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Fujifilm X-Pro2 vs Pentax 645Z

The Fujifilm X-Pro2 and the Pentax 645Z are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in January 2016 and April 2014. The X-Pro2 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the 645Z is a DSLR. The cameras are based on an APS-C (X-Pro2) and a medium format (645Z) sensor. The Fujifilm has a resolution of 24 megapixels, whereas the Pentax provides 51.1 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Fujifilm X-Pro2
versus
Pentax 645Z
Fujifilm X-Pro2   Pentax 645Z
Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
Fujifilm X mount lenses Pentax 645 mount lenses
24 MP – APS-C sensor 51.1 MP – Medium Format sensor
1080/60p Video 1080/60i Video
ISO 200-12,800 (100 - 51,200) ISO 100-204,800
Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots) Optical viewfinder
3.0" LCD – 1620k dots 3.0" LCD – 1037k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Tilting screen (no touchscreen)
8 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
Weathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
350 shots per battery charge650 shots per battery charge
141 x 83 x 46 mm, 495 g 156 x 117 x 123 mm, 1550 g
Fujifilm X-Pro2:
Check Amazon price
Pentax 645Z:
Check Amazon price

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Fujifilm X-Pro2 and the Pentax 645Z? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Fujifilm X-Pro2 and the Pentax 645Z are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The X-Pro2 can be obtained in two different colors (black, graphite), while the 645Z is only available in black.

Size Fujifilm X-Pro2 vs Pentax 645Z
Compare X-Pro2 versus 645Z top
Comparison X-Pro2 or 645Z rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Pentax 645Z is considerably larger (56 percent) than the Fujifilm X-Pro2. Moreover, the 645Z is substantially heavier (213 percent) than the X-Pro2. In this context, it is worth noting that both cameras are splash and dust-proof and can, hence, be used in inclement weather conditions or harsh environments.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

Concerning battery life, the X-Pro2 gets 350 shots out of its NP-W126 battery, while the 645Z can take 650 images on a single charge of its D-LI90 power pack.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro2 141 mm 83 mm 46 mm 495 g 350 Y Jan 2016 1,699 i
2.
 
Pentax 645Z 156 mm 117 mm 123 mm 1550 g 650 Y Apr 2014 8,499 i
3.
 
Canon 5DS 152 mm 116 mm 76 mm 930 g 700 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i
4.
 
Canon 5DS R 152 mm 116 mm 76 mm 930 g 700 Y Feb 2015 3,699 i
5.
 
Fujifilm X100V 128 mm 75 mm 53 mm 478 g 420 Y Feb 2020 1,399 i
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro3 141 mm 83 mm 46 mm 497 g 440 Y Oct 2019 1,799 i
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T3 133 mm 93 mm 59 mm 539 g 390 Y Sep 2018 1,499i
8.
 
Fujifilm X100F 127 mm 75 mm 52 mm 469 g 390 n Jan 2017 1,299i
9.
 
Fujifilm X-A3 117 mm 67 mm 40 mm 339 g 410 n Aug 2016 399i
10.
 
Fujifilm X-T2 133 mm 92 mm 49 mm 507 g 340 Y Jul 2016 1,599i
11.
 
Fujifilm X-T1 129 mm 90 mm 47 mm 440 g 350 Y Jan 2014 1,299i
12.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro1 140 mm 82 mm 43 mm 450 g 300 n Jan 2012 1,699i
13.
 
Hasselblad X1D 150 mm 98 mm 71 mm 725 g .. Y Jun 2016 8,995i
14.
 
Leica SL 147 mm 104 mm 39 mm 847 g 400 Y Oct 2015 7,450i
15.
 
Nikon D500 147 mm 115 mm 81 mm 860 g 1240 Y Jan 2016 1,999 i
16.
 
Pentax 645D 156 mm 117 mm 119 mm 1480 g 800 Y Mar 2010 9,995i
17.
 
Sony A6500 120 mm 67 mm 53 mm 453 g 350 Y Oct 2016 1,399i
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The X-Pro2 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 80 percent) than the 645Z, which puts it into a different market segment. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Fujifilm X-Pro2 features an APS-C sensor and the Pentax 645Z a medium format sensor. The sensor area in the 645Z is 290 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 0.79. The sensor in the X-Pro2 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the 645Z offers a 4:3 aspect.

Fujifilm X-Pro2 and Pentax 645Z sensor measures

With 51.1MP, the 645Z offers a higher resolution than the X-Pro2 (24MP), but the 645Z nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.30μm versus 3.92μm for the X-Pro2) due to its larger sensor. However, the X-Pro2 is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 9 months) than the 645Z, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Pentax 645Z implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the 645Z for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 41.3 x 31 inches or 104.9 x 78.6 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 33 x 24.8 inches or 83.9 x 62.9 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 27.5 x 20.6 inches or 69.9 x 52.4 cm. The corresponding values for the Fujifilm X-Pro2 are 30 x 20 inches or 76.2 x 50.8 cm for good quality, 24 x 16 inches or 61 x 40.6 cm for very good quality, and 20 x 13.3 inches or 50.8 x 33.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The X-Pro2 has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Fujifilm X-Pro2 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 12800, which can be extended to ISO 100-51200. The corresponding ISO settings for the Pentax 645Z are ISO 100 to ISO 204800 (no boost).

X-Pro2 versus 645Z MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.713.0160880
2.
 
Pentax 645Z Medium Format 51.1 8256 61921080/60i26.014.74505101
3.
 
Canon 5DS Full Frame 50.3 8688 57921080/30p24.712.4238187
4.
 
Canon 5DS R Full Frame 50.3 8688 57921080/30p24.612.4230886
5.
 
Fujifilm X100V APS-C 26.0 6240 41604K/30p24.213.6199684
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro3 APS-C 26.0 6240 41604K/30p24.113.6196884
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T3 APS-C 26.0 6240 41604K/60p24.013.4185383
8.
 
Fujifilm X100F APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.913.2170481
9.
 
Fujifilm X-A3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.813.1166481
10.
 
Fujifilm X-T2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p23.813.1165381
11.
 
Fujifilm X-T1 APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p23.512.7142677
12.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro1 APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/24p23.112.3123874
13.
 
Hasselblad X1D Medium Format 51.3 8272 62001080/25p26.214.84489102
14.
 
Leica SL Full Frame 24.0 6000 40004K/30p25.013.4182188
15.
 
Nikon D500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.014.0132483
16.
 
Pentax 645D Medium Format 39.5 7264 5440none24.612.6126282
17.
 
Sony A6500 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p24.513.7140585
Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the X-Pro2 provides a higher frame rate than the 645Z. It can shoot video footage at 1080/60p, while the Pentax is limited to 1080/60i.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the X-Pro2 has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), while the 645Z has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The viewfinder in the X-Pro2 offers a wider field of view (100%) than the one in the 645Z (98%), so that a larger proportion of the captured image is visible in the finder. On the other hand, the viewfinder of the 645Z has a higher magnification (0.78x vs 0.39x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Fujifilm X-Pro2 and Pentax 645Z along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Max
Shutter
Speed *
Max
Shutter
Flaps *
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro22360 n3.0 / 1620 fixed n 1/8000s 8.0/s n n
2.
 
Pentax 645Zoptical Y3.2 / 1037 tilting n 1/4000s 3.0/s n n
3.
 
Canon 5DSoptical Y3.2 / 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0/s n n
4.
 
Canon 5DS Roptical Y3.2 / 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0/s n n
5.
 
Fujifilm X100V3690 n3.0 / 1620 tilting Y 1/4000s 11.0/s Y n
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro33690 n3.0 / 1620 tilting Y 1/8000s 8.0/s n n
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T33690 n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/8000s 11.0/s n n
8.
 
Fujifilm X100F2360 n3.0 / 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 8.0/s Y n
9.
 
Fujifilm X-A3none n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 6.0/s Y n
10.
 
Fujifilm X-T22360 n3.0 / 1040 tilting n 1/8000s 8.0/s n n
11.
 
Fujifilm X-T12360 n3.0 / 1040 tilting n 1/4000s 8.0/s n n
12.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro11440 n3.0 / 1230 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0/s n n
13.
 
Hasselblad X1D2360 n3.0 / 920 fixed Y 1/2000s 2.3/s n n
14.
 
Leica SL4400 Y3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/8000s 11.0/s n n
15.
 
Nikon D500optical Y3.2 / 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0/s n n
16.
 
Pentax 645Doptical Y3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 1.1/s n n
17.
 
Sony A65002359 n3.0 / 922 tilting Y 1/4000s 11.0/s Y Y
Notes: *) Information refers to the mechanical shutter, unless the camera only has an electronic one.

One feature that is present on the 645Z, but is missing on the X-Pro2 is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the X-Pro2 is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Fujifilm X-Pro2 and the Pentax 645Z both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the X-Pro2 and the 645Z write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras feature dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. The X-Pro2 supports UHS-II cards (on its first slot), while the 645Z can use UHS-I cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Fujifilm X-Pro2 and Pentax 645Z and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro2Ystereo / monoY-micro2.0Y--
2.
 
Pentax 645ZYstereo / monoY-mini3.0---
3.
 
Canon 5DSYmono / monoY-mini3.0---
4.
 
Canon 5DS RYmono / monoY-mini3.0---
5.
 
Fujifilm X100VYstereo / monoY-micro3.1Y-Y
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro3Ystereo / monoY--3.1Y-Y
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T3Ystereo / monoYYmicro3.1Y-Y
8.
 
Fujifilm X100FYstereo / monoY-micro2.0Y--
9.
 
Fujifilm X-A3Ystereo / mono--micro2.0Y--
10.
 
Fujifilm X-T2Ystereo / monoY-micro3.0Y--
11.
 
Fujifilm X-T1Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0Y--
12.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro1Ystereo / mono--mini2.0---
13.
 
Hasselblad X1DYstereo / monoYYmini3.0Y--
14.
 
Leica SLYstereo / monoYYfull3.0Y--
15.
 
Nikon D500Ystereo / monoYYmini3.0YYY
16.
 
Pentax 645DYstereo / ----2.0---
17.
 
Sony A6500Ystereo / monoY-micro2.0YY-

It is notable that the X-Pro2 offers wifi support, while the 645Z does not. Wifi can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location.

Both cameras feature a PC Sync terminal to control professional strobe lights, which will be appreciated by studio photographers.

Both the X-Pro2 and the 645Z are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The 645Z replaced the earlier Pentax 645D, while the X-Pro2 followed on from the Fujifilm X-Pro1. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Fujifilm and Pentax websites.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Fujifilm X-Pro2 and the Pentax 645Z? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Arguments in favor of the Fujifilm X-Pro2:

  • Better video: Provides higher movie framerates (1080/60p versus 1080/60i).
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • More complete view: Has a viewfinder with a larger field of view (100% vs 98%).
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1620k vs 1037k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/4000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (8 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • More compact: Is smaller (141x83mm vs 156x117mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 1055g or 68 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can take a broad range of non-native lenses via adapters.
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Supports a more advanced SD data transfer standard (UHS-II vs UHS-I).
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (80 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Is somewhat more recent (announced 1 year and 9 months after the 645Z).

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Advantages of the Pentax 645Z:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (51.1 vs 24MP), which boosts linear resolution by 43%.
  • Better image quality: Features bigger pixels on a larger sensor for higher quality imaging.
  • Richer colors: The pixel size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger pixels capture a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger pixels means good image quality even under poor lighting.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.78x vs 0.39x).
  • Easier setting verification: Features a control panel on top to check shooting parameters.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (650 versus 350) out of a single battery charge.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.0 vs 2.0).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in April 2014).

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the X-Pro2 emerges as the winner of the contest (15 : 13 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

X-Pro2 15:13 645Z

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Fujifilm X-Pro2 and the Pentax 645Z place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the X-Pro2 or the 645Z perform in practice. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro2..+..83/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2016 1,699 i
2.
 
Pentax 645Z5/5......4.5/55/5 Apr 2014 8,499 i
3.
 
Canon 5DS..+..83/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 3,699 i
4.
 
Canon 5DS R5/5+..83/1005/54.5/5 Feb 2015 3,699 i
5.
 
Fujifilm X100V5/5+ +4.5/586/1005/54.5/5 Feb 2020 1,399 i
6.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro34/5+4/585/1004/5.. Oct 2019 1,799 i
7.
 
Fujifilm X-T35/5+ +4.5/588/1005/55/5 Sep 2018 1,499i
8.
 
Fujifilm X100F5/5+3.9/583/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2017 1,299i
9.
 
Fujifilm X-A3......74/1004.5/54/5 Aug 2016 399i
10.
 
Fujifilm X-T25/5+ +..86/1004.5/55/5 Jul 2016 1,599i
11.
 
Fujifilm X-T15/5+ +..84/1005/55/5 Jan 2014 1,299i
12.
 
Fujifilm X-Pro15/5+ +..79/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2012 1,699i
13.
 
Hasselblad X1D..o..81/100..4/5 Jun 2016 8,995i
14.
 
Leica SL4/5..4/584/1004.5/54/5 Oct 2015 7,450i
15.
 
Nikon D5005/5+ +4.7/591/1004.5/55/5 Jan 2016 1,999 i
16.
 
Pentax 645D5/5.......... Mar 2010 9,995i
17.
 
Sony A65005/5+ +3.5/585/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2016 1,399i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Fujifilm X-Pro2:
Check Amazon price
Pentax 645Z:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Fujifilm X-Pro2 vs Pentax 645Z

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Fujifilm X-Pro2 Pentax 645Z
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens Fujifilm X mount lenses Pentax 645 mount lenses
    Launch Date January 2016 April 2014
    Launch Price USD 1,699 USD 8,499
    Sensor Specs Fujifilm X-Pro2 Pentax 645Z
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Medium Format Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.6 x 15.6 mm 43.8 x 32.8 mm
    Sensor Area 368.16 mm2 1436.64 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.3 mm 54.7 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 0.79x
    Sensor Resolution 24 Megapixels 51.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6000 x 4000 pixels 8256 x 6192 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.92 μm 5.30 μm
    Pixel Density 6.52 MP/cm2 3.56 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 1080/60p Video 1080/60i Video
    ISO Setting 200 - 12,800 ISO 100 - 204,800 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 51,200 ISO no Enhancement
    Image Processor X Processor Pro PRIME III
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 101
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 26.0
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 14.7
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 4505
    Screen Specs Fujifilm X-Pro2 Pentax 645Z
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 98%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.39x 0.78x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    Top-Level Screen no Top Display Control Panel
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.2inch
    LCD Resolution 1620k dots 1037k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Tilting screen
    Shooting Specs Fujifilm X-Pro2 Pentax 645Z
    Focus System On-Sensor Phase-detect Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/8000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 8 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/32000sno E-Shutter
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Dual card slots Dual card slots
    UHS card support Single UHS-II UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Fujifilm X-Pro2 Pentax 645Z
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket PC Sync socket
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 3.0
    HDMI Port micro HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in no Wifi
    Body Specs Fujifilm X-Pro2 Pentax 645Z
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodyWeathersealed body
    Battery Type NP-W126 D-LI90
    Battery Life (CIPA)350 shots per charge650 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 141 x 83 x 46 mm
    (5.6 x 3.3 x 1.8 in)
    156 x 117 x 123 mm
    (6.1 x 4.6 x 4.8 in)
    Camera Weight 495 g (17.5 oz) 1550 g (54.7 oz)
    Fujifilm X-Pro2:
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    Pentax 645Z:
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