0.3 stops in additional low light sensitivity. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Nikon D3000 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.311.1563 62
2.
 
Olympus E-510 Four Thirds 10.0 3648 2736none21.210.0442 52
3.
 
Nikon D5600 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.114.01306 84
4.
 
Nikon D3400 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.813.91192 86
5.
 
Nikon D3100 APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.3919 67
6.
 
Nikon D5000 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.5868 72
7.
 
Nikon D60 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.511.4562 65
8.
 
Nikon D90 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.5977 73
9.
 
Nikon D40X APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.411.4516 63
10.
 
Nikon D40 APS-C 6.0 3008 2000none21.011.0561 56
11.
 
Olympus E-450 Four Thirds 10.0 3648 2736none21.510.5512 56
12.
 
Olympus E-600 Four Thirds 12.2 4032 3024none21.510.3541 55
13.
 
Olympus E-620 Four Thirds 12.2 4032 3024none21.310.3536 55
14.
 
Olympus E-30 Four Thirds 12.2 4032 3024none21.310.4530 55
15.
 
Olympus E-420 Four Thirds 10.0 3648 2736none21.510.4527 56
16.
 
Olympus E-520 Four Thirds 10.0 3648 2736none21.410.4548 55
17.
 
Olympus E-410 Four Thirds 10.0 3648 2736none21.110.0494 51
The E-510 offers Live View, so that it can project the live image that the sensor receives onto the rear screen for framing. The D3000 lacks this capability. Both cameras are still-image focused and cannot record videos.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The D3000 and the E-510 are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The viewfinders of both cameras offer the same field of view (95%), but the viewfinder of the D3000 has a higher magnification than the one of the E-510 (0.53x vs 0.46x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Nikon D3000 and Olympus E-510 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Nikon D3000optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
2.
 
Olympus E-510optical n 2.5 215 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y Y
3.
 
Nikon D5600optical n 3.2 1037 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
4.
 
Nikon D3400optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
5.
 
Nikon D3100optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
6.
 
Nikon D5000optical n 2.7 230 full-flex n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n
7.
 
Nikon D60optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
8.
 
Nikon D90optical Y 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 4.5 Y n
9.
 
Nikon D40Xoptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
10.
 
Nikon D40optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n
11.
 
Olympus E-450optical n 2.7 215 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n
12.
 
Olympus E-600optical n 2.7 230 swivel n 1/4000s 4.0 Y Y
13.
 
Olympus E-620optical n 2.7 230 swivel n 1/4000s 4.0 Y Y
14.
 
Olympus E-30optical Y 2.7 230 swivel n 1/8000s 5.0 Y Y
15.
 
Olympus E-420optical n 2.7 215 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n
16.
 
Olympus E-520optical n 2.7 215 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y Y
17.
 
Olympus E-410optical n 2.5 215 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n

One feature that differentiates the E-510 and the D3000 is in-body image stabilization (IBIS). The E-510 reduces the risk of handshake-induced blur with all attached lenses, while the D3000 offers no blur reduction with lenses that themselves do not provide optical image stabilization.

The D3000 writes its imaging data to SDHC cards, while the E-510 uses Compact Flash or xD Picture cards. The E-510 features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the D3000 only has one slot.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Nikon D3000 and Olympus E-510 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Nikon D3000Y-----2.0---
2.
 
Olympus E-510Y-----2.0---
3.
 
Nikon D5600YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
4.
 
Nikon D3400Ymonomono--mini2.0--Y
5.
 
Nikon D3100Ymonomono--mini2.0---
6.
 
Nikon D5000Ymonomono--mini2.0---
7.
 
Nikon D60Y-----2.0---
8.
 
Nikon D90Ymonomono--mini2.0---
9.
 
Nikon D40XY-----2.0---
10.
 
Nikon D40Y-----2.0---
11.
 
Olympus E-450Y-----2.0---
12.
 
Olympus E-600Y-----2.0---
13.
 
Olympus E-620Y-----2.0---
14.
 
Olympus E-30Y-----2.0---
15.
 
Olympus E-420Y-----2.0---
16.
 
Olympus E-520Y-----2.0---
17.
 
Olympus E-410Y-----2.0---

Both the D3000 and the E-510 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The E-510 was replaced by the Olympus E-520, while the D3000 was followed by the Nikon D3100. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Nikon and Olympus websites.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is there a clear favorite between the Nikon D3000 and the Olympus E-510? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Advantages of the Nikon D3000:

  • Better image quality: Scores markedly higher (10 points) in the DXO overall assessment.
  • Richer colors: Generates images with noticeably better colors (1.1 bits more color depth).
  • More dynamic range: Captures a larger spectrum of light and dark details (1.1 EV of extra DR).
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Requires less light for good images (0.3 stops ISO advantage).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.53x vs 0.46x).
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced segment (25 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Reflects 2 years and 4 months of technical progress since the E-510 launch.

ilogo

Reasons to prefer the Olympus E-510:

  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (750 versus 500) out of a single battery charge.
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in March 2007).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the D3000 is the clear winner of the match-up (8 : 4 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional sports photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a street photog, and a person interested in family portraits has distinct needs from a landscape shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D3000 08:04 E-510

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Nikon D3000 and the Olympus E-510 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D3000 or the E-510 perform in practice. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Nikon D3000..+72/1004/54.5/5 Jul 2009 599 i
2.
 
Olympus E-510..89/100+ +3.5/54.5/5 Mar 2007 799 i
3.
 
Nikon D56004/5..79/1004.5/54/5 Nov 2016 699 i
4.
 
Nikon D34004/5+76/1004/54.5/5 Aug 2016 499 i
5.
 
Nikon D31005/5+ +72/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599 i
6.
 
Nikon D5000..+ +75/1004/54.5/5 Apr 2009 749 i
7.
 
Nikon D60..80/100+ +4/54.5/5 Jan 2008 629 i
8.
 
Nikon D90..+ ++ +4/54.5/5 Aug 2008 1,299 i
9.
 
Nikon D40X..79/100+ +4/54/5 Mar 2007 729 i
10.
 
Nikon D40..81/100+ +o4.5/5 Nov 2006 499 i
11.
 
Olympus E-450......4/54/5 Mar 2009 499 i
12.
 
Olympus E-600........4.5/5 Aug 2009 449 i
13.
 
Olympus E-6203/588/10072/1004.5/55/5 Feb 2009 699 i
14.
 
Olympus E-30....71/1004.5/54/5 Nov 2008 1,299 i
15.
 
Olympus E-420..85/100+ +4/54.5/5 Mar 2008 599 i
16.
 
Olympus E-520..87/100+ +4.5/54.5/5 May 2008 699 i
17.
 
Olympus E-410..86/100+ +4/54.5/5 Mar 2007 699 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Nikon D3000:
Check Ebay offers
Olympus E-510:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Nikon D3000 vs Olympus E-510

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Nikon D3000 Olympus E-510
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens Nikon F mount lenses Four Thirds lenses
    Launch Date July 2009 March 2007
    Launch Price USD 599 USD 799
    Sensor Specs Nikon D3000 Olympus E-510
    Sensor Technology CCD CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Four Thirds Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.6 x 15.8 mm 17.3 x 13.0 mm
    Sensor Area 372.88 mm2 224.9 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.4 mm 21.6 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 2.0x
    Sensor Resolution 10 Megapixels 10 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 3872 x 2592 pixels 3648 x 2736 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 6.11 μm 4.74 μm
    Pixel Density 2.69 MP/cm2 4.44 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability no Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 1,600 ISO 100 - 1,600 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 3,200 ISO no Enhancement
    Image Processor EXPEED TruePic III
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 62 52
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.3 21.2
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.1 10.0
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 563 442
    Screen Specs Nikon D3000 Olympus E-510
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95% 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.53x 0.46x
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 2.5inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 215k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Nikon D3000 Olympus E-510
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Image StabilizationLens stabilization onlyIn-body stabilization
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDHC cards CF or XD cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Dual card slots
    Connectivity Specs Nikon D3000 Olympus E-510
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Nikon D3000 Olympus E-510
    Battery Type EN-EL9a BLM-1
    Battery Life (CIPA)500 shots per charge750 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 126 x 97 x 64 mm
    (5.0 x 3.8 x 2.5 in)
    136 x 92 x 68 mm
    (5.4 x 3.6 x 2.7 in)
    Camera Weight 536 g (18.9 oz) 538 g (19.0 oz)

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