Fujifilm X100 versus Fujifilm X10
The Fujifilm FinePix X100 and the Fujifilm X10 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in September 2010 and September 2011. Both the X100 and the X10 are fixed lens compact cameras that are based on an APS-C (X100) and a 2/3 (X10) sensor. The X100 has a resolution of 12.2 megapixel, whereas the X10 provides 12 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.
Body comparison: Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X10
The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Fujifilm X100 and the Fujifilm X10. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter. If you prefer, you can also use the toggle button to switch to a comparison in percentage terms (in this case, the camera on the left – the X100 – represents 100 percent across all the size and weight measures).
If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Fujifilm X10 is notably smaller (13 percent) than the Fujifilm X100. Moreover, the X10 is markedly lighter (21 percent) than the X100. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the X100 nor the X10 are weather-sealed.
The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.
|Camera Body Specifications|
|Fujifilm X100»||5.0 in||3.0 in||2.1 in||15.7 oz||300||n||Sep 2010||1,199||-|
|Fujifilm X10«||4.6 in||2.8 in||2.2 in||12.3 oz||270||n||Sep 2011||599||-|
|Canon G15« »||4.2 in||3.0 in||1.6 in||12.4 oz||350||n||Sep 2012||499||-|
|Canon G1 X« »||4.6 in||3.2 in||2.6 in||18.8 oz||250||n||Jan 2012||799||-|
|Canon T3« »||5.1 in||3.9 in||3.1 in||17.5 oz||700||n||Feb 2011||449||-|
|Canon G12« »||4.4 in||3.0 in||1.9 in||14.1 oz||370||n||Sep 2010||499||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||4.7 in||2.8 in||2.4 in||14.9 oz||470||n||Aug 2014||599|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||5.0 in||2.9 in||2.1 in||15.7 oz||330||n||Jan 2013||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||4.6 in||2.8 in||2.2 in||12.5 oz||270||n||Jan 2013||599||-|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »||4.6 in||2.6 in||2.2 in||14.3 oz||300||n||Sep 2014||1,195|
|Nikon D3100« »||4.9 in||3.8 in||3.0 in||17.8 oz||550||n||Aug 2010||599||-|
|Nikon D3000« »||5.0 in||3.8 in||2.5 in||18.9 oz||500||n||Jul 2009||599||-|
|Panasonic LX100« »||4.5 in||2.6 in||2.2 in||13.9 oz||300||n||Sep 2014||899|
|Panasonic LX7« »||4.4 in||2.7 in||1.8 in||10.5 oz||330||n||Jul 2012||499||-|
|Panasonic G10« »||4.9 in||3.3 in||2.9 in||13.7 oz||380||n||Mar 2010||499||-|
|Panasonic GH1« »||4.9 in||3.5 in||1.8 in||13.6 oz||300||n||Mar 2009||1,499||-|
The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The X10 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 50 percent) than the X100, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.
Sensor comparison: Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X10
The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.
Of the two cameras under consideration, the Fujifilm X100 features an APS-C sensor and the Fujifilm X10 a 2/3 sensor. The sensor area in the X10 is 84 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 3.9. The sensor in the X100 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the X10 offers a 4:3 aspect.
With 12.2MP, the X100 offers a slightly higher resolution than the X10 (12MP), but the X100 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.53μm versus 2.20μm for the X10) due to its larger sensor. However, the X10 is a somewhat more recent model (by 11 months) than the X100, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.
Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). Of the two cameras under review, the X100 provides substantially higher image quality than the X10, with an overall score that is 23 points higher. This advantage is based on 2.4 bits higher color depth, 1.1 EV in additional dynamic range, and 2 stops in additional low light sensitivity. The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.
|Canon G15« »||1/1.7||12.0||4000||3000||1080/24p||19.9||11.5||165||46|
|Canon G1 X« »||1.5-inch||14.2||4352||3264||1080/24p||21.7||10.8||644||60|
|Canon T3« »||APS-C||12.2||4272||2848||720/30p||21.9||11.0||755||62|
|Canon G12« »||1/1.7||10.0||3648||2736||720/24p||20.4||11.2||161||47|
|Fujifilm X30« »||2/3||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||2/3||12.0||4000||3000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »||Four Thirds||12.7||4112||3088||4K/30p||-||-||-||-|
|Nikon D3100« »||APS-C||14.2||4608||3072||1080/24p||22.5||11.3||919||67|
|Nikon D3000« »||APS-C||10.0||3872||2592||-||22.3||11.1||563||62|
|Panasonic LX100« »||Four Thirds||12.7||4112||3088||4K/30p||22.3||12.5||553||67|
|Panasonic LX7« »||1/1.7||10.0||3648||2736||1080/60p||20.7||11.7||147||50|
|Panasonic G10« »||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||720/30p||21.2||10.1||411||52|
|Panasonic GH1« »||Four Thirds||12.0||4000||3000||1080/24p||21.6||11.6||772||64|
Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the X10 provides a better video resolution than the X100. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/30p, while the X100 is limited to 720/30p.
Feature comparison: Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X10
Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the X100 has an electronic viewfinder (1440k dots), while the X10 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Fujifilm X100 and Fujifilm X10 along with similar information for a selection of comparators. The full specs-sheets can be found in the camera manual or, for example, in the dpreview camera hub.
|Canon G15« »||optical||n||3.0||922||fixed||n||4000||2.1||Y||Y|
|Canon G1 X« »||optical||n||3.0||922||Swivel||n||4000||1.9||Y||Y|
|Canon T3« »||optical||n||2.7||230||fixed||n||4000||3.0||Y||n|
|Canon G12« »||optical||n||2.8||461||swivel||n||4000||1.1||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X30« »||2360||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||2360||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||6.0||Y||n|
|Fujifilm X20« »||optical||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||12.0||Y||Y|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »||2764||n||3.0||921||fixed||n||4000||11.0||n||Y|
|Nikon D3100« »||optical||n||3.0||230||fixed||n||4000||3.0||Y||n|
|Nikon D3000« »||optical||n||3.0||230||fixed||n||4000||3.0||Y||n|
|Panasonic LX100« »||2764||n||3.0||921||fixed||n||4000||11.0||n||Y|
|Panasonic LX7« »||-||n||3.0||920||fixed||n||4000||11.0||Y||Y|
|Panasonic G10« »||202||n||3.0||460||fixed||n||4000||2.6||Y||n|
|Panasonic GH1« »||1440||n||3.0||460||swivel||n||4000||3.0||Y||n|
The X10 is equipped with a zoom lens, while the X100 comes with a build-in prime. The X10 has a 28-112mm f/2.0-2.8 optic and the X100 offers a 35mm f/2.0 (focal lengths in full frame equivalent terms). Hence, the X10 provides a wider angle of view at the short end, as well as more tele-photo reach at the long end than the X100. Both cameras offer the same maximum aperture.
Both the X100 and the X10 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The X100 was replaced by the Fujifilm X100S, while the X10 was followed by the Fujifilm X20.
Review summary: Fujifilm X100 vs Fujifilm X10
So what is the bottom line? Is the Fujifilm X100 better than the Fujifilm X10 or vice versa? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.
Advantages of the Fujifilm FinePix X100:
- Better image quality: Scores substantially higher (23 points) in the DXO overall assessment.
- Richer colors: Generates images with noticeably better colors (2.4 bits more color depth).
- More dynamic range: Captures a larger spectrum of light and dark details (1.1 EV of extra DR).
- Better low-light sensitivity: Requires less light for good images (2 stops ISO advantage).
- More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
- Longer lasting: Can take more shots (300 versus 270) on a single battery charge.
- More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in September 2010).
Arguments in favor of the Fujifilm X10:
- Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/30p vs 720/30p).
- Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
- Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
- Wider view: Has a wider-angle lens that facilitates landscape or interior shots.
- More compact: Is smaller (117x70mm vs 126x75mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
- Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 95g or 21 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
- Sharper images: Has stabilization technology build-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
- More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (50 percent cheaper at launch).
- More modern: Was introduced somewhat (11 months) more recently.
If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the X10 emerges as the winner of the match-up (9 : 7 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera.
In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it says nothing about, for example, the handling, responsiveness, and overall imaging quality of the X100 and the X10 in practical situations. User reviews, such as those found at amazon, can sometimes inform about these issues, but such feedback is often incomplete, inconsistent, and biased. This is why expert reviews are important. The table below summarizes the assessments of some of the best known camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The detailed reviews can be accessed by clicking on the site logo in the table header.
|Fujifilm X100»||-||75/100||4/5||4/5||5/5||Sep 2010||1,199||-|
|Fujifilm X10«||-||76/100||4/5||3.5/5||4.5/5||Sep 2011||599||-|
|Canon G15« »||Rec||76/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Sep 2012||499||-|
|Canon G1 X« »||Rec||76/100||4/5||4/5||4.5/5||Jan 2012||799||-|
|Canon T3« »||80/100||69/100||4/5||4/5||4.5/5||Feb 2011||449||-|
|Canon G12« »||Rec||73/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Sep 2010||499||-|
|Fujifilm X30« »||-||76/100||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||Aug 2014||599|
|Fujifilm X100S« »||HiRec||81/100||4.5/5||4/5||5/5||Jan 2013||1,299||-|
|Fujifilm X20« »||HiRec||77/100||4.5/5||-||5/5||Jan 2013||599||-|
|Leica D-LUX Typ 109« »||-||-||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Sep 2014||1,195|
|Nikon D3100« »||HiRec||72/100||4.5/5||5/5||4.5/5||Aug 2010||599||-|
|Nikon D3000« »||Rec||72/100||4/5||3.5/5||4.5/5||Jul 2009||599||-|
|Panasonic LX100« »||HiRec||85/100||5/5||4/5||5/5||Sep 2014||899|
|Panasonic LX7« »||HiRec||75/100||4/5||5/5||4.5/5||Jul 2012||499||-|
|Panasonic G10« »||-||70/100||4/5||-||4/5||Mar 2010||499||-|
|Panasonic GH1« »||HiRec||72/100||4.5/5||5/5||4.5/5||Mar 2009||1,499||-|
Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.
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