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Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Nikon D40

The Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) and the Nikon D40 are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in September 2014 and November 2006. The D-LUX Typ 109 is a fixed lens compact, while the D40 is a DSLR. The cameras are based on a Four Thirds (D-LUX Typ 109) and an APS-C (D40) sensor. The Leica has a resolution of 12.7 megapixels, whereas the Nikon provides 6 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Leica D-LUX Typ 109 VS Nikon D40
Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Nikon D40
Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
24-75mm f/1.7-2.8 Nikon F mount lenses
12.7 MP, Four Thirds Sensor 6 MP, APS-C Sensor
4K/30p Video no Video
ISO 200-12500 (100-25600) ISO 200-1600 (200-3200)
Electronic viewfinder (2764k dots) Optical viewfinder
3.0" LCD, 921k dots 2.5" LCD, 230k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
11 shutter flaps per second 2.5 shutter flaps per second
300 shots per battery charge470 shots per battery charge
118 x 66 x 55 mm, 405 g 124 x 94 x 64 mm, 522 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) and the Nikon D40? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 and the Nikon D40. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The D-LUX Typ 109 can be obtained in two different colors (black, grey), while the D40 is only available in black.

Size Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Nikon D40
Compare D-LUX Typ 109 versus D40 top
Comparison D-LUX Typ 109 or D40 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D40 is considerably larger (50 percent) than the Leica D-LUX Typ 109. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the D-LUX Typ 109 nor the D40 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the D-LUX Typ 109 has a lens built in, whereas the D40 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D40 and their specifications in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the D-LUX Typ 109 gets 300 shots out of its BP-DC15 battery, while the D40 can take 470 images on a single charge of its EN-EL9 power pack.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, just use the right or left arrows in the table to switch to the respective camera. Alternatively, you can also navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from the full list of cameras there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 109» 4.6 in 2.6 in 2.2 in 14.3 oz 300 n Sep 2014 1,195iLeica D-LUX Typ 109
 
Nikon D40« 4.9 in 3.7 in 2.5 in 18.4 oz 470 n Nov 2006 499iNikon D40
 
Canon G16« » 4.3 in 3.0 in 1.6 in 12.6 oz 360 n Aug 2013 549 iCanon G16
 
Fujifilm X30« » 4.7 in 2.8 in 2.4 in 14.9 oz 470 n Aug 2014 599 iFujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100T« » 5.0 in 2.9 in 2.0 in 15.5 oz 330 n Sep 2014 1,299iFujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20« » 4.6 in 2.8 in 2.2 in 12.5 oz 270 n Jan 2013 599iFujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100S« » 5.0 in 2.9 in 2.1 in 15.7 oz 330 n Jan 2013 1,299iFujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 7« » 4.5 in 2.6 in 2.6 in 13.8 oz 300 n Nov 2018 1,195 iLeica D-LUX 7
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114« » 5.4 in 3.9 in 5.2 in 29.3 oz 360 n Sep 2014 1,349iLeica V-LUX Typ 114
 
Leica X Typ 113« » 5.2 in 2.9 in 3.1 in 17.1 oz 350 n Sep 2014 2,295 iLeica X Typ 113
 
Leica D-LUX 6« » 4.4 in 2.7 in 1.8 in 10.5 oz 330 n Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Nikon D3400« » 4.9 in 3.9 in 3.0 in 15.7 oz 1200 n Aug 2016 499iNikon D3400
 
Nikon D3300« » 4.9 in 3.9 in 3.0 in 15.2 oz 700 n Jan 2014 499iNikon D3300
 
Nikon D3100« » 4.9 in 3.8 in 3.0 in 17.8 oz 550 n Aug 2010 599iNikon D3100
 
Nikon D40X« » 4.9 in 3.7 in 2.5 in 18.4 oz 520 n Mar 2007 729iNikon D40X
 
Nikon D50« » 5.2 in 4.0 in 3.0 in 21.9 oz 400 n Apr 2005 749iNikon D50
 
Panasonic LX100« » 4.5 in 2.6 in 2.2 in 13.9 oz 300 n Sep 2014 899 iPanasonic LX100
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 features a Four Thirds sensor and the Nikon D40 an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the D40 is 64 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 2.0 and 1.5. The sensor in the D-LUX Typ 109 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the D40 offers a 3:2 aspect. The D-LUX Typ 109 has the particularity of featuring a switch that allows to toggle between multiple aspect ratios, while maintaining the same field of view and full image resolution.

Leica D-LUX Typ 109 and Nikon D40 sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 offers a higher resolution of 12.7 megapixels, compared with 6 MP of the Nikon D40. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 4.21μm versus 7.85μm for the D40). However, it should be noted that the D-LUX Typ 109 is much more recent (by 7 years and 10 months) than the D40, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently.

The resolution advantage of the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the D-LUX Typ 109 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 20.6 x 15.4 inch or 52.2 x 39.2 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 16.4 x 12.4 inch or 41.8 x 31.4 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 13.7 x 10.3 inch or 34.8 x 26.1 cm. The corresponding values for the Nikon D40 are 15 x 10 inch or 38.2 x 25.4 cm for good quality, 12 x 8 inch or 30.6 x 20.3 cm for very good quality, and 10 x 6.7 inch or 25.5 x 16.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 12500, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D40 are ISO 200 to ISO 1600, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 200-3200.

D-LUX Typ 109 versus D40 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Four Thirds 12.7 4112 30884K/30p........Leica D-LUX Typ 109
 
Nikon D40 APS-C 6.0 3008 2000none21.011.056156Nikon D40
 
Canon G16 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/60p21.011.723054Canon G16
 
Fujifilm X30 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........Fujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100T APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........Fujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........Fujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100S APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........Fujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 7 Four Thirds 16.8 4736 35524K/30p........Leica D-LUX 7
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........Leica V-LUX Typ 114
 
Leica X Typ 113 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p........Leica X Typ 113
 
Leica D-LUX 6 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p........Leica D-LUX 6
 
Nikon D3400 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.813.9119286Nikon D3400
 
Nikon D3300 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.312.8138582Nikon D3300
 
Nikon D3100 APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.391967Nikon D3100
 
Nikon D40X APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.411.451663Nikon D40X
 
Nikon D50 APS-C 6.0 3008 2000none20.910.856055Nikon D50
 
Panasonic LX100 Four Thirds 12.7 4112 30884K/30p22.312.555367Panasonic LX100

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The D-LUX Typ 109 indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the D40 does not. The highest resolution format that the D-LUX Typ 109 can use is 4K/30p.

 

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the D-LUX Typ 109 has an electronic viewfinder (2764k dots), while the D40 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinder in the D-LUX Typ 109 offers a wider field of view (100%) than the one in the D40 (95%), so that a larger proportion of the captured image is visible in the finder. In addition, the viewfinder of the D-LUX Typ 109 has a higher magnification (0.70x vs 0.53x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Leica D-LUX Typ 109, the Nikon D40, and comparable cameras.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 1092764 n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 n Y Leica D-LUX Typ 109
 
Nikon D40optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n Nikon D40
 
Canon G16optical n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/4000s 2.2 Y Y Canon G16
 
Fujifilm X302360 n 3.0 920 tilting n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y Fujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100T2360 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y Fujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100S2360 n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 72764 n 3.0 1240 fixed Y 1/4000s 11.0 n Y Leica D-LUX 7
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 1142359 n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y Leica V-LUX Typ 114
 
Leica X Typ 113optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n Leica X Typ 113
 
Leica D-LUX 6optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y Leica D-LUX 6
 
Nikon D3400optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Nikon D3400
 
Nikon D3300optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Nikon D3300
 
Nikon D3100optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Nikon D3100
 
Nikon D40Xoptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Nikon D40X
 
Nikon D50optical n 2.0 130 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n Nikon D50
 
Panasonic LX1002764 n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 n Y Panasonic LX100

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The D40 has one, while the D-LUX Typ 109 does not. While the built-in flash of the D40 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the D-LUX Typ 109 is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Leica D-LUX Typ 109 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The D-LUX Typ 109 writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the D40 uses SDHC cards. The D-LUX Typ 109 supports UHS-I cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s), while the D40 cannot take advantage of Ultra High Speed SD cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109) and Nikon D40 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 109Ystereomono--micro2.0YY-Leica D-LUX Typ 109
 
Nikon D40Ynonenone--none2.0---Nikon D40
 
Canon G16Ystereomono--mini2.0Y--Canon G16
 
Fujifilm X30Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100TYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20Ystereomono--micro2.0---Fujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100SYstereomono--micro2.0---Fujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 7Ystereomono--micro2.0Y-YLeica D-LUX 7
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114YstereomonoY-micro2.0YY-Leica V-LUX Typ 114
 
Leica X Typ 113Ystereomono--mini2.0---Leica X Typ 113
 
Leica D-LUX 6Ystereomono--mini2.0---Leica D-LUX 6
 
Nikon D3400Ymonomono--mini2.0--YNikon D3400
 
Nikon D3300YmonomonoY-mini2.0---Nikon D3300
 
Nikon D3100Ymonomono--mini2.0---Nikon D3100
 
Nikon D40XYnonenone--none2.0---Nikon D40X
 
Nikon D50Ynonenone--none2.0---Nikon D50
 
Panasonic LX100Ystereomono--micro2.0YY-Panasonic LX100

It is notable that the D-LUX Typ 109 offers wifi support, while the D40 does not. Wifi can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location.

Both the D-LUX Typ 109 and the D40 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The D40 was replaced by the Nikon D40X, while the D-LUX Typ 109 was followed by the Leica D-LUX 7. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Leica and Nikon websites.

Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is there a clear favorite between the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 and the Nikon D40? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Arguments in favor of the Leica D-LUX (Typ 109):

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (12.7 vs 6MP) with a 42% higher linear resolution.
  • Flexible image proportions: Has a multi-aspect sensor that allows for alternative image shapes.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 4K/30p movies.
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • More complete view: Has a viewfinder with a larger field of view (100% vs 95%).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.70x vs 0.53x).
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (921k vs 230k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (11 vs 2.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with a built-in lens, while the D40 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (118x66mm vs 124x94mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter even though it comes with a built-in lens (unlike the D40).
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Has an SD card interface that supports the UHS-I standard.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale price.
  • More modern: Reflects 7 years and 10 months of technical progress since the D40 launch.

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Advantages of the Nikon D40:

  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • More flexible: Makes it possible to change lenses and thus to use specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (470 versus 300) out of a single battery charge.
  • Easier fill-in: Has a small integrated flash to brighten shadows of backlit subjects.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in November 2006).

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the D-LUX Typ 109 is the clear winner of the match-up (20 : 5 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D-LUX Typ 109 20:05 D40

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Leica D-LUX Typ 109 and the Nikon D40 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Travel-Zoom Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the D-LUX Typ 109 or the D40 perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX Typ 109....4.5/5..4.5/5 Sep 2014 1,195iLeica D-LUX Typ 109
 
Nikon D4081/100+ +o5/54.5/5 Nov 2006 499iNikon D40
 
Canon G16+..4.5/54.5/54.5/5 Aug 2013 549 iCanon G16
 
Fujifilm X30..76/1004.5/54/54.5/5 Aug 2014 599 iFujifilm X30
 
Fujifilm X100T+81/1004.5/54.5/55/5 Sep 2014 1,299iFujifilm X100T
 
Fujifilm X20+ +77/1004.5/5..5/5 Jan 2013 599iFujifilm X20
 
Fujifilm X100S+ +81/1004.5/54/55/5 Jan 2013 1,299iFujifilm X100S
 
Leica D-LUX 7........4.5/5 Nov 2018 1,195 iLeica D-LUX 7
 
Leica V-LUX Typ 114........5/5 Sep 2014 1,349iLeica V-LUX Typ 114
 
Leica X Typ 113....3.5/5..4/5 Sep 2014 2,295 iLeica X Typ 113
 
Leica D-LUX 6....4/5..4/5 Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Nikon D3400+76/1004/54.5/54.5/5 Aug 2016 499iNikon D3400
 
Nikon D3300+77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jan 2014 499iNikon D3300
 
Nikon D3100+ +72/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599iNikon D3100
 
Nikon D40X79/100+ +4/5o4/5 Mar 2007 729iNikon D40X
 
Nikon D5078/100+ +4/5o4.5/5 Apr 2005 749iNikon D50
 
Panasonic LX100+ +85/1005/54/55/5 Sep 2014 899 iPanasonic LX100
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Leica D-LUX Typ 109:
Check Ebay offers
Nikon D40:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Leica D-LUX Typ 109 vs Nikon D40

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Nikon D40
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens 24-75mm f/1.7-2.8 Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date September 2014 November 2006
    Launch Price USD 1195 USD 499
    Sensor Specs Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Nikon D40
    Sensor Technology CMOS CCD
    Sensor Format Four Thirds Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 17.3 x 13.0 mm 23.7 x 15.6 mm
    Sensor Area 224.9 mm2 369.72 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 21.6 mm 28.4 mm
    Crop Factor 2.0x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 12.7 Megapixels 6 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4112 x 3088 pixels 3008 x 2000 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 4.21 μm 7.85 μm
    Pixel Density 5.65 MP/cm2 1.63 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video no Video
    ISO Setting 200-12500 ISO 200-1600 ISO
    ISO Boost 100-25600 ISO 200-3200 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 56
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 21.0
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 11.0
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 561
    Screen Specs Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Nikon D40
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.70x 0.53x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2764k dots
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0 inch 2.5 inch
    LCD Resolution 921k dots 230k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Nikon D40
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingNo Peaking Feature
    Continuous Shooting 11 shutter flaps/s 2.5 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/16000sno E-Shutter
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inno Intervalometer
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDHC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I no
    Connectivity Specs Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Nikon D40
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port micro HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in no Wifi
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in no NFC
    Body Specs Leica D-LUX Typ 109 Nikon D40
    Battery Type BP-DC15 EN-EL9
    Battery Life (CIPA)300 shots per charge470 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 118 x 66 x 55 mm
    (4.6 x 2.6 x 2.2 in)
    124 x 94 x 64 mm
    (4.9 x 3.7 x 2.5 in)
    Camera Weight 405 g (14.3 oz) 522 g (18.4 oz)

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