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Leica D-LUX 5 vs Panasonic GM5

The Leica D-LUX 5 and the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in September 2010 and September 2014. The D-LUX 5 is a fixed lens compact, while the GM5 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. The cameras are based on a 1/1.7-inch (D-LUX 5) and a Four Thirds (GM5) sensor. The Leica has a resolution of 10 megapixels, whereas the Panasonic provides 15.8 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Leica D-LUX 5 VS Panasonic GM5
Leica D-LUX 5 Panasonic GM5
Fixed lens compact camera Mirrorless system camera
24-90mm f/2.0-3.3 Micro Four Thirds lenses
10 MP, 1/1.7" Sensor 15.8 MP, Four Thirds Sensor
720/60p Video 1080/60p Video
ISO 80-3200 (80-12800) ISO 200-25600
Viewfinder optional Electronic viewfinder (1166k dots)
3.0" LCD, 460k dots 3.0" LCD, 921k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed touchscreen
2.5 shutter flaps per second 5.8 shutter flaps per second
400 shots per battery charge220 shots per battery charge
110 x 65 x 43 mm, 271 g 99 x 60 x 36 mm, 211 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Leica D-LUX 5 and the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Leica D-LUX 5 and the Panasonic GM5. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The GM5 can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the D-LUX 5 is only available in black.

Size Leica D-LUX 5 vs Panasonic GM5
Compare D-LUX 5 versus GM5 top
Comparison D-LUX 5 or GM5 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Panasonic GM5 is notably smaller (17 percent) than the Leica D-LUX 5. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the D-LUX 5 nor the GM5 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the D-LUX 5 has a lens built in, whereas the GM5 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the GM5 and their specifications in the Micro Four Thirds Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the D-LUX 5 gets 400 shots out of its BP-DC10 battery, while the GM5 can take 220 images on a single charge of its DMW-BLH7 power pack.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, just click on the right or left arrow next to the camera that you would like to inspect. Alternatively, you can also use the CAM-parator to select your camera combination among a larger number of options.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX 5» 4.3 in 2.6 in 1.7 in 9.6 oz 400 n Sep 2010 699iLeica D-LUX 5
 
Panasonic GM5« 3.9 in 2.4 in 1.4 in 7.4 oz 220 n Sep 2014 749iPanasonic GM5
 
Canon G7 X Mark II« » 4.2 in 2.4 in 1.7 in 11.3 oz 265 n Feb 2016 699iCanon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G7 X« » 4.1 in 2.4 in 1.6 in 10.7 oz 210 n Sep 2014 699iCanon G7 X
 
Fujifilm X10« » 4.6 in 2.8 in 2.2 in 12.3 oz 270 n Sep 2011 599iFujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6« » 4.4 in 2.7 in 1.8 in 10.5 oz 330 n Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3« » 4.9 in 3.2 in 3.7 in 19.0 oz 410 n Dec 2011 949iLeica V-LUX 3
 
Leica V-LUX 2« » 4.9 in 3.1 in 3.7 in 18.3 oz 410 n Sep 2010 849iLeica V-LUX 2
 
Leica X1« » 4.9 in 2.4 in 1.3 in 10.8 oz 260 n Sep 2009 1,995iLeica X1
 
Leica V-LUX 1« » 5.6 in 3.4 in 5.6 in 25.9 oz 360 n Sep 2006 849iLeica V-LUX 1
 
Olympus XZ-1« » 4.4 in 2.6 in 1.7 in 9.7 oz 320 n Jan 2011 499iOlympus XZ-1
 
Panasonic G7« » 4.9 in 3.4 in 3.0 in 14.5 oz 350 n May 2015 649iPanasonic G7
 
Panasonic G6« » 4.8 in 3.3 in 2.8 in 13.8 oz 340 n Apr 2013 599iPanasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1« » 3.9 in 2.2 in 1.2 in 7.2 oz 230 n Oct 2013 749iPanasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1« » 4.6 in 2.7 in 1.5 in 11.2 oz 320 n Nov 2011 699iPanasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH2« » 4.9 in 3.5 in 3.0 in 15.6 oz 330 n Sep 2010 899iPanasonic GH2
 
Panasonic LX5« » 4.3 in 2.6 in 1.7 in 9.6 oz 400 n Jul 2010 499iPanasonic LX5
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The D-LUX 5 was launched at a lower price than the GM5, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Leica D-LUX 5 features a 1/1.7-inch sensor and the Panasonic GM5 a Four Thirds sensor. The sensor area in the GM5 is 389 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 4.4 and 2.0. Both cameras feature a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 4:3. The D-LUX 5 has the particularity of featuring a switch that allows to toggle between multiple aspect ratios, while maintaining the same field of view and full image resolution.

Leica D-LUX 5 and Panasonic GM5 sensor measures

With 15.8MP, the GM5 offers a higher resolution than the D-LUX 5 (10MP), but the GM5 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 3.77μm versus 2.14μm for the D-LUX 5) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the GM5 is a much more recent model (by 3 years and 11 months) than the D-LUX 5, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units.

The resolution advantage of the Panasonic GM5 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the GM5 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 23 x 17.2 inch or 58.3 x 43.8 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 18.4 x 13.8 inch or 46.7 x 35 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 15.3 x 11.5 inch or 38.9 x 29.2 cm. The corresponding values for the Leica D-LUX 5 are 18.2 x 13.7 inch or 46.3 x 34.7 cm for good quality, 14.6 x 10.9 inch or 37.1 x 27.8 cm for very good quality, and 12.2 x 9.1 inch or 30.9 x 23.2 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Leica D-LUX 5 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 80 to ISO 3200, which can be extended to ISO 80-12800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5 are ISO 200 to ISO 25600, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-25600.

D-LUX 5 versus GM5 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX 5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p........Leica D-LUX 5
 
Panasonic GM5 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60p22.111.772166Panasonic GM5
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p........Canon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G7 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p23.012.755671Canon G7 X
 
Fujifilm X10 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/30p20.511.324550Fujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p........Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3 1/2.3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........Leica V-LUX 3
 
Leica V-LUX 2 1/2.3 14.0 4320 32401080/60i........Leica V-LUX 2
 
Leica X1 APS-C 12.2 4272 2856none........Leica X1
 
Leica V-LUX 1 1/1.8 10.0 3648 2736480/30p........Leica V-LUX 1
 
Olympus XZ-1 1/1.7 10.1 3664 2752720/30p18.810.411734Olympus XZ-1
 
Panasonic G7 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34484K/30p........Panasonic G7
 
Panasonic G6 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60p21.311.563961Panasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60i22.311.766066Panasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60p20.810.670355Panasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH2 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60i21.211.365560Panasonic GH2
 
Panasonic LX5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p19.610.813241Panasonic LX5

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, but the GM5 provides a better video resolution than the D-LUX 5. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/60p, while the Leica is limited to 720/60p.

 

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the GM5 has an electronic viewfinder (1166k dots), which can be very helpful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the D-LUX 5 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the D-LUX 5 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the EVF1. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Leica D-LUX 5, the Panasonic GM5, and comparable cameras.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX 5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y Leica D-LUX 5
 
Panasonic GM51166 n 3.0 921 fixed Y 1/500s 5.8 n n Panasonic GM5
 
Canon G7 X Mark IInone n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 8.0 Y Y Canon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G7 Xnone n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 6.5 Y Y Canon G7 X
 
Fujifilm X10optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y Fujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3202 n 3.0 460 swivel n 1/2000s 12.0 Y Y Leica V-LUX 3
 
Leica V-LUX 2202 n 3.0 460 swivel n 1/2000s 11.0 Y Y Leica V-LUX 2
 
Leica X1none n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/2000s 3.0 Y n Leica X1
 
Leica V-LUX 1235 n 2.0 207 swivel n 1/2000s 2.0 Y Y Leica V-LUX 1
 
Olympus XZ-1optional n 3.0 614 fixed n 1/2000s 2.0 Y Y Olympus XZ-1
 
Panasonic G72360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 7.0 Y n Panasonic G7
 
Panasonic G61440 n 3.0 1036 swivel Y 1/4000s 7.0 Y n Panasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1none n 3.0 1036 fixed Y 1/500s 5.0 Y n Panasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1optional n 3.0 460 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.2 Y n Panasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH21534 n 3.0 460 swivel n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Panasonic GH2
 
Panasonic LX5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y Panasonic LX5

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The D-LUX 5 has one, while the GM5 does not. While the built-in flash of the D-LUX 5 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the GM5 is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Panasonic GM5 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the D-LUX 5 and the GM5 write their files to SDXC cards. The GM5 supports UHS-I cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s), while the D-LUX 5 cannot take advantage of Ultra High Speed SD cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Leica D-LUX 5 and Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX 5Ymonomono--mini2.0---Leica D-LUX 5
 
Panasonic GM5Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--Panasonic GM5
 
Canon G7 X Mark II-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Canon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G7 X-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Canon G7 X
 
Fujifilm X10Ystereomono--mini2.0---Fujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6Ystereomono--mini2.0---Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3Ystereonone--mini2.0---Leica V-LUX 3
 
Leica V-LUX 2Ystereomono--mini2.0---Leica V-LUX 2
 
Leica X1Ynonenone--mini2.0---Leica X1
 
Leica V-LUX 1Ymonomono--none2.0---Leica V-LUX 1
 
Olympus XZ-1Ymononone--mini2.0---Olympus XZ-1
 
Panasonic G7YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Panasonic G7
 
Panasonic G6YstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-Panasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1-stereomono--micro2.0Y--Panasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1Ystereomono--mini2.0---Panasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH2YstereomonoY-mini2.0---Panasonic GH2
 
Panasonic LX5Ymonomono--mini2.0---Panasonic LX5

It is notable that the GM5 offers wifi support, which can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location. In contrast, the D-LUX 5 does not offer wifi capability.

Both the D-LUX 5 and the GM5 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The D-LUX 5 was replaced by the Leica D-LUX 6, while the GM5 does not have a direct successor. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Leica and Panasonic websites.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Leica D-LUX 5 and the Panasonic GM5? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Arguments in favor of the Leica D-LUX 5:

  • Flexible image proportions: Has a multi-aspect sensor that allows for alternative image shapes.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/500s) to freeze action.
  • Ready to shoot: Has a lens built-in, whereas the GM5 requires a separate lens.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (400 versus 220) on a single battery charge.
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale price.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in September 2010).

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Reasons to prefer the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GM5:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (15.8 vs 10MP), which boosts linear resolution by 26%.
  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/60p vs 720/60p).
  • Easier framing: Has an electronic viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (921k vs 460k dots).
  • Fewer buttons to press: Has a touchscreen to facilitate handling and shooting adjustments.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5.8 vs 2.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • More flexible: Takes interchangeable lenses and can thus be used with specialty optics.
  • More compact: Is smaller (99x60mm vs 110x65mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Has an SD card interface that supports the UHS-I standard.
  • More modern: Reflects 3 years and 11 months of technical progress since the D-LUX 5 launch.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the GM5 is the clear winner of the contest (17 : 9 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D-LUX 5 09:17 GM5

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Leica D-LUX 5 and the Panasonic GM5 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Travel-Zoom Camera and Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the D-LUX 5 and the GM5 in practical situations. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Leica D-LUX 5....4.5/5..4/5 Sep 2010 699iLeica D-LUX 5
 
Panasonic GM5+77/1005/55/54.5/5 Sep 2014 749iPanasonic GM5
 
Canon G7 X Mark II+ +81/1004.5/54/54.5/5 Feb 2016 699iCanon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G7 X+ +77/1004.5/53.5/54.5/5 Sep 2014 699iCanon G7 X
 
Fujifilm X10..76/1004/53.5/54.5/5 Sep 2011 599iFujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6....4/5..4/5 Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3.......... Dec 2011 949iLeica V-LUX 3
 
Leica V-LUX 2.......... Sep 2010 849iLeica V-LUX 2
 
Leica X1..+....4/5 Sep 2009 1,995iLeica X1
 
Leica V-LUX 1.......... Sep 2006 849iLeica V-LUX 1
 
Olympus XZ-1..74/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jan 2011 499iOlympus XZ-1
 
Panasonic G7+ +80/1005/54.5/54.5/5 May 2015 649iPanasonic G7
 
Panasonic G6+ +..5/5..4.5/5 Apr 2013 599iPanasonic G6
 
Panasonic GM1+78/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 749iPanasonic GM1
 
Panasonic GX1+77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Nov 2011 699iPanasonic GX1
 
Panasonic GH2+ +79/1004.5/54.5/55/5 Sep 2010 899iPanasonic GH2
 
Panasonic LX5+73/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Jul 2010 499iPanasonic LX5
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Leica D-LUX 5:
Check Ebay offers
Panasonic GM5:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Leica D-LUX 5 vs Panasonic GM5

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Leica D-LUX 5 Panasonic GM5
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens 24-90mm f/2.0-3.3 Micro Four Thirds lenses
    Launch Date September 2010 September 2014
    Launch Price USD 699 USD 749
    Sensor Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Panasonic GM5
    Sensor Technology CCD CMOS
    Sensor Format 1/1.7" Sensor Four Thirds Sensor
    Sensor Size 7.85 x 5.89 mm 17.3 x 13.0 mm
    Sensor Area 46.2365 mm2 224.9 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 9.8 mm 21.6 mm
    Crop Factor 4.4x 2.0x
    Sensor Resolution 10 Megapixels 15.8 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 3648 x 2736 pixels 4592 x 3448 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 2.14 μm 3.77 μm
    Pixel Density 21.59 MP/cm2 7.04 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 720/60p Video 1080/60p Video
    ISO Setting 80-3200 ISO 200-25600 ISO
    ISO Boost 80-12800 ISO 100-25600 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 66
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 22.1
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 11.7
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 721
    Screen Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Panasonic GM5
    Viewfinder Type Viewfinder optional Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.46x
    Viewfinder Resolution 1166k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0 inch 3.0 inch
    LCD Resolution 460k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input no Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Panasonic GM5
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidNo Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000/s 1/500/s
    Continuous Shooting 2.5 shutter flaps/s 5.8 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterno E-Shutterup to 1/16000s
    Time-Lapse Photographyno IntervalometerIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Panasonic GM5
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI micro HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi Wifi built-in
    Body Specs Leica D-LUX 5 Panasonic GM5
    Battery Type BP-DC10 DMW-BLH7
    Battery Life (CIPA)400 shots per charge220 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 110 x 65 x 43 mm
    (4.3 x 2.6 x 1.7 in)
    99 x 60 x 36 mm
    (3.9 x 2.4 x 1.4 in)
    Camera Weight 271 g (9.6 oz) 211 g (7.4 oz)

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