Fujifilm X20 versus Fujifilm X-M1
The Fujifilm X20 and the Fujifilm X-M1 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in January 2013 and June 2013. The X20 is a fixed lens compact, while the X-M1 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. The cameras are based on a 2/3 (X20) and an APS-C (X-M1) sensor. The X20 has a resolution of 12 megapixel, whereas the X-M1 provides 16 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.
Body comparison: Fujifilm X20 vs Fujifilm X-M1
An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Fujifilm X20 and the Fujifilm X-M1 is provided in the side-by-side display below. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are presented. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter. If you prefer, you can also use the toggle button to switch to a comparison in percentage terms (in this case, the camera on the left side – the X20 – represents the basis for the calculations across all the size and weight measures).
If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Fujifilm X-M1 is somewhat smaller (4 percent) than the Fujifilm X20. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the X20 nor the X-M1 are weather-sealed.
The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the X20 has a lens build in, whereas the X-M1 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can find an overview of optics for the X-M1 and their specifications in the Fujinon X Lens Catalog.
The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.
|Camera Body Specifications|
|Fujifilm X20»||4.6 in||2.8 in||2.2 in||12.5 oz||270||n||Jan 2013||599||-|
|Fujifilm X-M1«||4.6 in||2.6 in||1.5 in||11.6 oz||350||n||Jun 2013||699|
|Canon SX60« »||5.0 in||3.7 in||4.5 in||22.9 oz||340||n||Sep 2014||549|
|Canon G16« »||4.3 in||3.0 in||1.6 in||12.6 oz||360||n||Aug 2013||549|
|Canon G15« »||4.2 in||3.0 in||1.6 in||12.4 oz||350||n||Sep 2012||499||-|
|Fujifilm X70« »||4.4 in||2.5 in||1.7 in||12.0 oz||330||n||Jan 2016||799|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||5.1 in||3.0 in||1.5 in||12.3 oz||350||n||Jan 2016||699||-|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||4.6 in||3.3 in||1.6 in||13.4 oz||350||n||May 2015||799||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||4.7 in||2.8 in||2.4 in||14.9 oz||470||n||Aug 2014||599|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||5.1 in||3.0 in||1.5 in||12.3 oz||350||n||Oct 2013||999||-|
|Fujifilm X10« »||4.6 in||2.8 in||2.2 in||12.3 oz||270||n||Sep 2011||599||-|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »||4.6 in||2.6 in||2.2 in||14.3 oz||300||n||Sep 2014||1,195|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||4.4 in||2.7 in||1.8 in||10.5 oz||330||n||Sep 2012||699||-|
|Panasonic LX100« »||4.5 in||2.6 in||2.2 in||13.9 oz||300||n||Sep 2014||899|
|Panasonic LX7« »||4.4 in||2.7 in||1.8 in||10.5 oz||330||n||Jul 2012||499||-|
The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The X20 was launched at a lower price than the X-M1, despite having a lens build in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.
Sensor comparison: Fujifilm X20 vs Fujifilm X-M1
The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.
Of the two cameras under consideration, the Fujifilm X20 features a 2/3 sensor and the Fujifilm X-M1 an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the X-M1 is 534 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 3.9 and 1.5. The sensor in the X20 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the X-M1 offers a 3:2 aspect.
With 16MP, the X-M1 offers a higher resolution than the X20 (12MP), but the X-M1 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 4.80μm versus 2.20μm for the X20) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the X-M1 is a somewhat more recent model (by 5 months) than the X20, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.
Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for most cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.
|Canon SX60« »||1/2.3||14.2||4608||3072||1080/60p||19.2||10.8||127||39|
|Canon G16« »||1/1.7||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||21.0||11.7||230||54|
|Canon G15« »||1/1.7||12.0||4000||3000||1080/24p||19.9||11.5||165||46|
|Fujifilm X70« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||2/3||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X10« »||2/3||12.0||4000||3000||1080/30p||20.5||11.3||245||50|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »||Four Thirds||12.7||4112||3088||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||1/1.7||10.0||3648||2736||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Panasonic LX100« »||Four Thirds||12.7||4112||3088||4K/30p||22.3||12.5||553||67|
|Panasonic LX7« »||1/1.7||10.0||3648||2736||1080/60p||20.7||11.7||147||50|
Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the X20 provides a higher frame rate than the X-M1. It can shoot video footage at 1080/60p, while the X-M1 is limited to 1080/30p.
Feature comparison: Fujifilm X20 vs Fujifilm X-M1
Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the X20 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the X-M1 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Fujifilm X20 and Fujifilm X-M1 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras. If needed, the dpreview camera hub, for example, contains further detail on the cameras' specs.
|Canon SX60« »||922||n||3.0||922||swivel||n||2000||6.4||Y||Y|
|Canon G16« »||optical||n||3.0||922||fixed||n||4000||2.2||Y||Y|
|Canon G15« »||optical||n||3.0||922||fixed||n||4000||2.1||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X70« »||-||n||3.0||1040||tilting||Y||4000||8.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||fixed||n||4000||7.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||2360||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||8.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X30« »||2360||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||fixed||n||4000||7.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X10« »||optical||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||10.0||Y||Y|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »||2764||n||3.0||921||fixed||n||4000||11.0||n||Y|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||-||n||3.0||920||fixed||n||4000||11.0||Y||Y|
|Panasonic LX100« »||2764||n||3.0||921||fixed||n||4000||11.0||n||Y|
|Panasonic LX7« »||-||n||3.0||920||fixed||n||4000||11.0||Y||Y|
The X-M1 is a current model that online retailers, such as amazon, will have in stock. In contrast, the X20 has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the X20 was succeeded by the Fujifilm X30.
Review summary: Fujifilm X20 vs Fujifilm X-M1
So what conclusions can be drawn? Which of the two cameras – the Fujifilm X20 or the Fujifilm X-M1 – has the upper hand? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.
Reasons to prefer the Fujifilm X20:
- Better video: Provides higher movie framerates (1080/60p versus 1080/30p).
- Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image framing and settings control.
- Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 5.6 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
- Ready to shoot: Has a lens build-in, whereas the X-M1 requires a separate lens.
- Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization build-in.
- More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a build-in lens.
- More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in January 2013).
Advantages of the Fujifilm X-M1:
- More detail: Has more megapixels (16 vs 12MP), which boosts linear resolution by 18%.
- Better low-light imaging: Features bigger pixels on a larger sensor for better high-ISO images.
- Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.8") for image review and settings control.
- More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 460k dots).
- More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
- More flexible: Takes interchangeable lenses and can thus be used with specialty optics.
- Longer lasting: Gets more shots (350 versus 270) out of a single battery charge.
- More modern: Was introduced somewhat (5 months) more recently.
If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the X-M1 comes out slightly ahead of the X20 (8 : 7 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera.
In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it says nothing about, for example, the handling, responsiveness, and overall imaging quality of the X20 and the X-M1 in practical situations. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate. This is where reviews by experts come in. The following table reports the overall rankings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The detailed reviews can be accessed by clicking on the site logo in the table header.
|Fujifilm X20»||HiRec||77/100||4.5/5||-||5/5||Jan 2013||599||-|
|Fujifilm X-M1«||Rec||77/100||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Jun 2013||699|
|Canon SX60« »||HiRec||75/100||4/5||-||4.5/5||Sep 2014||549|
|Canon G16« »||Rec||-||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Aug 2013||549|
|Canon G15« »||Rec||76/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Sep 2012||499||-|
|Fujifilm X70« »||-||76/100||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||Jan 2016||799|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||-||77/100||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Jan 2016||699||-|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||HiRec||80/100||5/5||4/5||5/5||May 2015||799||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||-||76/100||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||Aug 2014||599|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||-||80/100||4.5/5||-||5/5||Oct 2013||999||-|
|Fujifilm X10« »||-||76/100||4/5||3.5/5||4.5/5||Sep 2011||599||-|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »||-||-||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Sep 2014||1,195|
|Leica D-LUX 6« »||-||-||4/5||-||4/5||Sep 2012||699||-|
|Panasonic LX100« »||HiRec||85/100||5/5||4/5||5/5||Sep 2014||899|
|Panasonic LX7« »||HiRec||75/100||4/5||5/5||4.5/5||Jul 2012||499||-|
Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when refering to cameras in the same category and of the same age. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.
Other camera comparisons
Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. An an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool. If you do not see the camera that you are looking for, please send me an email, and I will try to locate and add the respective data to the application.
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