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Leica M10-P vs T Typ 701

The Leica M10-P and the Leica T (Typ 701) are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in August 2018 and April 2014. The M10-P is a rangefinder-focusing mirrorless, while the T Typ 701 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. The cameras are based on a full frame (M10-P) and an APS-C (T Typ 701) sensor. The M10-P has a resolution of 23.8 megapixels, whereas the T Typ 701 provides 16.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Leica M10-P
versus
Leica T
Leica M10-P   Leica T
Rangefinder camera Mirrorless system camera
Leica M mount lenses Leica T mount lenses
23.8 MP – Full Frame sensor 16.2 MP – APS-C sensor
no Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 100-50,000 ISO 100-12,500
Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
3.0" LCD – 1037k dots 3.7" LCD – 1230k dots
Fixed touchscreen Fixed touchscreen
5 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
Weathersealed bodynot weather sealed
210 shots per battery charge400 shots per battery charge
139 x 80 x 39 mm, 660 g 134 x 69 x 33 mm, 384 g
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Check T Typ 701 offers at
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Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Leica M10-P and the Leica T (Typ 701)? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Leica M10-P and the Leica T. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Both cameras are available in two different colors (black, silver).

Size Leica M10-P vs Leica T
Compare M10-P versus T Typ 701 top
Comparison M10-P or T Typ 701 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica T is notably smaller (17 percent) than the Leica M10-P. Moreover, the T Typ 701 is substantially lighter (42 percent) than the M10-P. It is worth mentioning in this context that the M10-P is splash and dust resistant, while the T Typ 701 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

The power pack in the T Typ 701 can be charged via the USB port, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica M10-P 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Aug 2018 7,995 amazon.com
2.
 
Leica T 134 mm 69 mm 33 mm 384 g 400 n Apr 2014 1,850ebay.com
3.
 
Canon 100D 117 mm 91 mm 69 mm 407 g 380 n Mar 2013 549ebay.com
4.
 
Leica M11 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 640 g 700 Y Jan 2022 8,995 amazon.com
5.
 
Leica M10-R 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Jul 2020 8,295 amazon.com
6.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Jun 2019 3,999 amazon.com
7.
 
Leica M10 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Jan 2017 6,595ebay.com
8.
 
Leica TL2 134 mm 69 mm 33 mm 399 g 250 n Jul 2017 1,950 amazon.com
9.
 
Leica TL 134 mm 69 mm 33 mm 384 g 400 n Nov 2016 1,695ebay.com
10.
 
Leica M Typ 262 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Nov 2015 5,195ebay.com
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 130 mm 80 mm 93 mm 640 g 300 n Jun 2015 4,249ebay.com
12.
 
Leica X Vario 133 mm 73 mm 95 mm 680 g 450 n Jun 2013 2,850ebay.com
13.
 
Leica M Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Sep 2012 6,950ebay.com
14.
 
Leica X2 124 mm 69 mm 52 mm 345 g 450 n May 2012 1,995ebay.com
15.
 
Leica M9 139 mm 80 mm 37 mm 585 g .. n Sep 2009 7,999ebay.com
16.
 
Leica M8 139 mm 80 mm 37 mm 591 g .. n Sep 2006 5,499ebay.com
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The T Typ 701 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 77 percent) than the M10-P, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Leica M10-P features a full frame sensor and the Leica T an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the T Typ 701 is 57 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.0 and 1.5. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Leica M10-P and Leica T sensor measures

With 23.8MP, the M10-P offers a higher resolution than the T Typ 701 (16.2MP), but the M10-P nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 6.00μm versus 4.79μm for the T Typ 701) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the M10-P is a much more recent model (by 4 years and 3 months) than the T Typ 701, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Leica M10-P implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the M10-P for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 29.8 x 20 inches or 75.6 x 50.7 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 23.8 x 16 inches or 60.5 x 40.6 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 19.8 x 13.3 inches or 50.4 x 33.8 cm. The corresponding values for the Leica T are 24.7 x 16.4 inches or 62.8 x 41.6 cm for good quality, 19.8 x 13.1 inches or 50.2 x 33.3 cm for very good quality, and 16.5 x 10.9 inches or 41.9 x 27.8 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Leica M10-P has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 50000. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica T (Typ 701) are ISO 100 to ISO 12500 (no boost).

Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with CMOS (Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors. Both cameras use a Bayer filter for capturing RGB colors on a square grid of photosensors. This arrangement is found in most digital cameras.

M10-P versus T Typ 701 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Leica M10-P Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none25.114.1273993
2.
 
Leica T APS-C 16.2 4944 32781080/30p23.012.7108275
3.
 
Canon 100D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.811.384363
4.
 
Leica M11 Full Frame 60.3 9528 6328none26.314.83376100
5.
 
Leica M10-R Full Frame 40.9 7864 5200none25.314.3292495
6.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p25.214.2282194
7.
 
Leica M10 Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none24.413.2213386
8.
 
Leica TL2 APS-C 24.1 6014 40144K/30p23.913.3175382
9.
 
Leica TL APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p23.913.2169081
10.
 
Leica M Typ 262 Full Frame 23.7 5952 3976none24.813.7247890
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.312.7222185
12.
 
Leica X Vario APS-C 16.1 4928 32721080/30p23.412.7132078
13.
 
Leica M Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p24.013.3186084
14.
 
Leica X2 APS-C 16.1 4928 3264none23.212.4127574
15.
 
Leica M9 Full Frame 18.1 5212 3472none22.511.788469
16.
 
Leica M8 APS-H 10.4 3936 2630none21.111.366359
Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The T Typ 701 indeed provides for movie recording, while the M10-P does not. The highest resolution format that the T Typ 701 can use is 1080/30p.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the M10-P has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the T Typ 701 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the T Typ 701 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the Visoflex (Typ 020). The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Leica M10-P and Leica T along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Max
Shutter
Speed *
Max
Shutter
Flaps *
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Leica M10-Poptical n3.0 / 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0/s n n
2.
 
Leica Toptional n3.7 / 1230 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0/s Y n
3.
 
Canon 100Doptical n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.9/s Y n
4.
 
Leica M11optical n3.0 / 2333 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.5/s n n
5.
 
Leica M10-Roptical n3.0 / 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.5/s n n
6.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240optical n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0/s n n
7.
 
Leica M10optical n3.0 / 1037 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0/s n n
8.
 
Leica TL2optional n3.7 / 1230 fixed Y 1/4000s 7.0/s n n
9.
 
Leica TLoptional n3.7 / 1230 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0/s Y n
10.
 
Leica M Typ 262optical n3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0/s n n
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 1163680 n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0/s n Y
12.
 
Leica X Variooptional n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0/s Y n
13.
 
Leica M Typ 240optical n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0/s n n
14.
 
Leica X2optional n2.7 / 230 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0/s Y n
15.
 
Leica M9optical n2.5 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 2.0/s n n
16.
 
Leica M8optical n2.5 / 230 fixed n 1/8000s 2.0/s n n
Notes: *) Information refers to the mechanical shutter, unless the camera only has an electronic one.

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The T Typ 701 has one, while the M10-P does not. While the built-in flash of the T Typ 701 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The Leica M10-P has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the M10-P and the T Typ 701 write their files to SDXC cards. The M10-P supports UHS-I cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s), while the T Typ 701 cannot take advantage of Ultra High Speed SD cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Leica M10-P and Leica T (Typ 701) and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Leica M10-PY- / -----Y--
2.
 
Leica TYstereo / mono---2.0Y--
3.
 
Canon 100DYmono / monoY-mini2.0---
4.
 
Leica M11Y- / ----3.2Y-Y
5.
 
Leica M10-RY- / -----Y--
6.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240Ymono / ----2.0---
7.
 
Leica M10Y- / -----Y--
8.
 
Leica TL2Ystereo / mono--micro3.0Y--
9.
 
Leica TLYstereo / mono--micro2.0Y--
10.
 
Leica M Typ 262Y- / ----2.0---
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 116Ystereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
12.
 
Leica X VarioYstereo / mono--mini2.0---
13.
 
Leica M Typ 240Ystereo / mono---2.0---
14.
 
Leica X2Y- / ---mini2.0---
15.
 
Leica M9Y- / ----2.0---
16.
 
Leica M8Y- / ----2.0---

The M10-P is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Leica. In contrast, the T Typ 701 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on ebay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the T Typ 701 was succeeded by the Leica TL. Further information on the features and operation of the M10-P and T Typ 701 can be found, respectively, in the Leica M10-P Manual (free pdf) or the online Leica T Manual.

Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is there a clear favorite between the Leica M10-P and the Leica T? Which camera is better? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.


Advantages of the Leica M10-P:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (23.8 vs 16.2MP) with a 21% higher linear resolution.
  • Better image quality: Features a larger and more technologically advanced imaging sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • Better sealing: Is weather sealed to enable shooting in dusty or wet environments.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Has an SD card interface that supports the UHS-I standard.
  • More modern: Reflects 4 years and 3 months of technical progress since the T Typ 701 launch.


Arguments in favor of the Leica T (Typ 701):

  • Broader imaging potential: Can capture not only stills but also 1080/30p video.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.7" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1230k vs 1037k dots).
  • More compact: Is smaller (134x69mm vs 139x80mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 276g or 42 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (400 versus 210) out of a single battery charge.
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Easier fill-in: Has a small integrated flash to brighten shadows of backlit subjects.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (77 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in April 2014).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the match-up finishes in a tie (10 points each). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

M10-P 10:10 T Typ 701

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the M10-P or the T Typ 701. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica M10-P....3/5....4/5 Aug 2018 7,995 amazon.com
2.
 
Leica T3/5......4/54/5 Apr 2014 1,850ebay.com
3.
 
Canon 100D4/5+..78/1004/54/5 Mar 2013 549ebay.com
4.
 
Leica M114.5/5..4.5/5..4.5/54.5/5 Jan 2022 8,995 amazon.com
5.
 
Leica M10-R4.5/5..4/5....4/5 Jul 2020 8,295 amazon.com
6.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240............ Jun 2019 3,999 amazon.com
7.
 
Leica M104.5/5......4/54.5/5 Jan 2017 6,595ebay.com
8.
 
Leica TL23.5/5..3/5..4/54/5 Jul 2017 1,950 amazon.com
9.
 
Leica TL..........4/5 Nov 2016 1,695ebay.com
10.
 
Leica M Typ 262............ Nov 2015 5,195ebay.com
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 1165/5....80/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 4,249ebay.com
12.
 
Leica X Vario3/5......4/54/5 Jun 2013 2,850ebay.com
13.
 
Leica M Typ 2404/5......4/5.. Sep 2012 6,950ebay.com
14.
 
Leica X23/5......3/54/5 May 2012 1,995ebay.com
15.
 
Leica M9........4.5/5.. Sep 2009 7,999ebay.com
16.
 
Leica M8......+ +.... Sep 2006 5,499ebay.com
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

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ebay.com

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make your choice using the following search menu. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Leica M10-P vs Leica T

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Leica M10-P Leica T
    Camera Type Rangefinder camera Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Leica M mount lenses Leica T mount lenses
    Launch Date August 2018 April 2014
    Launch Price USD 7,995 USD 1,850
    Sensor Specs Leica M10-P Leica T
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format Full Frame Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 35.8 x 23.9 mm 23.6 x 15.7 mm
    Sensor Area 855.62 mm2 370.52 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 43 mm 28.3 mm
    Crop Factor 1.0x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 23.8 Megapixels 16.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5952 x 3992 pixels 4944 x 3278 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 6.00 μm 4.79 μm
    Pixel Density 2.78 MP/cm2 4.37 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability no Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 50,000 ISO 100 - 12,500 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 75
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 23.0
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 12.7
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 1082
    Screen Specs Leica M10-P Leica T
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
    Viewfinder Field of View 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.73x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.7inch
    LCD Resolution 1037k dots 1230k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Leica M10-P Leica T
    Focus System Manual Focus Contrast-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus Peakingno Peaking Feature
    Continuous Shooting 5 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inno Intervalometer
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Single or Dual Card Slots Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I no
    Connectivity Specs Leica M10-P Leica T
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector no USB USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Body Specs Leica M10-P Leica T
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodynot weather sealed
    Battery Type BP-SCL5 BP-DC13
    Battery Life (CIPA)210 shots per charge400 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging no USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 139 x 80 x 39 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 1.5 in)
    134 x 69 x 33 mm
    (5.3 x 2.7 x 1.3 in)
    Camera Weight 660 g (23.3 oz) 384 g (13.5 oz)
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    Check M10-P price at
    amazon.com
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    Check T Typ 701 offers at
    ebay.com

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