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Fujifilm X-A3 vs Nikon D780

The Fujifilm X-A3 and the Nikon D780 are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in August 2016 and January 2020. The X-A3 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the D780 is a DSLR. The cameras are based on an APS-C (X-A3) and a full frame (D780) sensor. The Fujifilm has a resolution of 24 megapixels, whereas the Nikon provides 24.3 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Fujifilm X-A3 VS Nikon D780
Fujifilm X-A3 Nikon D780
Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
Fujifilm X mount lenses Nikon F mount lenses
24 MP, APS-C Sensor 24.3 MP, Full Frame Sensor
1080/60p Video 4K/30p Video
ISO 200-6400 (100-25600) ISO 100-51200 (50-204800)
No viewfinder, LCD framing Optical viewfinder
3.0" LCD, 1040k dots 3.2" LCD, 2359k dots
Tilting touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
6 shutter flaps per second 12 shutter flaps per second
Not weather sealedWeathersealed body
410 shots per battery charge2260 shots per battery charge
117 x 67 x 40 mm, 339 g 144 x 116 x 76 mm, 840 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Fujifilm X-A3 and the Nikon D780? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Fujifilm X-A3 and the Nikon D780 is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The X-A3 can be obtained in three different colors (silver, brown, pink), while the D780 is only available in black.

Size Fujifilm X-A3 vs Nikon D780
Compare X-A3 versus D780 top
Comparison X-A3 or D780 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D780 is considerably larger (113 percent) than the Fujifilm X-A3. Moreover, the D780 is substantially heavier (148 percent) than the X-A3. It is noteworthy in this context that the D780 is splash and dust-proof, while the X-A3 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. A larger imaging sensor will tend to go along with bigger and heavier lenses, although exceptions exist. You can compare the optics available for the two cameras in the Fujinon X Lens Catalog (X-A3) and the Nikon Lens Catalog (D780). Mirrorless cameras, such as the Fujifilm X-A3, have moreover the advantage that they have a relatively short flange to focal plane distance and can thus use many lenses from other systems via adapters.

The battery packs of both cameras can be charged via USB, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, just click on the right or left arrow next to the camera that you would like to inspect. Alternatively, you can also use the CAM-parator to select your camera combination among a larger number of options.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-A3» 4.6 in 2.6 in 1.6 in 12.0 oz 410 n Aug 2016 399iFujifilm X-A3
 
Nikon D780« 5.7 in 4.6 in 3.0 in 29.6 oz 2260 Y Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark II« » 5.7 in 4.4 in 3.0 in 27.0 oz 1200 Y Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Fujifilm X-T200« » 4.8 in 3.3 in 2.2 in 13.1 oz 270 n Jan 2020 699 iFujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T30« » 4.6 in 3.3 in 1.9 in 13.5 oz 380 n Feb 2019 899 iFujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7« » 4.7 in 2.7 in 1.6 in 11.3 oz 440 n Sep 2019 499 iFujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5« » 4.6 in 2.7 in 1.6 in 12.7 oz 450 n Jan 2018 399iFujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm X-E3« » 4.8 in 2.9 in 1.7 in 11.9 oz 350 n Sep 2017 899 iFujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T20« » 4.6 in 3.3 in 1.6 in 13.5 oz 350 n Jan 2017 899 iFujifilm X-T20
 
Fujifilm X-A10« » 4.6 in 2.6 in 1.6 in 11.7 oz 410 n Dec 2016 399iFujifilm X-A10
 
Fujifilm X-A2« » 4.6 in 2.6 in 1.6 in 12.3 oz 410 n Jan 2015 399iFujifilm X-A2
 
Fujifilm X-T10« » 4.6 in 3.3 in 1.6 in 13.4 oz 350 n May 2015 799iFujifilm X-T10
 
Fujifilm X-A1« » 4.6 in 2.6 in 1.5 in 11.6 oz 350 n Sep 2013 399iFujifilm X-A1
 
Nikon D5« » 6.3 in 6.3 in 3.6 in 49.9 oz 3780 Y Jan 2016 6,499iNikon D5
 
Nikon D500« » 5.8 in 4.5 in 3.2 in 30.3 oz 1240 Y Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750« » 5.6 in 4.4 in 3.1 in 26.5 oz 1230 Y Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
 
Nikon D610« » 5.6 in 4.4 in 3.2 in 30.0 oz 900 Y Oct 2013 1,999 iNikon D610
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The X-A3 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 83 percent) than the D780, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Fujifilm X-A3 features an APS-C sensor and the Nikon D780 a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the D780 is 133 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.5 and 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Fujifilm X-A3 and Nikon D780 sensor measures

With 24.3MP, the D780 offers a higher resolution than the X-A3 (24MP), but the D780 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.94μm versus 3.92μm for the X-A3) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the D780 is a much more recent model (by 3 years and 4 months) than the X-A3, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units.

The D780 has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Fujifilm X-A3 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 200 to ISO 6400, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D780 are ISO 100 to ISO 51200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 50-204800.

X-A3 versus D780 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-A3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........Fujifilm X-A3
 
Nikon D780 Full Frame 24.3 6048 40244K/30p........Nikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark II Full Frame 26.0 6240 41601080/60p24.411.9286285Canon 6D Mark II
 
Fujifilm X-T200 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Fujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T30 APS-C 26.0 6240 41604K/30p........Fujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Fujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/15p........Fujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm X-E3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Fujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T20 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p........Fujifilm X-T20
 
Fujifilm X-A10 APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/30p........Fujifilm X-A10
 
Fujifilm X-A2 APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/30p........Fujifilm X-A2
 
Fujifilm X-T10 APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........Fujifilm X-T10
 
Fujifilm X-A1 APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/30p........Fujifilm X-A1
 
Nikon D5 Full Frame 20.7 5588 37124K/30p25.112.3234388Nikon D5
 
Nikon D500 APS-C 20.7 5568 37124K/30p24.014.0132483Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/60p24.814.5295693Nikon D750
 
Nikon D610 Full Frame 24.2 6016 40161080/30p25.114.4292594Nikon D610

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the D780 provides a better video resolution than the X-A3. It can shoot movie footage at 4K/30p, while the Fujifilm is limited to 1080/60p.

 

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the D780 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the X-A3 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Fujifilm X-A3 and Nikon D780 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-A3none n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X-A3
 
Nikon D780optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 12.0 n n Nikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark IIoptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.5 n n Canon 6D Mark II
 
Fujifilm X-T2002360 n 3.5 2780 swivel Y 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T302360 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7none n 3.5 2760 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5none n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm X-E32360 n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 8.0 n n Fujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T202360 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X-T20
 
Fujifilm X-A10none n 3.0 1040 tilting n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Fujifilm X-A10
 
Fujifilm X-A2none n 3.0 920 tilting n 1/4000s 5.6 Y n Fujifilm X-A2
 
Fujifilm X-T102360 n 3.0 920 tilting n 1/4000s 8.0 Y n Fujifilm X-T10
 
Fujifilm X-A1none n 3.0 920 tilting n 1/4000s 5.6 Y n Fujifilm X-A1
 
Nikon D5optical Y 3.2 2359 fixed Y 1/8000s 14.0 n n Nikon D5
 
Nikon D500optical Y 3.2 2359 tilting Y 1/8000s 10.0 n n Nikon D500
 
Nikon D750optical Y 3.2 1229 tilting n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D750
 
Nikon D610optical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Nikon D610

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The X-A3 has one, while the D780 does not. While the built-in flash of the X-A3 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The X-A3 has an articulated LCD that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in snapping selfies. In contrast, the D780 does not have a selfie-screen.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the X-A3 is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Fujifilm X-A3 and the Nikon D780 both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the X-A3 and the D780 write their files to SDXC cards. The D780 features dual card slots, which can be very useful in case a memory card fails. In contrast, the X-A3 only has one slot. The D780 supports UHS-II cards (on both slots), while the X-A3 can use UHS-I cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Fujifilm X-A3 and Nikon D780 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-A3Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X-A3
 
Nikon D780YstereomonoYYmini3.1Y-YNikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark IIYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYYCanon 6D Mark II
 
Fujifilm X-T200YstereomonoYYmicro3.1Y-YFujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T30YstereomonoY-micro3.1Y-YFujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y-YFujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y-YFujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm X-E3YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y-YFujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T20YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X-T20
 
Fujifilm X-A10-stereomono--mini2.0Y--Fujifilm X-A10
 
Fujifilm X-A2Ystereomono--mini2.0Y--Fujifilm X-A2
 
Fujifilm X-T10YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--Fujifilm X-T10
 
Fujifilm X-A1Ystereomono--mini2.0Y--Fujifilm X-A1
 
Nikon D5YstereomonoYYmini3.0---Nikon D5
 
Nikon D500YstereomonoYYmini3.0YYYNikon D500
 
Nikon D750YstereomonoYYmini2.0Y--Nikon D750
 
Nikon D610YmonomonoYYmini2.0---Nikon D610

It is notable that the D780 has a headphone jack, which makes it possible to attach external headphones and monitor the quality of sound during the recording process. The X-A3 lacks such a headphone port.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Nikon D780 (unlike the X-A3) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

The D780 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Nikon. In contrast, the X-A3 has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the X-A3 was succeeded by the Fujifilm X-A5. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Fujifilm and Nikon websites.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Fujifilm X-A3 or the Nikon D780 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Advantages of the Fujifilm X-A3:

  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • More compact: Is smaller (117x67mm vs 144x116mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 501g or 60 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can take a broad range of non-native lenses via adapters.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (83 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in August 2016).

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Arguments in favor of the Nikon D780:

  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (4K/30p vs 1080/60p).
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • Better sound control: Has a headphone port that enables audio monitoring while recording.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Easier setting verification: Features a control panel on top to check shooting parameters.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (2359k vs 1040k dots).
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/8000s vs 1/4000s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (12 vs 6 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (2260 versus 410) out of a single battery charge.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.1 vs 2.0).
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • Greater peace of mind: Features a second card slot as a backup in case of memory card failure.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Supports a more advanced SD data transfer standard (UHS-II vs UHS-I).
  • More modern: Reflects 3 years and 4 months of technical progress since the X-A3 launch.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the D780 is the clear winner of the contest (22 : 8 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

X-A3 08:22 D780

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Fujifilm X-A3 and the Nikon D780 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the X-A3 or the D780. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Fujifilm X-A3..74/1004.5/5..4/5 Aug 2016 399iFujifilm X-A3
 
Nikon D780..87/1004.5/5..4.5/5 Jan 2020 2,299 iNikon D780
 
Canon 6D Mark II+80/1004.5/54/54/5 Jun 2017 1,999 iCanon 6D Mark II
 
Fujifilm X-T200..82/1004/5..4.5/5 Jan 2020 699 iFujifilm X-T200
 
Fujifilm X-T30+ +84/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Feb 2019 899 iFujifilm X-T30
 
Fujifilm X-A7..81/1004/5..3.5/5 Sep 2019 499 iFujifilm X-A7
 
Fujifilm X-A5+..4/54/53.5/5 Jan 2018 399iFujifilm X-A5
 
Fujifilm X-E3+84/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Sep 2017 899 iFujifilm X-E3
 
Fujifilm X-T20+ +82/1005/5..4.5/5 Jan 2017 899 iFujifilm X-T20
 
Fujifilm X-A10....4/5..4/5 Dec 2016 399iFujifilm X-A10
 
Fujifilm X-A2....4.5/54/54.5/5 Jan 2015 399iFujifilm X-A2
 
Fujifilm X-T10+ +80/1005/54/55/5 May 2015 799iFujifilm X-T10
 
Fujifilm X-A1....4.5/5..4.5/5 Sep 2013 399iFujifilm X-A1
 
Nikon D5..89/1004.5/55/55/5 Jan 2016 6,499iNikon D5
 
Nikon D500+ +91/1004.5/55/55/5 Jan 2016 1,999 iNikon D500
 
Nikon D750+ +90/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Sep 2014 2,299iNikon D750
 
Nikon D610+ +87/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 1,999 iNikon D610
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Fujifilm X-A3:
Check Ebay offers
Nikon D780:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Fujifilm X-A3 vs Nikon D780

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Fujifilm X-A3 Nikon D780
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens Fujifilm X mount lenses Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date August 2016 January 2020
    Launch Price USD 399 USD 2299
    Sensor Specs Fujifilm X-A3 Nikon D780
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 23.5 x 15.7 mm 35.9 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 368.95 mm2 858.01 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 28.3 mm 43.1 mm
    Crop Factor 1.5x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 24 Megapixels 24.3 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6000 x 4000 pixels 6048 x 4024 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.92 μm 5.94 μm
    Pixel Density 6.50 MP/cm2 2.84 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/60p Video 4K/30p Video
    ISO Setting 200-6400 ISO 100-51200 ISO
    ISO Boost 100-25600 ISO 50-204800 ISO
    Screen Specs Fujifilm X-A3 Nikon D780
    Viewfinder Type No viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.70x
    Top-Level Screen no Top Display Control Panel
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0 inch 3.2 inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots 2359k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Fujifilm X-A3 Nikon D780
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000/s 1/8000/s
    Continuous Shooting 6 shutter flaps/s 12 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/32000sno E-Shutter
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Dual card slots
    UHS card support UHS-I Dual UHS-II
    Connectivity Specs Fujifilm X-A3 Nikon D780
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash no PC Sync PC Sync socket
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 3.1
    HDMI Port micro HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Headphone Socket no Headphone port Headphone port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Bluetooth Support no Bluetooth Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Fujifilm X-A3 Nikon D780
    Environmental SealingNot weather sealedWeathersealed body
    Battery Type NP-W126S EN-EL15b
    Battery Life (CIPA)410 shots per charge2260 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 117 x 67 x 40 mm
    (4.6 x 2.6 x 1.6 in)
    144 x 116 x 76 mm
    (5.7 x 4.6 x 3.0 in)
    Camera Weight 339 g (12.0 oz) 840 g (29.6 oz)

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