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Fujifilm X-T100 vs Nikon D780

The Fujifilm X-T100 and the Nikon D780 are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in May 2018 and January 2020. The X-T100 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the D780 is a DSLR. The cameras are based on an APS-C (X-T100) and a full frame (D780) sensor. The Fujifilm has a resolution of 24 megapixels, whereas the Nikon provides 24.3 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Fujifilm X-T100 VS Nikon D780
Fujifilm X-T100 Nikon D780
Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
Fujifilm X mount lenses Nikon F mount lenses
24 MP, APS-C Sensor 24.3 MP, Full Frame Sensor
4K/15p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 200-12800 (100-51200) ISO 100-51200 (50-204800)
Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots) Optical viewfinder
3.0" LCD, 1040k dots 3.2" LCD, 2359k dots
Fully flexible touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
6 shutter flaps per second 12 shutter flaps per second
Not weather sealedWeathersealed body
430 shots per battery charge2260 shots per battery charge
121 x 83 x 47 mm, 448 g 144 x 116 x 76 mm, 840 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Fujifilm X-T100 and the Nikon D780? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Fujifilm X-T100 and the Nikon D780 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The X-T100 can be obtained in three different colors (black, silver, gold), while the D780 is only available in black.

Size Fujifilm X-T100 vs Nikon D780
Compare X-T100 versus D780 top
Comparison X-T100 or D780 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D780 is considerably larger (66 percent) than the Fujifilm X-T100. Moreover, the D780 is substantially heavier (88 percent) than the X-T100. It is noteworthy in this context that the D780 is splash and dust-proof, while the X-T100 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. A larger imaging sensor will tend to go along with bigger and heavier lenses, although exceptions exist. You can compare the optics available for the two cameras in the Fujinon X Lens Catalog (X-T100) and the Nikon Lens Catalog (D780). Mirrorless cameras, such as the Fujifilm X-T100, have moreover the advantage that they have a relatively short flange to focal plane distance and can thus use many lenses from other systems via adapters.

The battery packs of both cameras can be charged via USB, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, just click on the right or left arrow next to the camera that you would like to inspect. Alternatively, you can also use the CAM-parator to select your camera combination among a larger number of options.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-T100» 121 mm 83 mm 47 mm 448 g 430 n May 2018 599iFujifilm X-T100
 
Nikon D780« 144 mm 116 mm 76 mm 840 g 2260 Y Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark II« » 144 mm 111 mm 75 mm 765 g 1200 Y Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 200D« » 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549iCanon 200D
 
Fujifilm X-T200« » 121 mm 84 mm 55 mm 370 g 270 n Jan 2020 699 iFujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T30« » 118 mm 83 mm 47 mm 383 g 380 n Feb 2019 899 iFujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7« » 119 mm 68 mm 41 mm 320 g 440 n Sep 2019 499 iFujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5« » 117 mm 68 mm 40 mm 361 g 450 n Jan 2018 399iFujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm XF10« » 113 mm 64 mm 41 mm 279 g 330 n Jul 2018 499 iFujifilm XF10
 
Fujifilm X-T3« » 133 mm 93 mm 59 mm 539 g 390 Y Sep 2018 1,499 iFujifilm X-T3
 
Fujifilm X100F« » 127 mm 75 mm 52 mm 469 g 390 n Jan 2017 1,299iFujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X-E3« » 121 mm 74 mm 43 mm 337 g 350 n Sep 2017 899 iFujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T20« » 118 mm 83 mm 41 mm 383 g 350 n Jan 2017 899 iFujifilm X-T20
 
Nikon D6« » 160 mm 163 mm 92 mm 1270 g 3580 Y Feb 2020 6,499 iNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500« » 136 mm 104 mm 73 mm 720 g 950 Y Apr 2017 1,299 iNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500« » 147 mm 115 mm 81 mm 860 g 1240 Y Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750« » 141 mm 113 mm 78 mm 750 g 1230 Y Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The X-T100 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 74 percent) than the D780, which puts it into a different market segment. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Fujifilm X-T100 features an APS-C sensor and the Nikon D780 a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the D780 is 133 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Fujifilm X-T100 and Nikon D780 sensor measures

With 24.3MP, the D780 offers a higher resolution than the X-T100 (24MP), but the D780 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.94μm versus 3.92μm for the X-T100) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the D780 is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 7 months) than the X-T100, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units.

The Fujifilm X-T100 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 12800, which can be extended to ISO 100-51200. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D780 are ISO 100 to ISO 51200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 50-204800.

X-T100 versus D780 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-T100 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/15p........Fujifilm X-T100
 
Nikon D780 Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/30p........Nikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark II Full Frame 26.0 6240 41601080/60p24.411.9286285Canon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 200D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179Canon 200D
 
Fujifilm X-T200 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Fujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T30 APS-C 26.0 6240 41604K/30p........Fujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Fujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/15p........Fujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm XF10 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/15p........Fujifilm XF10
 
Fujifilm X-T3 APS-C 26.0 6240 41604K/60p........Fujifilm X-T3
 
Fujifilm X100F APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........Fujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X-E3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Fujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T20 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Fujifilm X-T20
 
Nikon D6 Full Frame 20.7 5568 37124K/30p........Nikon D6
 
Nikon D7500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.314.0148386Nikon D7500
 
Nikon D500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.014.0132483Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/60p24.814.5295693Nikon D750

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the D780 provides a faster frame rate than the X-T100. It can shoot movie footage at 4K/30p, while the Fujifilm is limited to 4K/15p.

 

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the X-T100 has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), while the D780 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinders of both cameras offer the same field of view (100%), but the viewfinder of the D780 has a higher magnification than the one of the X-T100 (0.70x vs 0.62x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Fujifilm X-T100 and Nikon D780 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-T1002360 n 3.0 1040 full-flex Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X-T100
 
Nikon D780optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n Nikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark IIoptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.5 n n Canon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 200Doptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Canon 200D
 
Fujifilm X-T2002360 n 3.5 2780 swivel Y 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T302360 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7none n 3.5 2760 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5none n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm XF10none n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm XF10
 
Fujifilm X-T33690 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/8000s 11.0 n n Fujifilm X-T3
 
Fujifilm X100F2360 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X-E32360 n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 8.0 n n Fujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T202360 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X-T20
 
Nikon D6optical Y 3.2 2359 fixed Y 1/8000s 14.0 n n Nikon D6
 
Nikon D7500optical Y 3.2 922 tilting Y 1/8000s 8.0 Y n Nikon D7500
 
Nikon D500optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n n Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750optical Y 3.2 1229 tilting n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D750

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The X-T100 has one, while the D780 does not. While the built-in flash of the X-T100 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The X-T100 has an articulated LCD that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in snapping selfies. In contrast, the D780 does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the X-T100 is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Fujifilm X-T100 and the Nikon D780 both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the X-T100 and the D780 write their files to SDXC cards. The D780 features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the X-T100 only has one slot. The D780 supports UHS-II cards (on both slots), while the X-T100 can use UHS-I cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Fujifilm X-T100 and Nikon D780 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-T100YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y-YFujifilm X-T100
 
Nikon D780YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark IIYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYYCanon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 200DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYYCanon 200D
 
Fujifilm X-T200YstereomonoYYmicro3.1Y-YFujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T30YstereomonoY-micro3.1Y-YFujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y-YFujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y-YFujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm XF10-stereomonoY-micro2.0Y-YFujifilm XF10
 
Fujifilm X-T3YstereomonoYYmicro3.1Y-YFujifilm X-T3
 
Fujifilm X100FYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X-E3YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y-YFujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T20YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X-T20
 
Nikon D6YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y-YNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500YstereomonoYYmini3.0YYYNikon D500
 
Nikon D750YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y--Nikon D750

It is notable that the D780 has a headphone jack, which makes it possible to attach external headphones and monitor the quality of sound during the recording process. The X-T100 lacks such a headphone port.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Nikon D780 (unlike the X-T100) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

The D780 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Nikon. In contrast, the X-T100 has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the X-T100 was succeeded by the Fujifilm X-T200. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Fujifilm and Nikon websites.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Fujifilm X-T100 or the Nikon D780 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Arguments in favor of the Fujifilm X-T100:

  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • More flexible LCD: Has a full-flex screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • More compact: Is smaller (121x83mm vs 144x116mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 392g or 47 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can take a broad range of non-native lenses via adapters.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (74 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in May 2018).

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Advantages of the Nikon D780:

  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better video: Provides higher movie framerates (4K/30p versus 4K/15p).
  • Better sound control: Has a headphone port that enables audio monitoring while recording.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.70x vs 0.62x).
  • Easier setting verification: Features a control panel on top to check shooting parameters.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2359k vs 1040k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/4000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 6 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (2260 versus 430) out of a single battery charge.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.1 vs 2.0).
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Supports a more advanced SD data transfer standard (UHS-II vs UHS-I).
  • More modern: Was introduced somewhat (1 year and 7 months) more recently.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the D780 is the clear winner of the contest (20 : 10 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

X-T100 10:20 D780

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Fujifilm X-T100 and the Nikon D780 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the X-T100 and the D780 in practical situations. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-T100+79/1004/5..4.5/5 May 2018 599iFujifilm X-T100
 
Nikon D780..87/1004.5/5..4.5/5 Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark II+80/1004.5/54/54/5 Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Canon 200D+ +78/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549iCanon 200D
 
Fujifilm X-T200..82/1004/5..4.5/5 Jan 2020 699 iFujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T30+ +84/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Feb 2019 899 iFujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7..81/1004/5..3.5/5 Sep 2019 499 iFujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5+..4/54/53.5/5 Jan 2018 399iFujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm XF10..75/1004/5..4.5/5 Jul 2018 499 iFujifilm XF10
 
Fujifilm X-T3+ +88/1005/55/55/5 Sep 2018 1,499 iFujifilm X-T3
 
Fujifilm X100F+83/1004.5/5..4.5/5 Jan 2017 1,299iFujifilm X100F
 
Fujifilm X-E3+84/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2017 899 iFujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T20+ +82/1005/5..4.5/5 Jan 2017 899 iFujifilm X-T20
 
Nikon D6....4.5/5..4.5/5 Feb 2020 6,499 iNikon D6
 
Nikon D7500+ +86/1005/54.5/54.5/5 Apr 2017 1,299 iNikon D7500
 
Nikon D500+ +91/1004.5/55/55/5 Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750+ +90/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Fujifilm X-T100:
Check Ebay offers
Nikon D780:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make your choice using the following search menu. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Fujifilm X-T100 vs Nikon D780

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Fujifilm X-T100 Nikon D780
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens Fujifilm X mount lenses Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date May 2018 January 2020
    Launch Price USD 599 USD 2299
    Sensor Specs Fujifilm X-T100 Nikon D780
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.5 x 15.7 mm 35.9 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 368.95 mm2 858.01 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.3 mm 43.1 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 24 Megapixels 24.3 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6000 x 4000 pixels 6048 x 4024 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.92 μm 5.94 μm
    Pixel Density 6.50 MP/cm2 2.84 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 4K/15p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 200-12800 ISO 100-51200 ISO
    ISO Boost 100-51200 ISO 50-204800 ISO
    Screen Specs Fujifilm X-T100 Nikon D780
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.62x 0.70x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    Top-Level Screen no Top Display Control Panel
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0 inch 3.2 inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots 2359k dots
    LCD Attachment Fully flexible screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Fujifilm X-T100 Nikon D780
    Focus System On-Sensor Phase-detect Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000/s 1/8000/s
    Continuous Shooting 6 shutter flaps/s 12 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/32000sno E-Shutter
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Dual card slots
    UHS card support UHS-I Dual UHS-II
    Connectivity Specs Fujifilm X-T100 Nikon D780
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash no PC Sync PC Sync socket
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 3.1
    HDMI Port micro HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Headphone Socket no Headphone port Headphone port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Fujifilm X-T100 Nikon D780
    Environmental SealingNot weather sealedWeathersealed body
    Battery Type NP-W126S EN-EL15b
    Battery Life (CIPA)430 shots per charge2260 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 121 x 83 x 47 mm
    (4.8 x 3.3 x 1.9 in)
    144 x 116 x 76 mm
    (5.7 x 4.6 x 3.0 in)
    Camera Weight 448 g (15.8 oz) 840 g (29.6 oz)

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