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Leica M Typ 262 vs Sigma fp

The Leica M (Typ 262) and the Sigma fp are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in November 2015 and July 2019. The M Typ 262 is a rangefinder-style mirrorless, while the fp is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. Both cameras are equipped with a full frame sensor. The Leica has a resolution of 23.7 megapixels, whereas the Sigma provides 24 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Leica M Typ 262 versus Sigma fp
Leica M Typ 262 Sigma fp
Rangefinder camera Mirrorless system camera
Leica M mount lenses Leica L mount lenses
23.7 MP, Full Frame Sensor 24 MP, Full Frame Sensor
no Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 200-6,400 ISO 100-25,600 (6 - 102,400)
Optical viewfinder No viewfinder, LCD framing
3.0 LCD, 921k dots 3.2 LCD, 2100k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed touchscreen
3 shutter flaps per second 12 shutter flaps per second
Weathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
139 x 80 x 42 mm, 680 g 113 x 70 x 45 mm, 422 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Leica M (Typ 262) and the Sigma fp? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Leica M Typ 262 and the Sigma fp are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The M Typ 262 can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the fp is only available in black.

Size Leica M Typ 262 vs Sigma fp
Compare M Typ 262 versus fp top
Comparison M Typ 262 or fp rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sigma fp is notably smaller (29 percent) than the Leica M Typ 262. Moreover, the fp is substantially lighter (38 percent) than the M Typ 262. In this context, it is worth noting that both cameras are splash and dust-proof and can, hence, be used in inclement weather conditions or harsh environments.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

The power pack in the fp can be charged via the USB port, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica M Typ 262 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Nov 2015 5,195i
2.
 
Sigma fp 113 mm 70 mm 45 mm 422 g 280 Y Jul 2019 1,899 i
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark II 158 mm 168 mm 83 mm 1530 g 1210 Y Feb 2016 5,999i
4.
 
Canon 80D 139 mm 105 mm 79 mm 730 g 960 Y Feb 2016 1,199i
5.
 
Canon G3 X 123 mm 77 mm 105 mm 733 g 300 Y Jun 2015 999 i
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro2 141 mm 83 mm 46 mm 495 g 350 Y Jan 2016 1,699 i
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T2 133 mm 92 mm 49 mm 507 g 340 Y Jul 2016 1,599i
8.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Jun 2019 3,999 i
9.
 
Leica M10-P 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Aug 2018 7,995 i
10.
 
Leica M10 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Jan 2017 6,595 i
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 130 mm 80 mm 93 mm 640 g 300 n Jun 2015 4,249i
12.
 
Leica SL 147 mm 104 mm 39 mm 847 g 400 Y Oct 2015 7,450i
13.
 
Leica M Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Sep 2012 6,950i
14.
 
Nikon D7200 136 mm 107 mm 76 mm 765 g 1110 Y Mar 2015 1,199i
15.
 
Panasonic S1 149 mm 110 mm 97 mm 1017 g 400 Y Feb 2019 2,499 i
16.
 
Panasonic FT7 117 mm 76 mm 37 mm 319 g 300 Y May 2018 449 i
17.
 
Sony A7 127 mm 94 mm 48 mm 474 g 340 Y Oct 2013 1,699i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The fp was launched at a markedly lower price (by 63 percent) than the M Typ 262, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature a full frame sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. They nevertheless have the same format factor of 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Leica M Typ 262 and Sigma fp sensor measures

With 24MP, the fp offers a higher resolution than the M Typ 262 (23.7MP), but the fp has marginally smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.98μm versus 6.01μm for the M Typ 262). Yet, the fp is a much more recent model (by 3 years and 7 months) than the M Typ 262, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The Leica M (Typ 262) has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 6400, which can be extended to ISO 100-6400. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sigma fp are ISO 100 to ISO 25600, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 6-102400.

M Typ 262 versus fp MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Leica M Typ 262 Full Frame 23.7 5952 3976none........
2.
 
Sigma fp Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark II Full Frame 20.0 5472 36484K/60p24.113.5320788
4.
 
Canon 80D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.2113579
5.
 
Canon G3 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.412.352163
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........
8.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p........
9.
 
Leica M10-P Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none........
10.
 
Leica M10 Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none24.413.2213386
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.312.7222185
12.
 
Leica SL Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.013.4182188
13.
 
Leica M Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p24.013.3186084
14.
 
Nikon D7200 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.514.6133387
15.
 
Panasonic S1 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/60p25.214.5333395
16.
 
Panasonic FT7 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p........
17.
 
Sony A7 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.814.2224890

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The fp indeed provides for movie recording, while the M Typ 262 does not. The highest resolution format that the fp can use is 4K/30p.

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Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the M Typ 262 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the fp relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Leica M Typ 262 and Sigma fp along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Leica M Typ 262optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
2.
 
Sigma fpnone n 3.2 2100 fixed Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark IIoptical Y 3.2 1620 fixed Y 1/8000s 16.0 n n
4.
 
Canon 80Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/8000s 7.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon G3 Xoptional n 3.2 1620 tilting Y 1/2000s 5.9 Y Y
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro22360 n 3.0 1620 fixed n 1/8000s 8.0 n n
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T22360 n 3.0 1040 tilting n 1/8000s 8.0 n n
8.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
9.
 
Leica M10-Poptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0 n n
10.
 
Leica M10optical n 3.0 1037 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 n n
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 1163680 n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 n Y
12.
 
Leica SL4400 Y 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/8000s 11.0 n n
13.
 
Leica M Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
14.
 
Nikon D7200optical Y 3.2 1229 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
15.
 
Panasonic S15760 Y 3.2 2100 full-flex Y 1/8000s 9.0 n Y
16.
 
Panasonic FT71170 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/1300s 10.0 Y Y
17.
 
Sony A72400 n 3.0 1230 tilting n 1/8000s 5.0 n n

One differentiating feature between the two cameras concerns the touch sensitivity of the rear screen. The fp has a touchscreen, while the M Typ 262 has a conventional panel. Touch control can be particularly helpful, for example, for setting the focus point.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the fp is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Sigma fp has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the M Typ 262 and the fp write their files to SDXC cards. The fp supports UHS-II cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 312 MB/s), while the M Typ 262 can use UHS-I cards (up to 104 MB/s).

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Leica M (Typ 262) and Sigma fp and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Leica M Typ 262Y-----2.0---
2.
 
Sigma fpYstereomonoY-micro3.1---
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark IIYmonomonoYYmini3.0---
4.
 
Canon 80DYstereomonoYYmini2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon G3 XYstereomonoYYmini2.0YY-
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro2YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T2YstereomonoY-micro3.0Y--
8.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240Ymono----2.0---
9.
 
Leica M10-PY------Y--
10.
 
Leica M10Y------Y--
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 116Ystereomono--micro2.0YY-
12.
 
Leica SLYstereomonoYYfull3.0Y--
13.
 
Leica M Typ 240Ystereomono---2.0---
14.
 
Nikon D7200YstereomonoYYmini2.0YY-
15.
 
Panasonic S1YstereomonoYYfull3.1Y-Y
16.
 
Panasonic FT7-stereomono--micro2.0Y--
17.
 
Sony A7YstereomonoYYmicro2.0YY-

The fp is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Sigma. In contrast, the M Typ 262 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the M Typ 262 was succeeded by the Leica M10. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Leica and Sigma websites.

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Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Leica M Typ 262 or the Sigma fp – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Advantages of the Leica M (Typ 262):

  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale price.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in November 2015).

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Arguments in favor of the Sigma fp:

  • Broader imaging potential: Can capture not only stills but also 4K/30p video.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2100k vs 921k dots).
  • Fewer buttons to press: Has a touchscreen to facilitate handling and shooting adjustments.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/4000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • More compact: Is smaller (113x70mm vs 139x80mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 258g or 38 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.1 vs 2.0).
  • Faster buffer clearing: Supports a more advanced SD data transfer standard (UHS-II vs UHS-I).
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (63 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Reflects 3 years and 7 months of technical progress since the M Typ 262 launch.

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the fp is the clear winner of the contest (15 : 3 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional sports photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a street photog, and a person interested in family portraits has distinct needs from a landscape shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

M Typ 262 03:15 fp

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the M Typ 262 or the fp perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Leica M Typ 262.......... Nov 2015 5,195i
2.
 
Sigma fp4/5....4/54.5/5 Jul 2019 1,899 i
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark II....89/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 5,999i
4.
 
Canon 80D4/5+ +84/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 1,199i
5.
 
Canon G3 X3.5/5+..4.5/54/5 Jun 2015 999 i
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro2..+83/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2016 1,699 i
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T25/5+ +86/1004.5/55/5 Jul 2016 1,599i
8.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240.......... Jun 2019 3,999 i
9.
 
Leica M10-P........4/5 Aug 2018 7,995 i
10.
 
Leica M104.5/5....4/54.5/5 Jan 2017 6,595 i
11.
 
Leica Q Typ 1165/5..80/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 4,249i
12.
 
Leica SL4/5..84/1004.5/54/5 Oct 2015 7,450i
13.
 
Leica M Typ 2404/5....4/5.. Sep 2012 6,950i
14.
 
Nikon D72004/5+ +84/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2015 1,199i
15.
 
Panasonic S14.5/5+ +88/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2019 2,499 i
16.
 
Panasonic FT7..+..3.5/53.5/5 May 2018 449 i
17.
 
Sony A75/5+ +80/1005/55/5 Oct 2013 1,699i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Leica M Typ 262:
Check Ebay offers
Sigma fp:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Leica M Typ 262 vs Sigma fp

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Leica M Typ 262 Sigma fp
    Camera Type Rangefinder camera Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Leica M mount lenses Leica L mount lenses
    Launch Date November 2015 July 2019
    Launch Price USD 5,195 USD 1,899
    Sensor Specs Leica M Typ 262 Sigma fp
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format Full Frame Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 35.8 x 23.9 mm 35.9 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 855.62 mm2 858.01 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 43 mm 43.1 mm
    Crop Factor 1.0x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 23.7 Megapixels 24 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5952 x 3976 pixels 6000 x 4000 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 6.01 μm 5.98 μm
    Pixel Density 2.77 MP/cm2 2.80 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability no Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 200 - 6,400 ISO 100 - 25,600 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 6,400 ISO 6 - 102,400 ISO
    Screen Specs Leica M Typ 262 Sigma fp
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder no viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.68x
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.2inch
    LCD Resolution 921k dots 2100k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input no Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Leica M Typ 262 Sigma fp
    Focus System Manual Focus Contrast-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/8000s
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 12 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterno E-Shutterup to 1/8000s
    Time-Lapse Photographyno IntervalometerIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-II
    Connectivity Specs Leica M Typ 262 Sigma fp
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 3.1
    HDMI Port no HDMI micro HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Leica M Typ 262 Sigma fp
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
    Battery Type BP-SCL2 BP-51
    In-Camera Charging no USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 139 x 80 x 42 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 1.7 in)
    113 x 70 x 45 mm
    (4.4 x 2.8 x 1.8 in)
    Camera Weight 680 g (24.0 oz) 422 g (14.9 oz)

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