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Fujifilm X100 versus Fujifilm X30

The Fujifilm FinePix X100 and the Fujifilm X30 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in September 2010 and August 2014. Both the X100 and the X30 are fixed lens compact cameras that are based on an APS-C (X100) and a 2/3 (X30) sensor. The X100 has a resolution of 12.2 megapixel, whereas the X30 provides 12 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison: Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X30

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Fujifilm X100 and the Fujifilm X30 is provided in the side-by-side display below. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are presented. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter. If you prefer, you can also use the toggle button to switch to a comparison in percentage terms (in this case, the camera on the left side – the X100 – represents the basis for the calculations across all the size and weight measures).

Snapsort Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X30
Compare X100 versus X30 top
Compare X100 and X30 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Fujifilm X30 is notably smaller (9 percent) than the Fujifilm X100. Moreover, the X30 is markedly lighter (5 percent) than the X100. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the X100 nor the X30 are weather-sealed.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Fujifilm X100» 5.0 in 3.0 in 2.1 in 15.7 oz 300 n Sep 2010 1,199- i
Fujifilm X30« 4.7 in 2.8 in 2.4 in 14.9 oz 470 n Aug 2014 599 i i
Canon G16« » 4.3 in 3.0 in 1.6 in 12.6 oz 360 n Aug 2013 549 i i
Canon G1 X« » 4.6 in 3.2 in 2.6 in 18.8 oz 250 n Jan 2012 799- i
Canon T3« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 17.5 oz 700 n Feb 2011 449- i
Fujifilm X100T« » 5.0 in 2.9 in 2.0 in 15.5 oz 330 n Sep 2014 1,299- i
Fujifilm X100S« » 5.0 in 2.9 in 2.1 in 15.7 oz 330 n Jan 2013 1,299- i
Fujifilm X20« » 4.6 in 2.8 in 2.2 in 12.5 oz 270 n Jan 2013 599- i
Fujifilm X10« » 4.6 in 2.8 in 2.2 in 12.3 oz 270 n Sep 2011 599- i
Leica D-LUX Typ 109« » 4.6 in 2.6 in 2.2 in 14.3 oz 300 n Sep 2014 1,195 i i
Nikon D3100« » 4.9 in 3.8 in 3.0 in 17.8 oz 550 n Aug 2010 599- i
Nikon D3000« » 5.0 in 3.8 in 2.5 in 18.9 oz 500 n Jul 2009 599- i
Panasonic LX100« » 4.5 in 2.6 in 2.2 in 13.9 oz 300 n Sep 2014 899 i i
Panasonic GH1« » 4.9 in 3.5 in 1.8 in 13.6 oz 300 n Mar 2009 1,499- i

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The X30 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 50 percent) than the X100, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison: Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X30

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Fujifilm X100 features an APS-C sensor and the Fujifilm X30 a 2/3 sensor. The sensor area in the X30 is 84 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 3.9. The sensor in the X100 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the X30 offers a 4:3 aspect.

Fujifilm X100 and Fujifilm X30 sensor measures

With 12.2MP, the X100 offers a slightly higher resolution than the X30 (12MP), but the X100 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.53μm versus 2.20μm for the X30) due to its larger sensor. However, the X30 is a somewhat more recent model (by 3 years and 11 months) than the X100, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

X100 versus X30 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Fujifilm X100» APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/30p22.912.4100173
Fujifilm X30« 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p----
Canon G16« » 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/60p21.011.723054
Canon G1 X« » 1.5-inch 14.2 4352 32641080/24p21.710.864460
Canon T3« » APS-C 12.2 4272 2848720/30p21.911.075562
Fujifilm X100T« » APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p----
Fujifilm X100S« » APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p----
Fujifilm X20« » 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p----
Fujifilm X10« » 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/30p20.511.324550
Leica D-LUX Typ 109« » Four Thirds 12.7 4112 30884K/30p----
Nikon D3100« » APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.391967
Nikon D3000« » APS-C 10.0 3872 2592-22.311.156362
Panasonic LX100« » Four Thirds 12.7 4112 30884K/30p22.312.555367
Panasonic GH1« » Four Thirds 12.0 4000 30001080/24p21.611.677264

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the X30 provides a better video resolution than the X100. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/60p, while the X100 is limited to 720/30p.

 

Feature comparison: Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X30

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The two cameras under review are similar with respect to both having an electronic viewfinder. However, the one in the X30 offers a substantially higher resolution than the one in the X100 (2360k vs 1440k dots). The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Fujifilm X100 and Fujifilm X30 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras. If needed, the dpreview camera hub, for example, contains further detail on the cameras' specs.

Core Features
  Camera Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Shutter
speed
(1/sec)
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Build-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Build-in
Image
Stab
Fujifilm X100»1440 n 2.8 460 fixed n 4000 5.0 Y n
Fujifilm X30«2360 n 3.0 920 tilting n 4000 12.0 Y Y
Canon G16« »optical n 3.0 922 fixed n 4000 2.2 Y Y
Canon G1 X« »optical n 3.0 922 Swivel n 4000 1.9 Y Y
Canon T3« »optical n 2.7 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Fujifilm X100T« »2360 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 4000 6.0 Y n
Fujifilm X100S« »2360 n 2.8 460 fixed n 4000 6.0 Y n
Fujifilm X20« »optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 4000 12.0 Y Y
Fujifilm X10« »optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 4000 10.0 Y Y
Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »2764 n 3.0 921 fixed n 4000 11.0 n Y
Nikon D3100« »optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Nikon D3000« »optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Panasonic LX100« »2764 n 3.0 921 fixed n 4000 11.0 n Y
Panasonic GH1« »1440 n 3.0 460 swivel n 4000 3.0 Y n

The X30 is equipped with a zoom lens, while the X100 comes with a build-in prime. The X30 has a 28-112mm f/2.0-2.8 optic and the X100 offers a 35mm f/2.0 (focal lengths in full frame equivalent terms). Hence, the X30 provides a wider angle of view at the short end, as well as more tele-photo reach at the long end than the X100. Both cameras offer the same maximum aperture.

The X30 is a current model that online retailers, such as amazon, will have in stock. In contrast, the X100 has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the X100 was succeeded by the Fujifilm X100S.

Review summary: Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X30

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Fujifilm X100 and the Fujifilm X30? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.


Advantages of the Fujifilm FinePix X100:

  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in September 2010).


Reasons to prefer the Fujifilm X30:

  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/60p vs 720/30p).
  • More detailed viewfinder: Has higher resolution electronic viewfinder (2360k vs 1440k dots).
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.8") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 460k dots).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Wider view: Has a wider-angle lens that facilitates landscape or interior shots.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (470 versus 300) out of a single battery charge.
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology build-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (50 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Reflects 3 years and 11 months of technical progress since the X100 launch.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the X30 is the clear winner of the contest (11 : 1 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera.

X100 01:11 X30

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it says nothing about, for example, the handling, responsiveness, and overall imaging quality of the X100 and the X30 in practical situations. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased. This is where reviews by experts come in. The following table reports the overall rankings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The detailed reviews can be accessed by clicking on the site logo in the table header.

Review scores
  Camera cameralabs dpreview ephotozine imaging-resource photographyblog Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Fujifilm X100»-75/1004/54/55/5 Sep 2010 1,199- i
Fujifilm X30«-76/1004.5/54/54.5/5 Aug 2014 599 i i
Canon G16« »Rec-4.5/54.5/54.5/5 Aug 2013 549 i i
Canon G1 X« »Rec76/1004/54/54.5/5 Jan 2012 799- i
Canon T3« »80/10069/1004/54/54.5/5 Feb 2011 449- i
Fujifilm X100T« »Rec81/1004.5/54.5/55/5 Sep 2014 1,299- i
Fujifilm X100S« »HiRec81/1004.5/54/55/5 Jan 2013 1,299- i
Fujifilm X20« »HiRec77/1004.5/5-5/5 Jan 2013 599- i
Fujifilm X10« »-76/1004/53.5/54.5/5 Sep 2011 599- i
Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »--4.5/5-4.5/5 Sep 2014 1,195 i i
Nikon D3100« »HiRec72/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599- i
Nikon D3000« »Rec72/1004/53.5/54.5/5 Jul 2009 599- i
Panasonic LX100« »HiRec85/1005/54/55/5 Sep 2014 899 i i
Panasonic GH1« »HiRec72/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Mar 2009 1,499- i

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

 

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored. If the camera you are interested in is not available, please contact me, and I will try to add information on that model to the database.

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