Fujifilm X-M1 vs X-A3
The Fujifilm X-M1 and the Fujifilm X-A3 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in June 2013 and August 2016. Both the X-M1 and the X-A3 are mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras that are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The X-M1 has a resolution of 16 megapixels, whereas the X-A3 provides 24 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their sensors, their features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.
|Fujifilm X-M1||Fujifilm X-A3|
|Mirrorless system camera||Mirrorless system camera|
|Fujifilm X mount lenses||Fujifilm X mount lenses|
|16 MP, APS-C Sensor||24 MP, APS-C Sensor|
|1080/30p Video||1080/60p Video|
|ISO 200-6400 (100-25600)||ISO 200-6400 (100-25600)|
|No viewfinder, LCD framing||No viewfinder, LCD framing|
|3.0" LCD, 920k dots||3.0" LCD, 1040k dots|
|Tilting screen (no touchscreen)||Tilting touchscreen|
|5.6 shutter flaps per second||6 shutter flaps per second|
|350 shots per battery charge||410 shots per battery charge|
|117 x 67 x 39 mm, 330 g||117 x 67 x 40 mm, 339 g|
Body comparison: Fujifilm X-M1 vs X-A3
The physical size and weight of the Fujifilm X-M1 and the Fujifilm X-A3 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.
In this particular case, the Fujifilm X-M1 and the Fujifilm X-A3 have exactly the same width and height, and, thus, have identically-sized bodies. However, the X-A3 is slightly heavier (3 percent) than the X-M1. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the X-M1 nor the X-A3 are weather-sealed.
The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. In this particular case, both cameras feature the same lens mount, so that they can use the same lenses. You can compare the optics available in the Fujinon X Lens Catalog. Mirrorless cameras, such as the two under consideration, have the additional advantage of having a short flange to focal plane distance, which makes it possible to mount many lenses from other systems onto the camera via adapters.
Concerning battery life, the X-M1 gets 350 shots out of its NP-W126 battery, while the X-A3 can take 410 images on a single charge of its NP-W126S power pack. The power pack in the X-A3 can be charged via the USB port, which can be very convenient when travelling.
The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, just click on the right or left arrow next to the camera that you would like to inspect. Alternatively, you can also use the CAM-parator to select your camera combination among a larger number of options.
|Fujifilm X-M1»||4.6 in||2.6 in||1.5 in||11.6 oz||350||n||Jun 2013||699||-||Fujifilm X-M1|
|Fujifilm X-A3«||4.6 in||2.6 in||1.6 in||12.0 oz||410||n||Aug 2016||399||-||Fujifilm X-A3|
|Fujifilm X-E3« »||4.8 in||2.9 in||1.7 in||11.9 oz||350||n||Sep 2017||899||Fujifilm X-E3|
|Fujifilm X-T20« »||4.6 in||3.3 in||1.6 in||13.5 oz||350||n||Jan 2017||899||Fujifilm X-T20|
|Fujifilm X-A10« »||4.6 in||2.6 in||1.6 in||11.7 oz||410||n||Dec 2016||399||-||Fujifilm X-A10|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||5.1 in||3.0 in||1.5 in||12.3 oz||350||n||Jan 2016||699||-||Fujifilm X-E2S|
|Fujifilm X-A2« »||4.6 in||2.6 in||1.6 in||12.3 oz||410||n||Jan 2015||399||-||Fujifilm X-A2|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||4.6 in||3.3 in||1.6 in||13.4 oz||350||n||May 2015||799||-||Fujifilm X-T10|
|Fujifilm X-A1« »||4.6 in||2.6 in||1.5 in||11.6 oz||350||n||Sep 2013||399||-||Fujifilm X-A1|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||5.1 in||3.0 in||1.5 in||12.3 oz||350||n||Oct 2013||999||-||Fujifilm X-E2|
|Fujifilm X-E1« »||5.1 in||3.0 in||1.5 in||12.3 oz||350||n||Sep 2012||999||-||Fujifilm X-E1|
|Fujifilm X-Pro1« »||5.5 in||3.2 in||1.7 in||15.9 oz||300||n||Jan 2012||1,699||-||Fujifilm X-Pro1|
|Sony NEX-5R« »||4.4 in||2.3 in||1.5 in||9.7 oz||330||n||Aug 2012||749||-||Sony NEX-5R|
|Sony NEX-F3« »||4.6 in||2.6 in||1.7 in||11.1 oz||470||n||May 2012||599||-||Sony NEX-F3|
Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The X-A3 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 43 percent) than the X-M1, which puts it into a different market segment. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.
Sensor comparison: Fujifilm X-M1 vs X-A3
The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.
Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. They nevertheless have the same format factor of 1.5. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.
Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with CMOS (Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors.
With 24MP, the X-A3 offers a higher resolution than the X-M1 (16MP), but the X-A3 has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 3.92μm versus 4.80μm for the X-M1). Yet, the X-A3 is a much more recent model (by 3 years and 2 months) than the X-M1, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the X-M1 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.
The Fujifilm X-M1 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 6400, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600.. The Fujifilm X-A3 offers exactly the same ISO settings.
Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.
|Fujifilm X-M1»||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/30p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-M1|
|Fujifilm X-A3«||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||1080/60p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-A3|
|Fujifilm X-E3« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||4K/30p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-E3|
|Fujifilm X-T20« »||APS-C||24.0||6000||4000||4K/30p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-T20|
|Fujifilm X-A10« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/30p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-A10|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-E2S|
|Fujifilm X-A2« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/30p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-A2|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-T10|
|Fujifilm X-A1« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/30p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-A1|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/60p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-E2|
|Fujifilm X-E1« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/24p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-E1|
|Fujifilm X-Pro1« »||APS-C||16.0||4896||3264||1080/24p||-||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-Pro1|
|Sony NEX-5R« »||APS-C||16.0||4912||3264||1080/60i||23.7||13.1||910||78||Sony NEX-5R|
|Sony NEX-F3« »||APS-C||16.0||4912||3264||1080/60i||22.7||12.3||1114||73||Sony NEX-F3|
Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, but the X-A3 provides a faster frame rate than the X-M1. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/60p, while the X-M1 is limited to 1080/30p.
Feature comparison: Fujifilm X-M1 vs X-A3
Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The X-M1 and the X-A3 are similar in the sense that neither of the two has a viewfinder. The images are, thus, framed using live view on the rear LCD. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Fujifilm X-M1 and Fujifilm X-A3 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.
|Fujifilm X-M1»||-||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||5.6||Y||n||Fujifilm X-M1|
|Fujifilm X-A3«||-||n||3.0||1040||tilting||Y||4000||6.0||Y||n||Fujifilm X-A3|
|Fujifilm X-E3« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||fixed||Y||4000||8.0||n||n||Fujifilm X-E3|
|Fujifilm X-T20« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||tilting||Y||4000||8.0||Y||n||Fujifilm X-T20|
|Fujifilm X-A10« »||-||n||3.0||1040||tilting||n||4000||6.0||Y||n||Fujifilm X-A10|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||fixed||n||4000||7.0||Y||n||Fujifilm X-E2S|
|Fujifilm X-A2« »||-||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||5.6||Y||n||Fujifilm X-A2|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||2360||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||8.0||Y||n||Fujifilm X-T10|
|Fujifilm X-A1« »||-||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||5.6||Y||n||Fujifilm X-A1|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||2360||n||3.0||1040||fixed||n||4000||7.0||Y||n||Fujifilm X-E2|
|Fujifilm X-E1« »||2360||n||2.8||460||fixed||n||4000||6.0||Y||n||Fujifilm X-E1|
|Fujifilm X-Pro1« »||1440||n||3.0||1230||fixed||n||4000||6.0||n||n||Fujifilm X-Pro1|
|Sony NEX-5R« »||-||n||3.0||920||tilting||Y||4000||10.0||n||n||Sony NEX-5R|
|Sony NEX-F3« »||-||n||3.0||920||tilting||n||4000||5.5||Y||n||Sony NEX-F3|
One differentiating feature between the two cameras concerns the touch sensitivity of the rear screen. The X-A3 has a touchscreen, while the X-M1 has a conventional panel. Touch control can be particularly helpful, for example, for setting the focus point.The X-A3 has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies. In contrast, the X-M1 does not have a selfie-screen.
The reported shutter speed and shutter burst refer to the use of the mechanical shutter. In addition, the X-A3 features an electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).
Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the X-M1 and the X-A3 write their files to SDXC cards.
Connectivity comparison: Fujifilm X-M1 vs X-A3
For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Fujifilm X-M1 and Fujifilm X-A3 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.
|Fujifilm X-M1»||Y||stereo||mono||-||-||mini||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-M1|
|Fujifilm X-A3«||Y||stereo||mono||-||-||micro||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-A3|
|Fujifilm X-E3« »||Y||stereo||mono||Y||-||micro||2.0||Y||-||Y||Fujifilm X-E3|
|Fujifilm X-T20« »||Y||stereo||mono||Y||-||micro||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-T20|
|Fujifilm X-A10« »||-||stereo||mono||-||-||mini||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-A10|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||Y||stereo||mono||Y||-||micro||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-E2S|
|Fujifilm X-A2« »||Y||stereo||mono||-||-||mini||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-A2|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||Y||stereo||mono||Y||-||micro||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-T10|
|Fujifilm X-A1« »||Y||stereo||mono||-||-||mini||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-A1|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||Y||stereo||mono||Y||-||micro||2.0||Y||-||-||Fujifilm X-E2|
|Fujifilm X-E1« »||Y||stereo||mono||Y||-||mini||2.0||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-E1|
|Fujifilm X-Pro1« »||Y||stereo||mono||-||-||mini||2.0||-||-||-||Fujifilm X-Pro1|
|Sony NEX-5R« »||Y||stereo||mono||-||-||mini||2.0||Y||-||-||Sony NEX-5R|
|Sony NEX-F3« »||Y||stereo||mono||-||-||mini||2.0||-||-||-||Sony NEX-F3|
Both the X-M1 and the X-A3 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The X-A3 was replaced by the Fujifilm X-A5, while the X-M1 does not have a direct successor.
Review summary: Fujifilm X-M1 vs X-A3
So what is the bottom line? Is there a clear favorite between the Fujifilm X-M1 and the Fujifilm X-A3? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.
Advantages of the Fujifilm X-M1:
- Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
- More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in June 2013).
Reasons to prefer the Fujifilm X-A3:
- More detail: Has more megapixels (24 vs 16MP), which boosts linear resolution by 23%.
- Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
- Better video: Provides higher movie framerates (1080/60p versus 1080/30p).
- More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1040k vs 920k dots).
- Fewer buttons to press: Has a touchscreen to facilitate handling and shooting adjustments.
- More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
- Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
- Longer lasting: Gets more shots (410 versus 350) out of a single battery charge.
- Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
- More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (43 percent cheaper at launch).
- More modern: Reflects 3 years and 2 months of technical progress since the X-M1 launch.
If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the X-A3 is the clear winner of the contest (10 : 2 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision.
In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras is instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the X-M1 or the X-A3 handle or perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.
Expert reviews: Fujifilm X-M1 vs X-A3
This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The table below summarizes the assessments of some of the best known camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). You can find the full text of the reviews by clicking on the site logo in the table header.
|Fujifilm X-M1»||Rec||77/100||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Jun 2013||699||-||Fujifilm X-M1|
|Fujifilm X-A3«||-||74/100||4.5/5||-||4/5||Aug 2016||399||-||Fujifilm X-A3|
|Fujifilm X-E3« »||Rec||84/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Sep 2017||899||Fujifilm X-E3|
|Fujifilm X-T20« »||HiRec||82/100||5/5||-||4.5/5||Jan 2017||899||Fujifilm X-T20|
|Fujifilm X-A10« »||-||-||4/5||-||4/5||Dec 2016||399||-||Fujifilm X-A10|
|Fujifilm X-E2S« »||-||77/100||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Jan 2016||699||-||Fujifilm X-E2S|
|Fujifilm X-A2« »||-||-||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||Jan 2015||399||-||Fujifilm X-A2|
|Fujifilm X-T10« »||HiRec||80/100||5/5||4/5||5/5||May 2015||799||-||Fujifilm X-T10|
|Fujifilm X-A1« »||-||-||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Sep 2013||399||-||Fujifilm X-A1|
|Fujifilm X-E2« »||-||80/100||4.5/5||-||5/5||Oct 2013||999||-||Fujifilm X-E2|
|Fujifilm X-E1« »||HiRec||79/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||Sep 2012||999||-||Fujifilm X-E1|
|Fujifilm X-Pro1« »||HiRec||79/100||4.5/5||4/5||4.5/5||Jan 2012||1,699||-||Fujifilm X-Pro1|
|Sony NEX-5R« »||-||-||4.5/5||-||4.5/5||Aug 2012||749||-||Sony NEX-5R|
|Sony NEX-F3« »||-||74/100||4.5/5||4.5/5||4.5/5||May 2012||599||-||Sony NEX-F3|
The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.
Other camera comparisons
Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. An an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.
- Canon 4000D vs Nikon D7100
- Canon G5 X vs Panasonic FZ2000
- Canon G7 X Mark II vs Leica X2
- Canon M5 vs Nikon D5
- Canon SL2 vs Fujifilm X-E3
- Fujifilm X100S vs Fujifilm XP130
- Nikon D800 vs Olympus TG-5
- Panasonic GX9 vs Canon 6D Mark II
- Panasonic TS7 vs Nikon P900
- Panasonic TZ100 vs Panasonic FZ330
- Sony A7R II vs Sony RX10 II
- Sony RX100 III vs Fujifilm X70
Specifications: Fujifilm X-M1 vs Fujifilm X-A3
|Camera Model||Fujifilm X-M1||Fujifilm X-A3|
|Camera Type||Mirrorless system camera||Mirrorless system camera|
|Camera Lens||Fujifilm X mount lenses||Fujifilm X mount lenses|
|Launch Date||June 2013||August 2016|
|Launch Price||USD 699||USD 399|
|Sensor Format||APS-C Sensor||APS-C Sensor|
|Sensor Size||23.6 x 15.6 mm||23.5 x 15.6 mm|
|Sensor Area||368.16 mm2||368.95 mm2|
|Sensor Diagonal||28.3 mm||28.3 mm|
|Sensor Resolution||16 Megapixels||24 Megapixels|
|Image Resolution||4896 x 3264 pixels||6000 x 4000 pixels|
|Pixel Pitch||4.80 μm||3.92 μm|
|Pixel Density||4.34 MP/cm2||6.50 MP/cm2|
|Moiré control||no AA filter||Anti-Alias filter|
|Movie Capability||1080/30p Video||1080/60p Video|
|ISO Setting||200-6400 ISO||200-6400 ISO|
|ISO Boost||100-25600 ISO||100-25600 ISO|
|Viewfinder Type||No viewfinder||No viewfinder|
|LCD Framing||Live View||Live View|
|Rear LCD Size||3.0 inch||3.0 inch|
|LCD Resolution||920k dots||1040k dots|
|LCD Attachment||Tilting screen||Tilting screen|
|Touch Input||no Touchscreen||Touchscreen|
|Autofocus System||Contrast-detect AF||Contrast-detect AF|
|Maximum Shutter Speed||1/4000s||1/4000s|
|Continuous Shooting||5.6 shutter flaps/s||6 shutter flaps/s|
|Silent Shooting||no E-Shutter||Electronic Shutter|
|Fill Flash||Build-in Flash||Build-in Flash|
|Storage Medium||SDXC cards||SDXC cards|
|Second Storage Option||Single card slot||Single card slot|
|USB Connector||USB 2.0||USB 2.0|
|HDMI Port||mini HDMI||micro HDMI|
|Wifi Support||Wifi built-in||Wifi built-in|
|Battery Type||NP-W126 power pack||NP-W126S power pack|
|Battery Life (CIPA)||350 shots per charge||410 shots per charge|
|In-Camera Charging||no USB charging||USB charging|
117 x 67 x 39 mm
(4.6 x 2.6 x 1.5 in)
117 x 67 x 40 mm
(4.6 x 2.6 x 1.6 in)
|Camera Weight||330 g (11.6 oz)||339 g (12.0 oz)|
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