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Hasselblad X1D vs Leica M10-P

The Hasselblad X1D-50c and the Leica M10-P are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in June 2016 and August 2018. The X1D is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the M10-P is a rangefinder-style mirrorless. The cameras are based on a medium format (X1D) and a full frame (M10-P) sensor. The Hasselblad has a resolution of 51.3 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 23.8 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Hasselblad X1D versus Leica M10-P
Hasselblad X1D Leica M10-P
Mirrorless system camera Rangefinder camera
Hasselblad X mount lenses Leica M mount lenses
51.3 MP, Medium Format Sensor 23.8 MP, Full Frame Sensor
1080/25p Video no Video
ISO 100-25,600 ISO 100-50,000
Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots) Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 920k dots 3.0 LCD, 1037k dots
Fixed touchscreen Fixed touchscreen
2.3 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
Weathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
150 x 98 x 71 mm, 725 g 139 x 80 x 39 mm, 660 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Hasselblad X1D-50c and the Leica M10-P? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Hasselblad X1D and the Leica M10-P are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The M10-P can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the X1D is only available in titanium.

Size Hasselblad X1D vs Leica M10-P
Compare X1D versus M10-P top
Comparison X1D or M10-P rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica M10-P is notably smaller (24 percent) than the Hasselblad X1D. Moreover, the M10-P is markedly lighter (9 percent) than the X1D. In this context, it is worth noting that both cameras are splash and dust-proof and can, hence, be used in inclement weather conditions or harsh environments.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

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Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life 1
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch 2
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
 
Hasselblad X1D 5.9 in 3.9 in 2.8 in 25.6 oz .. Y Jun 2016 8,995i
 
Leica M10-P 5.5 in 3.1 in 1.5 in 23.3 oz 210 Y Aug 2018 7,995 i
 
Canon 6D Mark II 5.7 in 4.4 in 3.0 in 27.0 oz 1200 Y Jun 2017 1,999 i
 
Canon 5DS 6.0 in 4.6 in 3.0 in 32.8 oz 700 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i
 
Canon 5DS R 6.0 in 4.6 in 3.0 in 32.8 oz 700 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i
 
Fujifilm GFX 50S 5.8 in 3.7 in 3.6 in 26.1 oz 400 Y Sep 2016 6,499 i
 
Hasselblad X1D II 5.8 in 3.8 in 2.8 in 27.0 oz .. Y Jun 2019 5,750 i
 
Leica M10-R 5.5 in 3.1 in 1.5 in 23.3 oz 210 Y Jul 2020 8,295 i
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 5.5 in 3.1 in 1.7 in 24.0 oz .. Y Jun 2019 3,999 i
 
Leica M10 5.5 in 3.1 in 1.5 in 23.3 oz 210 Y Jan 2017 6,595 i
 
Leica M Typ 262 5.5 in 3.1 in 1.7 in 24.0 oz .. Y Nov 2015 5,195i
 
Leica SL 5.8 in 4.1 in 1.5 in 29.9 oz 400 Y Oct 2015 7,450i
 
Leica M Typ 240 5.5 in 3.1 in 1.7 in 24.0 oz .. Y Sep 2012 6,950i
 
Nikon D7500 5.4 in 4.1 in 2.9 in 25.4 oz 950 Y Apr 2017 1,299 i
 
Nikon D850 5.7 in 4.9 in 3.1 in 35.5 oz 1840 Y Jul 2017 3,299 i
 
Nikon D7200 5.4 in 4.2 in 3.0 in 27.0 oz 1110 Y Mar 2015 1,199i
 
Pentax 645Z 6.1 in 4.6 in 4.8 in 54.7 oz 650 Y Apr 2014 8,499 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.
(1) Number of images that can be taken on a full battery charge according to the CIPA-standard; (2) Official announcement.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The M10-P was launched at a somewhat lower price (by 11 percent) than the X1D, which makes it more attractive for photographers on a tight budget. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Hasselblad X1D features a medium format sensor and the Leica M10-P a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the M10-P is 41 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 0.79 and 1.0. The sensor in the X1D has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the M10-P offers a 3:2 aspect.

Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with CMOS (Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors.

Hasselblad X1D and Leica M10-P sensor measures

With 51.3MP, the X1D offers a higher resolution than the M10-P (23.8MP), but the X1D has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.30μm versus 6.00μm for the M10-P). Moreover, the M10-P is a much more recent model (by 2 years and 1 month) than the X1D, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Hasselblad X1D implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the X1D for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 41.4 x 31 inches or 105.1 x 78.7 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 33.1 x 24.8 inches or 84 x 63 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 27.6 x 20.7 inches or 70 x 52.5 cm. The corresponding values for the Leica M10-P are 29.8 x 20 inches or 75.6 x 50.7 cm for good quality, 23.8 x 16 inches or 60.5 x 40.6 cm for very good quality, and 19.8 x 13.3 inches or 50.4 x 33.8 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Hasselblad X1D-50c has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica M10-P are ISO 100 to ISO 50000 (no boost).

X1D versus M10-P MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
 
Hasselblad X1D Medium Format 51.3 8272 62001080/25p26.214.84489102
 
Leica M10-P Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none........
 
Canon 6D Mark II Full Frame 26.0 6240 41601080/60p24.411.9286285
 
Canon 5DS Full Frame 50.3 8688 57921080/30p24.712.4238187
 
Canon 5DS R Full Frame 50.3 8688 57921080/30p24.612.4230886
 
Fujifilm GFX 50S Medium Format 51.1 8256 61921080/30p........
 
Hasselblad X1D II Medium Format 51.3 8272 6200none........
 
Leica M10-R Full Frame 40.9 7864 5200none........
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p........
 
Leica M10 Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none24.413.2213386
 
Leica M Typ 262 Full Frame 23.7 5952 3976none........
 
Leica SL Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.013.4182188
 
Leica M Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p24.013.3186084
 
Nikon D7500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.314.0148386
 
Nikon D850 Full Frame 45.4 8256 55044K/30p26.414.82660100
 
Nikon D7200 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.514.6133387
 
Pentax 645Z Medium Format 51.1 8256 61921080/60i26.014.74505101

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The X1D indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the M10-P does not. The highest resolution format that the X1D can use is 1080/25p.

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the X1D has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), while the M10-P has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Hasselblad X1D and Leica M10-P along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
 
Hasselblad X1D2360 n 3.0 920 fixed Y 1/2000s 2.3 n n
 
Leica M10-Poptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0 n n
 
Canon 6D Mark IIoptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.5 n n
 
Canon 5DSoptical Y 3.2 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 n n
 
Canon 5DS Roptical Y 3.2 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 n n
 
Fujifilm GFX 50Soptional Y 3.2 2360 full-flex Y 1/4000s 3.0 n n
 
Hasselblad X1D II3690 n 3.6 2360 fixed Y 1/2000s 2.7 n n
 
Leica M10-Roptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.5 n n
 
Leica M-E Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
 
Leica M10optical n 3.0 1037 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 n n
 
Leica M Typ 262optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
 
Leica SL4400 Y 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/8000s 11.0 n n
 
Leica M Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
 
Nikon D7500optical Y 3.2 922 tilting Y 1/8000s 8.0 Y n
 
Nikon D850optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 9.0 n n
 
Nikon D7200optical Y 3.2 1229 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
 
Pentax 645Zoptical Y 3.2 1037 tilting n 1/4000s 3.0 n n

The Hasselblad X1D and the Leica M10-P both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the X1D and the M10-P write their files to SDXC cards. The X1D features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the M10-P only has one slot. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Hasselblad X1D-50c and Leica M10-P and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
 
Hasselblad X1DYstereomonoYYmini3.0Y--
 
Leica M10-PY------Y--
 
Canon 6D Mark IIYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
 
Canon 5DSYmonomonoY-mini3.0---
 
Canon 5DS RYmonomonoY-mini3.0---
 
Fujifilm GFX 50SYstereomonoYYmicro3.0Y--
 
Hasselblad X1D IIYstereomonoYY-3.0Y--
 
Leica M10-RY------Y--
 
Leica M-E Typ 240Ymono----2.0---
 
Leica M10Y------Y--
 
Leica M Typ 262Y-----2.0---
 
Leica SLYstereomonoYYfull3.0Y--
 
Leica M Typ 240Ystereomono---2.0---
 
Nikon D7500YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y-Y
 
Nikon D850YstereomonoYYmini3.0YYY
 
Nikon D7200YstereomonoYYmini2.0YY-
 
Pentax 645ZYstereomonoY-mini3.0---

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Hasselblad X1D (unlike the M10-P) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

The M10-P is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Leica. In contrast, the X1D has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the X1D was succeeded by the Hasselblad X1D II. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Hasselblad and Leica websites.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Hasselblad X1D or the Leica M10-P – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

ilogo

Arguments in favor of the Hasselblad X1D-50c:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (51.3 vs 23.8MP) with a 44% higher linear resolution.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 1080/25p movies.
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in June 2016).

ilogo

Advantages of the Leica M10-P:

  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1037k vs 920k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5 vs 2.3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More compact: Is smaller (139x80mm vs 150x98mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • More affordable: Was released into a lower priced segment (11 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Reflects 2 years and 1 month of technical progress since the X1D launch.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the M10-P comes out slightly ahead of the X1D (7 : 6 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

X1D 06:07 M10-P

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the X1D or the M10-P perform in practice. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Review Scores
  Camera
Model
camera
  labs  
dp
review  
ephoto
  zine  
imaging
resource
photography
  blog  
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
 
Hasselblad X1Do81/100....4/5 Jun 2016 8,995i
 
Leica M10-P........4/5 Aug 2018 7,995 i
 
Canon 6D Mark II+80/1004.5/54/54/5 Jun 2017 1,999 i
 
Canon 5DS+83/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Feb 2015 3,699 i
 
Canon 5DS R+83/1005/55/54.5/5 Feb 2015 3,699 i
 
Fujifilm GFX 50S..85/1005/55/54.5/5 Sep 2016 6,499 i
 
Hasselblad X1D II....4/5.... Jun 2019 5,750 i
 
Leica M10-R.......... Jul 2020 8,295 i
 
Leica M-E Typ 240.......... Jun 2019 3,999 i
 
Leica M10....4/5..4.5/5 Jan 2017 6,595 i
 
Leica M Typ 262.......... Nov 2015 5,195i
 
Leica SL..84/1004.5/54/54/5 Oct 2015 7,450i
 
Leica M Typ 240....4/5.... Sep 2012 6,950i
 
Nikon D7500+ +86/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Apr 2017 1,299 i
 
Nikon D850+ +89/1004.5/55/55/5 Jul 2017 3,299 i
 
Nikon D7200+ +84/1004.5/54/54.5/5 Mar 2015 1,199i
 
Pentax 645Z....4.5/55/55/5 Apr 2014 8,499 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Hasselblad X1D:
Check Ebay offers
Leica M10-P:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Hasselblad X1D vs Leica M10-P

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Hasselblad X1D Leica M10-P
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Rangefinder camera
    Camera Lens Hasselblad X mount lenses Leica M mount lenses
    Launch Date June 2016 August 2018
    Launch Price USD 8,995 USD 7,995
    Sensor Specs Hasselblad X1D Leica M10-P
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format Medium Format Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 43.8 x 32.9 mm 35.8 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 1441.02 mm2 855.62 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 54.8 mm 43 mm
    Crop Factor 0.79x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 51.3 Megapixels 23.8 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 8272 x 6200 pixels 5952 x 3992 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.30 μm 6.00 μm
    Pixel Density 3.56 MP/cm2 2.78 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 1080/25p Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 50,000 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 102 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 26.2 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 14.8 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 4489 ..
    Screen Specs Hasselblad X1D Leica M10-P
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.73x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 920k dots 1037k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Hasselblad X1D Leica M10-P
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Manual Focus
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/2000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 2.3 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Dual card slots Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Hasselblad X1D Leica M10-P
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket no PC Sync
    USB Connector USB 3.0 no USB
    HDMI Port mini HDMI no HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port no MIC socket
    Headphone Socket Headphone port no Headphone port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Body Specs Hasselblad X1D Leica M10-P
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
    Battery Type H-3054752 BP-SCL5
    Body Dimensions 150 x 98 x 71 mm
    (5.9 x 3.9 x 2.8 in)
    139 x 80 x 39 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 1.5 in)
    Camera Weight 725 g (25.6 oz) 660 g (23.3 oz)

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